Updated April, 2016
Potiphar bought Joseph to be a servant and Joseph prospered.
Genesis 39:1 And Joseph was brought down to Egypt; and Potiphar, an officer of Pharaoh, captain of the guard, an Egyptian, bought him of the hands of the Ishmeelites, which had brought him down thither. 39:2 And the LORD was with Joseph, and he was a prosperous man; and he was in the house of his master the Egyptian.
God blessed Joseph greatly and Potiphar was impressed with Joseph and made him lord of all his household.
39:3 And his master saw that the LORD was with him, and that the LORD made all that he did to prosper in his hand. 39:4 And Joseph found grace in his sight, and he served him: and he made him overseer over his house, and all that he had he put into his hand. 39:5 And it came to pass from the time that he had made him overseer in his house, and over all that he had, that the LORD blessed the Egyptian’s house for Joseph’s sake; and the blessing of the LORD was upon all that he had in the house, and in the field.
Potiphar gave everything he had into the hand of Joseph.
39:6 And he left all that he had in Joseph’s hand; and he knew not ought he had, save the bread which he did eat. And Joseph was a goodly person, and well favoured.
Then Potiphar’s wife, enticed by the power that Joseph had and by his youth; desired him. Of course this was a temptation from Satan which God allowed to test Joseph; just like God allows Satan to tempt us today; to test us and to build our character to make us stronger.
Remember how Pharaoh desired Sarai and was saved by God, and how Abimelech desired her and was saved by God. The men of those days including Joseph knew that to take another’s wife was a great sin against God. Even the wickedness of the Canaanites had not yet come to the fullness that would be in the time of Moses. Joseph knew that this would be a sin against GOD and he rejected her.
Physical adultery is a type of spiritual adultery; which is to follow any man or organization contrary to following the whole Word of our espoused Husband Jesus Christ; who is the LOGOS the Word of God.
We have all been tempted by spiritual adultery which is idolatry of men or allowing anything at all to come between us and God. Some have rejected to commit spiritual adultery against Christ, just like Joseph rejected Potiphar’s wife, while the vast majority in the Ekklesia are guilty of this sin and idolize a man or some corporate board.
Joseph defended himself and responded to the temptation by saying that his master had given all things in his house to Joseph, and therefore to commit adultery against him would be a great wickedness.
Brethren, OUR Master Jesus Christ has given more than Potiphar ever gave to Joseph! For oue espoused Husband Jesus Christ has bought us at the cost of his very life! Why then are we not faithful to OUR Master like Joseph was to Potiphar? Why do we follow men blindly, unquestioningly and thoughtlessly; instead of proving all things as to their consistency with the will of our Lord? (1 Thess 5:21).
The vast majority of us in the Ekklesia today idolize either a dead man, or a present leader, corporate entity, elder, or circle of friends; exalting them above the Word of God in our lives! There is still time to sincerely repent of our spiritual adultery; let us turn to our Master quickly lest we reap the reward of a spiritual adulterer and idolater. Let us reject the temptation of adultery as Joseph did!
39:7 And it came to pass after these things, that his master’s wife cast her eyes upon Joseph; and she said, Lie with me. 39:8 But he refused, and said unto his master’s wife, Behold, my master wotteth not what is with me in the house, and he hath committed all that he hath to my hand; 39:9 There is none greater in this house than I; neither hath he kept back any thing from me but thee, because thou art his wife: how then can I do this great wickedness, and sin against God?
Joseph resisted the temptation daily, as we should also continually resist spiritual adultery through each and every day; always remaining passionately faithful to live by every Word of God our Father and our Husband Jesus Christ. Resist the temptation to commit just a little sin; resist the LIE that Christ is love and will wink at a little willful sin.
It is because Christ is love and hates the sin that harms us; that he will never wink at ANY unrepentant sin.
39:10 And it came to pass, as she spake to Joseph day by day, that he hearkened not unto her, to lie by her, or to be with her.
This was not a matter of a shy young boy being timid. This went on day after day for a long time until she finally caught him alone, and even then he fled from this sin out of respect for God and for his master.
How much respect do we have for our spiritual Master who bought us with his very life, when we commit adultery against him by following men instead of the whole Word of God?
39:11 And it came to pass about this time, that Joseph went into the house to do his business; and there was none of the men of the house there within. 39:12 And she caught him by his garment, saying, Lie with me: and he left his garment in her hand, and fled, and got him out.
A woman scorned. How much more angry is Satan when we scorn his temptations! Yes there is a price to be paid for our rejection of spiritual adultery as well. For the COG groups will cast us out of their assemblies [synagogues] because of our zeal to live by every Word of God. They will consider us a bad example because we are faithful to God and do not idolize their false traditions and leaders.
Yet in the end, if we are willing to pay the price like Joseph, after we have fully learned humility and patience and faithfulness to the righteousness of the whole Word of God; we shall also be exalted if we faint not.
39:13 And it came to pass, when she saw that he had left his garment in her hand, and was fled forth, 39:14 That she called unto the men of her house, and spake unto them, saying, See, he hath brought in an Hebrew unto us to mock us; he came in unto me to lie with me, and I cried with a loud voice: 39:15 And it came to pass, when he heard that I lifted up my voice and cried, that he left his garment with me, and fled, and got him out. 39:16 And she laid up his garment by her, until his lord came home. 39:17 And she spake unto him according to these words, saying, The Hebrew servant, which thou hast brought unto us, came in unto me to mock me: 39:18 And it came to pass, as I lifted up my voice and cried, that he left his garment with me, and fled out.
The woman’s husband believed her lie and cast Joseph into prison, this was from God that Joseph might be perfected through trials. Often trails come not because we have done wrong, but rather to further prune and mold us into the ultimate product that God seeks to make of us; to perfect us and make us fit for eternal life as kings and priests.
Acts 14:22 Confirming the souls of the disciples, and exhorting them to continue in the faith, and that we must through much tribulation enter into the kingdom of God.
Genesis 39:19 And it came to pass, when his master heard the words of his wife, which she spake unto him, saying, After this manner did thy servant to me; that his wrath was kindled. 39:20 And Joseph’s master took him, and put him into the prison, a place where the king’s prisoners were bound: and he was there in the prison.
