Updated June 2016
2 Samuel 14
Joab teaches David by the mouth of a woman. Joab knew that David mourned for Absalom and that what Absalom had done was right in slaying the wicked.
2 Samuel 14:1 Now Joab the son of Zeruiah perceived that the king’s heart was toward Absalom. 14:2 And Joab sent to Tekoah, and fetched thence a wise woman, and said unto her, I pray thee, feign thyself to be a mourner, and put on now mourning apparel, and anoint not thyself with oil, but be as a woman that had a long time mourned for the dead: 14:3 And come to the king, and speak on this manner unto him. So Joab put the words in her mouth.
The woman appeals for justice to David with the words of Joab in a parable, as Nathan had spoken in a parable before times.
14:4 And when the woman of Tekoah spake to the king, she fell on her face to the ground, and did obeisance, and said, Help, O king. 14:5 And the king said unto her, What aileth thee? And she answered, I am indeed a widow woman, and mine husband is dead. 14:6 And thy handmaid had two sons, and they two strove together in the field, and there was none to part them, but the one smote the other, and slew him.
14:7 And, behold, the whole family is risen against thine handmaid, and they said, Deliver him that smote his brother, that we may kill him, for the life of his brother whom he slew; and we will destroy the heir also: and so they shall quench my coal which is left, and shall not leave to my husband neither name nor remainder upon the earth.
The king than tells her to return home while he gives his judgment.
14:8 And the king said unto the woman, Go to thine house, and I will give charge concerning thee. 14:9 And the woman of Tekoah said unto the king, My lord, O king, the iniquity be on me, and on my father’s house: and the king and his throne be guiltless.
David then tells her to send anyone who bothers her again in the matter, to him.
14:10 And the king said, Whoever saith ought unto thee, bring him to me, and he shall not touch thee any more.
She then asks David to remember the law of God, that justice should reign in the land and not vengeance.
14:11 Then said she, I pray thee, let the king remember the LORD thy God, that thou wouldest not suffer the revengers of blood to destroy any more, lest they destroy my son. And he said, As the LORD liveth, there shall not one hair of thy son fall to the earth.
She then asks if she may speak on, and begins to speak of Absalom.
14:12 Then the woman said, Let thine handmaid, I pray thee, speak one word unto my lord the king. And he said, Say on.
She asks David why he wishes vengeance against his beloved Absalom and not justice; for Absalom has only done what was right, to destroy wickedness when the king would not do so.
14:13 And the woman said, Wherefore then hast thou thought such a thing against the people of God? for the king doth speak this thing [For David made his judgment for her story, while he is at fault in his own deeds] as one which is faulty, in that the king doth not fetch home again his banished [Absalom].
She tells David that all will die in the flesh; but that God desires mercy and not vengeance. She appeals to David to forgive his son Absalom.
14:14 For we must needs die, and are as water spilt on the ground, which cannot be gathered up again; neither doth God respect any person: yet doth he devise means, [a way of salvation, that reconciles the repentant to God] that his banished be not [forever] expelled from him.
She then declares that David is righteous and will discern the right thing to do; to forgive his son that God might be with David..
14:15 Now therefore that I am come to speak of this thing unto my lord the king, it is because the people have made me afraid: and thy handmaid said, I will now speak unto the king; it may be that the king will perform the request of his handmaid. 14:16 For the king will hear, to deliver his handmaid out of the hand of the man that would destroy me and my son together out of the inheritance of God. 14:17 Then thine handmaid said, The word of my lord the king shall now be comfortable: for as an angel of God, so is my lord the king to discern good and bad: therefore the LORD thy God will be with thee.
David discerns the hand of Joab in this woman. Joab as chief of staff of David’s armies could not reach David with his own advice and used the woman to counsel the king of Israel.
14:18 Then the king answered and said unto the woman, Hide not from me, I pray thee, the thing that I shall ask thee. And the woman said, Let my lord the king now speak. 14:19 And the king said, Is not the hand of Joab with thee in all this? And the woman answered and said, As thy soul liveth, my lord the king, none can turn to the right hand or to the left from ought that my lord the king hath spoken: for thy servant Joab, he bade me, and he put all these words in the mouth of thine handmaid: 14:20 To fetch about this form of speech hath thy servant Joab done this thing: and my lord is wise, according to the wisdom of an angel of God, to know all things that are in the earth.
David is moved to forgive his son and calls Joab to bring Absalom home.
14:21 And the king said unto Joab, Behold now, I have done this thing: go therefore, bring the young man Absalom again. 14:22 And Joab fell to the ground on his face, and bowed himself, and thanked the king: and Joab said, To day thy servant knoweth that I have found grace in thy sight, my lord, O king, in that the king hath fulfilled the request of his servant.
Absalom came home but his father still would not see him.
14:23 So Joab arose and went to Geshur, and brought Absalom to Jerusalem. 14:24 And the king said, Let him turn to his own house, and let him not see my face. So Absalom returned to his own house, and saw not the king’s face.
Absalom was much loved by the people, but was badly treated by his father David. At this point the direction this was heading should be clear.
Absalom who had killed the wicked, was loved and despised at the same time by his father, who could not look upon him for sorrow over what had been done; and by excluding this popular son offended his son deeply. Absalom felt hated by his father and loved by the people.
Absalom was a strong virile and good looking man, very impressive to the people; while David the king was growing old.
14:25 But in all Israel there was none to be so much praised as Absalom for his beauty: from the sole of his foot even to the crown of his head there was no blemish in him. 14:26 And when he polled his head, (for it was at every year’s end that he polled it: because the hair was heavy on him, therefore he polled it:) he weighed the hair of his head at two hundred shekels after the king’s weight.
Absalom named his daughter Tamar after his sister. Oh how they must have been close and loved each other and their father David. What a terrible tragedy has befallen the family of David because of his sin of adultery with Bathsheba against Uriah. The Greek tragedies have nothing on this terrible tragedy of the family of David.
14:27 And unto Absalom there were born three sons, and one daughter, whose name was Tamar: she was a woman of a fair countenance. 14:28 So Absalom dwelt two full years in Jerusalem, and saw not the king’s face.
Absalom sends for Joab to ask to be invited to see David, but Joab will not come to him.
14:29 Therefore Absalom sent for Joab, to have sent him to the king; but he would not come to him: and when he sent again the second time, he would not come.
Absalom was desperate to see his father David and reconcile with him, so desperate that he risked conflict with Joab to get his attention.
14:30 Therefore he said unto his servants, See, Joab’s field is near mine, and he hath barley there; go and set it on fire. And Absalom’s servants set the field on fire.
Joab rushes to the house of Absalom to demand why his field had been attacked.
14:31 Then Joab arose, and came to Absalom unto his house, and said unto him, Wherefore have thy servants set my field on fire?
Absalom demands that Joab bring him to his father, David the king.
14:32 And Absalom answered Joab, Behold, I sent unto thee, saying, Come hither, that I may send thee to the king, to say, Wherefore am I come from Geshur? it had been good for me to have been there still: now therefore let me see the king’s face; and if there be any iniquity in me, let him kill me.
A temporary reconciliation is made, but the emotional pain remains because David loved the wicked dead more than the righteous son; and Absalom, feeling rejected by his father for doing the right thing by his sister, and thrusting wickedness out of the royal family and the nation; began to consider himself more worthy to rule than his father, who had refused to deal with the wickedness of Amnon.
14:33 So Joab came to the king, and told him: and when he had called for Absalom, he came to the king, and bowed himself on his face to the ground before the king: and the king kissed Absalom.
2 Samuel 15
Absalom gets political and works to gain a personal following.
2 Samuel 15:1 And it came to pass after this, that Absalom prepared him chariots and horses, and fifty men to run before him. 15:2 And Absalom rose up early, and stood beside the way of the gate: and it was so, that when any man that had a controversy came to the king for judgment, then Absalom called unto him, and said, Of what city art thou? And he said, Thy servant is of one of the tribes of Israel.
David was neglecting his responsibilities did not appoint judges and justice for the people and this was a legitimate grievance. David should also have been aware that Absalom was undermining and usurping him, by exalting himself and not making recommendations to the king.
Isn’t this exactly what many leaders and elders are doing when the say follow me, and condemn any zeal to live by every Word of God our KING?
15:3 And Absalom said unto him, See, thy matters are good and right; but there is no man deputed of the king to hear thee. 15:4 Absalom said moreover, Oh that I were made judge in the land, that every man which hath any suit or cause might come unto me, and I would do him justice! 15:5 And it was so, that when any man came nigh to him to do him obeisance, he put forth his hand, and took him, and kissed him.
Absalom enticed the hearts of Israel to follow him in place of following the king; just like so many elders today have stolen the hearts of the brethren to follow themselves instead of living by every Word of God the great KING.
15:6 And on this manner did Absalom to all Israel that came to the king for judgment: so Absalom stole the hearts of the men of Israel.
Absalom then requests to go to Hebron. It seems by the long period of time this was going on, that Absalom had began by setting himself up for the succession and later lost patience and declared himself king in rebellion against his father.
David’s entire reign was only forty years.
2 Samuel 5:4 David was thirty years old when he began to reign, and he reigned forty years. 5:5 In Hebron he reigned over Judah seven years and six months: and in Jerusalem he reigned thirty and three years over all Israel and Judah.
David’s entire kingship was only 40 years! and he ruled for some time after the death of Absalom!
The forty years mentioned below is clearly a scribal error and is a reference to FOUR years after the beginning of Absalom’s political usurpation.
15:7 And it came to pass after forty [not forty years later, since David’s entire reign was only forty years, but properly four years after Absalom had returned to Jerusalem] years, that Absalom said unto the king, I pray thee, let me go and pay my vow, which I have vowed unto the LORD, in Hebron. 15:8 For thy servant vowed a vow while I abode at Geshur in Syria, saying, If the LORD shall bring me again indeed to Jerusalem, then I will serve the LORD. 15:9 And the king said unto him, Go in peace. So he arose, and went to Hebron.
15:10 But Absalom sent spies throughout all the tribes of Israel, saying, As soon as ye hear the sound of the trumpet, then ye shall say, Absalom reigneth in Hebron.
