Second Samuel 1-13

Updated June 2016

Samuel was originally one book and Second Samuel was separated from First Samuel long after it was written. Second Samuel now continues with the history of David.

2 Samuel 1

An Amalekite to ingratiate himself with David by claiming the murder of king Saul and receives his proper reward.   The ordination of men for passing courses or for loyalty to some man or corporate entity is not an anointing by God.

2 Samuel 1:1 Now it came to pass after the death of Saul, when David was returned from the slaughter of the Amalekites, and David had abode two days in Ziklag; 1:2 It came even to pass on the third day, that, behold, a man came out of the camp from Saul with his clothes rent, and earth upon his head: and so it was, when he came to David, that he fell to the earth, and did obeisance. 1:3 And David said unto him, From whence comest thou? And he said unto him, Out of the camp of Israel am I escaped. 1:4 And David said unto him, How went the matter? I pray thee, tell me.

When the news of Saul’s death is told, David asks for confirmation.

And he answered, That the people are fled from the battle, and many of the people also are fallen and dead; and Saul and Jonathan his son are dead also. 1:5 And David said unto the young man that told him, How knowest thou that Saul and Jonathan his son be dead?

The man identifies himself as an Amalekite [a people that Christ had condemned to extinction as a type of sin, for their terrible cruelty] and tells a story.

1:6 And the young man that told him said, As I happened by chance upon mount Gilboa, behold, Saul leaned upon his spear; and, lo, the chariots and horsemen followed hard after him. 1:7 And when he looked behind him, he saw me, and called unto me. And I answered, Here am I. 1:8 And he said unto me, Who art thou? And I answered him, I am an Amalekite.

This man lied, claiming to have killed Saul, hoping for a good reward from David.

1:9 He said unto me again, Stand, I pray thee, upon me, and slay me: for anguish is come upon me, because my life is yet whole in me.

1:10 So I stood upon him, and slew him, because I was sure that he could not live after that he was fallen: and I took the crown that was upon his head, and the bracelet that was on his arm, and have brought them hither unto my lord.

David and his band then mourned greatly for Saul and his sons. In spite of all that Saul had done David loved Saul and Jonathon dearly. This is an example for us that we should not despise the sinful, but should love the person while hating the path of self destruction that they have chosen.

If we truly loved the brethren, we would tell them the truth in the hope of saving them.

Ezekiel 33:11 Say unto them, As I live, saith the Lord God, I have no pleasure in the death of the wicked; but that the wicked turn from his way and live: turn ye, turn ye from your evil ways; for why will ye die, O house of Israel?

Brethren, let me ask you: If God’s Word says something and anyone were to then say that it is all right if you don’t agree; am I really loving you, by encouraging you to remain on the path to destruction? or does God want us to Cry Aloud and Spare Not; as he has commanded us to do (Isaiah 58:1)?

My friends, I tell you the truth that no person who falters in his zeal to learn and to keep the whole Word of God, will be resurrected to spirit to rule others. That is the truth, no person who exalts men and the traditions of men above the Word of God is fit for a part in the priesthood and kingship of Jesus Christ. I warn you out of love, in the hope that all should turn to live by every Word of God, that they might be saved and inherit eternal life.

Isaiah 58:1 Cry aloud, spare not, lift up thy voice like a trumpet, and shew my people their transgression, and the house of Jacob their sins.

2 Samuel 1:11 Then David took hold on his clothes, and rent them; and likewise all the men that were with him: 1:12 And they mourned, and wept, and fasted until even, for Saul, and for Jonathan his son, and for the people of the LORD, and for the house of Israel; because they were fallen by the sword.

David then turns to demand who this man is.

1:13 And David said unto the young man that told him, Whence art thou? And he answered, I am the son of a stranger, an Amalekite.

And immediately David has the Amalekite killed for smiting the Lord’s anointed. 

In the New Covenant dispensation how do we know who the LORD’s anointed is?  The LORD’s anointed will live by every Word of God and will teach all peoples to do likewise, he will not respect persons or the traditions of men above the Word of God, he will never shrink back from rebuking sin or false doctrine and if he is found in error himself he will quickly change, loving and accepting the truth, God’s Word is Truth.

1:14 And David said unto him, How wast thou not afraid to stretch forth thine hand to destroy the LORD’s anointed? 1:15 And David called one of the young men, and said, Go near, and fall upon him. And he smote him that he died. 1:16 And David said unto him, Thy blood be upon thy head; for thy mouth hath testified against thee, saying, I have slain the LORD’s anointed.

Today in the New Covenant dispensation, anyone who is not zealous to live by every Word of God and teaches tolerance for sin is just as guilty and deserving of death as that young man; such wicked men will be cast into the fire of great tribulation by Almighty God.

1:17 And David lamented with this lamentation over Saul and over Jonathan his son: 1:18 (Also he bade them teach the children of Judah the use of the bow: behold, it is written in the book of Jasher.)

David’s loving lament for Saul his enemy. 

Brethren, in the spiritual context it is a great sin to rejoice at the fall of our enemies, rather let us warn them and seek that they might repent and be saved.

1:19 The beauty of Israel is slain upon thy high places: how are the mighty fallen! 1:20 Tell it not in Gath, publish it not in the streets of Askelon; lest the daughters of the Philistines rejoice, lest the daughters of the uncircumcised triumph.

1:21 Ye mountains of Gilboa, let there be no dew, neither let there be rain, upon you, nor fields of offerings: for there the shield of the mighty is vilely cast away, the shield of Saul, as though he had not been anointed with oil.

1:22 From the blood of the slain, from the fat of the mighty, the bow of Jonathan turned not back, and the sword of Saul returned not empty.

1:23 Saul and Jonathan were lovely and pleasant in their lives, and in their death they were not divided: they were swifter than eagles, they were stronger than lions.

1:24 Ye daughters of Israel, weep over Saul, who clothed you in scarlet, with other delights, who put on ornaments of gold upon your apparel.

1:25 How are the mighty fallen in the midst of the battle! O Jonathan, thou wast slain in thine high places.

1:26 I am distressed for thee, my brother Jonathan: very pleasant hast thou been unto me: thy love to me was wonderful, passing the love of women.

1:27 How are the mighty fallen, and the weapons of war perished!

Even so Christ and God the Father are distressed over the final the death of every sinner. Speaking of the final death in the lake of fire, God is not willing that any should perish; that is why the true Lamb of God gave his life in willing sacrifice for the sins of the world.


2 Samuel 2

David does not act on his own but asks the one who became Jesus Christ what he should do and is told to go to Hebron.

2 Samuel 2:1 And it came to pass after this, that David enquired of the LORD, saying, Shall I go up into any of the cities of Judah? And the LORD said unto him, Go up. And David said, Whither shall I go up? And he said, Unto Hebron.

David then took his family and all his men up to Hebron.

2:2 So David went up thither, and his two wives also, Ahinoam the Jezreelitess, and Abigail Nabal’s wife the Carmelite. 2:3 And his men that were with him did David bring up, every man with his household: and they dwelt in the cities of Hebron.

The people of Judah accepted David and proclaimed him their king; and told him of the deed of the people of Jabeshgilead.

2:4 And the men of Judah came, and there they anointed David king over the house of Judah. And they told David, saying, That the men of Jabeshgilead were they that buried Saul.

David then declares his peace with the people of Jabeshgilead who had afore time betrayed him to Saul. 

Likewise the time will come when all the true called out will be reconciled to God and to one another.  Even those who think themselves enemies today will in the near future see the light and be reconciled.  Note that when the word Lord is in full capitals it is a direct reference to YHVH.  

2:5 And David sent messengers unto the men of Jabeshgilead, and said unto them, Blessed be ye of the LORD, that ye have shewed this kindness unto your lord, even unto Saul, and have buried him. 2:6 And now the LORD shew kindness and truth unto you: and I also will requite you this kindness, because ye have done this thing. 2:7 Therefore now let your hands be strengthened, and be ye valiant: for your master Saul is dead, and also the house of Judah have anointed me king over them.

Abner Saul’s chief of staff, then took the last surviving son of Saul and made him king over Israel, which was his duty to his master Saul.

2:8 But Abner the son of Ner, captain of Saul’s host, took Ishbosheth the son of Saul, and brought him over to Mahanaim; 2:9 And made him king over Gilead, and over the Ashurites, and over Jezreel, and over Ephraim, and over Benjamin, and over all Israel. 2:10 Ishbosheth Saul’s son was forty years old when he began to reign over Israel, and reigned two years. But the house of Judah followed David.

David remained as king of Judah only; for seven years and six months.

2:11 And the time that David was king in Hebron over the house of Judah was seven years and six months.

Then Abner of Saul and Joab of David met and their men fought; Israel fighting with Judah.

2:12 And Abner the son of Ner, and the servants of Ishbosheth the son of Saul, went out from Mahanaim to Gibeon. 2:13 And Joab the son of Zeruiah, and the servants of David, went out, and met together by the pool of Gibeon: and they sat down, the one on the one side of the pool, and the other on the other side of the pool.

2:14 And Abner said to Joab, Let the young men now arise, and play [fight] before us. And Joab said, Let them arise.

2:15 Then there arose and went over by number twelve of Benjamin, which pertained to Ishbosheth the son of Saul, and twelve of the servants of David. 2:16 And they caught every one his fellow by the head, and thrust his sword in his fellow’s side; so they fell down together: wherefore that place was called Helkathhazzurim, which is in Gibeon. 2:17 And there was a very sore battle that day; and Abner was beaten, and the men of Israel, before the servants of David.

Abner then fled before Joab and the men of Judah

2:18 And there were three sons of Zeruiah there, Joab, and Abishai, and Asahel: and Asahel was as light of foot as a wild roe. 2:19 And Asahel pursued after Abner; and in going he turned not to the right hand nor to the left from following Abner. 2:20 Then Abner looked behind him, and said, Art thou Asahel? And he answered, I am.