God made Joseph to find favor for his faithfulness even in prison, and Joseph became governor of the prison. At the time Joseph would not have seen this as training to rule Egypt, but it was; and ruling Egypt was a training to rule in some high office in the kingdom of God!
Our trials and temptation s are to test us and to build us up into the beings that God has in mind for us to become; to prepare us for an office that God has in mind for us; if we overcome and faint not.
39:21 But the LORD was with Joseph, and shewed him mercy, and gave him favour in the sight of the keeper of the prison. 39:22 And the keeper of the prison committed to Joseph’s hand all the prisoners that were in the prison;
and whatsoever they did there, he was the doer of it. 39:23 The keeper of the prison looked not to any thing that was under his hand; because the LORD was with him, and that which he did, the LORD made it to prosper.
Pharaoh’s butler and baker offend him.
Genesis 40:1 And it came to pass after these things, that the butler of the king of Egypt and his baker had offended their lord the king of Egypt. 40:2 And Pharaoh was wroth against two of his officers, against the chief of the butlers, and against the chief of the bakers. 40:3 And he put them in ward in the house of the captain of the guard, into the prison, the place where Joseph was bound. 40:4 And the captain of the guard charged Joseph with them, and he served them: and they continued a season in ward.
After a time in prison they each dreamed a dream on the same night.
40:5 And they dreamed a dream both of them, each man his dream in one night, each man according to the interpretation of his dream, the butler and the baker of the king of Egypt, which were bound in the prison.
40:6 And Joseph came in unto them in the morning, and looked upon them, and, behold, they were sad. 40:7 And he asked Pharaoh’s officers [the butler and the baker] that were with him in the ward of his lord’s house, saying, Wherefore look ye so sadly to day? 40:8 And they said unto him, We have dreamed a dream, and there is no interpreter of it.
Here we have a key to interpreting dreams: Far too often we try to interpret a dream according to our own preconceived notions; when the only correct understanding comes from the God who inspired the dream.
When we have a vivid dream that does not go away; the correct thing to do is to test the dream to determine whether it is consistent with the Word of God and to pray and to ask God for the meaning; we should not assume for ourselves what the dream might mean.
And Joseph said unto them, Do not interpretations belong to God? tell me them, I pray you.
The butler’s dream.
40:9 And the chief butler told his dream to Joseph, and said to him, In my dream, behold, a vine was before me; 40:10 And in the vine were three branches: and it was as though it budded, and her blossoms shot forth; and the clusters thereof brought forth ripe grapes: 40:11 And Pharaoh’s cup was in my hand: and I took the grapes, and pressed them into Pharaoh’s cup, and I gave the cup into Pharaoh’s hand.
The interpretation that God gave to Joseph: Notice that the proof of a dream or vision is in its fulfillment.
40:12 And Joseph said unto him, This is the interpretation of it: The three branches are three days: 40:13 Yet within three days shall Pharaoh lift up thine head, and restore thee unto thy place: and thou shalt deliver Pharaoh’s cup into his hand, after the former manner when thou wast his butler.
Joseph asks that he be remembered before Pharaoh.
40:14 But think on me when it shall be well with thee, and shew kindness, I pray thee, unto me, and make mention of me unto Pharaoh, and bring me out of this house: 40:15 For indeed I was stolen away out of the land of the Hebrews: and here also have I done nothing that they should put me into the dungeon.
The baker’s dream.
40:16When the chief baker saw that the interpretation was good, he said unto Joseph, I also was in my dream, and, behold, I had three white baskets on my head: 40:17 And in the uppermost basket there was of all manner of bakemeats for Pharaoh; and the birds did eat them out of the basket upon my head.
The interpretation that God gave to Joseph.
40:18 And Joseph answered and said, This is the interpretation thereof: The three baskets are three days: 40:19 Yet within three days shall Pharaoh lift up thy head from off thee, and shall hang thee on a tree; and the birds shall eat thy flesh from off thee.
In three days time both dreams were fulfilled as God gave the understanding to Joseph.
40:20 And it came to pass the third day, which was Pharaoh’s birthday, that he made a feast unto all his servants: and he lifted up the head of the chief butler and of the chief baker among his servants. 40:21 And he restored the chief butler unto his butlership again; and he gave the cup into Pharaoh’s hand: 40:22 But he hanged the chief baker: as Joseph had interpreted to them.
The butler perhaps fearing to speak to Pharaoh, did not mention Joseph to him. Joseph must have been holding his breath and waiting, hoping, for word; this too was a test to see how Joseph would react when his hopes were deferred. Hope deferred is a most bitter sorrow. God wanted to know if Joseph would turn away from God in his trials, or could Joseph be counted on to be loyal to the Word of God regardless of the trials he suffered.
Brethren do we fall to temptation; do we lose patience when things seem to be going badly, give up and turn from the Word of God in our sorrows and trials? or do we stand fast in passionate, faithful, loving, Christ-like zeal to live by every Word of God; no matter the physical consequences, like Joseph did?
When we face a temptation to sin that is most desirable like Potiphar’s wife, do we flee that temptation like Joseph? Even though it means the loss of everything we have? or do we fall to the temptation to take the easy way and follow men instead of diligently studying and keeping the whole Word of God?
Do we fear being driven out of the assemblies of the ungodly and because we fear men and love men more than we fear and love God, conform to their ways; instead of fearing to offend our Mighty One?
When we face long sorrows of trials, and hopes of deliverance are delayed; Do we give way to despair and lose our zeal for our God and his Word; or do we stand strong to keep the whole Word of God like Joseph did?
40:23 Yet did not the chief butler remember Joseph, but forgat him.
Two years after the baker died Pharaoh himself had a dream and then the butler finally remembered Joseph.
Genesis 41:1 And it came to pass at the end of two full years, that Pharaoh dreamed: and, behold, he stood by the river. 41:2 And, behold, there came up out of the river seven well favoured kine and fatfleshed; and they fed in a meadow. 41:3 And, behold, seven other kine came up after them out of the river, ill favoured and leanfleshed; and stood by the other kine upon the brink of the river. 41:4 And the ill favoured and leanfleshed kine did eat up the seven well favoured and fat kine. So Pharaoh awoke.