200 men accompanied Absalom to Hebron not knowing of the conspiracy, this company was used to deceive the others gathering there that Absalom was a man of authority, [when the men knew nothing of what was happening] while Israel was called to Hebron to declare Absalom king.
15:11 And with Absalom went two hundred men out of Jerusalem, that were called; and they went in their simplicity, and they knew not any thing.
Ahithophel David’s chief advisor and the grandfather of Bathsheba enters the picture, joining the rebellion of Absalom. Here the tragedy of Tamar and Absalom were joined with the tragedy of Bathsheba and Uriah as David’s chief advisor joins his son in conspiracy against him in accordance with the prophecy and curse of God for David’s evil deeds.
As more and more people began to come to Absalom, David was forced to flee for his life.
15:12 And Absalom sent for Ahithophel the Gilonite, David’s counsellor, from his city, even from Giloh, while he offered sacrifices. And the conspiracy was strong; for the people increased continually with Absalom.
15:13 And there came a messenger to David, saying, The hearts of the men of Israel are after Absalom. 15:14 And David said unto all his servants that were with him at Jerusalem, Arise, and let us flee; for we shall not else escape from Absalom: make speed to depart, lest he overtake us suddenly, and bring evil upon us, and smite the city with the edge of the sword.
David’s servants remained loyal to him
15:15 And the king’s servants said unto the king, Behold, thy servants are ready to do whatsoever my lord the king shall appoint.
Besides his many wives David also had many concubines, ten of which he left at Jerusalem
15:16 And the king went forth, and all his household after him. And the king left ten women, which were concubines, to keep the house. 15:17 And the king went forth, and all the people after him, and tarried in a place that was far off.
The original 600 who had been with him from the days of Saul were faithful to David.
15:18 And all his servants passed on beside him; and all the Cherethites, and all the Pelethites, and all the Gittites, six hundred men which came after him from Gath, passed on before the king.
Then the foreigner Ittai was also loyal to David
15:19 Then said the king to Ittai the Gittite, Wherefore goest thou also with us? return to thy place, and abide with the king: for thou art a stranger, and also an exile.
Ittai had come to visit David only yesterday and was caught up in the turmoil.
15:20 Whereas thou camest but yesterday, should I this day make thee go up and down with us? seeing I go whither I may, return thou, and take back thy brethren: mercy and truth be with thee. 15:21 And Ittai answered the king, and said, As the LORD liveth, and as my lord the king liveth, surely in what place my lord the king shall be, whether in death or life, even there also will thy servant be.
Then David fled with his six hundred, his family and friends and with the priests and Ark of YHVH.
15:22 And David said to Ittai, Go and pass over. And Ittai the Gittite passed over, and all his men, and all the little ones that were with him. 15:23 And all the country wept with a loud voice, and all the people passed over: the king also himself passed over the brook Kidron, and all the people passed over, toward the way of the wilderness.
15:24 And lo Zadok also, and all the Levites were with him, bearing the ark of the covenant of God: and they set down the ark of God; and Abiathar went up, until all the people had done passing out of the city.
Then David commanded Zadok to return with the Ark into Jerusalem, and placed himself voluntarily in the hands of God.
15:25 And the king said unto Zadok, Carry back the ark of God into the city: if I shall find favour in the eyes of the LORD, he will bring me again, and shew me both it, and his habitation: 15:26 But if he thus say, I have no delight in thee; behold, here am I, let him do to me as seemeth good unto him. 15:27 The king said also unto Zadok the priest, Art not thou a seer? return into the city in peace, and your two sons with you, Ahimaaz thy son, and Jonathan the son of Abiathar.
David tells the priests that he will remain in the wilderness until they send for him.
15:28 See, I will tarry in the plain of the wilderness, until there come word from you to certify me. 15:29 Zadok therefore and Abiathar carried the ark of God again to Jerusalem: and they tarried there.
David then covered his head and removed his shoes in abject submission before God, and went out weeping in mourning and weeping in submissive repentance each one also weeping; for they knew that this was from God fulfilling the curse for David’s sin against Uriah, so many years before.
15:30 And David went up by the ascent of mount Olivet, and wept as he went up, and had his head covered, and he went barefoot: and all the people that was with him covered every man his head, and they went up, weeping as they went up.
Ahithophel, whose counsel was wise beyond the understanding of most men, had joined with Absalom and David knew he was bested; so he prayed to God for deliverance.
15:31 And one told David, saying, Ahithophel is among the conspirators with Absalom. And David said, O LORD, I pray thee, turn the counsel of Ahithophel into foolishness.
While David worshipped [remember the Hebrew meaning of that word which is to OBEY God] his friend Hushai came to him and it was decided that Hushai would return to Absalom to secretly defeat any further moves against David.
15:32 And it came to pass, that when David was come to the top of the mount, where he worshipped God, behold, Hushai the Archite came to meet him with his coat rent, and earth upon his head:
The aged Hushai would be a burden to David on the run, but could aid him by taking a place in the court of Absalom and keeping the priests informed; the priests could then send their son’s as messengers to keep David informed.
15:33 Unto whom David said, If thou passest on with me, then thou shalt be a burden unto me: 15:34 But if thou return to the city, and say unto Absalom, I will be thy servant, O king; as I have been thy father’s servant hitherto, so will I now also be thy servant: then mayest thou for me defeat the counsel of Ahithophel. 15:35 And hast thou not there with thee Zadok and Abiathar the priests? therefore it shall be, that what thing soever thou shalt hear out of the king’s house, thou shalt tell it to Zadok and Abiathar the priests. 15:36 Behold, they have there with them their two sons, Ahimaaz Zadok’s son, and Jonathan Abiathar’s son; and by them ye shall send unto me every thing that ye can hear.
15:37 So Hushai David’s friend came into the city, and Absalom came into Jerusalem.
2 Samuel 16
Ziba the servant of Saul’s son who had been given charge over all the estate of Saul, brings food and transportation for David.
2 Samuel 16:1 And when David was a little past the top of the hill [of olives], behold, Ziba the servant of Mephibosheth met him, with a couple of asses saddled, and upon them two hundred loaves of bread, and an hundred bunches of raisins, and an hundred of summer fruits, and a bottle of wine. 16:2 And the king said unto Ziba, What meanest thou by these? And Ziba said, The asses be for the king’s household to ride on; and the bread and summer fruit for the young men to eat; and the wine, that such as be faint in the wilderness may drink.
Subplot: While Ziba helps David to flee, Mephibosheth thinks that by remaining in Jerusalem he can subvert Absalom and take the kingdom for himself.
16:3 And the king said, And where is thy master’s son? And Ziba said unto the king, Behold, he abideth at Jerusalem: for he said, To day shall the house of Israel restore me the kingdom of my father.
Then David challenges Ziba to be certain that he is not loyal to Mephibosheth and is hoping that David will flee away and never return. Ziba then pledges his loyalty to David.
16:4 Then said the king to Ziba, Behold, thine are all that pertained unto Mephibosheth [You are all that Mephibosheth has] . And Ziba said, I humbly beseech thee that I may find grace in thy sight, my lord, O king.
Since all of Saul’s descendants are dead except Mephibosheth; Shimei is a more distant relative of Saul yet he hates David for the kingdom’s departure from Saul.
16:5 And when king David came to Bahurim, behold, thence came out a man of the family of the house of Saul, whose name was Shimei, the son of Gera: he came forth, and cursed still as he came. 16:6 And he cast stones at David, and at all the servants of king David: and all the people and all the mighty men were on his right hand and on his left.
Now Shemia cursed for Saul’s sake, to whom David had never done any harm or disrespect; yet these things had come upon David for Uriah and Bathsheba. This Shemai was a very rich and powerful chieftain of Benjamin as we shall see, and this matter was political in support of the attempt to take the kingdom by Mephibosheth, Saul’s son.
16:7 And thus said Shimei when he cursed, Come out, come out, thou bloody man, and thou man of Belial: 16:8 The LORD hath returned upon thee all the blood of the house of Saul, in whose stead thou hast reigned; and the LORD hath delivered the kingdom into the hand of Absalom thy son: and, behold, thou art taken in thy mischief, because thou art a bloody man.
Abishai the brother of Joab then asked David to let him kill this man, and David acknowledged that this curse was because of his own sins against God.
16:9 Then said Abishai the son of Zeruiah unto the king, Why should this dead dog curse my lord the king? let me go over, I pray thee, and take off his head.
16:10 And the king said, What have I to do with you, ye sons of Zeruiah? so let him curse, because the LORD hath said unto him, Curse David. Who shall then say, Wherefore hast thou done so?
David says that his own son Absalom seeks his life and he cares for nothing. David extends mercy in the hope that God will extend mercy to him.
16:11 And David said to Abishai, and to all his servants, Behold, my son, which came forth of my bowels, seeketh my life: how much more now may this Benjamite do it? let him alone, and let him curse; for the LORD hath bidden him. 16:12 It may be that the LORD will look on mine affliction, and that the LORD will requite me good for his cursing this day.
Shemai chased them across the Mount of Olives cursing and throwing stones as they went. Shemai was doubtless taking his vengeance and rejoicing over what he saw to be retribution for Saul and rejoicing over the thought that Saul was being restored by his descendant Mephibosheth.
16:13 And as David and his men went by the way, Shimei went along on the hill’s side over against him, and cursed as he went, and threw stones at him, and cast dust.
David and his band came to Jordan and rested and refreshed there.
16:14 And the king, and all the people that were with him, came weary, and refreshed themselves there.
Absalom comes up from Hebron to Jerusalem
16:15 And Absalom, and all the people the men of Israel, came to Jerusalem, and Ahithophel with him.
David’s friend Hushai then appears and declares “God save the king” which were words intended to be mistaken as loyalty to Absalom; but Hushai meant them as words for the rightful king David.
16:16 And it came to pass, when Hushai the Archite, David’s friend, was come unto Absalom, that Hushai said unto Absalom, God save the king, God save the king.
Absalom then asks Hushai if this was loyalty to his friend David [Absalom might well have asked himself if his actions were the actions of a loyal son]; Hushai then wisely replied that he was loyal to God. Absolam thinking that he was God’s choice was ignorant that Hushai had meant that David was God’s choice.
