The Book of Job is close to Ecclesiastes in its format of reasoning about the higher questions of life. Why does a loving God allow suffering? Why does God allow the righteous to suffer and many wicked to prosper? Since both the wicked and the righteous die: Is this physical existence and universal physical death, all there is to life?
In the broader picture, Job is an example of the patient loyalty to God of a righteous man, during intense trials. Job knows that God could deliver him and remains loyal and faithful to God throughout his testing; absolutely loyal to God in spite of his personal sufferings.
The book of Job is also filled with messages about humility before God, the transitory nature of physical things and the Greatness and Glory of God.
The name Job (pron.: /ˈdʒoʊb/; Hebrew: אִיוֹב ʾ iyobh), commonly referred to in English as Job. The English is from ‘Iyowb, or ē·yōve’ and in Arabic Ayyub, and more properly pronounced in English as “ee-yob”, the letter “J” being a relatively modern invention should not properly be applied to this ancient word.
Job means “hated”
Like most Old Testament books, Job was originally written in Hebrew. And like the Psalms, Proverbs, the Song of Solomon, Ecclesiastes, and large portions of the prophetic books, Job is poetry.
Most people today think of poetry in terms of rhythm and rhyme.
Hebrew verse, however, consists of a balance of thoughts more than of words and sounds. Such balance is called parallelism. This means that one line in Hebrew poetry parallels the next. The second part of a verse echoes the idea of the first, contrasts with it, or expands on it. The following are some illustrations of parallelism in Job.
Here Job wishes he had never been born:
Part One: “May the day of my birth perish,”
Part Two echoes back with: “and the night it was said, A boy is born!” (Job 3:3)
Part One: “Is not your wickedness great?”
Part Two: “Are not your sins endless?” (Job 22:5)
The point of Ecclesiastes and Job is that God is far greater than man, and God works according to his own purposes and not man’s, for the purpose of the ultimate good of his creation. And that sometimes even good men must suffer for the greater good, as they and others are molded into what God has ordained for each one; and that there is indeed far more to life than mere physical life ending with the grave, as the concepts of salvation from death and the eternal life are introduced.
Job lived about 2,000 BC, just after the days of Abraham. Job is described as living in the land of Buz which later became a part of Edom just south of the Dead Sea and was a friend of the immediate children of Esau who were famous for their wisdom at that time. This puts Job as living during the time of Jacob.
Bildad, son of Shuach [Also called Shuach, was the sixth and last of Keturah’s sons [by Abraham] has a name meaning wealth (Strong: SHD 7744). He was the progenitor of the Shuhites, the most notable of whom was Bildad, son of Shuach, and one of Job’s ‘comforters’ (Job 2:11).
The biblical account of Job records another interesting proof of Job.
Another of Job’s friends is mentioned in Job 2:11 Now when Job’s three friends heard of all this evil that was come upon him, they came every one from his own place; Eliphaz the Temanite
This Eliphaz was the duke Timnah, Gen 36:40]: —This Eliphaz [Timnah] is the first son of Esau! Eliphaz [Timnah] dwelled in a village of Mount Seir and named his land and his son Temen after himself.
Genesis 36:8 Thus dwelt Esau in mount Seir: Esau is Edom. 36:9 And these are the generations of Esau the father of the Edomites in mount Seir: 36:10 These are the names of Esau’s sons; Eliphaz [also called Timnah Gen 36:40] the son of Adah the wife of Esau, Reuel the son of Bashemath the wife of Esau.
Eliphaz [Timnah] was the firstborn son of Esau; and Shuach, the sixth and last of Keturah’s sons by Abraham was the father of Bildad. Both of Job’s friends being son’s of Esau would date Job to the era of the sons of Esau.
Mount Seir was named for Seir, the Horite, whose offspring had inhabited the area (Genesis 14:6, 36:20) until the children of Esau (the Edomites) moved into the area and gradually absorbed or assimilated the Horites and took possession of the city (Deuteronomy 2:4-5, 12, 22).
From that time Mount Seir has become synonymous with Esau who took possession of Seir and the Horites living there. (Genesis 32:3; 33:14, 16; 36:8; Joshua 24:4).
Job is described in a Syriac text as living in the land of Ausis, on the borders of Idumea and Arabia: and his name before was Jobab; and having taken an Arabian wife, he begot a son whose name was Ennon. And he himself was the son of his father Zare, one of the sons of Esau, and of his mother Bosorrha.
It appears that Job was a ruler or great man in the area of Mount Seir and that his three friends were his close advisers, all of whom were the son’s of Esau
Noah, Daniel, and Job are presented in scripture as some of the most righteous and wisest men who have even lived.
God calls Job “perfect” before him, just as God said that Noah was “perfect” during the generations in which he lived. God inspired Ezekiel to write of the now soon coming great tribulation like this.
Ezekiel 14:20 Though Noah, Daniel, and Job were in it, as I live, saith the Lord GOD, they shall deliver neither son nor daughter; they shall but deliver their own souls by their righteousness.
This is a third person account of the testing of Job.
Job 1:1 There was a man in the land of Uz, whose name was Job; and that man was perfect and upright, and one that feared God, and eschewed evil.
1:2 And there were born unto him seven sons and three daughters. 1:3 His substance also was seven thousand sheep, and three thousand camels, and five hundred yoke of oxen, and five hundred she asses, and a very great household; so that this man was the greatest of all the men of the east.
1:4 And his sons went and feasted in their houses, every one his day [they took turns partying EVERY DAY; this has NOTHING to do with birthdays] ; and sent and called for their three sisters to eat and to drink with them.
When his children were feasting, Job feared that in a drunken state they might do some evil deed; and so Job prayed for and made offerings for his children. Job’s offerings were continual which means the feasting was probably continual.
1:5 And it was so, when the days of their feasting were gone about, that Job sent and sanctified them, and rose up early in the morning, and offered burnt offerings according to the number of them all: for Job said, It may be that my sons have sinned, and cursed God in their hearts. Thus did Job continually.
The sons of God here were angels and were sons by virtue of having been created by God. This refers to spirit angelic beings, since flesh cannot cross the expanse between the earth and God’s throne.
1:6 Now there was a day when the sons of God came to present themselves before the LORD, and Satan came also among them.
God asks the Adversary where he has been and what he has been doing and Satan is evasive.
1:7 And the LORD said unto Satan, Whence comest thou? Then Satan answered the LORD, and said, From going to and fro in the earth, and from walking up and down in it.
God then asks Satan about Job, clearly intending to bring Job to Satan’s attention for God’s own purpose. What follows is not only a lesson for Job, it is a lesson for all who read this story and it was a lesson for Satan himself.
1:8 And the LORD said unto Satan, Hast thou considered my servant Job, that there is none like him in the earth, a perfect and an upright man, one that feareth God, and escheweth evil?
Satan responds to God’s praise of Job with the accusation that Job is faithful to God only for a reward. This accusation by Satan is very true of very many religions people today, who are merely going through the motions of what they think is necessary to gain a reward from God.
One of the many lessons of Job is that we as the espoused bride are to be faithful in BOTH good times and bad; while being blessed and when we are suffering.
Job is a lesson that God the Almighty is sovereign and does as He wills, which is for the good of His people. Often there is a greater good in experiencing various things, than there is in some immediate blessing.
Trials teach us; patience, faith, perseverance, humility, wisdom as we learn, empathy for others and help us to understand the transitory nature and weakness of the flesh, and our need for God’s deliverance.
Job is also an allegory of the converted life; those who endure all things in this life to obey and please God shall have their reward in the future.
All the things that we lose or give up for zeal to God; will be replaced and far more at the appointed time.
Matthew 19:28 And Jesus said unto them, Verily I say unto you, That ye which have followed me, in the regeneration when the Son of man shall sit in the throne of his glory, ye also shall sit upon twelve thrones, judging the twelve tribes of Israel.
19:29 And every one that hath forsaken houses, or brethren, or sisters, or father, or mother, or wife, or children, or lands, for my name’s sake, shall receive an hundredfold, and shall inherit everlasting life.
Job 1:9 Then Satan answered the LORD, and said, Doth Job fear God for nought? 1:10 Hast not thou made an hedge about him, and about his house, and about all that he hath on every side? thou hast blessed the work of his hands, and his substance is increased in the land.
Satan then challenges God to prove Job’s faithfulness by taking away his blessings right down to his health.
It is VERY important to understand that when we are zealous and faithful for God and his commandments; we WILL be persecuted by Satan. This account demonstrates that Satan can do NOTHING unless God permits it, and God permits only what he knows is for our ultimate good.
God allows trials to test and build stronger character in his people. A lack of physical blessings does not mean that God is not working with us. See Hebrews 11.
1:11 But put forth thine hand now, and touch all that he hath, and he will curse thee to thy face.
God gives Satan permission to test Job and Satan removes all of Job’s wealth and blessings including his ten children.
Consider this man’s love for his children that he made sacrifice and gave his substance just in case they MIGHT have possibly sinned. Consider the agony of spirit that must have fallen on Job who did not know about the heavenly conversation and that this came as a complete surprise and overwhelming shock.
As a parent, I weep for Job in these sufferings; yet God allowed a righteous man to suffer so that he might be further perfected.
John 15:1 I am the true vine, and my Father is the husbandman. 15:2 Every branch in me that beareth not fruit he taketh away: and every branch that beareth fruit, he purgeth it, that it may bring forth more fruit.
Job 1:12 And the LORD said unto Satan, Behold, all that he hath is in thy power; only upon himself put not forth thine hand. So Satan went forth from the presence of the LORD.
1:13 And there was a day when his sons and his daughters were eating and drinking wine in their eldest brother’s house: 1:14 And there came a messenger unto Job, and said, The oxen were plowing, and the asses feeding beside them: 1:15 And the Sabeans fell upon them, and took them away; yea, they have slain the servants with the edge of the sword; and I only am escaped alone to tell thee.
1:16 While he was yet speaking, there came also another, and said, The fire of God is fallen from heaven, and hath burned up the sheep, and the servants, and consumed them; and I only am escaped alone to tell thee.
1:17 While he was yet speaking, there came also another, and said, The Chaldeans made out three bands, and fell upon the camels, and have carried them away, yea, and slain the servants with the edge of the sword; and I only am escaped alone to tell thee.
1:18While he was yet speaking, there came also another, and said, Thy sons and thy daughters were eating and drinking wine in their eldest brother’s house: 1:19 And, behold, there came a great wind from the wilderness, and smote the four corners of the house, and it fell upon the young men, and they are dead; and I only am escaped alone to tell thee.
Who among us has this attitude of Job?
1:20 Then Job arose, and rent his mantle, and shaved his head, and fell down upon the ground, and worshipped, 1:21 And said, Naked came I out of my mother’s womb, and naked shall I return thither: the LORD gave, and the LORD hath taken away; blessed be the name of the LORD.
In his hour of trial, Job mourned and sought out the Eternal and was absolutely faithful.
1:22 In all this Job sinned not, nor charged God foolishly.
Now The angels and Satan appeared before God to give an account of their activities, and God inquires of Satan, only to have Satan evade the question.
Job 2:1 Again there was a day when the sons of God came to present themselves before the LORD, and Satan came also among them to present himself before the LORD.
2:2 And the LORD said unto Satan, From whence comest thou? And Satan answered the LORD, and said, From going to and fro in the earth, and from walking up and down in it.
God then asks Satan about Job’s loyalty to God in spite of his trials. Here God admits that this trial of Job was without cause as Job would have understood the situation, yet there was a godly purpose which Satan did not comprehend.