The dream was reinforced by a second dream.
41:5 And he slept and dreamed the second time: and, behold, seven ears of corn [grain] came up upon one stalk, rank and good. 41:6 And, behold, seven thin ears and blasted with the east wind sprung up after them. 41:7 And the seven thin ears devoured the seven rank and full ears. And Pharaoh awoke, and, behold, it was a dream.
None of the wise men could interpret the two dreams by the wisdom of men, for dreams and visions from God, cannot be interpreted by the wisdom of man; they can only be interpreted bv the wisdom from God, who gives understanding to those who obey him.
Even godly men cannot interpret dreams and visions, unless the understanding is given to them directly by God; for many ancient prophets desired to understand many things that were hidden from them.
If we sin willfully, or if we reject any part of God’s Word to cling to our preconceived notions;, or if we compromise with any part of the Word of God; we are cut off from God and cut off from understanding the things of God; as is the case in most COG Groups today. They will not forsake their spiritual adultery and idolatry of men and the false traditions of men to be faithful to the Word of God; therefore there is no godly wisdom among them.
To correctly interpret a dream or vision from God; we MUST ask God for the correct understanding, rather then jump to our own conclusions.
41:8 And it came to pass in the morning that his spirit was troubled; and he sent and called for all the magicians of Egypt, and all the wise men thereof: and Pharaoh told them his dream; but there was none that could interpret them unto Pharaoh.
Then the butler remembered Joseph as a true man of God and recommended that Pharaoh send for him.
41:9 Then spake the chief butler unto Pharaoh, saying, I do remember my faults this day: 41:10 Pharaoh was wroth with his servants, and put me in ward in the captain of the guard’s house, both me and the chief baker: 41:11 And we dreamed a dream in one night, I and he; we dreamed each man according to the interpretation of his dream. 41:12 And there was there with us a young man, an Hebrew, servant to the captain of the guard; and we told him, and he interpreted to us our dreams; to each man according to his dream he did interpret. 41:13 And it came to pass, as he interpreted to us, so it was; me he restored unto mine office, and him he hanged.
Pharaoh sends for the man of God to interpret his two dreams.
41:14 Then Pharaoh sent and called Joseph, and they brought him hastily out of the dungeon: and he shaved himself [cleaned himself up from the prison], and changed his raiment, and came in unto Pharaoh.
Joseph then tells Pharaoh that it is God who gives the understanding.
41:15 And Pharaoh said unto Joseph, I have dreamed a dream, and there is none that can interpret it: and I have heard say of thee, that thou canst understand a dream to interpret it. 41:16 And Joseph answered Pharaoh, saying, It is not in me: God shall give Pharaoh an answer of peace [peace of mind from the dreams].
Pharaoh then relates his two dreams.
41:17 And Pharaoh said unto Joseph, In my dream, behold, I stood upon the bank of the river: 41:18 And, behold, there came up out of the river seven kine, fatfleshed and well favoured; and they fed in a meadow: 41:19 And, behold, seven other kine came up after them, poor and very ill favoured and leanfleshed, such as I never saw in all the land of Egypt for badness: 41:20 And the lean and the ill favoured kine did eat up the first seven fat kine: 41:21 And when they had eaten them up, it could not be known that they had eaten them; but they were still ill favoured, as at the beginning. So I awoke.
41:22 And I saw in my dream, and, behold, seven ears came up in one stalk, full and good: 41:23 And, behold, seven ears, withered, thin, and blasted with the east wind, sprung up after them: 41:24 And the thin ears devoured the seven good ears: and I told this unto the magicians; but there was none that could declare it to me.
Joseph then gives God’s explanation of the two dreams; revealing that they both mean the same thing.
41:25 And Joseph said unto Pharaoh, The dream of Pharaoh is one: God hath shewed Pharaoh what he is about to do. 41:26 The seven good kine are seven years; and the seven good ears are seven years: the dream is one. 41:27 And the seven thin and ill favoured kine that came up after them are seven years; and the seven empty ears blasted with the east wind shall be seven years of famine.
God gives the interpretation of the two dreams; the same way that God gives those who seek him to learn and to live by every Word of God, an understanding of spiritual things.
41:28 This is the thing which I have spoken unto Pharaoh: What God is about to do he sheweth unto Pharaoh. 41:29 Behold, there come seven years of great plenty throughout all the land of Egypt: 41:30 And there shall arise after them seven years of famine; and all the plenty shall be forgotten in the land of Egypt; and the famine shall consume the land; 41:31 And the plenty shall not be known in the land by reason of that famine following; for it shall be very grievous.
The two dreams are to emphasize that the matter is well established by God, for by two or three witnesses all things are established.
41:32 And for that the dream was doubled unto Pharaoh twice; it is because the thing is established by God, and God will shortly bring it to pass.
Then Joseph give this wise advice, based on the interpretation that God had given.
Even so we should become wise in spiritual matters by looking to learn and to keep every Word of God. For God gives his Spirit and spiritual understanding; ONLY to those who obey his Word (Acts 5:32)
41:33 Now therefore let Pharaoh look out a man discreet and wise, and set him over the land of Egypt. 41:34 Let Pharaoh do this, and let him appoint officers over the land, and take up the fifth part of the land of Egypt in the seven plenteous years. 41:35 And let them gather all the food of those good years that come, and lay up corn under the hand of Pharaoh, and let them keep food in the cities. 41:36 And that food shall be for store to the land against the seven years of famine, which shall be in the land of Egypt; that the land perish not through the famine.
41:37 And the thing was good in the eyes of Pharaoh, and in the eyes of all his servants.
Because Joseph was a man of God, filled with the wisdom of God, Pharaoh chose Joseph to fulfill the vital task of preserving the nation. Consider that God could have prevented any famine and blessed Egypt for a hundred years of he had wanted to, this famine was to bring the family of Israel into Egypt, to keep the prophecy of God regarding Israel in Egypt and to reunite that family and fulfill the two dreams of Joseph, that his brothers and parents would exalt him.