Beware of this kind of double meaning words from leaders and elders today, and demand straight answers from them. Many say that we should be loyal to God while meaning and demanding that we be loyal to them because they consider themselves as having God’s authority.
16:17 And Absalom said to Hushai, Is this thy kindness to thy friend? why wentest thou not with thy friend? 16:18 And Hushai said unto Absalom, Nay; but whom the LORD, and this people, and all the men of Israel, choose, his will I be, and with him will I abide. 16:19 And again, whom should I serve? should I not serve in the presence of his son? as I have served in thy father’s presence, so will I be in thy presence.
Then Absalom asked for advice from his counselors; and Ahithophel gave his evil counsel to revenge his family against David’s rape of Bathsheba, causing the prophecy of God by Nathan to be fulfilled.
16:20 Then said Absalom to Ahithophel, Give counsel among you what we shall do.
16:21 And Ahithophel said unto Absalom, Go in unto thy father’s concubines, which he hath left to keep the house; and all Israel shall hear that thou art abhorred of thy father: then shall the hands of all that are with thee be strong. 16:22 So they spread Absalom a tent upon the top of the house; and Absalom went in unto his father’s concubines in the sight of all Israel.
Atithophel was considered to be very wise and his advice was followed, fulfilling the prophecy.
2 Samuel 12:11 Thus saith the Lord, Behold, I will raise up evil against thee out of thine own house, and I will take thy wives before thine eyes, and give them unto thy neighbour, and he shall lie with thy wives in the sight of this sun. 12:12 For thou didst it secretly: but I will do this thing before all Israel, and before the sun.
2 Samuel 16:23 And the counsel of Ahithophel, which he counselled in those days, was as if a man had enquired at the oracle of God: so was all the counsel of Ahithophel [respected] both with David and with Absalom.
2 Samuel 17
Ahithophel then advised an immediate attack to slay David, and Absalom was pleased; being full of bitter hatred over his treatment by his father David over his execution of the sister rapist Amnon.
2 Samuel 17:1 Moreover Ahithophel said unto Absalom, Let me now choose out twelve thousand men, and I will arise and pursue after David this night: 17:2 And I will come upon him while he is weary and weak handed, and will make him afraid: and all the people that are with him shall flee; and I will smite the king only: 17:3 And I will bring back all the people unto thee: the man whom thou seekest is as if all returned: so all the people shall be in peace.
Absalom was pleased but asked for a second opinion from Hushai
17:4 And the saying pleased Absalom well, and all the elders of Israel. 17:5 Then said Absalom, Call now Hushai the Archite also, and let us hear likewise what he saith. 17:6 And when Hushai was come to Absalom, Absalom spake unto him, saying, Ahithophel hath spoken after this manner: shall we do after his saying? if not; speak thou.
Hushai advises that David will lodge with his mighty men and not with the civilians, and being a strong and experienced man of war enraged by this rebellion; David will not be easily taken.
17:7 And Hushai said unto Absalom, The counsel that Ahithophel hath given is not good at this time. 17:8 For, said Hushai, thou knowest thy father and his men, that they be mighty men, and they be chafed in their minds, as a bear robbed of her whelps in the field: and thy father is a man of war, and will not lodge with the people.
Hushai warns: When David’s small band manages to kill some of Absalom’s men they will lose heart and flee away.
17:9 Behold, he is hid now in some pit, or in some other place: and it will come to pass, when some of them be overthrown at the first, that whosoever heareth it will say, There is a slaughter among the people that follow Absalom. 17:10 And he also that is valiant, whose heart is as the heart of a lion, shall utterly melt: for all Israel knoweth that thy father is a mighty man, and they which be with him are valiant men.
Hushai counsels that Absalom gather together a large army before going after David.
17:11 Therefore I counsel that all Israel be generally gathered unto thee, from Dan even to Beersheba, as the sand that is by the sea for multitude; and that thou go to battle in thine own person. 17:12 So shall we come upon him in some place where he shall be found, and we will light upon him as the dew falleth on the ground: and of him and of all the men that are with him there shall not be left so much as
one. 17:13 Moreover, if he be gotten into a city, then shall all Israel bring ropes to that city, and we will draw it into the river, until there be not one small stone found there.
Hushai’s counsel is accepted and it buys time for David.
17:14 And Absalom and all the men of Israel said, The counsel of Hushai the Archite is better than the counsel of Ahithophel. For the LORD had appointed to defeat the good counsel of Ahithophel, to the intent that the LORD might bring evil upon Absalom.
Hushai then sends word to David to hide himself quickly and not camp in the open plain that night, lest Absalom change his mind and attack him in the open.
17:15 Then said Hushai unto Zadok and to Abiathar the priests, Thus and thus did Ahithophel counsel Absalom and the elders of Israel; and thus and thus have I counselled. 17:16 Now therefore send quickly, and tell David, saying, Lodge not this night in the plains of the wilderness, but speedily pass over [Jordan]; lest the king be swallowed up, and all the people that are with him.
A woman was sent to the sons of the priests which were in hiding
17:17 Now Jonathan and Ahimaaz stayed by Enrogel; for they might not be seen to come into the city: and a wench went and told them; and they went and told king David.
The messengers were betrayed and almost caught on their mission to David, having to hide in a woman’s well.
17:18 Nevertheless a lad saw them, and told Absalom: but they went both of them away quickly, and came to a man’s house in Bahurim, which had a well in his court; whither they went down. 17:19 And the woman took and spread a covering over the well’s mouth, and spread ground corn thereon; and the thing was not known. 17:20 And when Absalom’s servants came to the woman to the house, they said, Where is Ahimaaz and Jonathan? And the woman said unto them, They be gone over the brook of water. And when they had sought and could not find them, they returned to Jerusalem.
17:21 And it came to pass, after they were departed, that they came up out of the well, and went and told king David, and said unto David, Arise, and pass quickly over the water [river Jordan]: for thus hath Ahithophel counselled against you.
David then crossed Jordan and went into a strong hold
17:22 Then David arose, and all the people that were with him, and they passed over Jordan: by the morning light there lacked not one of them that was not gone over Jordan.
At that point the wise Ahithophel knew that the cause of Absalom was lost and that he would die a traitor, so he hanged himself.
17:23 And when Ahithophel saw that his counsel was not followed, he saddled his ass, and arose, and gat him home to his house, to his city, and put his household in order, and hanged himself, and died, and was buried in the sepulchre of his father.
17:24 Then David came to Mahanaim. And Absalom passed over Jordan, he and all the men of Israel with him.
Absalom took the cousin of Joab to be his captain in place of Joab who was loyal to David.
17:25 And Absalom made Amasa captain of the host instead of Joab: which Amasa was a man’s son, whose name was Ithra an Israelite, that went in to Abigail the daughter of Nahash, sister to Zeruiah Joab’s mother.
Amasa was the son of Abigail (2 Sam 17:25), who was sister to King David (1 Chr 2:16,17) and Zeruiah was the mother of Joab. Hence, Amasa was a nephew to David, a cousin to Joab, as well as a cousin to Absalom.
The two armies camped in the Golan
17:26 So Israel and Absalom pitched in the land of Gilead.
The men of Manasseh and Ammon brought them food, for they were the friends of David.
17:27 And it came to pass, when David was come to Mahanaim, that Shobi the son of Nahash of Rabbah of the children of Ammon, and Machir the son of Ammiel of Lodebar, and Barzillai the Gileadite of Rogelim,
17:28 Brought beds, and basons, and earthen vessels, and wheat, and barley, and flour, and parched corn, and beans, and lentiles, and parched pulse, 17:29 And honey, and butter, and sheep, and cheese of kine, for David, and for the people that were with him, to eat: for they said, The people is hungry, and weary, and thirsty, in the wilderness.
All of this was the fulfillment of the prophecy by Nathan, and was the punishment of David for his sins. The one who became Jesus Christ was allowing David to experience a lesson that he would never forget; so that he would never again depart from the Word of God for all eternity.
I tell you the truth: We are also being taught the very same lesson!
Those who idolize men and corporate entities to commit spiritual adultery with them, by turning aside from the Word of God to follow them; are being taught the same lesson! As David suffered, so shall we also suffer for our spiritual adultery, in the imminent great tribulation.
We are all being taught a lesson of loyalty to God, to prepare us for a righteous kingship, if we do learn the lesson of absolute and total loyalty to God ,and to zealously learn and to live by every Word of God; regardless of the trials or temptations to do otherwise!
2 Samuel 18
Ahithophel’s vengeful and wicked counsel to Absalom regarding his father’s concubines, fails; so that the action of Absalom, far from bringing more followers to Absalom out of fear of David engendered revulsion against Absalom and many in Israel rallied to go over to David; so that David now has thousands with him in Golan.
2 Samuel 18:1 And David numbered the people that were with him, and set captains of thousands, and captains of hundreds over them.
David divides his army into three parts
18:2 And David sent forth a third part of the people under the hand of Joab, and a third part under the hand of Abishai the son of Zeruiah, Joab’s brother, and a third part under the hand of Ittai the Gittite. And the king said unto the people, I will surely go forth with you myself also.
The people will not let David [now older] go out to the battle
18:3 But the people answered, Thou shalt not go forth: for if we flee away, they will not care for us; neither if half of us die, will they care for us: but now thou art worth ten thousand of us: therefore now it is better that thou succour [command us from a headquarters in the city] us out of the city. 18:4 And the king said unto them, What seemeth you best I will do. And the king stood by the gate side, and all the people came out by hundreds and by thousands.
David asks for care to save Absalom alive
18:5 And the king commanded Joab and Abishai and Ittai, saying, Deal gently for my sake with the young man, even with Absalom. And all the people heard when the king gave all the captains charge concerning Absalom.
The battle was great
18:6 So the people went out into the field against Israel: and the battle was in the wood of Ephraim; 18:7 Where the people of Israel were slain before the servants of David, and there was there a great slaughter that day of twenty thousand men.
More people became lost in the forest and perished, then were killed in the fight. You can imagine running in unfamiliar forest and falling into pits, dead falls [tanglements of fallen trees], quicksand and other dangers.