Abner a mighty man of war, then told Asahel to turn aside and fight another, but Asahel would not stop his pursuit of Abner.

2:21 And Abner said to him, Turn thee aside to thy right hand or to thy left, and lay thee hold on one of the young men, and take thee his armour. But Asahel would not turn aside from following of him.

Asahel would not turn back and so was slain by Abner against the will of Abner.

2:22 And Abner said again to Asahel, Turn thee aside from following me: wherefore should I smite thee to the ground? how then should I hold up my face to Joab thy brother? 2:23 Howbeit he refused to turn aside: wherefore Abner with the hinder end of the spear smote him under the fifth rib, that the spear came out behind him; and he fell down there, and died in the same place: and it came to pass, that as many as came to the place where Asahel fell down and died stood still.

Joab and Abishai then continued the pursuit, being the more determined because of the death of Asahel their brother.

2:24 Joab also and Abishai pursued after Abner: and the sun went down when they were come to the hill of Ammah, that lieth before Giah by the way of the wilderness of Gibeon.

Benjamin then supported Abner.

2:25 And the children of Benjamin gathered themselves together after Abner, and became one troop, and stood on the top of an hill.

Abner then calls out for a truce, and Joab answers that if he had not called out; he would have been dead by morning and Joab’s men would then go home in victorious peace. Nevertheless Joab accepts the truce.

2:26 Then Abner called to Joab, and said, Shall the sword devour for ever? knowest thou not that it will be bitterness in the latter end? how long shall it be then, ere thou bid the people return from following their brethren? 2:27 And Joab said, As God liveth, unless thou hadst spoken, surely then in the morning the people had gone up every one from following his brother. 2:28 So Joab blew a trumpet, and all the people stood still, and pursued after Israel no more, neither fought they any more.

Then the two champions Abner and Joab, returned home with their men.

2:29 And Abner and his men walked all that night through the plain, and passed over Jordan, and went through all Bithron, and they came to Mahanaim. 2:30 And Joab returned from following Abner: and when he had gathered all the people together, there lacked of David’s servants nineteen men and Asahel. 2:31 But the servants of David had smitten of Benjamin, and of Abner’s men, so that three hundred and threescore [360] men died.

2:32 And they took up Asahel, and buried him in the sepulchre of his father, which was in Bethlehem. And Joab and his men went all night, and they came to Hebron at break of day.


2 Samuel 3

The next two chapters are tales of betrayal by men who were associated with David and which could have gone very badly for David. The death of Abner could have angered Israel and brought the armies of Israel against David and Judah in a great war, but instead God worked things out for the best for David.

David did that which was right and God moved Israel towards joining David. This is a lesson for us that if we are diligent and faithful to be zealous to KEEP the Word of God in all our doings; God will deliver us even if we must suffer for a time like Joseph did.

Romans 8:28 And we know that all things work together for good to them that love God, to them who are the called according to his purpose.

We also see David letting his love for Mi-chal [p. Mee-khal] turn him aside from obeying God; for he knew that God had said that Saul would be cut off and yet he loved Mi-chal, and if she had conceived by him the house of Saul and of David would have been joined in the child. Further the law also forbids taking back a wife who has left and married another.

We can also say that David’s faith and patience were being tested as he was given a taste of kingship over Judah but not given the full kingship over all Israel which was promised him.

This speaks to the testing and building of our own faith and patience as we struggle to overcome and to faithfully, fully internalize the whole Word of God to become like God and worthy of our calling.

For two thousand years, those who love God enough to keep his Word have been saying “next year, next year; soon, soon”. Our Lord counseled us to patiently maintain out zeal for the whole Word of God:

Because of the Joab / Abner confrontation there was conflict between Judah and Israel for almost seven years.

2 Samuel 3:1 Now there was long war between the house of Saul and the house of David: but David waxed stronger and stronger, and the house of Saul waxed weaker and weaker.

David’s wives in Hebron, according to 2 Samuel 3.

Chart wiki The mother’s name The son’s name
Ahinoam the Yizre’elite His first born was Amnon.
Abigail – the wife of Naval the Karmelite His second was Kil’av.
Maacah – the daughter of Talmay – King of Geshur The third – Absalom[2]
Haggith The fourth – Adoniyya.
Abital The fifth – Shefatya.
Eglah The sixth Yitre’am.


3:2 And unto David were sons born in Hebron: and his firstborn was Amnon, of Ahinoam the Jezreelitess; 3:3 And his second, Chileab, of Abigail the wife of Nabal the Carmelite; and the third, Absalom the son of Maacah the daughter of Talmai king of Geshur; 3:4 And the fourth, Adonijah the son of Haggith; and the fifth, Shephatiah the son of Abital; 3:5 And the sixth, Ithream, by Eglah David’s wife. These were born to David in Hebron.

3:6 And it came to pass, while there was war between the house of Saul and the house of David, that Abner made himself strong for the house of Saul.

The son of Saul angers his champion Abner by accusing him of taking his father’s concubine; which accusation causes Abner to turn away from Saul to David.

3:7 And Saul had a concubine, whose name was Rizpah, the daughter of Aiah: and Ishbosheth said to Abner, Wherefore hast thou gone in unto my father’s concubine? 3:8 Then was Abner very wroth for the words of Ishbosheth, and said, Am I a [dead dog] dog’s head, which against Judah do shew kindness this day unto the house of Saul thy father, to his brethren, and to his friends, and have not delivered thee into the hand of David, that thou chargest me to day with a fault concerning this woman?

Abner then reveals that he knows that God had given the kingdom to David and swears to deliver the kingdom to David.

3:9 So do God to Abner, and more also, except, as the LORD hath sworn to David, even so I do to him; 3:10 To translate the kingdom from the house of Saul, and to set up the throne of David over Israel and over Judah, from Dan even to Beersheba.

After the outburst of Abner the son of Saul feared Abner

3:11 And he could not answer Abner a word again, because he feared him.

David then demands that his wife Mi-chal be restored to him.

3:12 And Abner sent messengers to David on his behalf, saying, Whose is the land? saying also, Make thy league with me, and, behold, my hand shall be with thee, to bring about all Israel unto thee. 3:13 And he said, Well; I will make a league with thee: but one thing I require of thee, that is, Thou shalt not see my face, except thou first bring Michal Saul’s daughter, when thou comest to see my face.

Ishbosheth returns David’s wife to him to set the deal for his abdication and unifying the kingdom under David.

3:14 And David sent messengers to Ishbosheth Saul’s son, saying, Deliver me my wife Michal, which I espoused to me for an hundred foreskins of the Philistines. 3:15 And Ishbosheth sent, and took her from her husband, even from Phaltiel the son of Laish.

3:16 And her husband went with her along weeping behind her to Bahurim. Then said Abner unto him, Go, return. And he returned.

Abner then led Israel to forsake Saul for David.

3:17 And Abner had communication with the elders of Israel, saying, Ye sought for David in times past to be king over you: 3:18 Now then do it: for the LORD hath spoken of David, saying, By the hand of my servant David I will save my people Israel out of the hand of the Philistines, and out of the hand of all their enemies.

Abner then went to David to speak to him of the kingdom

3:19 And Abner also spake in the ears of Benjamin: and Abner went also to speak in the ears of David in Hebron all that seemed good to Israel, and that seemed good to the whole house of Benjamin.

A pact is made with Abner

3:20 So Abner came to David to Hebron, and twenty men with him. And David made Abner and the men that were with him a feast. 3:21 And Abner said unto David, I will arise and go, and will gather all Israel unto my lord the king, that they may make a league with thee, and that thou mayest reign over all that thine heart desireth. And David sent Abner away; and he went in peace.

Joab hears that David has let Abner go in peace and is outraged for Abner had killed his brother Asahel.

3:22 And, behold, the servants of David and Joab came from pursuing a troop, and brought in a great spoil with them: but Abner was not with David in Hebron; for he had sent him away, and he was gone in peace. 3:23When Joab and all the host that was with him were come, they told Joab, saying, Abner the son of Ner came to the king, and he hath sent him away, and he is gone in peace.

Joab then lies telling David that Abner had come to deceive him.

3:24 Then Joab came to the king, and said, What hast thou done? behold, Abner came unto thee; why is it that thou hast sent him away, and he is quite gone? 3:25 Thou knowest Abner the son of Ner, that he came to deceive thee, and to know thy going out and thy coming in, and to know all that thou doest.

Joab then sought Abner to kill him.

3:26 And when Joab was come out from David, he sent messengers after Abner, which brought him again from the well of Sirah: but David knew it not. 3:27 And when Abner was returned to Hebron, Joab took him aside in the gate to speak with him quietly, and smote him there under the fifth rib, that he died, for the blood of Asahel his brother.

David then cursed J0ab, not for his vengeance, but for his treachery that he had lied and had broken the truce to kill Abner.

3:28 And afterward when David heard it, he said, I and my kingdom are guiltless before the LORD for ever from the blood of Abner the son of Ner: 3:29 Let it rest on the head of Joab, and on all his father’s house; and let there not fail from the house of Joab one that hath an issue, or that is a leper, or that leaneth on a staff [is lame], or that falleth on the sword [commits suicide], or that lacketh bread.

David then held a state funeral for Abner the chief of staff of Saul; for Abner had been a champion of Israel.

3:30 So Joab, and Abishai his brother slew Abner, because he had slain their brother Asahel at Gibeon in the battle. 3:31 And David said to Joab, and to all the people that were with him, Rend your clothes, and gird you with sackcloth, and mourn before Abner. And king David himself followed the bier. 3:32 And they buried Abner in Hebron: and the king lifted up his voice, and wept at the grave of Abner; and all the people wept.

David then eulogizes Abner with what can only be described as condemnation of Joab and Abishai.

3:33 And the king lamented over Abner, and said, Died Abner as a fool dieth? 3:34 Thy hands were not bound, nor thy feet put into fetters: as a man falleth before wicked men, so fellest thou. And all the people wept again over him.