God perfects his people through the experiences that he ordains they have in their lives, and God fulfills his purposes in ways often mysterious to men, but he always keeps his Word.
When we endure some trial, sometimes even for doing good, it is because God is teaching us something very important that will prepare us for the marvelous future that God has in mind for us!
41:38 And Pharaoh said unto his servants, Can we find such a one as this is, a man in whom the Spirit of God is? 41:39 And Pharaoh said unto Joseph, Forasmuch as God hath shewed thee all this, there is none so discreet and wise as thou art: 41:40 Thou shalt be over my house, and according unto thy word shall all my people be ruled: only in the throne will I be greater than thou.
God caused Pharaoh to exalt Joseph because of his faithful enduring loyalty to God. Even so we shall be exalted if we also endure faithfully and if we zealously live by every Word of God; but we shall receive a spiritual exaltation to rule the earth with our King of kings, Jesus Christ.
As Joseph was made the second ruler in all of Egypt; we have the opportunity to be made second rulers under Jesus Christ in the land of our inheritance: If we passionately love God and his whole Word, to exalt the whole Word of God above all else in our lives!
41:41 And Pharaoh said unto Joseph, See, I have set thee over all the land of Egypt. 41:42 And Pharaoh took off his ring from his hand, and put it upon Joseph’s hand, and arrayed him in vestures of fine linen, and put a gold chain about his neck; 41:43 And he made him to ride in the second chariot which he had; and they cried before him, Bow the knee: and he made him ruler over all the land of Egypt.
We have the potential to fulfill the birthright of our calling; which is to rule the nations; not like bullies as the wicked do, but teaching all peoples the righteousness of God and his Word in service to God and man.
41:44 And Pharaoh said unto Joseph, I am Pharaoh, and without thee shall no man lift up his hand or foot in all the land of Egypt. 41:45 And Pharaoh called Joseph’s name Zaphnathpaaneah [“the man to whom mysteries are revealed”]; and he gave him to wife Asenath the daughter of Potipherah priest of On. And Joseph went out over all the land of Egypt.
At the age of thirty and after much sorrow Joseph became the second ruler in all Egypt.
41:46 And Joseph was thirty years old when he stood before Pharaoh king of Egypt. And Joseph went out from the presence of Pharaoh, and went throughout all the land of Egypt.
Joseph fulfilled his own advice and with the warning given by God, saved the plenty of the seven good years, to endure the little of the coming seven years of famine.
41:47 And in the seven plenteous years the earth brought forth by handfuls. 41:48 And he gathered up all the food of the seven years, which were in the land of Egypt, and laid up the food in the cities: the food of the field, which was round about every city, laid he up in the same. 41:49 And Joseph gathered corn [grain] as the sand of the sea, very much, until he left numbering; for it was without number.
Later Joseph was to replace Reuben as the family first born, because of Reuben’s sin. Joseph was to be accounted the firstborn, for he was the first born of Rachel.
According to the custom of inheritance, the firstborn was to receive a double portion and along with that the responsibility of caring for his mother and brethren.
Therefore Joseph inherited a double portion in Israel; each son having his own portion in Joseph, Then Levi was given no inheritance in Israel; keeping the inheriting tribes at 12; for the inheritance of Levi was in the Eternal, as the servants of the Eternal to teach righteousness to all Israel.
41:50 And unto Joseph were born two sons before the years of famine came, which Asenath the daughter of Potipherah priest of On bare unto him. 41:51 And Joseph called the name of the firstborn Manasseh: For God, said he, hath made me forget all my toil, and all [the trials of]my father’s house. 41:52 And the name of the second called he Ephraim: For God hath caused me to be fruitful in the land of my affliction. 41:53 And the seven years of plenteousness, that was in the land of Egypt, were ended.
This famine covered all Egypt including Canaan which was a semi independent area of Egypt at that time.
41:54 And the seven years of dearth began to come, according as Joseph had said: and the dearth was in all lands; but in all the land of Egypt there was bread. 41:55 And when all the land of Egypt was famished, the people cried to Pharaoh for bread: and Pharaoh said unto all the Egyptians, Go unto Joseph; what he saith to you, do. 41:56 And the famine was over all the face of the earth: and Joseph opened all the storehouses, and sold unto the Egyptians; and the famine waxed sore in the land of Egypt. 41:57 And all countries came into Egypt to Joseph for to buy corn [grain food] ; because that the famine was so sore in all lands.
The next few chapters, are a narrative of the reconciliation of Joseph and his family and give an idea of how God will work out all things and we shall all be humbled; learning what God intends to teach us, and most shall be brought to repentance before God: And how almost every person in due time will be reconciled to God the Father and to each other.
This reminds me that my own family members and my brethren in the family of man, will ultimately be reconciled and brought into PEACE with God and with one another! To go forward is true peace with God and humanity for eternity, represented by the Feast of the Eighth Day!
May God speed the day that we will all sit together as brothers, united with God and with each other!
The Eighth Day! Oh Happy Day! Oh Day of Great Joy! Shout For Joy at the Excellence of our Mighty God!
The family of Jacob Unites through learning and sincere repentance!
Jacob hears that there is food in Egypt and sends his sons to buy. Yet Jacob holds back his only remaining son by Rachel, Benjamin; for fear that he might lose both of Rachel’s sons. Jacob’s love at first sight of Rachel was a deep, abiding and passionate love; like our love for our espoused Husband Jesus Christ should be!
Genesis 42:1 Now when Jacob saw that there was corn [grain] in Egypt, Jacob said unto his sons, Why do ye look one upon another? 42:2 And he said, Behold, I have heard that there is corn in Egypt: get you down thither, and buy for us from thence; that we may live, and not die. 42:3 And Joseph’s ten brethren went down to buy corn in Egypt. 42:4 But Benjamin, Joseph’s brother, Jacob sent not with his brethren; for he said, Lest peradventure mischief befall him.
The first dream of the young man Joseph was fulfilled when his brothers bowed down before him, to seek his approval to buy grain and save themselves alive because of the famine. When something is of God; we can be assured that God will fulfill his Word.