18:8 For the battle was there scattered over the face of all the country: and the wood devoured more people that day than the sword devoured.
Absalom became entangled in a tree branch by his head
18:9 And Absalom met the servants of David. And Absalom rode upon a mule, and the mule went under the thick boughs of a great oak, and his head caught hold of the oak, and he was taken up between the heaven and the earth; and the mule that was under him went away. 18:10 And a certain man saw it, and told Joab, and said, Behold, I saw Absalom hanged in an oak.
Joab sought the life of Absalom, knowing that for future peace, Absalom had to die for his rebellion as an example to all rebels in spite of the feelings of David for his son.
As David’s failure to met out justice on his sister rapist son brought on these quarrels with Absalom, so mercy to the rebel would bring on more rebellion unless justice was done.
18:11 And Joab said unto the man that told him, And, behold, thou sawest him, and why didst thou not smite him there to the ground? and I would have given thee ten shekels of silver, and a girdle.
Joab’s soldier refuses to disobey king David, forcing Joab to take personal action.
18:12 And the man said unto Joab, Though I should receive a thousand shekels of silver in mine hand, yet would I not put forth mine hand against the king’s son: for in our hearing the king charged thee and Abishai and Ittai, saying, Beware that none touch the young man Absalom. 18:13 Otherwise I should have wrought falsehood against mine own life: for there is no matter hid from the king, and thou thyself wouldest have set thyself against me.
Joab and his personal escort then slew Absalom.
18:14 Then said Joab, I may not tarry thus with thee. And he took three darts in his hand, and thrust them through the heart of Absalom, while he was yet alive in the midst of the oak. 18:15 And ten young men that bare Joab’s armour compassed about and smote Absalom, and slew him.
Joab then stopped the battle for the usurper was dead
18:16 And Joab blew the trumpet, and the people returned from pursuing after Israel: for Joab held back the people. 18:17 And they took Absalom, and cast him into a great pit in the wood, and laid a very great heap of stones upon him: and all [the rebels] Israel fled every one to his tent.
Absalom died childless and had a monument of stone made for himself for that reason.
18:18 Now Absalom in his lifetime had taken and reared up for himself a pillar, which is in the king’s dale: for he said, I have no son to keep my name in remembrance: and he called the pillar after his own name: and it is called unto this day, Absalom’s place.
Joab delays the messenger of David, to send his own messenger first.
18:19 Then said Ahimaaz the son of Zadok, Let me now run, and bear the king tidings, how that the LORD hath avenged him of his enemies. 18:20 And Joab said unto him, Thou shalt not bear tidings this day, but thou shalt bear tidings another day: but this day thou shalt bear no tidings, because the king’s son is dead.
18:21 Then said Joab to Cushi, Go tell the king what thou hast seen. And Cushi bowed himself unto Joab, and ran. 18:22 Then said Ahimaaz the son of Zadok yet again to Joab, But howsoever, let me, I pray thee, also run after Cushi. And Joab said, Wherefore wilt thou run, my son, seeing that thou hast no tidings ready? 18:23 But howsoever, said he, let me run. And he said unto him, Run.
The son of Zadok then outran Cushi to David
Then Ahimaaz ran by the way of the plain, and overran Cushi.
David was in the city and waiting for news
18:24 And David sat between the two gates: and the watchman went up to the roof over the gate unto the wall, and lifted up his eyes, and looked, and behold a man running alone. 18:25 And the watchman cried, and told the king. And the king said, If he be alone, there is tidings in his mouth. And he came apace, and drew near. 18:26 And the watchman saw another man running: and the watchman called unto the porter, and said, Behold another man running alone. And the king said, He also bringeth tidings.
Ahimaaz announces the victory first
18:27 And the watchman said, Me thinketh the running of the foremost is like the running of Ahimaaz the son of Zadok. And the king said, He is a good man, and cometh with good tidings. 18:28 And Ahimaaz called, and said unto the king, All is well. And he fell down to the earth upon his face before the king, and said, Blessed be the LORD thy God, which hath delivered up the men that lifted up their hand against my lord the king.
David asks after Absalom
18:29 And the king said, Is the young man Absalom safe? And Ahimaaz answered, When Joab sent the king’s servant, and me thy servant, I saw a great tumult, but I knew not what it was. 18:30 And the king said unto him, Turn aside, and stand here. And he turned aside, and stood still.
Cushi then announces the death of Absalom.
18:31 And, behold, Cushi came; and Cushi said, Tidings, my lord the king: for the LORD hath avenged thee this day of all them that rose up against thee. 18:32 And the king said unto Cushi, Is the young man Absalom safe? And Cushi answered, The enemies of my lord the king, and all that rise against thee to do thee hurt, be as that young man is.
David wept over the death of the usurper Abalom, in all this he was learning to be a king.
Jesus Christ will not hold back from destroying all those who reject zeal for every Word of God in the lake of fire; even though he loves them greatly; for he knows that in the length of time, they will continue to rebel and to lead others in rebellion against his and God the Father’s kingdom.
The lack of justice concerning Tamar and the rebellion of Absalom, is more than only punishment for Uriah; it is a lesson for David in how to be a king. No king can allow rebellion and law-breaking in his kingdom, and expect to have a peaceful stable kingdom; no not even God the Father and Jesus Christ!
It is the duty of a ruler to teach the people to abide by the law; and to execute justice honestly, and even handedly; without regard to any person. David had to learn that, and so does the latter day spiritual Israel.
Those who teach that God will overlook our sins because he loves us, are ignorant, knowing nothing about being kings as they ought to know. God the Father and Jesus Christ cannot afford the emotional overlooking of justice which brought David so much grief. They MUST and WILL expel all sin and commandment breaking, and turning aside from any part of the whole Word of God, for even a speck of leaven will ultimately leaven the whole lump.
As those who wanted to return to Egypt were destroyed in the wilderness, and many enemies were brought up to correct Israel when they sinned: So today, Jesus Christ will correct all who take God’s Word lightly and turn aside to follow their idols; including men and corporate entities.
Any willful unrepentant sin [breaking the Word of God] is REBELLION against God the Father and Jesus Christ the King of kings, and those who do such things will be corrected, and if still unrepentant will be destroyed in the final sea of fire.
18:33 And the king was much moved, and went up to the chamber over the gate, and wept: and as he went, thus he said, O my son Absalom, my son, my son Absalom! would God I had died for thee, O Absalom, my son, my son!
David had to learn the hard way that the law of God and Godly justice, trumps personal emotional feelings. We should NOT take any pleasure in the death of the wicked, but rather work to bring them to repentance.
Ezekiel 33:11 Say unto them, As I live, saith the Lord God, I have no pleasure in the death of the wicked; but that the wicked turn from his way and live: turn ye, turn ye from your evil ways; for why will ye die, O house of Israel?
However there will be a final day of judgment and all unrepentant sinners will receive the just wages for their conduct; which is death; regardless of how much we love them.
Therefore if we really love others; it is our DUTY to: Cry Aloud and Spare Not, Isaiah 58; that some might be saved.
2 Samuel 19
David by his sympathy for the sinner turned the rejoicing of victory over the sin of rebellion against the king into mourning.
Remember the our King is Jesus Christ, and that we are to support him in his dispensing of JUSTICE and his victory over the wicked; instead of becoming emotionally attached to the wicked [Stockholm Syndrome] like David did.
2 Samuel 19:1 And it was told Joab, Behold, the king weepeth and mourneth for Absalom. 19:2 And the victory that day was turned into mourning unto all the people: for the people heard say that day how the king was grieved for his son.
David made the people ashamed of their actions in supporting David and crushing the wicked rebel. We should never be ashamed of the just Word of God, nor should we ever sympathize with wickedness, so as to hide it or condone it.
19:3 And the people gat them by stealth that day into the city, as people being ashamed steal away when they flee in battle. 19:4 But the king covered his face, and the king cried with a loud voice, O my son Absalom, O Absalom, my son, my son!
Joab rightly corrects David
Brethren, we should not be condoning by tolerating any sins in the Ekklesia, nor should we be overlooking or hiding any sin. All evil should be exposed to the light of day and revealed before all; so that evil might be dealt with and expunged.
19:5 And Joab came into the house to the king, and said, Thou hast shamed this day the faces of all thy servants, which this day have saved thy life, and the lives of thy sons and of thy daughters, and the lives of thy wives, and the lives of thy concubines; 19:6 In that thou lovest thine enemies, and hatest thy friends. For thou hast declared this day, that thou regardest neither princes nor servants: for this day I perceive, that if Absalom had lived, and all we had died this day, then it had pleased thee well. 19:7 Now therefore arise, go forth, and speak comfortably unto thy servants: for I swear by the LORD, if thou go not forth, there will not tarry one with thee this night: and that will be worse unto thee than all the evil that befell thee from thy youth until now.
David had to learn how to be a king; how to rule justly and without compromise and to reject open sympathy for the wicked works of the unrepentant. Even so Jesus Christ applies his blood of justification to the Sincerely Repentant, and destroys the unrepentant wicked; who imagine that forgiveness of past sin, is somehow a license to continue in sin and compromise with any part of the whole Word of God.
19:8 Then the king arose, and sat in the gate. [of his refuge city in Golan, to dispense justice] And they told unto all the people, saying, Behold, the king doth sit in the gate. And all the people came before the king: for Israel had fled every man to his tent.
David then waited for Israel to invite him back as their king.
19:9 And all the people were at strife throughout all the tribes of Israel, saying, The king saved us out of the hand of our enemies, and he delivered us out of the hand of the Philistines; and now he is fled out of the land for Absalom. 19:10 And Absalom, whom we anointed over us, is dead in battle. Now therefore why speak ye not a word of bringing the king back?
David then speaks to Judah by the priests of God
19:11 And king David sent to Zadok and to Abiathar the priests, saying, Speak unto the elders of Judah, saying, Why are ye the last to bring the king back to his house? seeing the speech of all Israel is come to the king, even to his house. 19:12 Ye are my brethren, ye are my bones and my flesh: wherefore then are ye the last to bring back the king?