2:3 And the LORD said unto Satan, Hast thou considered my servant Job, that there is none like him in the earth, a perfect and an upright man, one that feareth God, and escheweth evil? and still he holdeth fast his integrity, although thou movedst me against him, to destroy him without cause.
Satan responds, saying that Job is loyal for fear of his life. Let me ask this also: How many of the brethren are loyal to a corporate church organization out of FEAR; that leaving their group will cut them off from God and eternal life?
The exact opposite is the truth; exalting an organization of men and their traditions; cuts one off from God: and only by NOT idolizing men and traditions, only by being absolutely faithful and zealous for our God and his commandments will we be and remain reconciled to God!
2:4 And Satan answered the LORD, and said, Skin for skin, yea, all that a man hath will he give for his life.
2:5 But put forth thine hand now, and touch his bone and his flesh, and he will curse thee to thy face.
God then gives Satan full authority to strike Job with plagues.
2:6 And the LORD said unto Satan, Behold, he is in thine hand; but save his life.
Satan then strikes Job with painful boils over his entire body. A boil is a large swelling puss filled very painful eruption; and Job takes a potsherd to scrape away the puss and to try and ease his pain by applying pressure.
2:7 So went Satan forth from the presence of the LORD, and smote Job with sore boils from the sole of his foot unto his crown. 2:8 And he took him a potsherd to scrape himself withal; and he sat down among the ashes.
In his great distress his wife advises him to blame God for his suffering and seek death. After all it does seem that God was being unjust and trying Job for no reason apparent to the couple.
The lesson here is that when we are in trials we must not blame God for supposedly bringing a trial without a reason. We must patiently ask God to reveal to us the reasons for the trial and to teach us the things that God wants us to learn from the situation.
2:9 Then said his wife unto him, Dost thou still retain thine integrity? curse God, and die.
Yet Job remained faithful and zealous for God and rebuked his wife, insisting that man must submit to God in good and bad times.
2:10 But he said unto her, Thou speakest as one of the foolish women speaketh. What? shall we receive good at the hand of God, and shall we not receive evil? In all this did not Job sin with his lips.
Now the three friends of Job met with him to comfort him and to try and help him.
2:11 Now when Job’s three friends heard of all this evil that was come upon him, they came every one from his own place; Eliphaz the Temanite, and Bildad the Shuhite, and Zophar the Naamathite: for they had made an appointment together to come to mourn with him and to comfort him.
For seven days and nights they mourned with Job, speechless at his affliction; thinking perhaps about the possible reasons for so great a suffering, so as to advise and help their good friend.
2:12 And when they lifted up their eyes afar off, and knew him not, they lifted up their voice, and wept; and they rent every one his mantle, and sprinkled dust upon their heads toward heaven. 2:13 So they sat down with him upon the ground seven days and seven nights, and none spake a word unto him: for they saw that his grief was very great.
A complex discussion now begins which contains many truths and errors by the various participants.
Job speaks out in his agony and curses his life for all its sorrows and suffering; saying that is would be better to never have lived than to experience such sufferings. He asks the question; Why live at all, if it holds such agonies?
Job 3:1 After this opened Job his mouth, and cursed his day.
3:2 And Job spake, and said, 3:3 Let the day perish wherein I was born, and the night in which it was said, There is a man child conceived. 3:4 Let that day be darkness; let not God regard it from above, neither let the light shine upon it. 3:5 Let darkness and the shadow of death stain it; let a cloud dwell upon it; let the blackness of the day terrify it.
3:6 As for that night, let darkness seize upon it; let it not be joined unto the days of the year, let it not come into the number of the months. 3:7 Lo, let that night be solitary, let no joyful voice come therein.
3:8 Let them curse it that curse the day, who are ready to raise up their mourning.
3:9 Let the stars of the twilight thereof be dark; let it look for light, but have none; neither let it see the dawning of the day: 3:10 Because it shut not up the doors of my mother’s womb, nor hid sorrow from mine eyes.
Job laments in his suffering that it would have been far better to not have even been born.
3:11 Why died I not from the womb? why did I not give up the ghost when I came out of the belly? 3:12Why did the knees [not hold back from giving birth] prevent me? or why [were] the breasts [full of milk] that I should suck? 3:13 For now should I have lain still and been quiet [in death], I should have slept: then had I been at rest [from all this suffering of body and spirit],
Job wanted to be dead, which is the end of all flesh, from the greatest to the least; so that his suffering would also end.
3:14 With kings and counsellors of the earth, which build desolate places [graves] for themselves; 3:15 Or with princes that had gold, who filled their houses with silver: 3:16 Or as an hidden untimely birth [so that] I had not been; as infants which never saw light.
3:17 There the wicked cease from troubling; and there the weary be at rest. 3:18 There the prisoners rest together; they hear not the voice of the oppressor. 3:19 The small and great are there; and the servant is free from his master.
Job asks; Why live only to suffer?
3:20 Wherefore is light given to him that is in misery, and life unto the bitter in soul; 3:21 Which long for death, but it cometh not; and dig [seek death] for it more than for hid treasures; 3:22 Which rejoice exceedingly, and are glad, when they can find the grave? 3:23 Why is light given to a man whose way is hid, and whom God hath hedged in? 3:24 For my sighing cometh before I eat, and my roarings are poured out like the waters.
Job had feared for his children and safety; and trusted in his wealth.
3:25 For the thing which I greatly feared is come upon me, and that which I was afraid of is come unto me. 3:26 I was not in safety, neither had I rest, neither was I quiet; yet trouble came.
Eliphaz the Temanite tries to answer Job.
Job 4:1 Then Eliphaz the Temanite answered and said, 4:2 If we assay to commune with thee, wilt thou be grieved? [will you listen to us?] but who can withhold himself from speaking?
You have taught and helped many and now that you have your own trials you forget your own councils and faint away.
4:3 Behold, thou hast instructed many, and thou hast strengthened the weak hands. 4:4 Thy words have upholden him that was falling, and thou hast strengthened the feeble knees. 4:5 But now it [this trial] is come upon thee, and thou faintest; it toucheth thee, and thou art troubled.
With that truthful opening, Eliphaz then begins to reason that since the wicked will be ultimately cut off; that means that ALL suffering is because of some wickedness.
Jesus Christ gave the answer to these questions.
John 9:1 And as Jesus passed by, he saw a man which was blind from his birth.
9:2 And his disciples asked him, saying, Master, who did sin, this man, or his parents, that he was born blind?
9:3 Jesus answered, Neither hath this man sinned, nor his parents: but that the works of God should be made manifest in him.
Eliphaz argues that Job must have sinned and that the God who judges angels is judging Job.
Job 4:6 Is not this thy fear, thy confidence, thy hope, and the uprightness of thy ways? 4:7 Remember, I pray thee, who ever perished, being innocent? or where were the righteous cut off? 4:8 Even as I have seen, they that plow iniquity, and sow wickedness, reap the same.
4:9 By the blast of God they perish, and by the breath of his nostrils are they consumed. 4:10 The roaring of the lion [mighty man , and the voice of the fierce lion [powerful man] , and the teeth of the young lions [strong young men], are broken. 4:11 The old lion perisheth for lack of prey, and the stout lion’s whelps are scattered abroad.
The greatness of God
4:12 Now a thing was secretly brought to me, and mine ear received a little thereof. 4:13 In thoughts from the visions of the night, when deep sleep falleth on men, 4:14 Fear came upon me, and trembling, which made all my bones to shake.
4:15 Then a spirit passed before my face; the hair of my flesh stood up: 4:16 It stood still, but I could not discern the form thereof: an image was before mine eyes, there was silence, and I heard a voice, saying,
4:17 Shall mortal man be more just than God? shall a man be more pure than his maker? 4:18 Behold, he put no trust in his servants; and his [fallen] angels he charged with folly: 4:19 How much less in them that dwell in houses of clay [God will not be concerned with fleshly men] , whose foundation is in the dust, which are crushed before the moth? 4:20 They are destroyed from morning to evening: they perish for ever without any regarding it. 4:21 Doth not their excellency which is in them go away? they die, even without wisdom.
Job 5:1 Call now, if there be any that will answer [defend you against God] thee; and to which of the saints wilt thou turn? 5:2 For wrath killeth the foolish man, and envy slayeth the silly one.
5:3 I have seen the foolish [prosper] taking root: but suddenly I [God] cursed his habitation. 5:4 His [the wicked man’s] children are far from safety, and they are crushed in the gate, neither is there any to deliver them. 5:5 Whose [the wicked man’s] harvest the hungry eateth up, and taketh [the wealth of the wicked is removed completely from him] it even out of the thorns, and the robber swalloweth up their substance.
He argues that man’s afflictions do not come from nothing, but from his own folly and sin.
5:6 Although affliction cometh not forth of the dust, neither doth trouble spring out of the ground; 5:7 Yet man is born unto trouble, as the sparks fly upward.
Eliphas advises Job to repent of his sin and seek out God who has wrought his correction.
5:8 I would seek unto God, and unto God would I commit my cause: 5:9 Which doeth great things and unsearchable; marvellous things without number: 5:10 Who giveth rain upon the earth, and sendeth waters upon the fields: 5:11 To set up on high those that be low; that those which mourn may be exalted to safety.
Job is told not to be crafty or to think that he can outwit God and hide his sins
5:12 He [God] disappointeth the devices of the crafty, so that their hands cannot perform their enterprise. 5:13 He taketh the [worldly] wise in their own craftiness: and the counsel of the froward [stubborn, herd hearted] is carried headlong [to destruction]. 5:14 They meet with darkness in the day time, and grope in the noonday as in the night.
Iniquity is stopped by the humility before God of those who do not trust in physical riches.
5:15 But he saveth the poor from the sword, from their [hunger] mouth, and from the hand of the mighty. 5:16 So the poor [humble in spirit] hath hope, and iniquity stoppeth her mouth.
Happy is the man who responds positively to God’s correction, for God will forgive and restore the sincerely repentant.
The blessings of Godliness. Here Eliphaz misses the point that such blessing are given and taken by God according to God’s own will and purposes, which are often beyond the understanding of men.
In this world the godly often experience many trials as God molds us into the people he wants us to be for eternity. Yet if we remain faithful to God and zealous to live by every Word of God in blessings and trials; we shall inherit an eternal life.
5:17 Behold, happy is the man whom God correcteth: therefore despise not thou the chastening of the Almighty: 5:18 For he maketh sore, and bindeth up: he woundeth, and his hands make whole.
5:19 He shall deliver thee in six troubles: yea, in seven there shall no evil touch thee. 5:20 In famine he shall redeem thee from death: and in war from the power of the sword. 5:21 Thou shalt be hid from the scourge of the tongue [the faithful shall not fear rebuke] : neither shalt thou be afraid of destruction when it cometh.
5:22 At destruction and famine thou shalt laugh: neither shalt thou be afraid of the beasts of the earth. 5:23 For thou shalt be in league with the stones of the field: and the beasts of the field shall be at peace with thee.
5:24 And thou shalt know that thy tabernacle shall be in peace; and thou shalt visit thy habitation, and shalt not sin.
5:25 Thou shalt know also that thy seed shall be great, and thine offspring as the grass of the earth.
5:26 Thou shalt come to thy grave in a full age, like as a shock of corn cometh in in his season.
5:27 Lo this, we have searched it, so it is; hear it, and know thou it for thy good.