And they fasted the day of the funeral.

3:35 And when all the people came to cause David to eat meat while it was yet day, David sware, saying, So do God to me, and more also, if I taste bread, or ought else, till the sun be down.

Israel noticed David’s respect for Abner which did much to win Israel over to David.

3:36 And all the people took notice of it, and it pleased them: as whatsoever the king did pleased all the people. 3:37 For all the people and all Israel understood that day that it was not of the king to slay Abner the son of Ner.

David then reveals that he is powerless to punish Joab and Abishai for this killing, because they were powerful leaders [princes] in the land.

3:38 And the king said unto his servants, Know ye not that there is a prince and a great man fallen this day in Israel? 3:39 And I am this day weak, though anointed king; and these men the sons of Zeruiah be too hard [too strong] for me: the LORD shall reward the doer of evil according to his wickedness.


2 Samuel 4

Abner was a very mighty man in Israel and his death caused the king of Israel the son of Saul, to fear David greatly and all Israel was unsettled and disposed to David.

2 Samuel 4:1 And when Saul’s son heard that Abner was dead in Hebron, his hands were feeble, and all the Israelites were troubled.

Saul was of Benjamin and Jonathon’s son Ishbosheth had two captains in the army of Benjamin.

4:2 And Saul’s son had two men that were captains of bands: the name of the one was Baanah, and the name of the other Rechab, [they were] the sons of Rimmon a Beerothite, of the children of Benjamin: (for Beeroth also was reckoned to Benjamin. 4:3 And the Beerothites fled to Gittaim, and were sojourners there until this day.)

Now remember the covenant between David and Jonathon that David would hold the sons of Jonathon in high regard.

4:4 And Jonathan, Saul’s son, had a son that was lame of his feet. He was five years old when the tidings came of Saul and Jonathan out of Jezreel, and his nurse took him up, and fled: and it came to pass, as she made haste to flee, that he fell, and became lame. And his name was Mephibosheth.

The captains of these two Benjamite bands of Ishbosheth came to him as he was at rest.

4:5 And the sons of Rimmon the Beerothite, [his son’s were] Rechab and Baanah, went, and came about the heat of the day to the house of Ishbosheth, who lay on a bed at noon. 4:6 And they came thither into the midst of the house, as though they would have fetched wheat; and they smote him under the fifth rib: and Rechab and Baanah his brother escaped.

These two assassins then took the head of Ishbosheth the son of Saul to David, thinking that they would receive a great reward.

4:7 For when they came into the house, he lay on his bed in his bedchamber, and they smote him, and slew him, and beheaded him, and took his head, and gat them away through the plain all night. 4:8 And they brought the head of Ishbosheth unto David to Hebron, and said to the king, Behold the head of Ishbosheth the son of Saul thine enemy, which sought thy life; and the LORD hath avenged my lord the king this day of Saul, and of his seed.

David then pronounces sentence on these two murderers, and buries the head of Ishbosheth with his captain Abner.

4:9 And David answered Rechab and Baanah his brother, the sons of Rimmon the Beerothite, and said unto them, As the LORD liveth, who hath redeemed my soul out of all adversity, 4:10 When one told me, saying, Behold, Saul is dead, thinking to have brought good tidings, I took hold of him, and slew him in Ziklag, who thought that I would have given him a reward for his tidings: 4:11 How much more, when wicked men have slain a righteous person in his own house upon his bed? shall I not therefore now require his blood of your hand, and take you away from the earth? 4:12 And David commanded his young men, and they slew them, and cut off their hands and their feet, and hanged them up over the pool in Hebron. But they took the head of Ishbosheth, and buried it in the sepulchre of Abner in Hebron.


2 Samuel 5

David becomes king of a united Israel

2 Samuel 5:1 Then came all the tribes of Israel to David unto Hebron, and spake, saying, Behold, we are thy bone and thy flesh. 5:2 Also in time past, when Saul was king over us, thou wast he that leddest out and broughtest in Israel: and the LORD said to thee, Thou shalt feed my people Israel, and thou shalt be a captain over Israel. 5:3 So all the elders of Israel came to the king to Hebron; and king David made a league with them in Hebron before the LORD: and they anointed David king over Israel.

5:4 David was thirty years old when he began to reign, and he reigned forty years. 5:5 In Hebron he reigned over Judah seven years and six months: and in Jerusalem he reigned thirty and three years over all Israel and Judah.

David went up in peace to Jerusalem and the Jebusite inhabitants rejected him.

5:6 And the king and his men went to Jerusalem unto the Jebusites, the inhabitants of the land: which spake unto David, saying, Except thou take away the blind and the lame, thou shalt not come in hither: thinking, David cannot come in hither.

David takes the city.

5:7 Nevertheless David took the strong hold of Zion: the same is the city of David. 5:8 And David said on that day, Whosoever getteth up to the gutter, [the watercourse, the city then getting its water from a spring and stream outside the walls] and smiteth the Jebusites, and the lame and the blind [a euphemism for the wicked, as physical types of spiritual blindness and inability to walk in God’s Word] that are hated of David’s soul, he shall be chief and captain. Wherefore they said, [because the law said that the blind and lame may not enter the Holy Place] The blind and the lame shall not come into the house.

David makes Jerusalem his capital

5:9 So David dwelt in the fort, and called it the city of David. And David built round about from Millo and inward. 5:10 And David went on, and grew great, and the LORD God of hosts was with him.

Hiram king of Tyre recognized David as king and built a palace for David. With his  acceptance by all Israel and international recognition, David was established on his throne.

5:11 And Hiram king of Tyre sent messengers to David, and cedar trees, and carpenters, and masons: and they built David an house.

5:12 And David perceived that the LORD had established him king over Israel, and that he had exalted his kingdom for his people Israel’s sake.

David multiplies his wives

5:13 And David took him more concubines and wives out of Jerusalem, after he was come from Hebron: and there were yet sons and daughters born to David.

David’s sons born in Jerusalem (1 Chronicles 3:5-8 · 1 Chronicles 14:3-7). Considering that the son’s are usually given in birth order, Solomon was David’s fourth son born in Jerusalem.

5:14 And these be the names of those that were born unto him in Jerusalem; Shammuah, and Shobab, and Nathan, and Solomon, 5:15 Ibhar also, and Elishua, and Nepheg, and Japhia, 5:16 And Elishama, and Eliada, and Eliphalet.

The Philistines seeing a growing threat from Israel go up to battle.

5:17 But when the Philistines heard that they had anointed David king over Israel, all the Philistines came up to seek David; and David heard of it, and went down to the hold. 5:18 The Philistines also came and spread themselves in the valley of Rephaim.

David enquires of God and then goes to the battle knowing that God has burst out before him upon the Philistines like a mighty rush of waters bursts forth from a broken dam.

5:19 And David enquired of the LORD, saying, Shall I go up to the Philistines? wilt thou deliver them into mine hand? And the LORD said unto David, Go up: for I will doubtless deliver the Philistines into thine hand. 5:20 And David came to Baalperazim, and David smote them there, and said, The LORD hath broken forth upon mine enemies before me, as the breach [of a dam] of waters. Therefore he called the name of that place Baalperazim. [Place of breaking forth]

The Philistines were defeated and fled leaving behind their gods.

5:21 And there they left their images, and David and his men burned them.

The Philistines again make ready for battle, and David seeks and receives instructions from the one who later became Jesus Christ .

5:22 And the Philistines came up yet again, and spread themselves in the valley of Rephaim. 5:23 And when David enquired of the LORD, he said, Thou shalt not go up; but fetch a compass behind them, and come upon them over against the mulberry trees. 5:24 And let it be, when thou hearest the sound of a [wind of the going forth of God] going in the tops of the mulberry trees, that then thou shalt bestir thyself: for then shall the LORD go out before thee, to smite the host of the Philistines.

David obeys God

5:25 And David did so, as the LORD had commanded him; and smote the Philistines from Geba until thou come to Gazer.


2 Samuel 6

David desires to bring the Ark to Jerusalem; to have the king and the religion in the same city.

2 Samuel 6:1 Again, David gathered together all the chosen men of Israel, thirty thousand. 6:2 And David arose, and went with all the people that were with him from Baale of Judah, to bring up from thence the ark of God, whose name is called by the name of the LORD of hosts that dwelleth between the cherubims.

Here they follow the actions of the Philistines, without seeking out the Word of God on the matter.

Today the Ekklesia do the same thing; seeking to worship God by our own ways and traditions; instead of doing what God has commanded us to do.

6:3 And they set the ark of God upon a new cart, and brought it out of the house of Abinadab that was in Gibeah: and Uzzah and Ahio, the sons of Abinadab, drave the new cart. 6:4 And they brought it out of the house of Abinadab which was at Gibeah, accompanying the ark of God: and Ahio went before the ark. 6:5 And David and all the house of Israel played before the LORD on all manner of instruments made of fir wood, even on harps, and on psalteries, and on timbrels, and on cornets, and on cymbals.

With great rejoicing before the Lord they went up with the ark, but NOT as God had commanded them. Therefore even though they were rejoicing in God, they were rebelling against God to do what they thought was right, rather than what God had commanded.

Then this man who was seeking to please God was killed for doing what he thought was right instead of doing what God said was right. This is a powerful lesson for us today; that God expects us to be zealous to learn and to live by every Word of God, and NOT to rely on what we think is right.

Because we in the Ekklesia delight in zeal for our own ways and traditions, and we decry and reject any zeal for learning and living by every Word of God in any practical terms; we shall also be corrected by Jesus Christ (Rev 3, Laodicea).

6:6 And when they came to Nachon’s threshingfloor, Uzzah put forth his hand to the ark of God, and took hold of it; for the oxen shook it. 6:7 And the anger of the LORD was kindled against Uzzah; and God smote him there for his error; and there he died by the ark of God.