David then makes a political move removing Joab from his office for his disobedience in killing Absalom and offering the job of commander in chief to Amasa of Judah; this brings Judah back into the kingdom and gives David a commander who had been the commander of Absalom in the rebellion. David could not have had confidence in Amasa, tis was a political appointment to bring Judah into the fold.
19:13 And say ye to Amasa, Art thou not of my bone, and of my flesh? God do so to me, and more also, if thou be not captain of the host before me continually in the room of Joab. 19:14 And he [Amasa] bowed the heart of all the men of Judah, even as the heart of one man; so that they sent this word unto the king, Return thou, and all thy servants. 19:15 So the king returned, and came to Jordan. And Judah came to Gilgal, to go to meet the king, to conduct the king over Jordan.
Shimei then rushes to apologize to David for cursing him over the throne of Saul.
19:16 And Shimei the son of Gera, a Benjamite, which was of Bahurim, hasted and came down with the men of Judah to meet king David. 19:17 And there were a thousand men of Benjamin with him [Shimei], and Ziba [David’s loyal man] the servant of the house of Saul, and his fifteen sons and his twenty servants with him; and they went over Jordan before the king.
Shimei repents at the feet of David
19:18 And there went over a ferry boat to carry over the king’s household, and to do what he thought good. And Shimei the son of Gera fell down before the king, as he was come over Jordan; 19:19 And said unto the king, Let not my lord impute iniquity unto me, neither do thou remember that which thy servant did perversely the day that my lord the king went out of Jerusalem, that the king should take it to his heart. 19:20 For thy servant doth know that I have sinned: therefore, behold, I am come the first this day of all the house of Joseph to go down to meet my lord the king.
The king forgives Shimei who was begging for his life deserving to die as a prominent rebel along with the other rebels.
19:21 But Abishai the son of Zeruiah answered and said, Shall not Shimei be put to death for this, because he cursed the LORD’s anointed? 19:22 And David said, What have I to do with you, ye sons of Zeruiah, that ye should this day be adversaries unto me? shall there any man be put to death this day in Israel? for do not I know that I am this day king over Israel? 19:23 Therefore the king said unto Shimei, Thou shalt not die. And the king sware unto him.
Mephibosheth who had eaten at the table of David these years; who had hoped to gain a throne, anxiously waiting to see if he would be restored to the throne of Saul, now comes to David.
19:24 And Mephibosheth the son of Saul came down to meet the king, and had neither dressed his feet, nor trimmed his beard, nor washed his clothes, from the day the king departed until the day he came again in peace.
David asked Mephibosheth why he had not come to support him, and Mephibosheth gives his story in an attempt to save himself, and David spares him for the sake of David’s covenant with Jonathon..
19:25 And it came to pass, when he was come to Jerusalem to meet the king, that the king said unto him, Wherefore wentest not thou with me, Mephibosheth? 19:26 And he answered, My lord, O king, my servant deceived me: for thy servant said, I will saddle me an ass, that I may ride thereon, and go to the king; because thy servant is lame. 19:27 And he hath slandered thy servant unto my lord the king; but my lord the king is as an angel of God: do therefore what is good in thine eyes. 19:28 For all of my father’s house were but dead men before my lord the king: yet didst thou set thy servant among them that did eat at thine own table. What right therefore have I yet to cry any more unto the king?
David allows Mephibosheth to keep his estate
19:29 And the king said unto him, Why speakest thou any more of thy matters? I have said, Thou and Ziba divide the land. 19:30 And Mephibosheth said unto the king, Yea, let him take all, forasmuch as my lord the king is come again in peace unto his own house.
Barzillai a close friend of David who had given him relief during his stay in Gilead came to say his good byes.
19:31 And Barzillai the Gileadite came down from Rogelim, and went over Jordan with the king, to conduct him over Jordan. 19:32 Now Barzillai was a very aged man, even fourscore years old: and he had provided the king of sustenance while he lay at Mahanaim; for he was a very great man.
David invites his friend to Jerusalem
19:33 And the king said unto Barzillai, Come thou over with me, and I will feed thee with me in Jerusalem.
Barzillai asks leave to die in his own home and sends his servant Chimham with David.
19:34 And Barzillai said unto the king, How long have I to live, that I should go up with the king unto Jerusalem? 19:35 I am this day fourscore years old: and can I discern between good and evil? can thy servant taste what I eat or what I drink? can I hear any more the voice of singing men and singing women? wherefore then should thy servant be yet a burden unto my lord the king? 19:36 Thy servant will go a little way over Jordan with the king: and why should the king recompense it me with such a reward? 19:37 Let thy servant, I pray thee, turn back again, that I may die in mine own city, and be buried by the grave of my father and of my mother. But behold thy servant Chimham; let him go over with my lord the king; and do to him what shall seem good unto thee.
19:38 And the king answered, Chimham shall go over with me, and I will do to him that which shall seem good unto thee: and whatsoever thou shalt require of me, that will I do for thee. 19:39 And all the people went over Jordan. And when the king was come over, the king kissed Barzillai, and blessed him; and he returned unto his own place.
Then Judah and Israel began to dispute over David the king. Doesn’t this remind us of the disciples disputing among themselves over who is to be the greatest under Christ? Each one claiming that he is the most loyal? Is it not the same today? Each one claiming to be the most loyal and many leader’s or elder‘s claiming to be the greatest?
19:40 Then the king went on to Gilgal, and Chimham went on with him: and all the people of Judah conducted the king, and also half the people of Israel. 19:41 And, behold, all the men of Israel came to the king, and said unto the king, Why have our brethren the men of Judah stolen thee away, and have brought the king, and his household, and all David’s men with him, over Jordan?
19:42 And all the men of Judah answered the men of Israel, Because the king is near of kin to us: wherefore then be ye angry for this matter? have we eaten at all of the king’s cost? or hath he given us any gift? 19:43 And the men of Israel answered the men of Judah, and said, We have ten parts in the king, and we have also more right in David than ye: why then did ye despise us, that our advice should not be first had in bringing back our king? And the words of the men of Judah were fiercer than the words of the men of Israel.
2 Samuel 20
Part of Benjamin revolts against David: Judah remained with David and Israel followed Sheba of Benjamin.
2 Samuel 20:1 And there happened to be there a man of Belial, whose name was Sheba, the son of Bichri, a Benjamite: and he blew a trumpet, and said, We have no part in David, neither have we inheritance in the son of Jesse: every man to his tents, O Israel. 20:2 So every man of Israel went up from after David, and followed Sheba the son of Bichri: but the men of Judah clave unto their king, from Jordan even to Jerusalem.
David’s ten women who were violated by Absalom were kept celibate until their deaths. This an example of how the sins of one man can affect many others, and a primary reason why NO sin can be tolerated by a loving ruler.
20:3 And David came to his house at Jerusalem; and the king took the ten women his concubines, whom he had left to keep the house, and put them in ward, and fed them, but went not in unto them. So they were shut up unto the day of their death, living in widowhood.
Amasa is commanded to assemble the men of Judah.
Remember that Amasa was made chief by Absalom, and then David made Amasa chief of the army of Israel replacing Joab because Joab killed Absalom; and also to bring about the surrender of the people who had followed Absalom. So Joab was bitter over his replacement by his cousin Amasa as chief of staff of Israel.
20:4 Then said the king to Amasa, Assemble me the men of Judah within three days, and be thou here present. 20:5 So Amasa went to assemble the men of Judah: but he tarried longer than the set time which he had appointed him.
Joab’s brother Abashai is given command of the mission.
20:6 And David said to Abishai [the brother of Joab], Now shall Sheba the son of Bichri do us more harm than did Absalom: take thou thy lord’s servants [take the army], and pursue after him [quickly], lest he get him fenced cities, and escape us. 20:7 And there went out after him Joab’s men, and the Cherethites, and the Pelethites, and all the mighty men: and they went out of Jerusalem, to pursue after Sheba the son of Bichri.
Amasa had lost his sword
20:8 When they were at the great stone which is in Gibeon, Amasa went before them. And Joab’s garment that he had put on was girded unto him, and upon it a girdle with a sword fastened upon his loins in the sheath thereof; and as he went forth it fell out.
Joab murdered his commander Amasa and then continued the pursuit of Sheba the rebel.
20:9 And Joab said to Amasa, Art thou in health, my brother? And Joab took Amasa by the beard with the right hand to kiss him. 20:10 But Amasa took no heed to the sword that was in Joab’s hand: so he smote him therewith in the fifth rib, and shed out his bowels to the ground, and struck him not again; and he died. So Joab and Abishai his brother pursued after Sheba the son of Bichri.
Joab’s men then proclaimed Joab the commander in chief in David’s name. While on the surface this appears to be a matter of bitterness on the part of Joab; one has to wonder if this act was in the interests of David to remove Amasa who had rebelled with Absalom and could not be trusted.
20:11 And one of Joab’s men stood by him, and said, He that favoureth Joab, and he that is for David, let him go after Joab.
Those men who saw their chief Amasa wallowing in blood stopped in shock, so that Joab had Amasa removed into a field and covered to hide him.
20:12 And Amasa wallowed in blood in the midst of the highway. And when the man saw that all the people stood still, he removed Amasa out of the highway into the field, and cast a cloth upon him, when he saw that every one that came by him stood still. 20:13 When he was removed out of the highway, all the people went on after Joab, to pursue after Sheba the son of Bichri.
20:14 And he went through all the tribes of Israel unto Abel, and to Bethmaachah, and all the Berites: and they were gathered together, and went also after him. 20:15 And they came and besieged him in Abel of Bethmaachah, and they cast up a bank against the city, and it stood in the trench: and all the people that were with Joab battered the wall, to throw it down.
A wise woman saves the city and many lives
20:16 Then cried a wise woman out of the city, Hear, hear; say, I pray you, unto Joab, Come near hither, that I may speak with thee.
Joab listens to the woman. I emphasize this because not listening to our women has become a regular sin in today’s Ekklesia. Every man should listen to his wife and benefit from her wisdom, because he bears responsibility for making a wise final decision. Even so there are many wise women who have much to share, outside of formal services.
20:17 And when he was come near unto her, the woman said, Art thou Joab? And he answered, I am he. Then she said unto him, Hear the words of thine handmaid. And he answered, I do hear.