Job Answers Eliphaz
Job speaks of his grief and complains that his friend adds to his sorrows instead of consoling him
Job 6:1 But Job answered and said, 6:2 Oh that my grief were throughly weighed, and my calamity laid in the balances together! 6:3 For now it would be heavier than the sand of the sea: therefore my words are swallowed up. 6:4 For the arrows of the Almighty are within me, the poison whereof drinketh up my spirit: the terrors of God do set themselves in array against me.
Would I complain if things were right? Asks Job.
6:5 Doth the wild ass bray when he hath grass? or loweth the ox over his fodder? 6:6 Can that which is unsavoury be eaten without salt? or is there any taste in the white of an egg?
I cannot eat for my sorrows, and must fast.
6:7 The things that my soul refused to touch are as my sorrowful meat.
Here Job makes a mistake common even today! Many people when very ill, have said “let me die”. That is a misguided statement, since we really do NOT want to die.
What we really want is relief from our trials and suffering! We say that life in such suffering is not worth living, but what we really want; is healing! We want deliverance from sorrows into a good life well worth living!
6:8 Oh that I might have my request; and that God would grant me the thing that I long for! 6:9 Even that it would please God to destroy me; that he would let loose his hand, and cut me off! 6:10 Then should I yet have comfort; yea, I would harden myself in sorrow: let him not spare; for I have not concealed the words of the Holy One.
Christ had not yet come to reveal a good understanding of human salvation and Christ’s sacrifice for the sins of men. Therefore Job argues from the disadvantage of not knowing these things which were hidden by God until Christ.
Job asks “What is the hope of man except to die and end his sufferings.
6:11 What is my strength, that I should hope? and what is mine end, that I should prolong my life? 6:12 Is my strength the strength of stones? or is my flesh of brass? 6:13 Is not my help in me? and is wisdom driven quite from me?
Job seeks pity from his friends.
6:14 To him that is afflicted pity should be shewed from his friend; but he forsaketh the fear of the Almighty.
Job claims his friends are deceitful in challenging his righteousness and that their accusations will melt away like the snow.
6:15 My brethren have dealt deceitfully as a brook, and as the stream of brooks they pass away; 6:16 Which are blackish by reason of the ice, and wherein the snow is hid: 6:17 What time they wax warm, they vanish: when it is hot, they are consumed out of their place. 6:18 The paths of their way are turned aside; they go to nothing, and perish.
Job claims that his friends are like armies who came to take the spoil and were disappointed that nothing was there.
6:19 The troops of Tema looked, the companies of Sheba waited for them. 6:20 They were confounded because they had hoped; they came thither, and were ashamed.
Job says that in his plenty, his friends took advantage of his generosity; and now that he is afflicted they are upset over the loss of the gifts that Job had given them in the past, and are afraid that they will be asked to support Job.
6:21 For now ye are nothing [no help]; ye see my casting down, and are afraid [that Job will ask gifts and alms from them].
Job declares that he wants nothing from them except the truth, so that he may repent of any error.
6:22 Did I say, Bring unto me? or, Give a reward for me of your substance? 6:23 Or, Deliver me from the enemy’s hand? or, Redeem me from the hand of the mighty? 6:24 Teach me, and I will hold my tongue: and cause me to understand wherein I have erred.
Yet, Job declares that the words of his friend are not true and are adding to his affliction by false accusations.
6:25 How forcible [powerful] are right words! but what doth your [false] arguing reprove? 6:26 Do ye imagine to reprove [my] words, and the [with the] speeches of one that is desperate, which are as wind?
Yes, you destroy with false words and dig a grave for me.
6:27 Yea, ye overwhelm the fatherless, and ye dig a pit for your friend.
Look at me and tell me if I lie.
6:28 Now therefore be content, look upon me; for it is evident unto you if I lie.
Job complains that he is made to suffer months without a good reward.
6:29 Return, I pray you, let it not be iniquity; yea, return again, my righteousness is in it. 6:30 Is there iniquity in my tongue [I speak the truth] ? cannot my taste discern [what is right and wrong] perverse things?
Job 7:1 Is there not an appointed time to man upon earth? are not his days also like the days of an hireling? 7:2 As a servant earnestly desireth the [to rest in the shade] shadow, and as an hireling looketh for the reward of his work: 7:3 So am I made to possess months of vanity, and wearisome nights are appointed to me.
7:4 When I lie down, I say, When shall I arise, and the night be gone? and I am full of tossings to and fro unto the dawning of the day.
7:5 My flesh is clothed with worms [maggots eating the dead flesh of his sores] and clods of dust; my skin is broken, and become loathsome. 7:6 My days are swifter than a weaver’s shuttle, and are spent without hope.
Job, without understanding the hope of salvation, sees that his days are passed in suffering and his life has no purpose and will end as all other lives, ending forever in the grave.
This is about the vanity of physical life without God as is Ecclesiastes.
7:7 O remember that my life is wind: mine eye shall no more see good. 7:8 The eye of him that hath seen me shall see me no more: thine eyes are upon me, and I am not. 7:9 As the cloud is consumed and vanisheth away: so he that goeth down to the grave shall come up no more.
Job will not hold his peace since he believes that he has no hope beyond the grave.
7:10 He shall return no more to his house, neither shall his place know him any more. 7:11 Therefore I will not refrain my mouth; I will speak in the anguish of my spirit; I will complain in the bitterness of my soul.
There is no escape from suffering, for when Job is comforted in sleep he is terrorized by dreams.
7:12 Am I a sea, or a whale, that thou settest a watch over me? 7:13 When I say, My bed shall comfort me, my couch shall ease my complaints; 7:14 Then thou scarest me with dreams, and terrifiest me through visions: 7:15 So that my soul chooseth strangling, and death rather than my life.
Job loathes his life in suffering not realizing that God is perfecting him through his suffering.
7:16 I loathe it; I would not live alway: let me alone; for my days are vanity.
Why is God testing and trying man every moment?
7:17 What is man, that thou shouldest magnify him? and that thou shouldest set thine heart upon him? 7:18 And that thou shouldest visit him every morning, and try him every moment?
Job admits that he must have sinned, and asks God’s pardon and the lifting of his sorrows before he finds death.
7:19 How long wilt thou not depart from me, nor let me alone [make me to suffer] till I swallow down my spittle? 7:20 I have sinned; what shall I do unto thee, O thou preserver of men? why hast thou set me as a mark against thee, so that I am a burden to myself? 7:21 And why dost thou not pardon my transgression, and take away my iniquity? for now shall I sleep in the dust; and thou shalt seek me in the morning, but I shall not be.
The answers to all these questions of why God allows suffering and allows even the righteous to suffer are found in the spiritual teachings of Christ and the apostles.
Correction and trials are for our GOOD, so that we may turn to the Eternal God and be saved. It is an affliction of the flesh that the spirit might be saved. Therefore do not despise the correction of the LORD who is working to save us like he saved Job.
Do not lose heart and give up, because the trial is only for a very short time and comes so that Almighty God the Master Potter may perfect us in His holiness.
Hebrews 12:5 And ye have forgotten the exhortation which speaketh unto you as unto children, My son, despise not thou the chastening of the Lord, nor faint when thou art rebuked of him: 12:6 For whom the Lord loveth he chasteneth, and scourgeth every son whom he receiveth. 12:7 If ye endure chastening, God dealeth with you as with sons; for what son is he whom the father chasteneth not? 12:8 But if ye be without [If we refuse to be corrected to learn to obey God our Father, we are not the sons of God] chastisement, whereof all are partakers, then are ye bastards, and not sons.
We are not legitimate sons if we will not accept the guidance, instruction and correction of God our Father. To be legitimate sons of God the Father, we must accept and keep every Word of God our Father, and act with repentance upon his correction.
12:9 Furthermore we have had fathers of our flesh which corrected us, and we gave them reverence: shall we not much rather be in subjection unto the Father of spirits, and live [receive eternal life]? 12:10 For they verily for a few days chastened us after their own pleasure; but he, [God or Christ, corrects us for our advantage, not for his own pleasure.] for our profit that we might be partakers of his holiness.
Of course our correction will be grievous and in the flesh we shall suffer greatly, but it will bring us to God and his holiness; and his gift of eternal life
12:11 Now no chastening for the present seemeth to be joyous, but grievous: nevertheless afterward it yieldeth the peaceable fruit of righteousness unto them which are exercised thereby
Bildad Speaks and Job Answers Him
Brethren, Job is humble before God, for God himself declared Job to be perfect in Job 1. The book of Job is about the age old question of why God allows the righteous to suffer in this life. Job is accompanied by Ecclesiastes and the inquiry into this question of “Is this physical life all there is?” and “Why does God allow the innocent to suffer?”.
Job 8:1 Then answered Bildad the Shuhite, and said, [to Job] 8:2 How long wilt thou speak these things? and how long shall the words of thy mouth be like a strong wind? [nothing but air]
He assumes that evil falls only on the evil doer.
8:3 Doth God pervert judgment? or doth the Almighty pervert justice? 8:4 If thy children have sinned against him, and he have cast them away for their transgression; 8:5 If thou wouldest seek unto God betimes, and make thy supplication to the Almighty; 8:6 If thou wert pure and upright; surely now he would awake for thee, and make the habitation of thy righteousness prosperous.
8:7 Though thy beginning was small, yet thy latter end should greatly increase.
Consider the history and learn from the wisdom of your forefathers.
8:8 For enquire, I pray thee, of the former age, and prepare thyself to the search of their fathers: 8:9 (For we are but of yesterday, and know nothing, because our days upon earth are a shadow:) 8:10 Shall not they teach thee, and tell thee, and utter words out of their heart? 8:11 Can the rush grow up without mire? can the flag [rushes] grow without water? 8:12 Whilst it is yet in his greenness, and not cut down, it withereth before any other herb.
Learn from our trials to faithfully, patiently live by every Word of God regardless of trials, for our trials are intended to teach and perfect us.
8:13 So are the paths of all that forget God; and the hypocrite’s hope shall perish: 8:14 Whose hope shall be cut off, and whose trust shall be a spider’s web.
The commandment breaker shall flourish only to be brought down.
8:15 He shall lean upon [build up] his house, but it shall not stand: he shall hold it fast, but it shall not endure.
The wicked is as a green shoot that has no root and withers in the sun.
8:16 He is green before the sun, and his branch shooteth forth in his garden. 8:17 His roots are wrapped about the heap, and seeth the place of stones.
It is the will of God that the wicked who tolerate sin be rooted up.
8:18 If he destroy him from his place, then it shall deny him, saying, I have not seen thee. 8:19 Behold, this is the joy of his [God’s] way, and out of the earth shall others [more faithful] grow.
Here is the error of Bildad; he believes that God cannot do as he pleases to mold men and purge them, so that they become what God wants for them. Bildad is denying the sovereignty of God to do his own will.
Jesus Christ came to reveal that God purges the righteous so that they will bring forth more good fruit (John 15).
8:20 Behold, God will not cast away a perfect man, neither will he help the evil doers: 8:21 Till he fill thy mouth with laughing, and thy lips with rejoicing.
8:22 They that hate thee [God’s law and his commandment keepers] shall be clothed with shame; and the dwelling place of the wicked shall come to nought.
Job says that he knows that God will lift up the righteous and destroy the wicked, but asks how can a man be justified before God?
Jesus taught that the reward for the commandment keepers will be at the resurrection, not necessarily in this life. For the wicked will persecute the righteous, and God will allow that to happen to mold the righteous through experience; as he himself learned through his own suffering (Heb 5:8).
Jesus Christ also came to reveal the way to salvation and to lay down his life for the repentant.
Job 9:1 Then Job answered and said, 9:2 I know it is so of a truth: but how should man be just with [before] God? 9:3 If he will contend with him, he cannot answer him one of a thousand.