6:8 And David was displeased, because the LORD had made a breach upon Uzzah: and he called the name of the place Perezuzzah to this day [the breach of Uzzah, a place where God “burst forth upon Uzzah, so that he died,”].

David then feared to proceed any further with moving the Ark to Jerusalem until he had studied the matter out.  David learned his lesson, he learned to do things God’s way;  we must also learn this same lesson today.

6:9 And David was afraid of the LORD that day, and said, How shall the ark of the LORD come to me? 6:10 So David would not remove the ark of the LORD unto him into the city of David: but David carried it aside into the house of Obededom the Gittite. 6:11 And the ark of the LORD continued in the house of Obededom the Gittite three months: and the LORD blessed Obededom, and all his household.

During three months David was searching the scriptures for the right way to move the Ark and when he understood that the presence of the Ark was to be a blessing and not a curse; if only  we would do as God commands and learn and live by every Word of God.

David then brought the ark to Jerusalem; transporting it as God’s Word commanded.

We need to understand that being in the presence of God is a blessing to all those who are diligent to learn and to live by every Word of God,  but coming into the presence of God is destruction to the unrepentant sinner who exalts his own ways above the Word of God; and that even those who are sincerely thinking they are doing right as they act contrary to the word of God will be corrected.  We are to search the scriptures and we are to learn to live by every Word of God and not by our own assumptions and suppositions.

I have no doubt of the sincerity of many who stand on their own false ways and claim to be the godly; yet they are facing strong correction for worshipping God in their own ways and not worshipping God according to HIS Word, submitting to and obeying the whole Word of God].

God is a tremendous blessing to all those who live i9n true godliness, rejoicing and eagerly internalizing every Word of God to learn it and keep it, and to become like God.

6:12 And it was told king David, saying, The LORD hath blessed the house of Obededom, and all that pertaineth unto him, because of the ark of God. So David went and brought up the ark of God from the house of Obededom into the city of David with gladness.

David offered sacrifice before the Ark of God as it was transported and the Ark was brought with great rejoicing to the city Jerusalem. The Ark was a symbol of the presence of God, and all peoples will be humbled by the imminent tribulation and will REJOICE as David did before Messiah the king, when he enters Jerusalem at his coming to save us!

6:13 And it was so, that when they that bare the ark of the LORD had gone six paces, he sacrificed oxen and fatlings.

David was filled with so much joy for the presence of the Ark [throne] of God that he could not contain and leaped and danced for joy before the Ark of God! Leaping and shouting for Joy and sounding the trumpets before the Ark [Throne] OF GOD!

Unlike those who like Mi-chal, look down their noses in contempt for those who rejoice in joyous  zeal for the Eternal: Each of us should also REJOICE over the whole Word of God, and God’s presence in those who are zealous to learn and keep his Word!

6:14 And David danced before the LORD with all his might; and David was girded with a linen ephod [a priestly garment]. 6:15 So David and all the house of Israel brought up the ark of the LORD with shouting, and with the sound of the trumpet.

Mi-chal saw David rejoicing before the Ark and thought that he acted unseemly for a king, and she began to despise him as being without her conception of regal dignity. Much of the Ekklesia today is like Mi-chal who had her own ideas of human dignity, instead of being exuberantly zealous for the Word of God.

6:16 And as the ark of the LORD came into the city of David, Michal Saul’s daughter looked through a window, and saw king David leaping and dancing before the LORD; and she despised him in her heart.

David had also built a new tabernacle for the Ark, and he placed the Ark in the tabernacle and offered sacrifices to God before it. David did indeed build a tabernacle while Solomon built a fixed temple.

6:17 And they brought in the ark of the LORD, and set it in his place, in the midst of the tabernacle that David had pitched for it: and David offered burnt offerings and peace offerings before the LORD.

Then David blessed the people in the name of the Lord God of Jacob.

6:18 And as soon as David had made an end of offering burnt offerings and peace offerings, he blessed the people in the name of the LORD of hosts.

David then fed all of the people before the Lord. This is a picture of the resurrected David in the coming kingdom, as king over all Israel, feeding them with the Word of God.

6:19 And he dealt among all the people, even among the whole multitude of Israel, as well to the women as men, to every one a cake of bread, and a good piece of flesh, and a flagon of wine. So all the people departed every one to his house.

Mi-chal rebukes David out of her haughty pride and her own idea of what is proper for a king, likely gotten from her father Saul, and David then rebukes her.

6:20 Then David returned to bless his household. And Michal the daughter of Saul came out to meet David, and said, How glorious was the king of Israel to day, who uncovered himself to day [humbled himself and took off his royal robes to wear a priestly ephod] in the eyes of the handmaids of his servants, as one of the vain fellows shamelessly uncovereth himself [a king dressing as a commoner]!

6:21 And David said unto Michal, It was before the LORD, which chose me before thy father, and before all his house, to appoint me ruler over the people of the LORD, over Israel: therefore will I play before the LORD.

David openly declares that he will be humble and rejoice before God, and will be honored by God for doing so.

6:22 And I will yet be more vile than thus, and will be base [lowly and humble] in mine own sight: and of the maidservants which thou hast spoken of, of them shall I be had in honour.

This is a picture of how those zealous for God will be exalted to be kings and priests of God for eternity, bearing much fruit; while those who despise zeal and exuberant enthusiasm to learn and live by every Word of God, and to rejoice in our Mighty One, preferring their own pride; will not bear any godly fruit.  David then refused Mi-chal to come to him as her husband for the rest of her life.

6:23 Therefore Michal the daughter of Saul had no child unto the day of her death.


2 Samuel 7

David then begins to think of building a temple for the Ark

2 Samuel 7:1 And it came to pass, when the king sat in his house, and the LORD had given him rest round about from all his enemies; 7:2 That the king said unto Nathan the prophet, See now, I dwell in an house of cedar, but the ark of God dwelleth within curtains. 7:3 And Nathan said to the king, Go, do all that is in thine heart; for the LORD is with thee.

The word of YHVH [who became Jesus Christ: Hebrew: Yeshua Messiah] did not come directly to David but instructed Nathan

7:4 And it came to pass that night, that the word of the LORD came unto Nathan, saying,

7:5 Go and tell my servant David, Thus saith the LORD, Shalt thou build me an house for me to dwell in? 7:6 Whereas I have not dwelt in any house since the time that I brought up the children of Israel out of Egypt, even to this day, but have walked in a tent and in a tabernacle.

7:7 In all the places wherein I have walked with all the children of Israel spake I a word with any of the tribes of Israel, whom I commanded to feed my people Israel, saying, Why build ye not me an house of cedar? 7:8 Now therefore so shalt thou say unto my servant David, Thus saith the LORD of hosts, I took thee from the sheepcote, from following the sheep, to be ruler over my people, over Israel: 7:9 And I was with thee whithersoever thou wentest, and have cut off all thine enemies out of thy sight, and have made thee a great name, like unto the name of the great men that are in the earth.

An inset prophecy of the coming of Messiah the resurrection of David and the repentance of Israel

7:10 Moreover I will appoint a place for my people Israel, and will plant them, that they may dwell in a place of their own, and move no more; neither shall the children of wickedness afflict them any more, as beforetime,

God had never asked for a fixed house since before the Judges, but had required a tabernacle [meeting tent].

7:11 And as since the time that I commanded judges [rulers, non dynastic kings] to be over my people Israel, and have caused thee to rest from all thine enemies.

Because David had wanted to build a temple for God, God promises that God will build the house [family] of David and that David’s son shall build a temple for God.

David’s son Solomon is a type of Jesus Christ, who will build the millennial; temple and who will rule forever; for all eternity.

Also the LORD telleth thee that he will make thee an house. 7:12 And when thy days be fulfilled, and thou shalt sleep with thy fathers [after David dies], I will set up thy seed after thee, which shall proceed out of thy bowels, and I will establish his kingdom. 7:13 He shall build an house for my name [Solomon], and I will stablish the throne of his kingdom for ever.

Because of this promise Rehoboam was allowed to remain king of Judah.  Jesus promises that if the descendant kings sin, he will correct them.

Even so we are also called out to be kings and priests and if we turn aside to our own ways and traditions contrary to the whole Word of God, we shall also be corrected. 

As God chastened the Mosaic Covenant kings for their sins, God our Father will surely chasten the New Covenant called out to be kings, for our idolatry and sins if we will not repent on our own.

7:14 I will be his father, and he shall be my son. If he commit iniquity, I will chasten him with the rod of men, and with the stripes of the children of men: 7:15 But my mercy shall not depart away from him, as I took it from Saul, whom I put away before thee.

7:16 And thine house and thy kingdom shall be established for ever before thee: thy throne shall be established for ever.

7:17 According to all these words, and according to all this vision, so did Nathan speak unto David.

David responds to God

7:18 Then went king David in, and sat before the LORD, and he said, Who am I, O Lord GOD? and what is my house, that thou hast brought me hitherto? 7:19 And this was yet a small thing in thy sight, O Lord GOD; but thou hast spoken also of thy servant’s house for a great while to come. And is this the manner of man, O Lord GOD? 7:20 And what can David say more unto thee? for thou, Lord GOD, knowest thy servant.

7:21 For thy word’s sake, and according to thine own heart, hast thou done all these great things, to make thy servant know them.

7:22Wherefore thou art great, O LORD God: for there is none like thee, neither is there any God beside thee, according to all that we have heard with our ears.

As David acknowledged that God had delivered physical Israel out of Egypt and had given them that land we must acknowledge that we have been called out of the bondage of Egypt and delivered by God Almighty, and we are overcoming sin to take possession of an eternal Promised Land, in which we shall be kings and priests forever if we overcome and faint not.

What people in all the earth is like those who are faithful and passionately zealous to follow God, and to live by every Word of God to learn and to keep it?