20:18 Then she spake, saying, They were wont to speak in old time, saying, They shall surely ask counsel at Abel [Bethmaachah]: and so they ended the matter. 20:19 I am one of them that are peaceable and faithful in Israel: thou seekest to destroy a city and a mother in Israel: why wilt thou swallow up the inheritance of the LORD?
20:20 And Joab answered and said, Far be it, far be it from me, that I should swallow up or destroy. 20:21 The matter is not so: but a man of mount Ephraim, Sheba the son of Bichri by name, hath lifted up his hand against the king, even against David: deliver him only, and I will depart from the city.
The woman then offered a solution and after Sheba was destroyed Joab departed without destroying the people and city.
And the woman said unto Joab, Behold, his head shall be thrown to thee over the wall. 20:22 Then the woman went unto all the people in her wisdom. And they cut off the head of Sheba the son of Bichri, and cast it out to Joab. And he blew a trumpet, and they retired from the city, every man to his tent. And Joab returned to Jerusalem unto the king.
Notice that Joab was made chief of Staff again by David. Why did David restore him to his position and not rebuke him at all? Was his killing of Amasa inspired by David because Amasa had led the army for Absalom?
20:23 Now Joab was over all the host of Israel: and Benaiah the son of Jehoiada was over the Cherethites and over the Pelethites: 20:24 And Adoram was over the tribute: and Jehoshaphat the son of Ahilud was recorder: 20:25 And Sheva was scribe: and Zadok and Abiathar were the priests: 20:26 And Ira also the Jairite was a chief ruler about David.
2 Samuel 21
2 Samuel 21:1 Then there was a famine in the days of David three years, year after year; and David enquired of the LORD. And the LORD answered, It is for Saul, and for his bloody house, because he slew the Gibeonites.
Saul had killed many Gibeonites even though they had a covenant with Israel to be cutters of wood and drawers of water for the tabernacle and the sacrifices. Therefore Jesus had sent famine on the land. One does wonder why this came so long after the deed by Saul, perhaps Jesus was reminding David to make amends for the broken vow of Israel.
21:2 And the king called the Gibeonites, and said unto them; (now the Gibeonites were not of the children of Israel, but of the remnant of the Amorites; and the children of Israel had sworn unto them: and Saul sought to slay them in his zeal to the children of Israel and Judah.)
The Gibeonites humbly declare that they will have no money from Saul or any man of Israel, but demand the son’s of Saul. This is from the one who became Jesus Christ who had cursed Saul and his descendants for slaughtering many Gibeonitesz.
21:3Wherefore David said unto the Gibeonites, What shall I do for you? and wherewith shall I make the atonement, that ye may bless the inheritance of the LORD? 21:4 And the Gibeonites said unto him, We will have no silver nor gold of Saul, nor of his house; neither for us shalt thou kill any man in Israel. And he said, What ye shall say, that will I do for you.
David gives up the son’s of Saul
21:5 And they answered the king, The man that consumed us, and that devised against us that we should be destroyed from remaining in any of the coasts of Israel, 21:6 Let seven men of his sons be delivered unto us, and we will hang them up unto the LORD in Gibeah of Saul, whom the LORD did choose. And the king said, I will give them.
21:7 But the king spared Mephibosheth, the son of Jonathan the son of Saul, because of the LORD’s oath that was between them, between David and Jonathan the son of Saul.
David gave to them the five sons of his wife Mi-chal by Adriel her second husband, and two other direct sons of Saul. So Saul paid dearly for his transgression against Gibeah and Mi-chal paid dearly for her mocking of David before the Ark of God, and Adriel paid dearly for taking another man’s wife even though she was taken from David by Saul.
21:8 But the king took the two sons of Rizpah the daughter of Aiah [Saul’s wife], whom she bare unto Saul, Armoni and Mephibosheth; and the five sons of Michal the daughter of Saul, whom she brought up for [bore to her second husband] Adriel the son of Barzillai the Meholathite:
21:9 And he delivered them into the hands of the Gibeonites, and they hanged them in the hill before the LORD: and they fell all seven together, and were put to death in the days of harvest, in the first days, in the beginning of barley harvest [They were hung on or immediately after the first Sunday Wave Offering day of the Feast of Unleavened bread].
Rizpah mourned for her sons and for the son’s of Saul and protected the bodies from the scavengers until the dew of the morning.
21:10 And Rizpah the daughter of Aiah took sackcloth, and spread it for her upon the rock, from the beginning of harvest until water dropped upon them out of heaven, and suffered neither the birds of the air to rest on them by day, nor the beasts of the field by night.
21:11 And it was told David what Rizpah the daughter of Aiah, the concubine of Saul, had done.
David then buries Saul and his sons together, in the tomb of Saul’s father Kish.
21:12 And David went and took the bones of Saul and the bones of Jonathan his son from the men of Jabeshgilead, which had stolen [liberated] them from the street of Bethshan, where the Philistines had hanged them, when the Philistines had slain Saul in Gilboa: 21:13 And he brought up from thence the bones of Saul and the bones of Jonathan his son; and they gathered the bones of them that were hanged. 21:14 And the bones of Saul and Jonathan his son buried they in the country of Benjamin in Zelah, in the sepulchre of Kish his father: and they performed all that the king commanded. And after that God was intreated for the land.
David nearly seventy became weak during a battle with the Philistines
21:15 Moreover the Philistines had yet war again with Israel; and David went down, and his servants with him, and fought against the Philistines: and David waxed faint. 21:16 And Ishbibenob, which was of the sons of the giant, the weight of whose spear weighed three hundred shekels of brass in weight, he being girded with a new sword, thought to have slain David.
Abishai the brother of Joab saved David
21:17 But Abishai the son of Zeruiah succoured him, and smote the Philistine, and killed him. Then the men of David sware unto him, saying, Thou shalt go no more out with us to battle, that thou quench not the light of Israel.
His commanders then insisted that David was too old to go into battle and would not allow him to go to personally fight again.
The giants of the Philistines were all slain and gaintism was destroyed in the Philistines, so that the descendants of the Philistines who live in Gaza today are as ordinary men. The people of Gaza are N OT Palestinians who are from Mesopotamia (2 Kings 17); the people of Gaza are the modern descendants of the Philistines.
21:18 And it came to pass after this, that there was again a battle with the Philistines at Gob: then Sibbechai the Hushathite slew Saph, which was of the sons of the giant.
21:19 And there was again a battle in Gob with the Philistines, where Elhanan the son of Jaareoregim, a Bethlehemite, slew the brother of Goliath the Gittite, the staff of whose spear was like a weaver’s beam.
21:20 And there was yet a battle in Gath, where was a man of great stature, that had on every hand six fingers, and on every foot six toes, four and twenty in number; and he also was born to the giant.
21:21 And when he defied Israel, Jonathan the son of Shimeah the brother of David slew him.
21:22 These four were born to the giant in Gath, and fell by the hand of David, and by the hand of his servants.
2 Samuel 22
2 Samuel 22:1 And David spake unto the LORD the words of this song in the day that the LORD had delivered him out of the hand of all his enemies, and out of the hand of Saul:
A song of gratitude and praise by David, to the God of all our comforting..
In all our distress we shall be delivered if we trust in our God to follow his Word and depend upon him alone.
22:2 And he said, The LORD is my rock, and my fortress, and my deliverer; 22:3 The God of my rock; in him will I trust: he is my shield, and the horn of my salvation, my high tower, and my refuge, my saviour; thou savest me from violence.
Instead of watering down our zeal to live by every Word of God in order to ease our trials; we should be doing the exact opposite and running to our Mighty One for HIS Deliverance.
22:4 I will call on the LORD, who is worthy to be praised: so shall I be saved from mine enemies.
Our Deliverer will deliver his faithful overcomers, out of death and the grave itself!
22:5 When the waves of death compassed me, the floods of ungodly men made me afraid; 22:6 The sorrows of hell compassed me about; the snares of death prevented [held me] me; 22:7 In my distress I called upon the LORD, and cried to my God: and he did hear my voice out of his temple, and my cry did enter into his ears.
This is a history of the deliverance of Israel and Moses, and is a prophecy of what is to come!When God remembers us in the grave he will send Messiah the Christ to shake the heavens and the earth for us, to deliver us from the grave into a resurrection to spirit; gaining total victory over the god of rebellion and death, Satan.
22:8 Then the earth shook and trembled; the foundations of heaven moved and shook, because he was wroth. 22:9 There went up a smoke out of his nostrils, and fire out of his mouth devoured: coals were kindled by it. 22:10 He bowed the heavens also, and came down; and darkness was under his feet.
In the darkness of this world our God is a blazing light of righteousness.
22:11 And he rode upon a cherub, and did fly: and he was seen upon the wings of the wind. 22:12 And he made darkness pavilions round about him, dark waters, and thick clouds of the skies. 22:13 Through the brightness before him were coals of fire kindled.
Our Mighty God thunders his Word and casts out all those who will not seek diligently to learn and live by every Word of God, to internalize that Word and to become LIKE HIM!
22:14 The LORD thundered from heaven, and the most High uttered his voice. 22:15 And he sent out arrows, and scattered them; lightning, and discomfited them.
As the Red Sea was opened up to expose the dry land, so the grave will be opened up to bring forth the faithful chosen overcomers!
22:16 And the channels of the sea appeared, the foundations of the world were discovered, at the rebuking of the LORD, at the blast of the breath of his nostrils.
The Eternal will deliver his spiritual called out who persevere and overcome, from death itself into eternal life! Evil is too strong for us alone, but our Lord our Deliverer will emancipate us through his own strength that no flesh may glory in its own ways.
22:17 He sent from above, he took me; he drew me out of many waters; 22:18 He delivered me from my strong enemy [death], and from them that hated me: for they were too strong for me.
The wicked may persecute the faithful; but if we depend upon our God, HE shall deliver us because we rely upon HIM!
22:19 They prevented [the wicked fought against] me in the day of my calamity: but the LORD was my stay.
God delights in all those who make the zealous keeping of every Word of God their delight!
22:20 He brought me forth also into a large place: he delivered me, because he delighted in me.