Job then speaks of the greatness of God in true humility before God.
No proud self righteous person could speak of God in the following words and declare that man cannot justify himself before God!
Job, is genuinely humble before God, and most religious folks have committed the same sin as Job’s three friends in accusing Job of sin. Indeed Job had just asked God to forgive any sin that he had done in Job 7: 20 I have sinned; what shall I do unto thee, O thou preserver of men? why hast thou set me as a mark against thee, so that I am a burden to myself? 7:21 And why dost thou not pardon my transgression, and take away my iniquity? for now shall I sleep in the dust; and thou shalt seek me in the morning, but I shall not be.
Job’s humility before the greatness of God
9:4 He [God] is wise in heart, and mighty in strength: who hath [can] hardened himself against him [God], and hath prospered? 9:5 Which removeth the mountains, and they know not: which overturneth them in his anger. 9:6 Which shaketh the earth out of her place, and the pillars thereof tremble.
9:7 Which commandeth the sun, and it riseth not; and sealeth up the stars. 9:8 Which alone spreadeth out the heavens, and treadeth upon the waves of the sea. 9:9 Which maketh Arcturus, Orion, and Pleiades, and the chambers of the south. 9:10 Which doeth great things past finding out; yea, and wonders without number.
9:11 Lo, he goeth by me, and I see him not: he passeth on also, but I perceive him not. 9:12 Behold, he taketh away, who can hinder him? who will say unto him, What doest thou? 9:13 If God will not withdraw his anger, the proud helpers do stoop under him.
Job is so humble and fearful of God that he does not dare dispute with God, Job would only make supplication to God and not dispute with God.
9:14 How much less shall I answer him, and choose out my words to reason with him? 9:15 Whom, though [even if] I were righteous, yet would I not answer, but I would make supplication to my judge.
Job knows that God has allowed him to be battered, yet he would not dispute with God and sin with his lips, Job 2:10, against God. He would only make supplication in repentance for anything he might have done wrong.
Job knows the power of God because he has suffered and he cannot understand why, yet he remains faithful to God.
9:16 If I had called, and he had answered me; yet would I not believe that he had hearkened unto my voice. 9:17 For he breaketh me with a tempest, and multiplieth my wounds without cause. 9:18 He will not suffer me to take my breath, but filleth me with bitterness.
Job speaks the truth that men cannot justify themselves before God.
9:19 If I speak of strength, lo, he is strong: and if of judgment, who shall set me a time to plead? 9:20 If I justify myself, mine own mouth shall condemn me: if I say, I am perfect, it shall also prove me perverse.
9:21 Though [if] I were perfect, yet would I [I would still not see every secret sin] not know my soul: I would [still be nothing before God] despise my life.
Job admits that God has power over all things, both the wicked and the innocent.
9:22 This is one thing, therefore I said it, He destroyeth the perfect and the wicked. 9:23 If the scourge slay suddenly, he will laugh at the trial of the innocent.
God allows wickedness on the earth, to teach us to abhor all sin.
9:24 The earth is given into the hand of the wicked: he covereth the faces of the judges thereof; if not, where, and who is he?
The lifespan of man is as the wind; this is vanity; for physical life has no purpose if it ends with the grave.
9:25 Now my days are swifter than a post: they flee away, they see no good. 9:26 They are passed away as the swift ships: as the eagle that hasteth to the prey.
If I try to find comfort and do not seek out the meaning of my sorrows I would learn nothing and would not be guiltless before God. In this Job begins to acknowledge that God is trying to teach him something with this trial.
9:27 If I say, I will forget my complaint, I will leave off my heaviness, and comfort myself: 9:28 I am afraid of all my sorrows, I know that thou wilt not hold me innocent.
9:29 If I be wicked, why then labour I in vain [to be righteous]? 9:30 If I wash myself with snow water, and make my hands never so clean; 9:31 Yet shalt thou plunge me in the ditch, and mine own clothes shall abhor me.
Job will not equate himself with God as today’s Ekklesia does. Job is humble before God, but these groups equate loyalty to themselves with loyalty to God.
9:32 For he is not a man, as I am, that I should answer him, and we should come together in judgment.
There was no intercessor between man and God until Jesus Christ was accepted to that role on Wave Offering Sunday.
9:33 Neither is there any daysman [intercessor Strong’s 3198] betwixt us, that might lay his hand upon us both.
Job asks for mercy, he asks why this thing has come upon him
9:34 Let him take his rod away from me, and let not his fear terrify me: 9:35 Then would I speak, and not fear him; but it is not so with me.
Job 10:1 My soul is weary of my life; I will leave my complaint upon myself; I will speak in the bitterness of my soul. 10:2 I will say unto God, Do not condemn me; shew me wherefore thou contendest with me.
Job asks if God can have compassion on man, not having experienced what it is to be flesh. It was for this reason among many others that the Creator was made flesh,
Hebrews 2:17 Wherefore in all things it behoved him to be made like unto his brethren, that he might be a merciful and faithful high priest in things pertaining to God, to make reconciliation for the sins of the people. 2:18 For in that he himself hath suffered being tempted, he is able to succour them that are tempted.
Job 10:3 Is it good unto thee that thou shouldest oppress, that thou shouldest despise the work of thine hands, and shine upon the counsel of the wicked? 10:4 Hast thou eyes of flesh? or seest thou as man seeth? 10:5 Are thy days as the days of man? are thy years as man’s days, 10:6 That thou enquirest after mine iniquity, and searchest after my sin? 10:7 Thou knowest that I am not wicked; and there is none that can deliver out of thine hand.
10:8 Thine hands have made me and fashioned me together round about; yet thou dost destroy me. 10:9 Remember, I beseech thee, that thou hast made me as the clay; and wilt thou bring me into dust again? 10:10 Hast thou not poured me out as milk, and curdled me like cheese? 10:11 Thou hast clothed me with skin and flesh, and hast fenced me with bones and sinews.
10:12 Thou hast granted me life and favour, and thy visitation hath preserved my spirit. 10:13 And these things hast thou hid in thine heart: I know that this is with thee. 10:14 If I sin, then thou markest me, and thou wilt not acquit me from mine iniquity.
Job is confused that both the wicked and the righteous are afflicted and the end of both is death.
10:15 If I be wicked, woe unto me; and if I be righteous, yet will I not lift up my head. I am full of confusion; therefore see thou mine affliction; 10:16 For it increaseth. Thou huntest me as a fierce lion: and again thou shewest thyself marvellous upon me.
One lesson of Job is that there is none righteous in comparison to God. Even the most righteous man has at some time sinned and needs to be reconciled to God. Since Job knew of nothing beyond the grave, what value was there in this physical life?
10:17 Thou renewest thy witnesses against me, and increasest thine indignation upon me; changes and war are against me.
10:18Wherefore then hast thou brought me forth out of the womb? Oh that I had given up the ghost, and no eye had seen me! 10:19 I should have been as though I had not been; I should have been carried from the womb to the grave.
10:20 Are not my days few? cease then, and let me alone, that I may take comfort a little, 10:21 Before I go whence I shall not return, even to the land of darkness and the shadow of death; 10:22 A land of darkness, as darkness itself; and of the shadow of death, without any order, and where the light is as darkness.
Zophar Speaks and Job Answers
The suffering of Job is an example of Job’s steadfast loyalty in the face of extreme suffering; an example for us to follow in being diligently faithful in living by every Word of God throughout all our trials and in the good times as well.
Zophar calls Job a liar and asks if a man is justified by multitudes of words. He attacks Job for saying that he is clean from sin.
Job 11:1 Then answered Zophar the Naamathite, and said, 11:2 Should not the multitude of words be answered? and should a man full of talk be
justified? 11:3 Should thy lies make men hold their peace? and when thou mockest, shall no man make thee ashamed? 11:4 For thou hast said, My doctrine is pure, and I am clean in thine eyes.
Job is condemned by his friend
11:5 But oh that God would speak, and open his lips against thee; 11:6 And that he would shew thee the secrets of wisdom, that they are double to that which is! Know therefore that God exacteth of thee less than thine iniquity deserveth.
The greatness of God
11:7 Canst thou by searching find out God? canst thou find out the Almighty unto perfection? 11:8 It is as high as heaven; what canst thou do? deeper than hell; what canst thou know? 11:9 The measure thereof is longer than the earth, and broader than the sea. 11:10 If he cut off, and shut up, or gather together, then who can hinder him? 11:11 For he knoweth vain men: he seeth wickedness also; will he not then consider it? 11:12 For vain men would be wise, though man be born like a wild ass’s colt.
Job is urged to repent and Zophar speaks the truth about repentance
11:13 If thou prepare thine heart, and stretch out thine hands toward him; 11:14 If iniquity be in thine hand, put it far away, and let not wickedness dwell in thy tabernacles. 11:15 For then shalt thou lift up thy face without spot; yea, thou shalt be stedfast, and shalt not fear: 11:16 Because thou shalt forget thy misery, and remember it as waters that pass away: 11:17 And thine age shall be clearer than the noonday: thou shalt shine forth, thou shalt be as the morning.
11:18 And thou shalt be secure, because there is hope; yea, thou shalt dig about thee, and thou shalt take thy rest in safety. 11:19 Also thou shalt lie down, and none shall make thee afraid; yea, many shall make suit unto thee.
Zophar speaks the truth about the wicked; still failing to understand that God uses trials to build character and to test those he is calling.
11:20 But the eyes of the wicked shall fail, and they shall not escape, and their hope shall be as the giving up of the ghost.
Job 12:1 And Job answered and said, 12:2 No doubt but ye are the people, and wisdom shall die with you.
Job complains that the just are laughed at when they have trials.
12:3 But I have understanding as well as you; I am not inferior to you: yea, who knoweth not [does not know this] such things as these? 12:4 I am as one mocked of his neighbour, who calleth upon God, and he answereth him: the just upright man is laughed to scorn. 12:5 He that is ready to slip with his feet [those is trouble] is as a lamp despised in the thought of him that is at ease.
Job begins to see that the wicked often prosper and the faithful often suffer.
12:6 The tabernacles of robbers prosper, and they that provoke God are secure; into whose hand God bringeth abundantly.
12:7 But ask now the beasts, and they shall teach thee; and the fowls of the air, and they shall tell thee: 12:8 Or speak to the earth, and it shall teach thee: and the fishes of the sea shall declare unto thee. 12:9 Who knoweth not in all these that the hand of the LORD hath wrought this? 12:10 In whose hand is the soul of every living thing, and the breath of all mankind.
God is the most ancient and wisest of all. Job says that God knows his sins or righteousness.
12:11 Doth not the ear try words? and the mouth taste his meat? 12:12 With the ancient is wisdom; and in length of days understanding. 12:13 With him [God] is wisdom and strength, he hath counsel and understanding. 12:14 Behold, he breaketh down, and it cannot be built again: he shutteth up a man, and there can be no opening.
12:15 Behold, he withholdeth the waters, and they dry up: also he sendeth them out, and they overturn the earth. 12:16 With him is strength and wisdom: the deceived and the deceiver are his.
12:17 He leadeth counsellors away spoiled, and maketh the judges fools. 12:18 He looseth the bond of kings, and girdeth their loins with a girdle. 12:19 He leadeth princes away spoiled, and overthroweth the mighty. 12:20 He removeth away the speech of the trusty, and taketh away the understanding of the aged.
12:21 He poureth contempt upon princes, and weakeneth the strength of the mighty. 12:22 He discovereth deep things out of darkness, and bringeth out to light the shadow of death. 12:23 He increaseth the nations, and destroyeth them: he enlargeth the nations, and straiteneth them again.