Not that the spiritual Ekklesia are great in themselves; but that God will exalt them IF they are completely submissive and dedicatedly loyal to love and follow the Rock of our Salvation with wholehearted sincerity forever; abundantly faithful to follow the Great and Mighty God of Jacob!

Yet like physical Israel, today spiritual Israel has fallen very far away from their God.

7:23 And what one nation in the earth is like thy people, even like Israel, whom God went to redeem for a people to himself, and to make him a name, and to do for you great things and terrible, for thy land, before thy people, which thou redeemedst to thee from Egypt, from the nations and their gods? 7:24 For thou hast confirmed to thyself thy people Israel to be a people unto thee for ever: and thou, LORD, art become their God.

7:25 And now, O LORD God, the word that thou hast spoken concerning thy servant, and concerning his house, establish it for ever, and do as thou hast said.

May God bring us back to him in sincere repentance, and be merciful to us.

7:26 And let thy name be magnified for ever, saying, The LORD of hosts is the God over Israel: and let the house of thy servant David be established before thee.

As Christ promised to build a house for David; he has promised to build his faithful called out into a holy priesthood and give them offices in his millennial kingdom.

7:27 For thou, O LORD of hosts, God of Israel, hast revealed to thy servant, saying, I will build thee an house: therefore hath thy servant found in his heart to pray this prayer unto thee. 7:28 And now, O Lord GOD, thou art that God, and thy words be true, and thou hast promised this goodness unto thy servant:

7:29 Therefore now let it please thee to bless the house of thy servant, that it may continue for ever before thee: for thou, O Lord GOD, hast spoken it: and with thy blessing let the house of thy [physical and spiritual] servant be blessed for ever.


2 Samuel 8

David destroys the enemies of Israel

2 Samuel 8:1 And after this it came to pass that David smote the Philistines, and subdued them: and David took Methegammah out of the hand of the Philistines. 8:2 And he smote Moab, and measured them with a line, casting them down to the ground; even with two lines measured he to put to death, and with one full line to keep alive. And so the Moabites became David’s servants, and brought gifts [tribute].

David carried his campaign right to the Euphrates building a kingdom for his son Solomon so that Solomon could be a man of peace.

8:3 David smote also Hadadezer, the son of Rehob, king of Zobah, as he went to recover his border at the river Euphrates. 8:4 And David took from him a thousand chariots, and seven hundred horsemen, and twenty thousand footmen: and David houghed all the chariot horses, but reserved of them for an hundred chariots.

Hough hamstring, i.e., sever the “tendon of Achilles” the hock of the foot of the hinder legs of captured horses ( Joshua 11:6 ; 2 Sam 8:4 ; 1 Chronicles 18:4 ), so as to render them useless.

David then also defeated Damascus and Syria.

8:5 And when the Syrians of Damascus came to succour Hadadezer king of Zobah, David slew of the Syrians two and twenty thousand men. 8:6 Then David put garrisons in Syria of Damascus: and the Syrians became servants to David, and brought gifts [tribute]. And the LORD preserved David whithersoever he went.

Then David gained much spoil and riches; and also many allies of those who had been oppressed by these kings he had defeated.

8:7 And David took the shields of gold that were on the servants of Hadadezer, and brought them to Jerusalem. 8:8 And from Betah, and from Berothai, cities of Hadadezer, king David took exceeding much brass.

8:9When Toi king of Hamath heard that David had smitten all the host of Hadadezer, 8:10 Then Toi sent Joram his son unto king David, to salute him, and to bless him, because he had fought against Hadadezer, and smitten him: for Hadadezer had wars with Toi. And Joram brought with him vessels of silver, and vessels of gold, and vessels of brass:

David dedicated this immense wealth to the building of the temple of God.

8:11 Which also king David did dedicate unto the LORD, with the silver and gold that he had dedicated of all nations which he subdued; 8:12 Of Syria, and of Moab, and of the children of Ammon, and of the Philistines, and of Amalek, and of the spoil of Hadadezer, son of Rehob, king of Zobah.

8:13 And David gat him a name [great reputation] when he returned from smiting of the Syrians in the valley of salt, being eighteen thousand men.

8:14 And he put garrisons in Edom; throughout all Edom put he garrisons, and all they of Edom became David’s servants. And the LORD preserved David whithersoever he went.

8:15 And David reigned over all Israel; and David executed judgment and justice unto all his people.

8:16 And Joab the son of Zeruiah was over the host; and Jehoshaphat the son of Ahilud was recorder; 8:17 And Zadok the son of Ahitub, and Ahimelech the son of Abiathar, were the [chief] priests; and Seraiah was the scribe; 8:18 And Benaiah the son of Jehoiada was over both the Cherethites and the Pelethites; and David’s sons were chief rulers.

Hundreds of years later God inspired the prophets to record that these same areas and countries, including Moab, Edom and Syria will be ruled by, serve and pay tribute to the millennial Davidic kingdom of a returned and united Israel. The nations of Israel will also continue to overspread the same areas that they have today, as well as many returning to Palestine.

In a very few years we will see Jesus Christ ruling from Jerusalem as King over all the earth, and David ruling the same territory that he ruled anciently.


2 Samuel 9

David seeks to be kind to the family of Saul.

2 Samuel 9:1 And David said, Is there yet any that is left of the house of Saul, that I may shew him kindness for Jonathan’s sake? 9:2 And there was of the house of Saul a servant whose name was Ziba. And when they had called him unto David, the king said unto him, Art thou Ziba? And he said, Thy servant is he. 9:3 And the king said, Is there not yet any of the house of Saul, that I may shew the kindness of God unto him? And Ziba said unto the king, Jonathan hath yet a son, which is lame on his feet. 9:4 And the king said unto him, Where is he? And Ziba said unto the king, Behold, he is in the house of Machir, the son of Ammiel, in Lodebar. 9:5 Then king David sent, and fetched him out of the house of Machir, the son of Ammiel, from Lodebar.

9:6 Now when Mephibosheth, the son of Jonathan, the son of Saul, was come unto David, he fell on his face, and did reverence. And David said, Mephibosheth. And he answered, Behold thy servant! 9:7 And David said unto him, Fear not: for I will surely shew thee kindness for Jonathan thy father’s sake, and will restore thee all the land of Saul thy father; and thou shalt eat bread at my table continually.

David restored to Mephibosheth all his rightful inheritance according to the law of God, from the property of his grandfather Saul.

9:8 And he bowed himself, and said, What is thy servant, that thou shouldest look upon such a dead dog as I am?

Then David commissioned Saul’s servant Ziba to oversee the lands, while David took care of Mephibosheth the son of his beloved friend Jonathon personally.

9:9 Then the king called to Ziba, Saul’s servant, and said unto him, I have given unto thy master’s son all that pertained to Saul and to all his house.

Ziba was himself a wealthy man having 20 servants and 15 sons; and he committed to do as David had said.

9:10 Thou therefore, and thy sons, and thy servants, shall till the land for him, and thou shalt bring in the fruits, that thy master’s son may have food to eat: but Mephibosheth thy master’s son shall eat bread alway at my table. Now Ziba had fifteen sons and twenty servants. 9:11 Then said Ziba unto the king, According to all that my lord the king hath commanded his servant, so shall thy servant do. As for Mephibosheth, said the king, he shall eat at my table, as one of the king’s sons.

Jonathon the faithful to God, called his son Mephibosheth: “exterminator of shame”; i.e., “destroyer of idols”.

Mephibosheth had one son of his own and they were cared for personally by David.

9:12 And Mephibosheth had a young son, whose name was Micha. And all that dwelt in the house of Ziba were servants unto Mephibosheth. 9:13 So Mephibosheth dwelt in Jerusalem: for he did eat continually at the king’s table; and was lame on both his feet.


2 Samuel 10

In Israel it was unlawful to mourn for the dead by making cuttings in the beard or flesh, but it was the custom in Ammon to do so. David thinking to do the dead king honor; instead, provoked a diplomatic incident by committing what was to the Ammonites an insult to the dead, by not cutting their beards in mourning.

2 Samuel 10:1 And it came to pass after this, that the king of the children of Ammon died, and Hanun his son reigned in his stead. 10:2 Then said David, I will shew kindness unto Hanun the son of Nahash, as his father shewed kindness unto me. And David sent to comfort him by the hand of his servants for his father. And David’s servants came into the land of the children of Ammon.

The new king of Ammon’s servants were angered by this apparent affront and declared that David’s servants were not there to mourn but to spy out the land.

10:3 And the princes of the children of Ammon said unto Hanun their lord, Thinkest thou that David doth honour thy father, that he hath sent comforters unto thee? hath not David rather sent his servants unto thee, to search the city, and to spy it out, and to overthrow it?

They then cut their beards in half and also cut off the lower half of their garments, sending them home in shame, and doing an insult to David who was by that time a great and mighty king.

This was an act of returning great evil for a perceived evil; and precipitated a serious animosity between the two nations and enormous bloodshed. 

We are instructed to return good for evil and if the new king of Amon had treated these men with respect in spite of a perceived affront to his pride, much bloodshed would have been avoided. 

10:4 Wherefore Hanun took David’s servants, and shaved off the one half of their beards, and cut off their garments in the middle, even to their buttocks, and sent them away.

David protected his servants from shame and was most outraged. This is in sharp contrast to his behavior against his officer Uriah.

10:5 When they told it unto David, he sent to meet them, because the men were greatly ashamed: and the king said, Tarry at Jericho until your beards be grown, and then return.

Then the king of Ammon realized the magnitude of his error and was greatly afraid, and hired the Syrians to fight David for him.

10:6 And when the children of Ammon saw that they stank before David, the children of Ammon sent and hired the Syrians of

Bethrehob and the Syrians of Zoba, twenty thousand footmen, and of king Maacah a thousand men, and of Ishtob twelve thousand men.

David then sent his army out to the battle

10:7 And when David heard of it, he sent Joab, and all the host of the mighty men. 10:8 And the children of Ammon came out, and put the battle in array at the entering in of the gate: and the Syrians of Zoba, and of Rehob, and Ishtob, and Maacah, were by themselves in the field.