Our reward is directly related to our zeal to learn and to live by every Word of God; which is the righteousness of God.
22:21 The LORD rewarded me according to my righteousness: according to the cleanness of my hands hath he recompensed me. 22:22 For I have kept the ways of the LORD, and have not wickedly departed from my God. 22:23 For all his judgments were before me: and as for his statutes, I did not depart from them. 22:24 I was also upright before him, and have kept myself from mine iniquity.
No, Jesus Christ will not overlook any sin, but will reward every man according to his works.
22:25 Therefore the LORD hath recompensed me according to my righteousness; according to my cleanness in his eye sight.
Consider how the beatitudes of Matthew 5 and many of the teachings of Jesus are quotes from the Psalms.
22:26 With the merciful thou wilt shew thyself merciful, and with the upright man thou wilt shew thyself upright. 22:27 With the pure thou wilt shew thyself pure; and with the froward [stubborn, self willed] thou wilt shew thyself unsavoury. 22:28 And the afflicted people thou wilt save: but thine eyes are upon the haughty, that thou mayest bring them down.
Jesus Christ is our light (John 1) of righteousness in this dark world, and he taught that we are to live by every Word of God (Matthew 4:4). If we learn and zealously keep the Word of God, then the light of God will shine within us through the Spirit of God the Father and of Jesus Christ.
22:29 For thou art my lamp, O LORD: and the LORD will lighten my darkness.
The light of the whole Word of God delivers us from all our enemies, and from the bondage of sin and death!
22:30 For by thee I have run through a troop: by my God have I leaped over a wall.
God is perfect and his whole Word is perfect, not just the Ten Commandments; living by EVERY Word of God converts and delivers the sincerely repentant who are diligent to go and sin no more!
22:31 As for God, his way is perfect; the word of the LORD is tried: he is a buckler to all them that trust in him. 22:32 For who is God, save the LORD? and who is a rock, save our God? 22:33 God is my strength and power: and he maketh my way perfect.
In spiritual terms our Mighty One delivers us and teaches us to fight the spiritual battle against sin.
22:34 He maketh my feet like hinds’ feet: and setteth me upon my high places. 22:35 He teacheth my hands to war; so that a bow of steel is broken by mine arms. 22:36 Thou hast also given me the shield of thy salvation: and thy gentleness [God’s mercy for the sincerely repentant has lifted them up from sin and death.] hath made me great.
Meditating on and keeping the Word of God, keeps one’s feet from slipping into sin.
22:37 Thou hast enlarged my steps under me; so that my feet did not slip.
Through the strength of our God, and our zeal for God and his Word; we will be given victory over sin and death, and will be exalted over all sin.
22:38 I have pursued mine enemies, and destroyed them; and turned not again until I had consumed them 22:39 And I have consumed them, and wounded them, that they could not arise: yea, they are fallen under my feet.
Our strength to fight sin, which is turning aside from any part of the whole Word of God; comes from Almighty God! and not from our own selves.
22:40 For thou hast girded me with strength to battle: them that rose up against me hast thou subdued under me. 22:41 Thou hast also given me the necks of mine enemies, that I might destroy them that hate me.
We can call ourselves godly, we can call on God; but we are not godly and he will not hear us; if we are not zealous to learn and to live by every Word of God. If we love our own pet ideas more than we love the Word of God; we are separated and cut off from God!
If we are absolutely faithful to trust in and follow the Word of our God, all sin can be beaten and crushed to nothing under our feet.
22:42 They looked, but there was none to save; even unto the LORD, but he answered them not. 22:43 Then did I beat them as small as the dust of the earth, I did stamp them as the mire of the street, and did spread them abroad.
When the earth is repentant in the kingdom of God; all peoples shall know the faithfulness of their [now spirit] kings and will follow their example of faithfulness to God.
22:44 Thou also hast delivered me from the strivings of my people, thou hast kept me to be head of the heathen: a people which I knew not shall serve me. 22:45 Strangers shall submit themselves unto me: as soon as they hear, they shall be obedient unto me.
In the millennial kingdom all shall turn to our God and there shall be no more any spiritual stranger.
22:46 Strangers shall fade away, and they shall be afraid out of their close places.
22:47 The LORD liveth; and blessed be my rock; and exalted be the God of the rock of my salvation.
God alone delivers his faithful and exalts them as kings and priests over the nations.
22:48 It is God that avengeth me, and that bringeth down the people under me. 22:49 And that bringeth me forth from mine enemies: thou also hast lifted me up on high above them that rose up against me: thou hast delivered me from the violent man.
22:50 Therefore I will give thanks unto thee, O LORD, among the heathen [the unconverted and lukewarm], and I will sing praises unto thy name. 22:51 He is the tower of salvation for his king [those anointed kings and priests, through their calling and faithfulness to their baptismal commitment to sin no more] : and sheweth mercy to his anointed, unto David, and to his seed for evermore.
2 Samuel 23
Instructions from God on how to be a godly king; this applies to both physical kings and the spirit kings of the promised spiritual Kingdom of God.
2 Samuel 23:1 Now these be the last words of David. David the son of Jesse said, and the man who was raised up on high, the anointed of the God of Jacob, and the sweet psalmist of Israel, said,
23:2 The Spirit of the LORD spake by me, and his word was in my tongue. 23:3 The God of Israel said, the Rock of Israel spake to me, He that ruleth over men must be just, ruling in the fear of God.
God’s Word is a light in the spiritual darkness (John 1). Those who seek it will have spiritual sight.
23:4 And he shall be as the light of the morning, when the sun riseth, even a morning without clouds; as the tender grass springing out of the earth by clear shining after rain.
If we are faithful to learn and to live b y every Word of God, we have a sure kingdom and eternal life as a gift of God in reward. Even though we are now physical: God shall raise us up to eternal life and a sure kingdom if we are faithful to him in all things.
23:5 Although my house be not so with God; yet he hath made with me an everlasting covenant, ordered in all things, and sure: for this is all my salvation, and all my desire, although he make it not to grow.
The wicked who tolerate sin and falsely claim that Jesus will also tolerate unrepented sin; shall be burned up in the lake of fire, for they are like weeds, compared to the pure unleavened Bread of Life.
23:6 But the sons of Belial shall be all of them as thorns thrust away, because they cannot be taken with hands: 23:7 But the man that shall touch them must be fenced with iron and the staff of a spear; and they shall be utterly burned with fire in the same place.
The spiritually called out; who are zealous for the Word of God and quick and enthusiastically faithful to follow the Mighty One of Jacob, shall be as spiritually mighty against sin as the thirty mighty men of David were valiant against physical enemies.
23:8 These be the names of the mighty men whom David had: The Tachmonite that sat in the seat, chief among the captains; the same was Adino the Eznite: he lift up his spear against eight hundred, whom he slew at one time.
23:9 And after him was Eleazar the son of Dodo the Ahohite, one of the three mighty men with David, when they defied the Philistines that were there gathered together to battle, and the men of Israel were gone away: 23:10 He arose, and smote the Philistines until his hand was weary, and his hand clave [Became bonded to his sword so that he could not let it go.] unto the sword: and the LORD wrought a great victory that day; and the people returned after him only to spoil.
23:11 And after him was Shammah the son of Agee the Hararite. And the Philistines were gathered together into a troop, where was a piece of ground full of lentiles: and the people fled from the Philistines. 23:12 But he stood in the midst of the ground, and defended it, and slew the Philistines: and the LORD wrought a great victory.
23:13 And three of the thirty chief went down, and came to David in the harvest time unto the cave of Adullam: and the troop of the Philistines pitched in the valley of Rephaim. 23:14 And David was then in an hold, and the garrison of the Philistines was then in Bethlehem.
As David longed for water which came at the risk of physical life; We are to thirst after that spiritual Living Water of the Word of God with all our hearts and all of our physical lives.
23:15 And David longed, and said, Oh that one would give me drink of the water of the well of Bethlehem, which is by the gate! 23:16 And the three mighty men brake through the host of the Philistines, and drew water out of the well of Bethlehem, that was by the gate, and took it, and brought it to David: nevertheless he would not drink thereof, but poured it out unto the LORD. 23:17 And he said, Be it far from me, O LORD, that I should do this: is not this the blood of the men that went in jeopardy of their lives? therefore he would not drink it. These things did these three mighty men.
David’s 37 commanders were divided into eleven groups of three each, and Abishai was chief of his own three.
23:18 And Abishai, the brother of Joab, the son of Zeruiah, was chief among three. And he lifted up his spear against three hundred, and slew them, and had the name [leadership of his three] among three. 23:19Was he not most honourable of [his] three? therefore he was their captain: howbeit he attained not unto [the deeds of] the first three [the first three being Adino, Eleazar and Shammah].
23:20 And Benaiah the son of Jehoiada, the son of a valiant man, of Kabzeel, who had done many acts, he slew two lionlike men of Moab: he went down also and slew a lion in the midst of a pit in time of snow: 23:21 And he slew an Egyptian, a goodly man: and the Egyptian had a spear in his hand; but he [Benaiah] went down to him with a staff, and plucked the spear out of the Egyptian’s hand, and slew him with his own spear. 23:22 These things did Benaiah the son of Jehoiada, and had the name among [his] three mighty men. 23:23 He was more honourable than the thirty, but he attained not to the first three. And David set him over his guard.
23:24 Asahel the brother of Joab was one of the thirty; Elhanan the son of Dodo of Bethlehem, 23:25 Shammah the Harodite, Elika the Harodite, 23:26 Helez the Paltite, Ira the son of Ikkesh the Tekoite, 23:27 Abiezer the Anethothite, Mebunnai the Hushathite, 23:28 Zalmon the Ahohite, Maharai the Netophathite, 23:29 Heleb the son of Baanah, a Netophathite, Ittai the son of Ribai out of Gibeah of the children of Benjamin, 23:30 Benaiah the Pirathonite, Hiddai of the brooks of Gaash,
23:31 Abialbon the Arbathite, Azmaveth the Barhumite, 23:32 Eliahba the Shaalbonite, of the sons of Jashen, Jonathan, 23:33 Shammah the Hararite, Ahiamthe son of Sharar the Hararite, 23:34 Eliphelet the son of Ahasbai, the son of the Maachathite, Eliamthe son of Ahithophel [and father of Bathsheba] the Gilonite, 23:35 Hezrai the Carmelite, Paarai the Arbite, 23:36 Igal the son of Nathan of Zobah, Bani the Gadite, 23:37 Zelek the Ammonite, Nahari the Beerothite, armourbearer to Joab the son of Zeruiah, 23:38 Ira an Ithrite, Gareb an Ithrite, 23:39 Uriah the Hittite: thirty and seven in all.