12:24 He taketh away the heart of the chief of the people of the earth, and causeth them to wander in a wilderness where there is no way. 12:25 They grope in the dark without light, and he maketh them to stagger like a drunken man.
Job 13:1 Lo, mine eye hath seen all this, mine ear hath heard and understood it.
Job complains that he knows the things his friends are saying about sin and about God are true, but that he knows that he is innocent of sin in the eyes of God.
13:2 What ye know, the same do I know also: I am not inferior unto you. 13:3 Surely I would speak to the Almighty, and I desire to reason with God.
Job responds to being called a liar by saying that his friends are become lying accusers, who are not helping him.
13:4 But ye are forgers of lies, ye are all physicians of no value. 13:5 O that ye would altogether hold your peace! and it should be your wisdom.
Job presents his case
13:6 Hear now my reasoning, and hearken to the pleadings of my lips.
Job says: Do not mock God by calling him unrighteous for my affliction if I have not sinned. Job knows that he has not sinned yet Job will not allow his sufferings to cause him to speak against God; Job is faithful in good times and in sorrows.
13:7 Will ye speak wickedly for God? and talk deceitfully for him? 13:8 Will ye accept his person? will ye contend for God? 13:9 Is it good that he should search you out? or as one man mocketh another, do ye so mock him? 13:10 He will surely reprove you, if ye do secretly accept persons.
13:11 Shall not his excellency make you afraid? and his dread fall upon you? 13:12 Your remembrances are like unto ashes, your bodies to bodies of clay. 13:13 Hold your peace, let me alone, that I may speak, and let come on me what will.
Job place his trust in God’s hands in spite of his sorrows.
13:14 Wherefore do I take my flesh in my teeth, and put my life in mine hand? 13:15 Though he slay me, yet will I trust in him: but I will maintain mine own [godly obedience] ways before him. 13:16 He also shall be my salvation: for an hypocrite shall not come before him.
Job is faithful to God and Job knows that God will ultimately justify God’s faithful
13:17 Hear diligently my speech, and my declaration with your ears. 13:18 Behold now, I have ordered my cause; I know that I shall be justified.
13:19 Who is he that will plead [argue] with me? for now, if I hold my tongue, I shall give up the ghost. 13:20 Only do not two things unto me: then will I not hide myself from thee.
Job pleads with God, asking God not to withdraw from Job and asking God to always keep Job in fear [worshipful respect] of God.
13:21 Withdraw thine hand far from me: and let not thy dread make me afraid.
Job asks God to reveal to Job any sin that he has committed
13:22 Then call thou, and I will answer: or let me speak, and answer thou me. 13:23 How many are mine iniquities and sins? make me to know my transgression and my sin.
Job asks why God has hidden himself from Job and given Job over to the Adversary.
13:24 Wherefore hidest thou thy face, and holdest me for thine enemy? 13:25 Wilt thou break a leaf driven to and fro? and wilt thou pursue the dry stubble? 13:26 For thou writest bitter things against me, and makest me to possess the iniquities of my youth.
13:27 Thou puttest my feet also in the stocks, and lookest narrowly unto all my paths; thou settest a print upon the heels of my feet. 13:28 And he [the Adversary], as a rotten thing, consumeth, as a garment that is moth eaten.
Job says that he and all flesh are unclean before God
Job 14:1 Man that is born of a woman is of few days and full of trouble. 14:2 He cometh forth like a flower, and is cut down: he fleeth also as a shadow, and continueth not.
14:3 And doth thou open thine eyes upon such an one, and bringest me into judgment with thee? 14:4 Who can bring a clean thing out of an unclean? not one.
Job asks for compassion and a life of rest until he dies. for he does not know of any resurrection and believes that this physical is all there is. This speaks of the vanity of physical life and the need for God’s deliverance from death, as does Ecclesiastes.
14:5 Seeing his days are determined, the number of his months are with thee, thou hast appointed his bounds that he cannot pass; 14:6 Turn from him, that he may rest, till he shall accomplish, as an hireling, his day.
14:7 For there is hope of a tree, if it be cut down, that it will sprout again, and that the tender branch thereof will not cease. 14:8 Though the root thereof wax old in the earth, and the stock thereof die in the ground; 14:9 Yet through the scent of water it will bud, and bring forth boughs like a plant.
14:10 But man dieth, and wasteth away: yea, man giveth up the ghost, and where is he? 14:11 As the waters fail from the sea, and the flood decayeth
and drieth up: 14:12 So man lieth down, and riseth not: till the heavens be no more, they shall not awake, nor be raised out of their sleep.
Job now longs for a resurrection from the grave; perhaps for the first time putting the concept of a resurrection in the scriptures!
14:13 O that thou wouldest hide me in the grave, that thou wouldest keep me secret, until thy wrath be past, that thou wouldest appoint me a set time, and remember me! 14:14 If a man die, shall he live again? all the days of my appointed time will I wait, till my change come. 14:15 Thou shalt call, and I will answer thee: thou wilt have a desire to the work of thine hands.
Oh, that our sins would be sewed up in a sack and destroyed from us! For the first time in scripture; spiritual salvation is spoken of and longed for! Job longs for something more than a physical life followed by the grave! He asks why sin cannot be removed and why there is no hope for man.
This is profound as it opens the way for the word of the prophets concerning Messiah and salvation.
14:16 For now thou numberest my steps: dost thou not watch over my sin? 14:17 My transgression is sealed up in a bag, and thou sewest up mine iniquity.
14:18 And surely the mountains falling cometh to nought, and the rock is removed out of his place. 14:19 The waters wear the stones: thou washest away the things which grow out of the dust of the earth; and thou destroyest the hope of man.
14:20 Thou prevailest for ever against him, and he passeth: thou changest his countenance, and sendest him away. 14:21 His sons come to honour, and he knoweth it not; and they are brought low, but he perceiveth it not of them. 14:22 But his flesh upon him shall have pain, and his soul within him shall mourn.
I once heard a speaker characterize Job as tedious and confusing, saying it will only confuse people; actually discouraging people from reading the book. The speaker then took one sentence from Chap 40 totally out of context to wrongly claim that one line is what the whole book was about. I am sure he did not realize that he was attacking God’s Word, for all scripture is inspired by God and is for our instruction.
Job is full of inspired wisdom from both Job and his friends. Although his friends make the error of wrongly blaming Job for sin, and for saying that if God was afflicting Job and Job had no sin, that God was unrighteous; therefore concluding that Job was sinful. They were absolutely right in saying that sin brings destruction and obedience to God brings life, just not understanding that physical life was the end of a growing overcoming process to build the character that will endure for eternity.
This is a very “deep” book filled with truths. The way to study Job, is to do it section by section with the statements and responses. How anyone could say that this book is tedious with its profound truths and majestic descriptions of God and his ways is baffling to me.
This man also said that even the scholars were confused! That is because they are not converted and cannot understand spiritual things.
I do not fault this speaker overmuch, he is just teaching what he has been taught; but it is long past time that we opened our eyes to the majesty of ALL of God’s Word.
The Second Eliphaz Discourse
Job is about loyalty to God in the face of severe trials; and the question of why the righteous suffer.
God tests his people, and through that testing wee are made stronger if we persevere! Who has not heard of the sacrifice of Isaac, the promised son of Abraham’s old age? or Joseph’s years in prison; or the trials of all the faithful saints (Heb 11)?
Every person who is truly called out, from every generation; has his faith and loyalty tested!
God’s people have been and are being tested, just like our forefathers: and the test is about patient persevering loyalty to God!
Will we be loyal to God and live by God’s Word? or will we be more loyal to human organizations, the traditions of men and religious executives?
Do we equate loyalty to some man, tradition or organization; with loyalty to God? Which IS IDOLATRY! Or are we zealous and faithfully loyal to our espoused Husband and Mighty God in all circumstances; whether in blessings or in severe trials?
Job is accused of foolishness
Job 15:1 Then answered Eliphaz the Temanite, and said, 15:2 Should a wise man utter vain knowledge, and fill his belly with the east wind? 15:3 Should he reason with unprofitable talk? or with speeches wherewith he can do no good? 15:4 Yea, thou castest off fear, and restrainest prayer before God. 15:5 For thy mouth uttereth thine iniquity, and thou choosest the tongue of the crafty. 15:6 Thine own mouth condemneth thee, and not I: yea, thine own lips testify against thee.
Eliphaz claims to be much older than Job and that therefore Job should bow to the “wisdom” of his aged friends and not answer them back.
15:7 Art thou the first man that was born? or wast thou made before the hills? 15:8 Hast thou heard the secret of God? and dost thou restrain wisdom to thyself? 15:9 What knowest thou, that we know not? what understandest thou, which is not in us? 15:10 With us are both the grayheaded and very aged men, much elder than thy father.
He claims that Job resists God when Job is doing nothing of the kind. Job does not sin against God; he merely asks: WHY Lord?
15:11 Are the consolations of God small with thee? is there any secret thing with thee? 15:12 Why doth thine heart carry thee away? and what do thy eyes wink at, 15:13 That thou turnest thy spirit against God, and lettest such words go out of thy mouth? 15:14 What is man, that he should be clean? and he which is born of a woman, that he should be righteous? 15:15 Behold, he putteth no trust in his saints; yea, the heavens are not clean in his sight.
Eliphaz speaks of the fate of the wicked [which is true] but he declares Job to be wicked because he has trials [which is false].
15:16 How much more abominable and filthy is man, which drinketh iniquity like water? 15:17 I will shew thee, hear me; and that which I have seen I will declare; 15:18 Which wise men have told from their fathers, and have not hid it: 15:19 Unto whom alone the earth was given, and no stranger passed among them.
15:20 The wicked man travaileth with pain all his days, and the number of years is hidden to the oppressor. 15:21 A dreadful sound is in his ears: in prosperity the destroyer shall come upon him. 15:22 He believeth not that he shall return out of darkness, and he is waited for of the sword. 15:23 He wandereth abroad for bread, saying, Where is it? he knoweth that the day of darkness is ready at his hand.
15:24 Trouble and anguish shall make him afraid; they shall prevail against him, as a king ready to the battle. 15:25 For he stretcheth out his hand against God, and strengtheneth himself against the Almighty. 15:26 He [God resists the proud and wicked] runneth upon him, even on his neck, upon the thick bosses of his bucklers: 15:27 Because he covereth his face with his fatness, and maketh collops of fat on his flanks.
15:28 And he [the wicked is brought to desolation] dwelleth in desolate cities, and in houses which no man inhabiteth, which are ready to become heaps. 15:29 He shall not be rich, neither shall his substance continue, neither shall he prolong the perfection thereof upon the earth. 15:30 He shall not depart out of darkness; the flame shall dry up his branches, and by the breath of his mouth shall he go away.
15:31 Let not him that is deceived trust in [the emptiness of wickedness and rebellion against God] vanity: for vanity shall be his recompence. 15:32 It shall be accomplished before his time, and his branch shall not be green. 15:33 He shall shake off his unripe grape as the vine, and shall cast off his flower as the olive.
15:34 For the congregation of hypocrites shall be desolate, and fire shall consume the tabernacles of bribery. 15:35 They [commandment breakers] conceive mischief, and bring forth vanity, and their belly prepareth deceit.
Job Answers Eliphaz Second Discourse
Job complains that his friends are no comfort and accuse him wrongfully.
Job 16:1 Then Job answered and said, 16:2 I have heard many such things: miserable comforters are ye all.