Joab selected the best of the army to stand against Syria who had much respect for them as fighters, and the remainder of the army he gave to his brother Abishai to fight the Ammonites.

10:9When Joab saw that the front of the battle was against him before and behind, he chose of all the choice men of Israel, and put them in array against the Syrians: 10:10 And the rest of the people he delivered into the hand of Abishai his brother, that he might put them in array against the children of Ammon.

It appears that Israel was outnumbered and Joab encouraged his brother in God.

10:11 And he said, If the Syrians be too strong for me, then thou shalt help me: but if the children of Ammon be too strong for thee, then I will come and help thee.

Let all those of spiritual Israel be of a good courage to follow our Lord, and he will give us victory over sin and Satan.

10:12 Be of good courage, and let us play the men for our people, and for the cities of our God: and the LORD do that which seemeth him good.

The enemy then fled the battlefield and the army of Israel returned home.

10:13 And Joab drew nigh, and the people that were with him, unto the battle against the Syrians: and they fled before him. 10:14 And when the children of Ammon saw that the Syrians were fled, then fled they also before Abishai, and entered into the city. So Joab returned from the children of Ammon, and came to Jerusalem.

Now the Syrians were not about to give up and they brought together a much greater army.

10:15 And when the Syrians saw that they were smitten before Israel, they gathered themselves together. 10:16 And Hadarezer sent, and brought out the Syrians that were beyond the river: and they came to Helam; and Shobach the captain of the host of Hadarezer went before them.

David himself then gathered all the men of Israel and went out to battle destroying the enemy host.

10:17 And when it was told David, he gathered all Israel together, and passed over Jordan, and came to Helam. And the Syrians set themselves in array against David, and fought with him. 10:18 And the Syrians fled before Israel; and David slew the men of seven hundred chariots of the Syrians, and forty thousand horsemen, and smote Shobach the captain of their host, who died there.

Then Syria and Ammon made peace with David and served Israel and her king David, just as they will serve Israel and her resurrected king David in   the millennium.

The prophets tell us that with the coming of Christ, David shall be raised up and shall again rule a united Israel; and Syria, Turkey, the Philistines in Gaza, Amman and Moab, and the remainder of the Palestinians will serve Israel.

Then the land of Israel will be restored as at the reign of David and Solomon from the Wadi el Arish of Egypt, to the Euphrates. Very soon now during the tribulation these nations will be destroyed by the armies of Asia as they come up against the Beast at Jerusalem; and being humbled, will be glad to look to Christ as the King of the world and to David his servant at Jerusalem, for their deliverance.

10:19 And when all the kings that were servants to Hadarezer saw that they were smitten before Israel, they made peace with Israel, and served them. So the Syrians feared to help the children of Ammon any more.

Ahithophel, Bathsheba and Absalom

The next several chapters concern Bathsheba and David’s sin against Uriah; the rebellion of Absalom and the turning of Ahithophel’s loyalty to David into hatred.

To properly understand these events it is necessary to realize that Bathsheba is the daughter of Eliam one of David’s thirty mighty men (2 Samuel 11:3 & 23:34).

Eliam was the son of Ahithophel who was David’s chief adviser, making Bathsheba the granddaughter of one of David’s chief counselors, and the daughter of one of his Mighty Men and the wife of another. Bathsheba’s husband Uriah the Hittite was also one of the thirty mighty men (2 Samuel 23:39).

Bathsheba: Probably Bathsheba was in awe of the king, and feared his position and authority; not daring to cry out against him.

Our Sin Today: Herein lies a great lesson for us all; should we fear and submit to the supposed authority of men, even supposed men of God; or should we first fear, respect and obey the Word of God, above the words of men?

David was a mighty man of God and yet he made many mistakes.

Do not assume that the spiritual leaders of the Ekklesia today cannot make mistakes, therefore prove all things by God’s Word before obeying and following them, or we will make the same mistake of Bathsheba in following men into sin, contrary to the Word of God.

One of the biggest issues for those within the brotherhood is that they have been purposefully indoctrinated into the fear of men for decades.

Brethren, we are to fear God and do HIS will, and we are not fear any man.

David’s sin: We see that while David committed adultery and murder, another great often overlooked sin; was the abuse of the office and position entrusted to him [and to  the leaders and elders today] by God.

David abused his authority to lead others into sin, and to kill men who were under his oversight and protection. David’s overall sin was sacrilege, the abuse of the holy calling God had given him as Israel’s leader.

Our sin today: This is exactly what leaders and elders are doing when they turn the brethren away from God’s Word to follow themselves, by demanding loyalty to their ways as above loyalty to God’s Word.


2 Samuel 11

Then after Passover after the old year had ended, Israel went up to destroy Ammon. The city of Rabbah being modern Ammon, Jordan.

2 Samuel 11:1 And it came to pass, after the year was expired, at the time when kings go forth to battle, that David sent Joab, and his servants with him, and all Israel; and they destroyed the children of Ammon, and besieged Rabbah. But David tarried still at Jerusalem.

It was very common for people to go up on their flat rooftops in the cool of the evening to find relief from the heat of the house. David may well have previously met Bathsheba fully covered, but may not have recognized her at a distance, and naked. This incident may have been very late at night and Bathsheba may have felt that she was alone, since David was already in his bed and restless rose to walk upon his roof top.

11:2 And it came to pass in an eveningtide, that David arose from off his bed, and walked upon the roof of the king’s house: and from the roof he saw a woman washing herself; and the woman was very beautiful to look upon.

BOTH Eliam and Uriah were among David’s 30 senior commanders and well known to him.

11:3 And David sent and enquired after the woman. And one said, Is not this Bathsheba, the daughter of Eliam, the wife of Uriah the Hittite? 11:4 And David sent messengers, and took her; and she came in unto him, and he lay with her; for she was purified from her uncleanness: and she returned unto her house. 11:5 And the woman conceived, and sent and told David, and said, I am with child.

David became an adulterer and knowingly so, for he had been told of her husband BEFORE he sent for her and betrayed his friend.  David departing from the Word of God, had lusted after and stolen what belonged to another. Just like we of spiritual Israel commit spiritual adultery when we turn away form the Husband of our baptismal espousal to follow others; instead of zealously learning and passionately living by every Word of God.

11:6 And David sent to Joab, saying, Send me Uriah the Hittite. And Joab sent Uriah to David. 11:7 And when Uriah was come unto him, David demanded of him how Joab did, and how the people did, and how the war prospered. 11:8 And David said to Uriah, Go down to thy house, and wash thy feet. And Uriah departed out of the king’s house, and there followed him a mess of meat from the king. 11:9 But Uriah slept at the door of the king’s house with all the servants of his lord, and went not down to his house.

Uriah was such a loyal man that he could not take his ease and rest, while his comrades were in the field.

11:10 And when they had told David, saying, Uriah went not down unto his house, David said unto Uriah, Camest thou not from thy journey? why then didst thou not go down unto thine house? 11:11 And Uriah said unto David, The ark, and Israel, and Judah, abide in tents; and my lord Joab, and the servants of my lord, are encamped in the open fields; shall I then go into mine house, to eat and to drink, and to lie with my wife? as thou livest, and as thy soul liveth, I will not do this thing.

Then David got him drunk and sent him home to his wife, but he still would not go.

11:12 And David said to Uriah, Tarry here to day also, and to morrow I will let thee depart. So Uriah abode in Jerusalem that day, and the

morrow. 11:13 And when David had called him, he did eat and drink before him; and he made him drunk: and at even he went out to lie on his bed with the servants of his lord, but went not down to his house.

David then orders the murder of his most faithful and loyal officer; to try and cover up his own sin. 

It is important to understand that God allowed the murder of the righteous Uriah because God was working with David and that God will raise up Uriah in his time and will save him also.  God is wiser than any one of us can begin to comprehend and God is working everything out for the ultimate good of everyone, even for those who must suffer for righteousness sake in this life.

In the same way many leaders and elders in today’s Ekklesia  are trying to spiritually murder the faithful for their zeal for God; by pressuring them to turn from their zeal for the Word of God to follow themselves and their false traditions.

11:14 And it came to pass in the morning, that David wrote a letter to Joab, and sent it by the hand of Uriah. 11:15 And he wrote in the letter, saying, Set ye Uriah in the forefront of the hottest battle, and retire ye from him, that he may be smitten, and die.

Joab the mighty man, a man strong enough to have stood up to David, obeyed David and carried out the murder, instead of taking a stand for godliness or standing up for his officer; he did not even send back to question or confirm the order.

11:16 And it came to pass, when Joab observed the city, that he assigned Uriah unto a place where he knew that valiant men [where the enemy was strong] were. 11:17 And the men of the city went out, and fought with Joab: and there fell some of the people of the servants of David; and Uriah the Hittite died also.

Then Joab sent a messenger with news of the loss of some of the army, and told the messenger to mention Uriah.

11:18 Then Joab sent and told David all the things concerning the war; 11:19 And charged the messenger, saying, When thou hast made an end of telling the matters of the war unto the king, 11:20 And if so be that the king’s wrath arise, and he say unto thee, Wherefore approached ye so nigh unto the city when ye did fight? knew ye not that they would shoot from the wall? 11:21Who smote Abimelech the son of Jerubbesheth? did not a woman cast a piece of a millstone upon him from the wall, that he died in Thebez? why went ye nigh the wall? then say thou, Thy servant Uriah the Hittite is dead also.

11:22 So the messenger went, and came and shewed David all that Joab had sent him for. 11:23 And the messenger said unto David, Surely the men prevailed against us, and came out unto us into the field, and we were upon them even unto the entering of the gate. 11:24 And the shooters shot from off the wall upon thy servants; and some of the king’s servants be dead, and thy servant Uriah the Hittite is dead also.