42:5 And the sons of Israel came to buy corn [grain] among those that came: for the famine was in the land of Canaan. 42:6 And Joseph was the governor over the land, and he it was that sold to all the people of the land: and Joseph’s brethren came, and bowed down themselves before him with their faces to the earth.
Joseph hid his identity from his brothers, and discomfited them, because of their early hatred of him; to make them understand the great evil that they had done.
42:7 And Joseph saw his brethren, and he knew them, but made himself strange unto them, and spake roughly unto them; and he said unto them, Whence come ye? And they said, From the land of Canaan to buy food. 42:8 And Joseph knew his brethren, but they knew not him. 42:9 And Joseph remembered the dreams which he dreamed of them, and said unto them, Ye are spies; to see the nakedness of the land ye are come.
They give their reason for coming to Egypt; identifying themselves to the still unknown Joseph.
42:10 And they said unto him, Nay, my lord, but to buy food are thy servants come. 42:11We are all one man’s sons; we are true men, thy servants are no spies. 42:12 And he said unto them, Nay, but to see the nakedness of the land ye are come. 42:13 And they said, Thy servants are twelve brethren, the sons of one man in the land of Canaan; and, behold, the youngest is this day with our father, and one is not.
Joseph then demands to see Benjamin for his heart yearns for his brother the son of Rachel and he seeks to test his brothers to see if their hatred of him has abated and they have changed in their evil thoughts towards him.
42:14 And Joseph said unto them, That is it that I spake unto you, saying, Ye are spies: 42:15 Hereby ye shall be proved: By the life of Pharaoh ye shall not go forth hence, except your youngest brother come hither. 42:16 Send one of you, and let him fetch your brother, and ye shall be kept in prison, that your words may be proved, whether there be any truth in you: or else by the life of Pharaoh surely ye are spies. 42:17 And he put them all together into ward three days.
After three days in prison he allows his brothers to return home with food and keeps Simeon as hostage until they would return with Benjamin.
42:18 And Joseph said unto them the third day, This do, and live; for I fear God: 42:19 If ye be true men, let one of your brethren be bound in the house of your prison: go ye, carry corn for the famine of your houses: 42:20 But bring your youngest brother unto me; so shall your words be verified, and ye shall not die. And they did so.
In their own distress the brothers remember the anguish that they had caused Joseph.
42:21 And they said one to another, We are verily guilty concerning our brother, in that we saw the anguish of his soul, when he besought us, and we would not hear; therefore is this distress come upon us. 42:22 And Reuben answered them, saying, Spake I not unto you, saying, Do not sin against the child; and ye would not hear? therefore, behold, also his blood is required. 42:23 And they knew not that Joseph understood them; for he spake unto them by an interpreter.
Joseph wept at the anguish of his brothers, and also wept for joy that they acknowledged their guilt and were repenting. Simeon was taken hostage and Joseph commanded that with the sacks of grain every man’s money be restored to him.
42:24 And he turned himself about from them, and wept; and returned to them again, and communed with them, and took from them Simeon, and bound him before their eyes. 42:25 Then Joseph commanded to fill their sacks with corn, and to restore every man’s money into his sack, and to give them provision for the way: and thus did he unto them.
The money was placed at the top of the grain in the sacks and the brothers quickly discovered what had been done.
42:26 And they laded their asses with the corn, and departed thence. 42:27 And as one of them opened his sack to give his ass provender in the inn, he espied his money; for, behold, it was in his sack’s mouth.
Then they were terrified thinking that this was done to create an incident and excuse to arrest them also, but it was done because Joseph loved his father and his brothers.
42:28 And he said unto his brethren, My money is restored; and, lo, it is even in my sack: and their heart failed them, and they were afraid, saying one to another, What is this that God hath done unto us?
Then they returned home and reported these things to their father.
42:29 And they came unto Jacob their father unto the land of Canaan, and told him all that befell unto them; saying, 42:30 The man, who is the lord of the land, spake roughly to us, and took us for spies of the country. 42:31 And we said unto him, We are true men; we are no spies: 42:32We be twelve brethren, sons of our father; one is not, and the youngest is this day with our father in the land of Canaan.
42:33 And the man, the lord of the country, said unto us, Hereby shall I know that ye are true men; leave one of your brethren here with me, and take food for the famine of your households, and be gone: 42:34 And bring your youngest brother unto me: then shall I know that ye are no spies, but that ye are true men: so will I deliver you your brother, and ye shall traffick in the land. 42:35 And it came to pass as they emptied their sacks, that, behold, every man’s bundle of money was in his sack: and when both they and their father saw the bundles of money, they were afraid.
Jacob grieved for his sons; and the brothers beheld the anguish of their father and were deeply convicted of their sins.
42:36 And Jacob their father said unto them, Me have ye bereaved of my children: Joseph is not, and Simeon is not, and ye will take Benjamin away: all these things are against me.
Reuben guarantees Benjamin’s life with the lives of his own two sons.
42:37 And Reuben spake unto his father, saying, Slay my two sons, if I bring him not to thee: deliver him into my hand, and I will bring him to thee again.
Jacob says no, but finally runs out of food and is forced by the severity of the famine to send to Egypt for more grain.
42:38 And he said, My son shall not go down with you; for his brother is dead, and he is left alone: if mischief befall him by the way in the which ye go, then shall ye bring down my gray hairs with sorrow to the grave.
When they had eaten up all the grain from Egypt Jacob sends them back for more.
Genesis 43:1 And the famine was sore in the land. 43:2 And it came to pass, when they had eaten up the corn which they had brought out of Egypt, their father said unto them, Go again, buy us a little food.
All this time Simeon remains in prison, now Judah reminds Jacob that they are required to take Benjamin back with them.
43:3 And Judah spake unto him, saying, The man did solemnly protest unto us, saying, Ye shall not see my face, except your brother be with you. 43:4 If thou wilt send our brother with us, we will go down and buy thee food: 43:5 But if thou wilt not send him, we will not go down: for the man said unto us, Ye shall not see my face, except your brother be with you.