Job admits that he would accuse his friends in the same manner if their roles were reversed. This argument is about the knotty question of why God allows sorrows to befall righteous people.
16:3 Shall vain words have an end? or what emboldeneth thee that thou answerest? 16:4 I also could speak as ye do: if your soul were in my soul’s stead, I could heap up words against you, and shake mine head at you.
Job says that he would encourage and not just accuse.
16:5 But I would strengthen you with my mouth, and the moving of my lips should asswage your grief.
Whether Job speaks or is silent, he has no comfort, for God has allowed him to be made desolate.
16:6 Though I speak, my grief is not asswaged: and though I forbear, what am I eased? 16:7 But now he [God] hath made me weary: thou hast made desolate all my company. 16:8 And thou hast filled me with wrinkles, which is a witness against me: and my leanness rising up in me beareth witness to my face.
God has allowed Job’s enemies to overcome him.
16:9 He teareth me in his wrath, who hateth me: he gnasheth upon me with his teeth; mine enemy sharpeneth his eyes upon me. 16:10 They have gaped upon me with their mouth; they have smitten me upon the cheek reproachfully; they have gathered themselves together against me.
16:11 God hath delivered me to the ungodly, and turned me over into the hands of the wicked. 16:12 I was at ease, but he hath broken me asunder: he hath also taken me by my neck, and shaken me to pieces, and set me up for his mark. 16:13 His archers compass me round about, he cleaveth my reins asunder, and doth not spare; he poureth out my gall upon the ground.
16:14 He breaketh me with breach upon breach, he runneth upon me like a giant. 16:15 I have sewed sackcloth upon my skin, and defiled my horn [strength] in the dust. 16:16 My face is foul with weeping, and on my eyelids is the shadow of death;
Job is pure and perfect before God as God himself has said, yet Job does NOT sin against God by accusing God of wrongdoing in allowing his suffering; instead Job seeks mercy and pleads with God for relief.
This is about Satan’s attempts to break Job’s loyalty to God, and about the question of why God allows the good to suffer!
Job’s loyalty to God was being tested, ,just like we are tested day by day in other ways; often being asked to equate loyalty to God with loyalty to men, traditions and organizations.
Job passed the test, but we are failing as we exalt men, organizations and the traditions of men above the Word of God, and then we seek to moderate our trials by compromising with the Word of God; a thing that JOB DID NOT DO.
Job was loyal to God throughout all his testing, while many of us are falling away from our loyalty to God during our own testing.
Job is not suffering for any personal sin, he is being tested and perfected by God.
16:17 Not for any injustice in mine hands: also my prayer is pure. 16:18 O earth, cover not thou my blood, and let my cry have no place [Let me (Job) be delivered and not die to be covered by the earth, and let my cries for mercy not fall on deaf ears to be ignored].
God knows us and our loyalty to HIM! Even in our trials!
16:19 Also now, behold, my witness is in heaven, and my record is on high.
The friends of the righteous often scorn those who fall into trials; not understanding that God is testing his people and purging them so that they might bring forth abundant fruit in God’s good time.
16:20 My friends scorn me: but mine eye poureth out tears unto God.
Job pleads for deliverance by God, seeking relief before he dies.
16:21 O that one might plead for a man with God, as a man pleadeth for his neighbour! 16:22 When a few years are come, then I shall go the way whence I shall not return.
Job 17:1 My breath is corrupt, my days are extinct, the graves are ready for me.
Mockers and accusers of the righteous will not be exalted in that day.
17:2 Are there not mockers with me? and doth not mine eye continue in their provocation? 17:3 Lay down now, put me in a surety with thee; who is he that will strike [shake hands in agreement] hands with me? 17:4 For thou hast hid their heart from understanding: therefore shalt thou not exalt them.
Neither shall flatters be accepted before God. God wants those who are loyal to him and obey him in spirit and in TRUTH.
17:5 He that speaketh flattery to his friends, even the eyes of his children shall fail.
God has made Job [the zealously loyal to every Word of God] as an execration; yet in due time God will deliver them and exalt them for their zeal and loyalty to God and and faithfulness to live by every Word of God even in extremely adverse situations.
17:6 He hath made me [oftentimes the zealously loyal to God are seen as] also a byword of the people; and aforetime I was as a [beautiful instrument] tabret. 17:7 Mine eye also is dim by reason of sorrow, and all my members are as a shadow.
Through these trials the upright will be made stronger, and zeal shall be stirred up against the evil doers.
17:8 Upright men shall be astonied at this, and the innocent shall stir up himself against the hypocrite. 17:9 The righteous also shall hold on his way, and he that hath clean hands shall be stronger and stronger. 17:10 But as for you all, do ye return, and come now: for I cannot find one wise man among you.
Job now laments that his life is over and he faces the grave because of his trials and disease. yet he remains absolutely loyal to God even without the promise of eternal life, honestly believing that there is no reward for his faithfulness and loyalty except the grave which is common with the wicked.
Job is not loyal to God for reward, but is absolutely loyal to God and every Word of God out of love and respect!
17:11 My days are past, my purposes are broken off, even the thoughts of my heart. 17:12 They change the night into day: the light is short because of darkness. 17:13 If I wait, the grave is mine house: I have made my bed in the darkness.
17:14 I have said to corruption, Thou art my father: to the worm [maggot] , Thou art my mother, and my sister. 17:15 And where is now my hope? as for my hope, who shall see it? 17:16 They shall go down to the bars of the pit [grave], when our rest together is in the dust.
Job: Bildad’s Second Discourse
We are getting into some real solid meat about the meaning of Job; which is much deeper and different from what most religions teach. Please read this slowly and give it some serious thought.
Bildad asks how long will Job regard his friends as stupid and lacking knowledge? He then assumes that Job is an evildoer and proceeds to list the awful fate of evildoers.
Bildad is absolutely correct in his description of the fate of commandment breakers [brethren take note]; but he is in error in condemning Job, just because Job is suffering.
Many religious folks fall into the same error as Job’s friends, in proclaiming that all sickness is the result of some sin! They simply did not understand Job. which is about the trials an d faithfulness of the righteous. Instead it was Job’s friends and most religious people, who are really self righteous ones and NOT Job; who was faithful in all his sufferings!
It was these self righteous men who condemned the righteous Job just because he suffered!
There is a very carnal self righteous tendency to condemn the stricken, just because they are stricken; and to judge by the hearing of the ears and the seeing of the eyes according to our own carnal thinking; instead of judging the heart and spirit as God judges, for God himself said that Job was perfect in righteousness.
The churches misunderstand the Book of Job almost completely. WHY? Because they have the same self righteous outlook and attitude as Job’s three friends!
it was Job’s three friends and we in the world’s religions who were / are self righteous and wrong; priding ourselves on our numbers, income and wealth as a sign of our righteousness before God, looking on the afflicted as sinners and misunderstanding that God afflicts [corrects] those he loves, not necessarily because they have sinned, but to bring them into even greater perfection as Jesus Christ learned through the things that He suffered (Heb 5:8).
Job 42:7 And it was so, that after the Lord had spoken these words unto Job, the Lord said to Eliphaz the Temanite, My wrath is kindled against thee, and against thy two friends: for ye have not spoken of me the thing that is right, as my servant Job hath.
42:8 Therefore take unto you now seven bullocks and seven rams, and go to my servant Job, and offer up for yourselves a burnt offering; and my servant Job shall pray for you: for him will I accept: lest I deal with you after your folly, in that ye have not spoken of me the thing which is right, like my servant Job.
Brethren, today the major Groups in the Ekklesia are apostate from any zeal for the practical application of God’s Word. They are proud and self righteous, doing as they think right instead of enthusiastically obeying God. They justify themselves and attack the messenger who warns them in love, seeking to save them.
I will cover this more thoroughly when I get to Job 42; where Job, who did not understand why he had been afflicted, learns that God is far above the wisdom of man, and acts to fulfill his own purposes, often testing and allowing the righteous to be afflicted to further perfect them so that they may bring forth much fruit. John 15.
Job 18:1 Then answered Bildad the Shuhite, and said, 18:2 How long will it be ere ye make an end of words? mark, and afterwards we will speak.
He asks Job; who are you that God should change his plan on your account, and not punish your wickedness?
18:3 Wherefore are we counted as beasts, and reputed vile in your sight? 18:4 He teareth himself in his anger: shall the earth be forsaken for thee? and shall the rock be removed out of his place? 18:5 Yea, the light of the wicked shall be put out, and the spark of his fire shall not shine.
18:6 The light shall be dark in his [the light of life will fail and he will die] tabernacle, and his candle [properly LAMP, meaning light, life] shall be put out with him.
The wicked will fall in their evil counsel.
18:7 The steps of his strength shall be straitened, and his own counsel shall cast him down. 18:8 For he is cast into a net by his own feet, and he walketh upon a snare.
18:9 The gin shall take him by the heel, and the robber shall prevail against him. 18:10 The snare is laid for him in the ground, and a trap for him in the way.
18:11 Terrors shall make him afraid on every side, and shall drive him to his feet. 18:12 His strength shall be hungerbitten, and destruction shall be ready at his side.
18:13 It [wickedness] shall devour the strength of his skin [flesh]: even the firstborn of death shall devour his strength. 18:14 His confidence shall be rooted out of his tabernacle [tent, body], and it shall bring him to the king of terrors [death itself] .
18:15 It [death] shall dwell in his tabernacle [physical body], because it is none of his [the body is not under our power to live forever, that is the gift of God to the obedient who faithfully live by every Word of God]: brimstone [the lake of fire] shall be scattered upon his habitation.
18:16 His roots shall be dried up beneath, and above shall his branch be cut off. 18:17 His remembrance shall perish from the earth, and he shall have no name in the street.
18:18 He shall be driven from light into darkness, and chased [destroyed from life itself] out of the world.
This does NOT mean that the wicked will not have family who will repent; it means that being dead and destroyed forever, because of unrepentant wickedness; the wicked are lost to the righteous.
18:19 He shall neither have son nor nephew among his people, nor any remaining in his dwellings.
18:20 They that come after him shall be astonied at his day [end], as they that went [lived] before were affrighted [at his evil power and authority in this life] .
18:21 Surely such are the dwellings of the wicked, and this is the place of him that knoweth not God.
Job Answers Bildad’s Second Discourse
Job 19:1 Then Job answered and said, 19:2 How long will ye vex my soul, and break me in pieces with words? 19:3 These ten times have ye reproached me: ye are not ashamed that ye make yourselves strange to me.
Job declares that IF he has sinned, his friends have not revealed what the sin is; but have only accused him based on his suffering.
19:4 And be it indeed that I have erred, mine error remaineth with myself [unknown to his friends]
Job lists his sufferings and still he is faithful and relies on God. In spite of all he is suffering, Job does not sin against God. This is a remarkable statement of faith, loyalty and trust in God during inexplicable suffering.
19:5 If indeed ye will magnify yourselves against me, and plead against me my reproach: 19:6 Know now that God hath overthrown me, and hath compassed me with his net.
19:7 Behold, I cry out of wrong, but I am not heard: I cry aloud, but there is no judgment. 19:8 He hath fenced up my way that I cannot pass, and he hath set darkness in my paths.
19:9 He hath stripped me of my glory, and taken the crown from my head. 19:10 He hath destroyed me on every side, and I am gone: and mine hope hath he removed like a tree.
19:11 He hath also kindled his wrath against me, and he counteth me unto him as one of his enemies. 19:12 His troops come together, and raise up their way against me, and encamp round about my tabernacle.