David then approved of the deed

11:25 Then David said unto the messenger, Thus shalt thou say unto Joab, Let not this thing displease thee, for the sword devoureth one as well as another: make thy battle more strong against the city, and overthrow it: and encourage thou him.

Bathsheba who probably did not consent to her rape, and did not cry out simply because there was no escape from the king and no one would have dared to help her; mourned for her husband Uriah. 

Bathsheba may have been a righteous woman like her husband Uriah, for Solomon tells us in Proverbs that he was taught many of his proverbs by his mother.

11:26 And when the wife of Uriah heard that Uriah her husband was dead, she mourned for her husband.

David then took her to wife. but God was greatly displeased with him.

11:27 And when the mourning was past, David sent and fetched her to his house, and she became his wife, and bare him a son. But the thing that David had done displeased the LORD.


2 Samuel 12

The one who later gave up his Godhood to become flesh as Jesus Christ then sent Nathan the prophet to David to rebuke him for his sins.

Nathan gets David’s attention by using a parable.

2 Samuel 12:1 And the LORD sent Nathan unto David. And he came unto him, and said unto him, There were two men in one city; the one

rich, and the other poor. 12:2 The rich man had exceeding many flocks and herds:

12:3 But the poor man had nothing, save one little ewe lamb, which he had bought and nourished up: and it grew up together with him, and with his children; it did eat of his own meat, and drank of his own cup, and lay in his bosom, and was unto him as a daughter.

12:4 And there came a traveller unto the rich man, and he [the rich man] spared to take of his own flock and of his own herd, to dress for the wayfaring man that was come unto him; but took the poor man’s lamb, and dressed it for the man that was come to him.

At this point David, not yet seeing his own deed; was rightly angered at the attitude of the rich man in stealing the little that the poor man had.

12:5 And David’s anger was greatly kindled against the man; and he said to Nathan, As the LORD liveth, the man that hath done this thing shall surely die: 12:6 And he shall restore the lamb fourfold, because he did this thing, and because he had no pity.

Nathan then declares that David is the rich sinner, and explains his sin to him. Notice that David had the power of life and death and yet Nathan feared God more than David, and faithfully delivered God’s strong rebuke to David.

The first lesson here is that we are called to follow Christ and to keep the whole Word of God, no matter what any man says, and regardless of the titles they claim, or the power they may seem to have. It is far better to be cast out of the assemblies for being faithful to the whole Word of God, than to remain in corporate church assemblies and be separated from God, by fearing men more than we love God!

12:7 And Nathan said to David, Thou art the man. Thus saith the LORD God of Israel, I anointed thee king over Israel, and I delivered thee out of the hand of Saul; 12:8 And I gave thee thy master’s house, and thy master’s wives into thy bosom, and gave thee the house of Israel and of Judah; and if that had been too little, I would moreover have given unto thee such and such things.

12:9 Wherefore hast thou despised the commandment of the LORD, to do evil in his sight? thou hast killed Uriah the Hittite with the sword, and hast taken his wife to be thy wife, and hast slain him with the sword of the children of Ammon.

Then Jesus Christ curses the house of David with continual bloodshed and declares that his own wives will be publicly violated. The following chapters record the fulfillment of that curse.

The revenge of Ahithophel, remember that Ahithophel the chief advisor to David who later counseled Absalom to violate his father’s wives; was also grandfather of Bathsheba who was violated by David.

12:10 Now therefore the sword shall never depart from thine house; because thou hast despised me, and hast taken the wife of Uriah the Hittite to be thy wife. 12:11 Thus saith the LORD, Behold, I will raise up evil against thee out of thine own house, and I will take thy wives before thine eyes, and give them unto thy neighbour, and he shall lie with thy wives in the sight of this sun. 12:12 For thou didst it secretly: but I will do this thing before all Israel, and before the sun.

Christ forgives the repentant David, but takes the life of the child.

12:13 And David said unto Nathan, I have sinned against the LORD. And Nathan said unto David, The LORD also hath put away thy sin; thou shalt not die. 12:14 Howbeit, because by this deed thou hast given great occasion to the enemies of the LORD to blaspheme, the child also that is born unto thee shall surely die.

David fasted for the child in sorrowful repentance

12:15 And Nathan departed unto his house. And the LORD struck the child that Uriah’s wife bare unto David, and it was very sick. 12:16 David therefore besought God for the child; and David fasted, and went in, and lay all night upon the earth. 12:17 And the elders of his house arose, and went to him, to raise him up from the earth: but he would not, neither did he eat bread with them.

12:18 And it came to pass on the seventh day, that the child died. And the servants of David feared to tell him that the child was dead: for they said, Behold, while the child was yet alive, we spake unto him, and he would not hearken unto our voice: how will he then vex himself, if we tell him that the child is dead? 12:19 But when David saw that his servants whispered, David perceived that the child was dead: therefore David said unto his servants, Is the child dead? And they said, He is dead.

David arises and accepts the judgment of God when it is clearly final

12:20 Then David arose from the earth, and washed, and anointed himself, and changed his apparel, and came into the house of the LORD, and worshipped: then he came to his own house; and when he required, they set bread before him, and he did eat.

David’s servants ask him for an explanation of his actions

12:21 Then said his servants unto him, What thing is this that thou hast done? thou didst fast and weep for the child, while it was alive; but when the child was dead, thou didst rise and eat bread.

David says that the dead child will not be saved, but that he himself will also die, and he accepts the judgment of the Eternal.

Brethren, the Eternal is the final judge of all men; why fear men and not fear the judgment of God; why follow men and break the Word of God who is our final Judge?

12:22 And he said, While the child was yet alive, I fasted and wept: for I said, Who can tell whether GOD will be gracious to me, that the child may live? 12:23 But now he is dead, wherefore should I fast? can I bring him back again? I shall go to him, but he shall not return to me.

12:24 And David comforted Bathsheba his wife, and went in unto her, and lay with her: and she bare a son, and he called his name Solomon: and the LORD loved him.

Solomon means peace, and was to the child given to reflect the reconciliation and peace between David [man] and God trough sincere repentance and acceptance by the Eternal, because God granted a child after the first child by sin died.

Variations: Salem, Shalom, Shlomo, Sulayman and Zalman.

Jedidiah “Friend of God” or “beloved of God”. Jedidiah was the “blessing” name given by God through prophet Nathan.

12:25 And he sent by the hand of Nathan the prophet; and he [Nathan was inspired by God to call the child] called his name Jedidiah, because of the LORD.

Amman is punished for their insult to David, gfor hiring armies against Israel and for their grave sins.

The local gods, like Baal and Molech were different names for the same god, which was the sun god; the sun being chosen by Satan as his physical representation.

Each year these sun worshippers celebrated the rebirth of the sun on Dec 22, now moved to Dec 25 due to calendrical innovations, and renamed “Christmas.” At this time they held a great fertility feast featuring  a ceremony during which the priests  had sex with all of the virgins. This then expanded into a mass orgy in which everyone was expected to participate to excite the fertility gods to give them a fertile and abundant year.

But this evil did not stop there; each year those virgins who had gotten pregnant bore their children 10 lunar months later, and at this December feast the 2-3 month old children of these virgins, impregnated by the priests the previous year, were thrown into the fire of Molech while the priests were having the next year’s virgins. Other fertility rites of mass copulations were held around the spring equinox of Astarte’s Day [English Easter]; and in the autumn a “Thanksgiving Day” orgy was held.

These same ceremonies with minor cultural variations were practiced by the Maya, Inca and Aztecs, as well as other peoples.

12:26 And Joab fought against Rabbah [modern Ammon] of the children of Ammon, and took the royal city.

Joab informs David that Rabbah is about to fall and bids him come and take credit for its final fall. This is a very courteous gesture to the king, for it is a coveted glory for any commander to take a large city.

12:27 And Joab sent messengers to David, and said, I have fought against Rabbah, and have taken the city of waters. 12:28 Now therefore gather the rest of the people together, and encamp against the city, and take it: lest I take the city, and it be called after my name.

12:29 And David gathered all the people together, and went to Rabbah, and fought against it, and took it.

12:30 And he took their king’s crown from off his head, the weight whereof was a talent [from 50 to as much as 75 pounds] of gold with the precious stones: and it was set on David’s head. And he brought forth the spoil of the city in great abundance.

And he brought out the princes of the children of Ammon, the counselors of Hattun, who advised him to use David’s ambassadors in so shameful a manner, and others that expressed their pleasure and satisfaction in that offense: and put them under saws, and under harrows of iron, and under axes of iron; whereby they were cut asunder, as some were later killed by the Romans and others;  their flesh torn to pieces, and they were put to extreme pain and agony, and so died most miserably (1 Chronicles 20:3),

12:31 And he brought forth the people that were therein, and put them under saws, and under harrows of iron, and under axes of iron [David had them beaten with iron], and made them pass through the brick-kiln [David then passed the chief men through the fire [the brick kiln] of their own god Molech,] and thus did he unto all the cities of the children of Ammon. So David and all the people returned unto Jerusalem.

In the Hebrew text this reads, “they caused the chief men to pass through Malcem, [the same as Milcom or Molech], the abomination of the children of Ammon” (1 Kings 11:5).

For they had made their own children to pass through the fire, and burnt them; and now in the same place they themselves are made to pass through the fire, and be burnt, as a righteous punishment for their barbarous and wicked idolatry.


2 Samuel 13

The curse for the sin against Uriah comes quickly to David’s house, as his children knowing of their father’s sins thought that they could also take liberties with the Word of God.

Such is the power of a bad example; it causes others to also become lax. While a good example of zeal for the righteousness of the whole Word of God, causes others to see the rightness and goodness of the Word of God.

People like sheep, tend to be followers; and examples speak far louder than words. Children will follow the example they see, rather then keep what is spoken to them; so will the brethren.

Amnon David’s son lusted after David’s daughter by another mother, Tamer.