43:6 And Israel said, Wherefore dealt ye so ill with me, as to tell the man whether ye had yet a brother? 43:7 And they said, The man asked us straitly of our state, and of our kindred, saying, Is your father yet alive? have ye another brother? and we told him according to the tenor of these words: could we certainly know that he would say, Bring your brother down?
Judah gives himself a surety for Benjamin as Reuben had done. Now they were guaranteeing the security of Benjamin, when before they had sold his brother Joseph. Over these years they had also grown up seeing the anguish of their father day by day and year by year. They realized the enormity of what they had done, and are humbled to deep repentance.
43:8 And Judah said unto Israel his father, Send the lad with me, and we will arise and go; that we may live, and not die, both we, and thou, and also our little ones. 43:9 I will be surety for him; of my hand shalt thou require him: if I bring him not unto thee, and set him before thee, then let me bear the blame for ever: 43:10 For except we had lingered, surely now we had returned this second time.
Jacob finally says to go down and take Benjamin and what presents that they might have.
43:11 And their father Israel said unto them, If it must be so now, do this; take of the best fruits in the land in your vessels, and carry down the man a present, a little balm, and a little honey, spices, and myrrh, nuts, and almonds: 43:12 And take double money in your hand; and the money that was brought again in the mouth of your sacks, carry it again in your hand; peradventure it was an oversight: 43:13 Take also your brother, and arise, go again unto the man: 43:14 And God Almighty give you mercy before the man, that he may send away your other brother, and Benjamin. If I be bereaved of my children, I am bereaved.
When Joseph saw Benjamin his heart burned for his brother the son of his mother, and he called them all to a feast.
43:15 And the men took that present, and they took double money in their hand and Benjamin; and rose up, and went down to Egypt, and stood before Joseph. 43:16 And when Joseph saw Benjamin with them, he said to the ruler [he commanded his butler] of his house, Bring these men home, and slay, and make ready; for these men shall dine with me at noon. 43:17 And the man did as Joseph bade; and the man brought the men into Joseph’s house.
The brothers remembered what they had done in selling Joseph and feared that the same would now come to them.
43:18 And the men were afraid, because they were brought into Joseph’s house; and they said, Because of the money that was returned in our sacks at the first time are we brought in; that he may seek occasion against us, and fall upon us, and take us for bondmen, and our asses.
They then spoke to the house steward and he reassured them.
43:19 And they came near to the steward of Joseph’s house, and they communed with him at the door of the house, 43:20 And said, O sir, we came indeed down at the first time to buy food: 43:21 And it came to pass, when we came to the inn, that we opened our sacks, and, behold, every man’s money was in the mouth of his sack, our money in full weight: and we have brought it again in our hand. 43:22 And other money have we brought down in our hands to buy food: we cannot tell who put our money in our sacks. 43:23 And he said, Peace be to you, fear not: your God, and the God of your father, hath given you treasure in your sacks: I had your money [and gave it back to you at my Master’s command] . And he brought Simeon out unto them.
They washed and prepared themselves for the royal table.
43:24 And the man brought the men into Joseph’s house, and gave them water, and they washed their feet; and he gave their asses provender. 43:25 And they made ready the present against [for] Joseph came at noon: for they heard that they should eat bread there.
They bowed before Joseph this time also and gave him a present.
43:26 And when Joseph came home, they brought him the present which was in their hand into the house, and bowed themselves to him to the earth.
Joseph asks of his father
43:27 And he asked them of their welfare, and said, Is your father well, the old man of whom ye spake? Is he yet alive? 43:28 And they answered, Thy servant our father is in good health, he is yet alive. And they bowed down their heads, and made obeisance.
Joseph saw Benjamin his mother’s son and blessed him; Then losing his composure he went to a side chamber to weep.
43:29 And he lifted up his eyes, and saw his brother Benjamin, his mother’s son, and said, Is this your younger brother, of whom ye spake unto me? And he said, God be gracious unto thee, my son. 43:30 And Joseph made haste; for his bowels did yearn upon his brother: and he sought where to weep; and he entered into his chamber, and wept there.
After washing Joseph came out and commanded to be served the luncheon feast prepared for his brothers.
43:31 And he washed his face, and went out, and refrained himself, and said, Set on bread.
Three tables were set: one for Joseph; one for his brothers; and one for the Egyptians.
43:32 And they set on for him by himself, and for them by themselves, and for the Egyptians, which did eat with him, by themselves: because the Egyptians might not eat bread with the Hebrews; for that is an abomination unto the Egyptians.
Joseph had his brothers sit down in order of birth and they were amazed that he would know that.
43:33 And they sat before him, the firstborn according to his birthright, and the youngest according to his youth: and the men marvelled one at another.
Joseph had plates of food sent to each brother and five times as much to the beloved son of his beloved mother, Benjamin.
43:34 And he took and sent messes unto them from before him: but Benjamin’s mess was five times so much as any of their’s. And they drank, and were merry with him.
When we are born we know nothing and must learn and grow. the same thing is true spiritually. When we are first converted we know very little and we must learn and grow over a lifetime.
The fact is, physical or spiritual maturity is not the province of children. We must learn and grow for many years, before we become physically or spiritually mature. The story of Joseph and his brothers is a story of the learning and maturing of Joseph and his brothers from basic carnality into a level of spiritual maturity, and is an allegory of our need to also grow in spiritual maturity over our lifetimes.
Joseph’s story has very much to do with the need of every one of to continually examine ourselves and to root out all error; replacing all error and sin with the truth, the Word of God and internalizing the very nature of God, which is truth and love, within ourselves.
Jacob sets up his brothers so that they would bring his father to them
Genesis 44:1 And he commanded the steward of his house, saying, Fill the men’s sacks with food, as much as they can carry, and put every man’s money in his sack’s mouth. 44:2 And put my cup, the silver cup, in the sack’s mouth of the youngest, and his corn money. And he did according to the word that Joseph had spoken. 44:3 As soon as the morning was light, the men were sent away, they and their asses.
Jacob sends his servants to chase after his brothers and arrest them.