2 Samuel 24
The being who became Jesus Christ was angry with Israel. They had undoubtedly departed from some part of the Word of God to keep their own ways in place of God’s Word, for that is the lesson given. David numbered the people to exalt in his own strength; and Christ diminished the people to teach David that we are to rely on God and not on ourselves and our own strength.
If physical Israel angered Christ by compromising with his Word; how much more is Jesus Christ angered by the departure of Spiritual Israel, who are supposed to know better, from the Word of God?
2 Samuel 24:1 And again the anger of the LORD was kindled against Israel, and he moved David against them to say, Go, number Israel and Judah.
David commanded Joab to number the people. Remember that Christ had commanded others to number the people at other times. The issue here is that David was trusting in the strength of the people which he had been exalted over and was not trusting in God.
24:2 For the king said to Joab the captain of the host, which was with him, Go now through all the tribes of Israel, from Dan even to Beersheba, and number ye the people, that I may know the number of the people.
Joab protested the counting
24:3 And Joab said unto the king, Now the LORD thy God add unto the people, how many soever they be, an hundredfold, and that the eyes of my lord the king may see it: but why doth my lord the king delight in this thing?
24:4 Notwithstanding the king’s word prevailed against Joab, and against the captains of the host. And Joab and the captains of the host went out from the presence of the king, to number the people of Israel.
It took nine months and twenty days to count all the people.
24:5 And they passed over Jordan, and pitched in Aroer, on the right side of the city that lieth in the midst of the river of Gad, and toward Jazer: 24:6 Then they came to Gilead, and to the land of Tahtimhodshi; and they came to Danjaan, and about to Zidon, 24:7 And came to the strong hold of Tyre, and to all the cities of the Hivites, and of the Canaanites: and they went out to the south of Judah, even to Beersheba. 24:8 So when they had gone through all the land, they came to Jerusalem at the end of nine months and twenty days.
There were 1,300,000 men of war in Israel.
24:9 And Joab gave up the sum of the number of the people unto the king: and there were in Israel eight hundred thousand valiant men that drew the sword; and the men of Judah were five hundred thousand men.
David then repented and was grieved that he had delighted in his strength and not in the strength of the Eternal.
24:10 And David’s heart smote him after that he had numbered the people.
David repented sincerely from the heart, yet the one who became Jesus Christ still corrected him so that he might learn the lesson thoroughly for all time.
Brethren, here is the answer to why we are not immediately delivered from some trial when we repent. It is very important that we, although forgiven by God, also experience the consequences of our sins and learn the correct lessons from our mistakes.
This to teach us lessons that will last for eternity and also for us to learn the consequences of our sin thoroughly, so that we can be priests fully able to understand those which we will be teaching in future.
. . . And David said unto the LORD, I have sinned greatly in that I have done: and now, I beseech thee, O LORD, take away the iniquity of thy servant; for I have done very foolishly.
God then sent his prophet Gad to ask David to make himself a choice as to his punishment.
24:11 For when David was up in the morning, the word of the LORD came unto the prophet Gad, David’s seer, saying, 24:12 Go and say unto David, Thus saith the LORD, I offer thee three things; choose thee one of them, that I may do it unto thee.
24:13 So Gad came to David, and told him, and said unto him, Shall seven years of famine come unto thee in thy land? or wilt thou flee three months before thine enemies, while they pursue thee? or that there be three days’ pestilence in thy land? now advise, and see what answer I shall return to him that sent me.
David then seeks to place himself fully in the hands of Messiah the Christ; as very many of us will do in the imminent great tribulation, which is coming upon us for the same reason. We shall be cast into tribulation for our pride and self reliance, having no humility [meekness] before God to follow him and keep HIS ways.
24:14 And David said unto Gad, I am in a great strait: let us fall now into the hand of the LORD; for his mercies are great: and let me not fall into the hand of man.
Christ then killed 70,000 men with a pestilence. Consider that Jesus Christ killed seventy thousand to smash David’s idolizing of his own power in his own eyes. We are also idolizing men and corporate entities, and Jesus Christ will also smash our idols.
Our leaders and elders and our corporate church organizations are going to be SMASHED and CRUSHED into the nothingness of fine dust.
There will be No “Elijah” work by these proud self centered men, who do what they think is right according to the false traditions of men; and reject knowledge (Hosea 41-6); and hold the table of the Lord in contempt (Mal 1:12); by lifting up their noses at the meat of the whole Word of God being offered to them today.
24:15 So the LORD sent a pestilence upon Israel from the morning even to the time appointed: and there died of the people from Dan even to Beersheba seventy thousand men.
Then the pestilence was stopped at the place which Christ chose for God the Father’s temple to be built.
The temple today is spiritual consists of those who are called of God and in whom God dwells; not any physical building.
Prophetically in this end time, those who are the zealous pillars of the inner Court will be spared, while the rest of the people who are full of their own ways and idolatries will be trodden done for 42 months (Rev 11).
24:16 And when the angel stretched out his hand upon Jerusalem to destroy it, the LORD repented him of the evil, and said to the angel that destroyed the people, It is enough: stay now thine hand. And the angel of the LORD was by the threshingplace of Araunah the Jebusite.
David learned his lesson well and repented even more sincerely and deeply. Even so all these people called of God, who have departed from zeal to live by every Word of God, to exalt and make idols of their own ways, traditions, men and organizations; will sincerely repent when they find that their fears have come upon them in the tribulation, and their own idols will not be able to save them from the correction of the Eternal.
24:17 And David spake unto the LORD when he saw the angel that smote the people, and said, Lo, I have sinned, and I have done wickedly: but these sheep, what have they done? let thine hand, I pray thee, be against me, and against my father’s house.
Gad then told David to build an altar on the spot where the plague had stopped.
24:18 And Gad came that day to David, and said unto him, Go up, rear an altar unto the LORD in the threshingfloor of Araunah the Jebusite. 24:19 And David, according to the saying of Gad, went up as the LORD commanded.
David buys the place from Araunah, even though Araunah is most ready to give it. This shows the repentance and zeal of both David to do as he was told and of Araunah the willing.
24:20 And Araunah looked, and saw the king and his servants coming on toward him: and Araunah went out, and bowed himself before the king on his face upon the ground. 24:21 And Araunah said, Wherefore is my lord the king come to his servant? And David said, To buy the threshingfloor of thee, to build an altar unto the LORD, that the plague may be stayed from the people.
24:22 And Araunah said unto David, Let my lord the king take and offer up what seemeth good unto him: behold, here be oxen for burnt sacrifice, and threshing instruments and other instruments of the oxen for wood. 24:23 All these things did Araunah, as a king, give unto the king. And Araunah said unto the king, The LORD thy God accept thee.
The holy mount was then bought by David for the Eternal for fifty shekels of silver.
24:24 And the king said unto Araunah, Nay; but I will surely buy it of thee at a price: neither will I offer burnt offerings unto the LORD my God of that which doth cost me nothing. So David bought the threshingfloor and the oxen for fifty shekels of silver.
In the millennial kingdom, Messiah the Christ will build a new Temple on this same spot, a glorious Temple; and all nations shall flow to it to worship the Mighty Eternal God and to learn and to live by every Word of God without any compromise or hint of turning aside.
24:25 And David built there an altar unto the LORD, and offered burnt offerings and peace offerings. So the LORD was intreated for the land, and the plague was stayed from Israel.
The story of David is the story of all those called out to Christ to be priests of His High Priesthood of Melchezidek and kings of his Kingship over all the earth.
Saul, the man of the people was chosen by Christ to be an allegory of Lucifer, who was created and started off perfect; only to fall away from God.
David was then chosen to replace Saul, as we are called to replace Satan the god-king of this world.
The many trials of David were to prepare him to be king over all Israel for eternity in the resurrection. Our many trials are for the same purpose; to prepare us to be proper godly kings and priests for all eternity.
The many trials of David are consistent with the many trials and testing’s of the spiritually called out to replace Satan.
When David relied on God he was always successful in his battles, and when he relied on himself he always failed. This is a lesson for the spiritually called out, that to overcome sin we must always be close to and rely on God our Deliverer, for we cannot overcome sin by our own strength.
David suffered greatly for his sins, and so do the spiritually called out, so that the lessons that they are learning will be deeply instilled and will last for eternity.
Even after repentance we may still suffer; this does not mean that we are not forgiven, it means that God is still teaching us the lesson so that it will last for eternity.
We are kings and priests in training, and if we faint not we shall receive a kingdom. We must rule that kingdom in true godliness, which means fully internalizing every Word of God to learn and to keep it.
We must not be respecters of persons but must apply the justice of God’s Word to all people equally. That means knowing the whole Word of God and having our eyes open to discern between the wicked willful law breakers and the righteous; and to fully enforce the whole Word of God.
There is NO room in the kingdom of God for willful commandment breaking and compromising with any part of the whole Word of God, and no place for any tolerance of willful sin.
David was a man after God’s own heart, yet he was a man who committed many horrendous sins. We are to learn from these things and avoid the same sins on both the physical and the spiritual plain.
Did David commit adultery? We are to avoid adultery on the physical plain, and also we are to avoid spiritual adultery against the Husband of our Baptism by not following idols of men, corporate entities or of our false traditions and imaginations.
When David found himself in sin, what did he do? Did he try to justify himself and defend his actions; or did he immediately admit his sin and repent sincerely and wholeheartedly?
If we also immediately admit our sin, and repent sincerely and wholeheartedly; we shall also become a people after God’s own heart! Like David fit to enter eternity, and to be the priests of the High Priesthood of Jesus Christ, and kings over a kingdom in the family of God the Father