19:13 He hath put my brethren far from me, and mine acquaintance are verily estranged from me. 19:14 My kinsfolk have failed, and my familiar [closest] friends have forgotten me.
19:15 They that dwell in mine house, and my maids, count me for a stranger: I am an alien in their sight. 19:16 I called my servant, and he gave me no answer; I intreated him with my mouth.
19:17 My breath is strange to my wife, though I intreated for the children’s sake of mine own body. 19:18 Yea, young children despised me; I arose, and they spake against me. 19:19 All my inward friends abhorred me: and they whom I loved are turned against me.
19:20 My bone cleaveth to my skin and to my flesh, and I am escaped with the skin of my teeth.
19:21 Have pity upon me, have pity upon me, O ye my friends; for the hand of God hath touched me.
19:22 Why do ye persecute me as God, and are not satisfied with my flesh? 19:23 Oh that my words were now written! oh that they were printed in a
book! 19:24 That they were graven with an iron pen and lead in the rock for ever!
Job maintains his trust in God, in spite of all his afflictions
19:25 For I know that my redeemer liveth, and that he shall stand at the latter day upon the earth: 19:26 And though after my skin worms [I die and maggots] destroy this body, yet in my flesh shall I see God: 19:27 Whom I shall see for myself, and mine eyes shall behold, and not another; though my reins [internal organs] be consumed within me.
Job tells his friends to look to their one state with God instead of judging him because he is afflicted, for they shall also face punishment for attacking him in his trials.
19:28 But ye should say, Why persecute we him, seeing the root of the matter is found in me [Job’s friends need to acknowledge that the issue is not in Job but in themselves]? 19:29 Be ye afraid of the sword: for wrath [wrongfully accusing and attacking] bringeth the punishments of the sword, that ye may know there is a judgment.
Hebrews 11 and the faithfulness of the righteous through their sufferings
Hebrews 11:1 Now faith is the substance of things hoped for, the evidence of things not seen. 11:2 For by it the elders obtained a good report.
Nineteen hundred years ago Paul spoke of physical things being made from the invisible things; which was confirmed by E=MC2 which means that energy is mass times the speed of light squared or multiplied by itself. The opposite is also true that mass consists of energy. The Creator God who was spirit [pure energy] made matter by converting energy to matter!
Paul understood this by faith; which thing is today confirmed by discovery of the facts. Matter is energy concentrated into matter. Just like ice is a form of water and water is a form of vapor!
11:3 Through faith we understand that the worlds were framed by the word of God, so that things which are seen were not made of things which do appear.
11:4 By faith Abel offered unto God a more excellent sacrifice than Cain, by which he obtained witness that he was righteous, God testifying of his gifts: and by it he being dead yet speaketh.
That is Abel is dead and yet he is spoken of to this day, and he will be raised up in the resurrection.
11:5 By faith Enoch was translated that he should not see death; and was not found, because God had translated him: for before his translation he had this testimony, that he pleased God.
How can we obey God if we do not believe that He is? and how can we please God [obey Him] if we do not believe he exists?
11:6 But without faith it is impossible to please him: for he that cometh to God must believe that he is [exists], and that he is a rewarder of them that diligently seek him.
11:7 By faith Noah, being warned of God of things not seen as yet, moved with fear, [believed God and] prepared an ark to the saving of his house; by the which he condemned the world [which would not believe the warnings], and became heir of the righteousness which is by faith.
This is a lesson, that in the same way; those in the Ekklesia of the called out, who do not believe the warnings and turn to God in sincerity and truth will also be destroyed.
11:8 By faith Abraham, when he was called to go out into a place which he should after receive for an inheritance, obeyed; and he went out, not knowing whither he went. 11:9 By faith he sojourned in the land of promise, as in a strange country, dwelling in tabernacles [The Feast of Tabernacles requires that we dwell in temporary shelters to make the very point that if we are called of and faithful to God we are strangers in this evil world] ] with Isaac and Jacob, the heirs with him of the same promise: 11:10 For he looked for a city which hath foundations, whose builder and maker is God
We are to be focused on the spiritual things of the whole Word of God as Abraham was; and we are to be built on the whole Word of God; which is the Writings, the Prophets and the Apostles [the Holy Scriptures] with Jesus Christ being the Chief Stone of the foundation: All of which were inspired by God!
Abraham believed God and therefore he acted on what God told him to do. To believe God is one thing; to actually act on what God says and to obey him, is something else.
We must believe before we can obey, but if we believe and do not start obeying, there is no sacrifice for your sin and there is no reconciliation with God for us.
As long as we continue to reject living by every Word of God, we can believe all we want and it won’t do us any good at all. We must believe and then we must act on that belief and start doing what God tells us to do.
Our reconciliation with God and our relationship with Him depends upon us keeping His commandments, and one of those commandments is to honor thy mother and thy mother.
In order to keep that commandment, we must be willing to do anything that God the Father tells us to do. Was there any law that said Abraham had to move to a different land? Was there any law that told Noah: by law you have to build this ark? No, there wasn’t.
They obeyed the Great Law that says “Honour thy Father and thy mother”, which means that we are to live by EVERY Word of God the Father, not just the codified law.
The law is: Obey God in ALL things. We are obligated by the commandment to do what our Father tells us to do, and He told Abraham to leave that land and He told Noah to build that boat.
We are to obey God our Father in whatever He tells us to do. This concept of obedience goes far beyond just the commandments. Yes, we are to keep all of His commandments but we are also to love Him with all our hearts, to serve Him with all our strength and to try and please Him in every way; and that means doing whatever He says, not just what is codified in some written law; always, always, always, at all times.
11:11 Through faith also Sara herself received strength to conceive seed, and was delivered of a child when she was past age, because she judged him faithful who had promised. [Where was there any faith in Sarah regarding this promise? She gave herself to her husband Abraham in her old age, truisting that God would give her a son!] 11:12 Therefore sprang there even of one, and him as good as dead, so many as the stars of the sky in multitude, and as the sand which is by the sea shore innumerable.
Out of Sarah and Abraham came a son by God’s promise; out of Abram who was a very old man as “many as the stars of the sky in multitude, and as the sand which is by the sea shore enumerable. Now, if they in their great age had not believed that promise, and not added the works of faith to their belief and had not come together; the promise would have been of no effect! The birth of Isaac was by faith in the promise of God, coupled with the works of faith!
Notice they all DIED: which means that Enoch also died. These all died in faith. Enoch was translated that he should not see death; in other words, he was moved from one place to another so that he would not be murdered or killed for his faith. But later on he died;
11:13 These all died in faith, not having received the promises, but having seen them afar off, and were persuaded of them, and embraced them, and confessed that they were strangers and pilgrims on the earth
Those who reject worldliness for godliness, are making a clear statement that they are not of this world and that they seek another and godly nation, the Kingdom of God; and if any turn aside from their zeal to keep the whole Word of God, which is the constitution of the Kingdom of God, and go back into worldliness; they are become worldly again.
11:14 For they that say such things declare plainly that they seek a country. 11:15 And truly, if they had been mindful of that country from whence they came out, they might have had opportunity to have returned.
And that is what dwelling in tabernacles or temporary structures at the Feast is all about. To teach us that this flesh is temporary and that we are seeking a better promised land; an eternal spiritual future.
It is to remind us that we are temporary sojourners and foreigners in this society and we must be seeking a better society and a better and spiritual Promised Land, which is found in the Kingdom of God. We are really just temporary sojourners in this flesh; and we should all be looking forward to a better and more permanent place to dwell, a change to spirit and the promise of eternal life. Which is the gift of God for all those who sincerely repent, who turn from sin and commit to sin no more, who are reconciled to God the Father and given His Spirit.
Those who endure and overcome may then be given Eternal life in a new spiritual body at the resurrection when they are changed to spirit. However, right now we are living in this flesh, which is temporary, transitory, it will die. It will decay and we need to find a better way, and that better way is offered by God through Jesus Christ.
11:16 But now they desire a better country, that is, an heavenly: wherefore God is not ashamed to be called their God: for he hath prepared for them [the faithful who believe and have the works of faith] a city [The New Jerusalem].
Abraham had received promises that Isaac would be the father of countless descendants yet not understanding the command to kill Isaac with those promises, Abraham obeyed.
11:17 By faith Abraham, when he was tried, offered up Isaac: and he that had received the promises offered up his only begotten son, 11:18 Of whom it was said, That in Isaac shall thy seed be called: 11:19 Accounting that God was able to raise him up, even from the dead; from whence also he received him in a figure.
Figuratively speaking, he received Isaac back from the dead, because he was about to kill him and God delivered Isaac.
11:20 By faith [in God’s promises] Isaac blessed Jacob and Esau concerning things to come. 11:21 By faith [in God’s promises] Jacob, when he was a dying, blessed both the sons of Joseph; and worshipped, leaning upon the top of his staff. 11:22 By faith [in God’s promise that he would bring Israel out of Egypt] Joseph, when he died, made mention of the departing of the children of Israel; and gave commandment concerning his bones.
11:23 By faith Moses, when he was born, was hid three months of his parents, because they saw he was a proper child; and they were not afraid of the king’s commandment.
11:24 By faith Moses, when he was come to years, refused to be called the son of Pharaoh’s daughter; 11:25 Choosing rather to suffer affliction with the people of God, than to enjoy the pleasures of sin for a season; 11:26 Esteeming the reproach of Christ greater riches than the treasures in Egypt: for he had respect unto the recompence of the reward.
Who? Moses esteemed who? Paul showing here that he KNEW that Jesus Christ was the God who was an Husband to Israel under the Mosaic Covenant declares:
By faith in the promise of God, Moses chose to reject Egypt and follow the God of his father Abraham.
11:27 By faith he forsook Egypt, not fearing the wrath of the king: for he endured, as seeing him who is invisible.
Moses obeyed the call of God from the burning bush in Sinai and by faith Moses believed God and killed the Passover in Egypt. It Moses had said I believe and had not had the works of faith in commanding the killing of the lambs; what would have happened to Israel?
11:28 Through faith he kept the passover, and the sprinkling of blood, lest he that destroyed the firstborn should touch them. 11:29 By faith they passed through the Red sea as by dry land: which the Egyptians assaying to do were drowned.
What if Joshua had said, I believe you can do it LORD; and then did not demonstrate his faith with the works of faith and did not march around Jericho?
11:30 By faith the walls of Jericho fell down, after they were compassed about seven days.
What if Rahab had not saved the spies and what if she had not tied the scarlet ribbon [a red ribbon like the red blood of the lambs in Egypt, representing being under the protection of the Lamb of God] to her window? have you ever wondered why a scarlet ribbon? The red ribbon was a type of being under the protection of the blood of the Lamb of God!
11:31 By faith the harlot Rahab perished not with them that believed not, when she had received the spies with peace.
11:32 And what shall I more say? for the time would fail me to tell of Gedeon, and of Barak, and of Samson, and of Jephthae; of David also, and Samuel, and of the prophets: 11:33 Who through faith [and the works of faith, doing mighty deeds in obedience to God] subdued kingdoms, wrought righteousness, obtained promises, stopped the mouths of lions.
11:34 Quenched the violence of fire [Shadrach, Meshach and Abednego], escaped the edge of the sword, out of weakness were made strong, waxed valiant in fight, turned to flight the armies of the aliens.
11:35 Women received their dead raised to life again: and others were tortured, not accepting deliverance; that they might obtain a better resurrection: 11:36 And others had trial of cruel mockings and scourgings, yea, moreover of bonds and imprisonment: 11:37 They were stoned, they were sawn asunder, were tempted, were slain with the sword: they wandered about in sheepskins and goatskins; being destitute, afflicted, tormented; 11:38 (Of whom the world was not worthy:) they wandered in deserts, and in mountains, and in dens and caves of the earth.