44:4 And when they were gone out of the city, and not yet far off, Joseph said unto his steward, Up, follow after the men; and when thou dost overtake them, say unto them, Wherefore have ye rewarded evil for good? 44:5 Is not this it in which my lord drinketh, and whereby indeed he divineth? ye have done evil in so doing. 44:6 And he overtook them, and he spake unto them these same words.
The brothers are convinced of their own innocence and make a rash promise.
44:7 And they said unto him, Wherefore saith my lord these words? God forbid that thy servants should do according to this thing: 44:8 Behold, the money, which we found in our sacks’ mouths, we brought again unto thee out of the land of Canaan: how then should we steal out of thy lord’s house silver or gold? 44:9 With whomsoever of thy servants it be found, both let him die, and we also will be my lord’s bondmen.
Joseph agreed to their words that the guilty should become his servant, but allowed that the innocent was blameless.
44:10 And he said, Now also let it be according unto your words: he with whom it is found shall be my servant; and ye shall be blameless. 44:11 Then they speedily took down every man his sack to the ground, and opened every man his sack.
Benjamin was found with the cup.
44:12 And he searched, and began at the eldest, and left at the youngest: and the cup was found in Benjamin’s sack.
The brothers were devastated for they had guaranteed the safety of Benjamin to their father who they had bereaved of Joseph. They now began to really understand and to sincerely repent of the sins of their youth. Imagine the deep anguish of sorrow they must have had over what they had done to Joseph and their father as it was so to speak rubbed in their faces.
44:13 Then they rent their clothes, and laded every man his ass, and returned to the city.
Judah and his brothers presented themselves to Joseph.
44:14 And Judah and his brethren came to Joseph’s house; for he was yet there: and they fell before him on the ground. 44:15 And Joseph said unto them, What deed is this that ye have done? wot ye not that such a man as I can certainly divine [know secret things]?
Judah then alluded to their own guilt in selling Joseph to be a slave, and owned that they should justly become servants also.
44:16 And Judah said, What shall we say unto my lord? what shall we speak? or how shall we clear ourselves? God hath found out the iniquity of thy servants: behold, we are my lord’s servants, both we, and he also with whom the cup is found.
Joseph ruled that only the guilty, as was supposed; should be punished.
44:17 And he said, God forbid that I should do so: but the man in whose hand the cup is found, he shall be my servant; and as for you, get you up in peace unto your father.\
Judah then pleads for Benjamin and his father Jacob, fulfilling his promise as guarantor of Benjamin.
44:18 Then Judah came near unto him, and said, Oh my lord, let thy servant, I pray thee, speak a word in my lord’s ears, and let not thine anger burn against thy servant: for thou art even as Pharaoh. 44:19 My lord asked his servants, saying, Have ye a father, or a brother? 44:20 And we said unto my lord, We have a father, an old man, and a child of his old age, a little one; and his brother is dead, and he alone is left of his mother, and his father loveth him. 44:21 And thou saidst unto thy servants, Bring him down unto me, that I may set mine eyes upon him. 44:22 And we said unto my lord, The lad cannot leave his father: for if he should leave his father, his father would die. 44:23 And thou saidst unto thy servants, Except your youngest brother come down with you, ye shall see my face no more.
44:24 And it came to pass when we came up unto thy servant my father, we told him the words of my lord. 44:25 And our father said, Go again, and buy us a little food. 44:26 And we said, We cannot go down: if our youngest brother be with us, then will we go down: for we may not see the man’s face, except our youngest brother be with us. 44:27 And thy servant my father said unto us, Ye know that my wife bare me two sons: 44:28 And the one went out from me, and I said, Surely he is torn in pieces; and I saw him not since: 44:29 And if ye take this also from me, and mischief befall him, ye shall bring down my gray hairs with sorrow to the grave.
44:30 Now therefore when I come to thy servant my father, and the lad be not with us; seeing that his life is bound up in the lad’s life; 44:31 It shall come to pass, when he seeth that the lad is not with us, that he will die: and thy servants shall bring down the gray hairs of thy servant our father with sorrow to the grave. 44:32 For thy servant [Judah] became surety for the lad unto my father, saying, If I bring him not unto thee, then I shall bear the blame to my father for ever.
Judah offers himself for Benjamin: an act of love towards Benjamin and towards Jacob his father. This was a complete turnabout from the anger and hatred that they had for Joseph at the first. The nature of Joseph had been completely changed by his experiences, and so had the nature of his brothers.
And so will our natures be changed and spiritually matured through what we are to endure in the next few years.
44:33 Now therefore, I pray thee, let thy servant abide instead of the lad a bondman to my lord; and let the lad go up with his brethren. 44:34 For how shall I go up to my father, and the lad be not with me? lest peradventure I see the evil that shall come on my father.
Joseph makes himself known to his brothers, because, he was sure they had all learned through experience; and the bitterness of the past was vanished away in the joy of reconciliation.
Genesis 45:1 Then Joseph could not refrain himself before all them that stood by him; and he cried, Cause every man to go out from me. And there stood no man with him, while Joseph made himself known unto his brethren. 45:2 And he wept aloud: and the Egyptians and the house of Pharaoh heard.
Who could not weep emotionally in such circumstances? Shall we all not weep for joy in the day that we are reconciled to God our Father in Heaven with all our brethren? Truly God our Father is the giver of all good gifts, and it is his choice gift to reconcile as many as possible to himself, so that we may also ultimately be reconciled with one another and all teh sorrows of the past can fade away.
Revelation 21:3 And I heard a great voice out of heaven saying, Behold, the tabernacle of God is with men, and he will dwell with them, and they shall be his people, and God himself shall be with them, and be their God. 4And God shall wipe away all tears from their eyes; and there shall be no more death, neither sorrow, nor crying, neither shall there be any more pain: for the former things are passed away.
Genesis 45:3 And Joseph said unto his brethren, I am Joseph; doth my father yet live? And his brethren could not answer him; for they were troubled [disturbed that he might want revenge] at his presence. 45:4 And Joseph said unto his brethren, Come near to me, I pray you. And they came near. And he said, I am Joseph your brother, whom ye sold into Egypt.