2 Samuel 13:1 And it came to pass after this, that Absalom the son of David had a fair sister, whose name was Tamar; and Amnon the son of David loved her.

Amnon allowed himself to lust after that which he could not lawfully have. Jesus tells us that to nurse temptation in our hearts is the root that leads ultimately to the sinful act. As soon as we are tempted, we must reject the temptation right out of our minds immediately, and replace it with something positive to dwell on; and we whould then avoid the focus of our unlawful temptation..

13:2 And Amnon was so vexed, that he fell sick for his sister Tamar; for she was a virgin; and Amnon thought it hard for him to do anything to her.

Amnon allowed his cousin Jonadab to entice him into sin. Yet Amnon could have said no and rebuked his cousin. Stay upon the Word of God and reject any enticement to turn aside.

Such enticement to sin is of particular strength if it comes from someone we love or respect. do not allow a church leader or elder or friend to entice you into any kind of sin; including calling the Sabbath holy and then encouraging you to pollute it.

13:3 But Amnon had a friend, whose name was Jonadab, the son of Shimeah David’s brother: and Jonadab was a very subtil man. 13:4 And he said unto him, Why art thou, being the king’s son, lean from day to day? wilt thou not tell me? And Amnon said unto him, I love Tamar, my brother Absalom’s sister.

This is no greater evil than what the leaders and elders of the Ekklesia do today, as they teach us to commit spiritual adultery against our espoused Husband Jesus Christ, by following others contrary to the whole Word of God.

13:5 And Jonadab said unto him, Lay thee down on thy bed, and make thyself sick: and when thy father cometh to see thee, say unto him, I pray thee, let my sister Tamar come, and give me meat, and dress the meat in my sight, that I may see it, and eat it at her hand.

Amnon followed the advice of his friend, as many brethren today have followed their elders and leaders into the sin of exalting them and their false traditions above the Word of God: which is spiritual adultery.

13:6 So Amnon lay down, and made himself sick: and when the king was come to see him, Amnon said unto the king, I pray thee, let Tamar my sister come, and make me a couple of cakes in my sight, that I may eat at her hand.

David then visits his “sick” son and sends for Tamar.

13:7 Then David sent home to Tamar, saying, Go now to thy brother Amnon’s house, and dress him meat. 13:8 So Tamar went to her brother Amnon’s house; and he was laid down. And she took flour, and kneaded it, and made cakes in his sight, and did bake the cakes.

When the food was ready he caused all to leave them except Tamar herself.

13:9 And she took a pan, and poured them out before him; but he refused to eat. And Amnon said, Have out all men from me. And they went out every man from him. 13:10 And Amnon said unto Tamar, Bring the meat into the chamber, that I may eat of thine hand. And Tamar took the cakes which she had made, and brought them into the chamber to Amnon her brother.

Tamar rejects him and struggles and argues until he forces her. So are we to struggle against evil and the enticement to sin by exalting men and corporate entities or any other idol, above the Word of God.

13:11 And when she had brought them unto him to eat, he took hold of her, and said unto her, Come lie with me, my sister.

She tries to convince him to let her go by saying [probably falsely] that the king would assent if he asked their father David first. I do not believe this for a second and I think Amnon did not believe it either. This was a mere desperate argument to restrain Amnon which failed.

13:12 And she answered him, Nay, my brother, do not force me; for no such thing ought to be done in Israel: do not thou this folly. 13:13 And I, whither shall I cause my shame to go? and as for thee, thou shalt be as one of the fools in Israel. Now therefore, I pray thee, speak unto the king; for he will not withhold me from thee. 13:14 Howbeit he would not hearken unto her voice: but, being stronger than she, forced her, and lay with her.

Then Amnon his lust satisfied, suddenly had a case of guilt, and instead of accepting the blame for forcing her, he turned against Tamar.

13:15 Then Amnon hated her exceedingly; so that the hatred wherewith he hated her was greater than the love wherewith he had loved her. And Amnon said unto her, Arise, be gone. 13:16 And she said unto him, There is no cause: this evil in sending me away is greater than the other that thou didst unto me. But he would not hearken unto her.

I find it strange that Tamar would not run from this man who had so abused her, yet Amnon had to have his servant force her out.

Is it not the same today, that many abused people become loyal to their oppressors?  This “Stockholm Syndrome” drives many in the Ekklesia today to be faithful to abusive leaders.

People with abusing spouses or parents tend to deal with this in one of two main different ways;

1. They blame themselves and try even harder to please their abusers,

2. They fight back and or seek a way out, sometimes by murder, sometimes by flight, sometimes by suicide and sometime by escaping through alcohol or drugs or other addictions.

I imagine it is the same in abusive groups, which is why they often try so hard to put everyone on a guilt trip; often blaming everyone for their own failings; this only causes most of the abused to seek all the harder to please their abusers [Stockholm Syndrome].

13:17 Then he called his servant that ministered unto him, and said, Put now this woman out from me, and bolt the door after her.

13:18 And she had a garment of divers colours upon her: for with such robes were the king’s daughters that were virgins apparelled. Then his servant brought her out, and bolted the door after her.

Then Tamar went out mourning

13:19 And Tamar put ashes on her head, and rent her garment of divers colours that was on her, and laid her hand on her head, and went on crying.

And so the curse of Christ moved in the house of David, as David’s sins had set an example for his own children to turn them to the same kinds of evil.

13:20 And Absalom her brother said unto her, Hath Amnon thy brother been with thee? but hold now thy peace, my sister: he is thy brother; regard not this thing. So Tamar remained desolate in her brother Absalom’s house.

David was furious but did little to correct Amnon, and Absalom despised his brother gfor the rape of his sister and determined to destroy him.

13:21 But when king David heard of all these things, he was very wroth. 13:22 And Absalom spake unto his brother Amnon neither good nor bad: for Absalom hated Amnon, because he had forced his sister Tamar.

Absalom invited all of his brothers and his father to his sheep shearing which would have been hard work followed by a big feast.

13:23 And it came to pass after two full years, that Absalom had sheepshearers in Baalhazor, which is beside Ephraim: and Absalom invited all the king’s sons. 13:24 And Absalom came to the king, and said, Behold now, thy servant hath sheepshearers; let the king, I beseech thee, and his servants go with thy servant.

David said no for he did not want his whole family to be indebted to Absalom for his feast.

13:25 And the king said to Absalom, Nay, my son, let us not all now go, lest we be chargeable unto thee. And he pressed him: howbeit he would not go, but blessed him.

Then Absalom managed to cause David to allow Amnon to go.

13:26 Then said Absalom, If not, I pray thee, let my brother Amnon go with us. And the king said unto him, Why should he go with thee? 13:27 But Absalom pressed him, that he let Amnon and all the king’s sons go with him.

Then Absalom commanded his servants to kill Amnon when he was drunk and incapacitated with wine from the sheep shearing feast.

13:28 Now Absalom had commanded his servants, saying, Mark ye now when Amnon’s heart is merry with wine, and when I say unto you, Smite Amnon; then kill him, fear not: have not I commanded you? be courageous, and be valiant. 13:29 And the servants of Absalom did unto Amnon as Absalom had commanded. Then all the king’s sons arose, and every man gat him up upon his mule, and fled.

When David heard a rumor that all his sons were dead he began to mourn greatly.

13:30 And it came to pass, while they were in the way, that tidings came to David, saying, Absalom hath slain all the king’s sons, and there is not one of them left. 13:31 Then the king arose, and tare his garments, and lay on the earth; and all his servants stood by with their clothes rent.

Then the very Jonadab who had enticed Amnon to his sin comforted David that only the wicked son was dead.

13:32 And Jonadab, the son of Shimeah David’s brother, answered and said, Let not my lord suppose that they have slain all the young men the king’s sons; for Amnon only is dead: for by the appointment of Absalom this hath been determined from the day that he forced his sister Tamar. 13:33 Now therefore let not my lord the king take the thing to his heart, to think that all the king’s sons are dead: for Amnon only is dead.

Absalom then fled to the north to Talmai the king of Geshur his maternal grandfather..

13:34 But Absalom fled. And the young man that kept the watch lifted up his eyes, and looked, and, behold, there came much people by the way of the hill side behind him.

Jonadab the person responsible for all of this, was busy trying to ingratiate himself to David; office politics at its worst.

13:35 And Jonadab said unto the king, Behold, the king’s sons come: as thy servant said, so it is. 13:36 And it came to pass, as soon as he had made an end of speaking, that, behold, the king’s sons came, and lifted up their voice and wept: and the king also and all his servants wept very sore.

David loved Absalom and understood that he had actually done the right thing by killing the sister rapist. David himself should have executed justice and did not.

Because this may seem like dry ancient history to many I would like to ask you to lean back, close your eyes and imagine: How you would feel if your son raped your daughter and then was killed by your other son.

Can you even begin to imagine the agony of spirit that David was going through as he learned his lesson concerning his sins with Bathsheba and his betrayal of the responsibilities that Jesus Christ had placed on his shoulders by making him king?

We too have been called out to become kings, and we must prove our loyalty to Jesus Christ and the whole Word of God, like David as king was expected to do.

Our own following of others contrary to the Word of our God, is spiritual adultery, and no different than David’s physical adultery against Uriah was.

When we turn aside to follow others away from the Husband of our baptismal commitment, we are throwing the crown we were called to, into the dirt; we are despising our calling to learn and to live by every Word of God.

Think about that the next time some elder bids you to break the sanctity of the Sabbath by participating in some catered meal.

13:37 But Absalom fled, and went to Talmai, the son of Ammihud, king of Geshur. And David mourned for his son every day. 13:38 So Absalom fled, and went to Geshur, and was there three years.

David had accepted that Amnon was dead, but he missed Absalom knowing that he was sill alive.

13:39 And the soul of king David longed to go forth unto Absalom: for he [David knew that if anyone else had raped their sister, then David would have done as Absalom had done] was comforted concerning Amnon, seeing he was dead.


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