All of these faithful called out over the past 6,000 years, who were FULL of the works of Faith died, and now wait in their graves for the promise of the resurrection to eternal life in the Promised Land of eternity! Yet today, so many of the Ekklesia are afraid to take a stand to question and prove the words of men by God’s Word; afraid to learn and to keep the whole Word of God; afraid to take a stand against the deceivers and idols of men!
11:39 And these all, having obtained a good report through faith, received not the promise: 11:40 God having provided some better thing for us, that they without us should not be made perfect.
Zophar’s Second Discourse
Job’s friends repeatedly and rightly proclaimed the fate of the wicked and Job agrees with them; yet they sin against Job by accusing the righteous, just because he is suffering and being tested by God.
God has allowed Job to be afflicted to TEST his loyalty to, and humility before God and to perfect his character! Not because of any particular sin of Job’s.
Throughout history as it is today, God’s elect face continual testing of their loyalty directly to, and humility before God.
The TEST of Job is a continual TEST for ALL of the “called out” of every generation; perhaps in different ways, but the TEST always boils down to our faithful unshakable loyalty to God.
Zophar answers Job’s rebuke
Job 20:1 Then answered Zophar the Naamathite, and said, 20:2 Therefore do my thoughts cause me to answer, and for this I make haste. 20:3 I have heard the check of my reproach, and the spirit of my understanding causeth me to answer.
Zophar truthfully speaks of the end of the wicked; and again the false assumption is made that just because someone has trials they must be wicked, when the truth is very different. If God is working with us we will have trials to purge us and prune us so that we might bring forth much fruit of godliness.
Neither trials nor blessings are proof of godliness in this life, for Satan persecutes the righteous and blesses the wicked within the limits set by God for our own good.
The sole proof of a good relationship with God is the degree of zeal we have for the practical KEEPING, for OBEDIENCE; to live by every Word of God; which is love personified! We are to be as faithful as faithful Abraham or faithful Job in all our blessings and all OUR TRIALS.
20:4 Knowest thou not this of old, since man was placed upon earth, 20:5 That the triumphing of the wicked is short, and the joy of the hypocrite but for a moment? 20:6 Though his excellency mount up to the heavens, and his head reach unto the clouds; 20:7 Yet he shall perish for ever like his own dung: they which have seen him shall say, Where is he? 20:8 He shall fly away as a dream, and shall not be found: yea, he shall be chased away as a vision of the night.
The wicked who break any of God’s commandments willfully, shall be destroyed by Christ and shall be no more.
20:9 The eye also which saw him shall see him no more; neither shall his place any more behold him. 20:10 His children shall seek to please the poor, and his hands shall restore their goods.
The unrepentant wicked shall be destroyed even if he prospers for a time.
20:11 His bones are full of the sin of his youth, which shall lie down with him in the dust. 20:12 Though wickedness be sweet in his mouth, though he hide it under his tongue; 20:13 Though he spare it, and forsake it not; but keep it still within his mouth: 20:14 Yet his meat [food] in his bowels is turned, it is the gall of asps within him.
Wealth and gain gotten by wickedness shall be taken away from the unrepentant.
20:15 He hath swallowed down riches, and he shall vomit them up again: God shall cast them out of his belly. 20:16 He shall suck the poison of asps: the viper’s tongue shall slay him. 20:17 He shall not see the rivers, the floods, the brooks of honey and butter.
20:18 That which he laboured for shall he restore [give back], and shall not swallow it down: according to his substance shall the restitution be, and he shall not rejoice therein.
The wicked shall fear that other wicked folks will take their evil gains and they shall have much stress and worry.
20:19 Because he hath oppressed and hath forsaken the poor; because he hath violently taken away an house which he builded not; 20:20 Surely he shall not feel quietness in his belly, he shall not save of that which he desired. 20:21 There shall none of his meat [food] be left; therefore shall no man look for his goods.
God shall bring the wicked down, no matter how great or prosperous they are .
20:22 In the fulness of his sufficiency he shall be in straits: every hand of the wicked shall come upon him. 20:23 When he is about to fill his belly, God shall cast the fury of his wrath upon him, and shall rain it upon him while he is eating.
God shall allow the enemy to strike down the wicked as in the coming great tribulation of correction on the Church of God.
20:24 He shall flee from the iron [powerful] weapon, and the bow of steel shall strike him through.
The wicked shall be pierced through for their pride and compromising with the Word of God.
20:25 It is drawn, and cometh out of the body; yea, the glittering sword cometh out of his gall: terrors are upon him.
An uncontrolled unstoppable fire, shall sweep over the wicked. The wicked who still live shall suffer much.
20:26 All darkness shall be hid in his secret places: a fire not blown shall consume him; it shall go ill with him that is left in his tabernacle [body] .
Of a truth, this is the portion of the unrepentant brethren and Church Groups who refuse to repent of exalting traditions, men and organizations above the Word of God; who continue in Sabbath and High Day pollution and in their many other sins!
Almighty God shall judge us for iniquity and lukewarmness to live by his Word. Christ shall cast those not burning with zeal for his commandments out of his body and into great affliction in the hope that we will repent; for we have been judged and found lacking in the loyalty of Job!
Revelation 3:14 And unto the angel of the church of the Laodiceans write; These things saith the Amen, the faithful and true witness, the beginning of the creation of God;
Laodicea is HOT for their traditions, leaders and organizations; and COLD, devoid of zeal, for practical obedience to God’s Word; this mixture results in lukewarmness before Christ.
3:15 I know thy works, that thou art neither cold nor hot: I would thou wert cold or hot.
3:16 So then because thou art lukewarm, and neither cold nor hot, I will spue thee out of my mouth.
We are arrogant and full of pride and no one can tell us anything; we are “know it alls”, not understanding how very little you really know and how spiritually blind and naked of righteousness we are before Christ.
3:17 Because thou sayest, I am rich, and increased with goods, and have need of nothing; and knowest not that thou art wretched, and miserable, and poor, and blind, and naked:
Seek the true spiritual gold of God’s Word when our physical wealth is destroyed in the fire of tribulation: Seek the righteousness of zeal to live by every Word of God in sincere repentance, so that our shameful sins may be covered by the sacrifice of Christ and we may be clothed in godly righteousness. Seek the Spirit of God through zeal to live by every Word of God, so that our eyes may be opened to understanding the things of God.
3:18 I counsel thee to buy of me gold tried in the fire, that thou mayest be rich; and white raiment, that thou mayest be clothed, and that the shame of thy nakedness do not appear; and anoint thine eyes with eyesalve, that thou mayest see.
We will be rejected until we repent and turn back to seek our God; because Christ loves us and needs to afflict the flesh to save the spirit for eternity.
3:19 As many as I love, I rebuke and chasten: be zealous therefore, and repent.
If we do repent and open our mind to Christ, keeping God’s commandments with righteous zeal; he will receive us and teach us of his ways.
3:20 Behold, I stand at the door, and knock: if any man hear my voice, and open the door, I will come in to him, and will sup with him, and he with me.
If we overcome our lukewarmness for the practical keeping of all of God’s commandments; if we will overcome the idolatry of exalting men, traditions and organizations above God and his law: then we shall be saved and rise up to sit with Christ in his government in the Kingdom of God.
23:1 To him that overcometh will I grant to sit with me in my throne, even as I also overcame, and am set down with my Father in his throne.
Job 20:27 The heaven shall reveal his iniquity; and the earth shall rise up against him.
Yet the wicked who compromise with God’s commandments shall be destroyed.
20:28 The increase of his house shall depart, and his goods shall flow away in the day of his wrath.
20:29 This is the portion of a wicked man from God, and the heritage appointed unto him by God.
Job Answers Zophar
Job 21:1 But Job answered and said, 21:2 Hear diligently my speech, and let this be your consolations. 21:3 Suffer me that I may speak; and after that I have spoken, mock on.
Job asks the question, why do the righteous suffer and the wicked are blessed?
21:4 As for me, is my complaint to man? and if it were so, why should not my spirit be troubled? 21:5 Mark me, and be astonished, and lay your hand upon your mouth.
21:6 Even when I remember [the fate of the wicked] I am afraid, and trembling taketh hold on my flesh [so that I loath sin].
21:7 Wherefore do the wicked live, become [to an old age] old, yea, are mighty in power? 21:8 Their seed is established in their sight with them, and their offspring before their eyes.
21:9 Their houses are safe from fear, neither is the rod of God upon them. 21:10 Their bull gendereth [cattle reproduce], and faileth not; their cow calveth, and casteth not her calf. 21:11 They send forth their little ones like a flock, and their children dance.
The wicked rejoice and party in their sins, as they reject God’s commandments for their own ways.
21:12 They take the timbrel and harp, and rejoice at the sound of the organ. 21:13 They spend their days in wealth, and in a moment go down to the grave.
21:14 Therefore they say unto God, Depart from us; for we desire not the knowledge of thy ways. 21:15 What is the Almighty, that we should serve him? and what profit should we have, if we pray unto him?
Job will have NO part in wickedness and sin.
21:16 Lo, their good is not in their hand [their ultimate end is not under their control]: the counsel of the wicked is far from me.
Job knows that the end of the commandment breaker is their destruction. It is vital to look at the end of the matter and not at the middle of it.
21:17 How oft is the candle of the wicked put out! and how oft cometh their destruction upon them! God distributeth sorrows in his anger. 21:18 They are as stubble before the wind, and as chaff that the storm carrieth away. 21:19 God layeth up his iniquity [remembers] for his children [if they do not repent]: he rewardeth him, and he [the wicked shall know the destruction of God for their sins] shall know it. 21:20 His eyes shall see his destruction, and he shall drink of the wrath of the Almighty.
The wicked have their pleasure now; and shall have no pleasure in the grave; while the righteous shall inherit eternal life.
21:21 For what pleasure hath he in his house [grave] after him, when the number of his months is cut off in the midst?
Is any man as wise as God? Can any man teach God any thing?
21:22 Shall any teach God knowledge? seeing he judgeth those that are high.
Both the wealthy and the afflicted shall die and lie in the grave.
21:23 One dieth in his full strength, being wholly at ease and quiet. 21:24 His breasts are full of milk, and his bones are moistened with marrow.
21:25 And another dieth in the bitterness of his soul, and never eateth with pleasure.
21:26 They shall lie down alike in the dust, and the worms shall cover them.
21:27 Behold, I know your thoughts, and the devices which ye wrongfully imagine against me.
The wicked who compromise with or break God’s Word, may be exalted for a time, to TEST the called out; but their judgment is reserved for God’s day to judge and to destroy them in the fire.
21:28 For ye say, Where is the house of the prince? and where are the dwelling places of the wicked? 21:29 Have ye not asked them that go by the way? and do ye not know their tokens, 21:30 That the wicked is reserved to the day of destruction? they shall be brought forth to the day of wrath.
Even if no man can resist a wicked ruler; in the end he shall still die and lay in his grave
21:31 Who shall declare his way to his face? and who shall repay himwhat he hath done? 21:32 Yet shall he be brought to the grave, and shall remain in the tomb.
21:33 The clods [dirt, the grave shall give rest] of the valley shall be sweet unto him, and every [all people shall die alike] man shall draw after him, as there are innumerable before him.
Why do you seek to comfort me by counting me among the wicked?
21:34 How then comfort ye me in vain, seeing in your answers there remaineth falsehood?