Joseph comforts and consoles them; explaining that he was sent ahead so that they might be saved. Now how did Joseph know that? He had come to understand this as he matured spiritually and in doing so came to forgive his brothers, which understanding and love of God was the key to forgiveness and to their reconciliation.
Indeed God fulfills all his purposes and is able to keep all his promises, and this was also to fulfill the prophecy to Abraham that the family would be afflicted in Egypt for 400 years.
45:5 Now therefore be not grieved, nor angry with yourselves, that ye sold me hither: for God did send me before you to preserve life. 45:6 For these two years hath the famine been in the land: and yet there are five years, in the which there shall neither be earing nor harvest. 45:7 And God sent me before you to preserve you a posterity in the earth, and to save your lives by a great deliverance. 45:8 So now it was not you that sent me hither, but God: and he hath made me a father to Pharaoh, and lord of all his house, and a ruler throughout all the land of Egypt.
Joseph then sends for his father, to tell him that he [Joseph] lives and asks his father Jacob to come down to him in Egypt. Truly Jacob must have been stunned at the news and after getting past the shock would have made haste to see his beloved son.
45:9 Haste ye, and go up to my father, and say unto him, Thus saith thy son Joseph, God hath made me lord of all Egypt: come down unto me, tarry not: 45:10 And thou shalt dwell in the land of Goshen, and thou shalt be near unto me, thou, and thy children, and thy children’s children, and thy flocks, and thy herds, and all that thou hast: 45:11 And there will I nourish thee; for yet there are five years of famine; lest thou, and thy household, and all that thou hast, come to poverty.
And they wept for overwhelming love, happiness and and joy at their reconciliation. Truly they learned a lesson about family that shines as an example for us today; that despite the trials we may have along the way; in the end the promises of God will all be fulfilled.
45:12 And, behold, your eyes see, and the eyes of my brother Benjamin, that it is my mouth that speaketh unto you. 45:13 And ye shall tell my father of all my glory in Egypt, and of all that ye have seen; and ye shall haste and bring down my father hither. 45:14 And he fell upon his brother Benjamin’s neck, and wept; and Benjamin wept upon his neck. 45:15 Moreover he kissed all his brethren, and wept upon them: and after that his brethren talked with him.
Pharaoh heard of the matter and gave a parcel of choice land to Jacob.
45:16 And the fame thereof was heard in Pharaoh’s house, saying, Joseph’s brethren are come: and it pleased Pharaoh well, and his servants.
Pharaoh sent them with Egyptian wagons to fetch their father and all their families back to safety in Egypt.
45:17 And Pharaoh said unto Joseph, Say unto thy brethren, This do ye; lade your beasts, and go, get you unto the land of Canaan; 45:18 And take your father and your households, and come unto me: and I will give you the good of the land of Egypt, and ye shall eat the fat of the land. 45:19 Now thou art commanded, this do ye; take you wagons out of the land of Egypt for your little ones, and for your wives, and bring your father, and come. 45:20 Also regard not your stuff; for the good of all the land of Egypt is your’s.
45:21 And the children of Israel did so: and Joseph gave them wagons, according to the commandment of Pharaoh, and gave them provision for the way. 45:22 To all of them he gave each man changes of raiment; but to Benjamin he gave three hundred pieces of silver, and five changes of raiment.
45:23 And to his father he sent after this manner; ten asses laden with the good things of Egypt, and ten she asses laden with corn [grain] and bread and meat for his father by the way. 45:24 So he sent his brethren away, and they departed: and he said unto them, See that ye fall not out by the way.
45:25 And they went up out of Egypt, and came into the land of Canaan unto Jacob their father, 45:26 And told him, saying, Joseph is yet alive, and he is governor over all the land of Egypt. And Jacob’s heart fainted, for he believed them not.
45:27 And they told him all the words of Joseph, which he had said unto them: and when he saw the wagons which Joseph had sent to carry him, the spirit of Jacob their father revived: 45:28 And Israel said, It is enough; Joseph my son is yet alive: I will go and see him before I die.
We who have been called ahead to follow Christ in living by every Word of God shall someday see our beloved children, parents, brothers and sisters, our dear friends and brethren; from whom we have been separated by our love of God, also turn to our Great God and shall be reconciled to him and to us!
The plan of God is for the ultimate reconciliation, with him as our Father and we as his children; at peace with God our Father and with each other for all eternity!
On that day, who shall not weep for joy at the awesomeness of our God and all his mighty deeds?
God speaks to Jacob in Beer-Sheva.
Genesis 46:1 And Israel took his journey with all that he had, and came to Beersheba, and offered sacrifices unto the God of his father Isaac. 46:2 And God spake unto Israel in the visions of the night, and said, Jacob, Jacob. And he said, Here am I.
God encourages Israel to go down to Egypt to see Joseph and repeats his promises to Abraham to make of his descendants a great nation.
46:3 And he said, I am God, the God of thy father: fear not to go down into Egypt; for I will there make of thee a great nation: 46:4 I will go down with thee into Egypt; and I will also surely bring thee up again: and Joseph shall put his hand upon thine eyes.
Jacob then goes down to Egypt with his whole extended family, including his daughters here in the plural, indicating other daughters besides Dinah.
46:5 And Jacob rose up from Beersheba: and the sons of Israel carried Jacob their father, and their little ones, and their wives, in the wagons which Pharaoh had sent to carry him. 46:6 And they took their cattle, and their goods, which they had gotten in the land of Canaan, and came into Egypt, Jacob, and all his seed with him: 46:7 His sons, and his sons’ sons with him, his daughters, and his sons’ daughters, and all his seed brought he with him into Egypt.
Moses then names the sons of Israel and their sons as well. The sons of Israel are the fathers of the tribes, and the sons of their sons are the fathers of the clans within the tribes.
46:8 And these are the names of the children of Israel, which came into Egypt, Jacob and his sons:
The sons of Leah
Reuben, Jacob’s firstborn. 46:9 And the sons of Reuben; Hanoch, and Phallu, and Hezron, and Carmi.
46:10 And the sons of Simeon; Jemuel, and Jamin, and Ohad, and Jachin, and Zohar, and Shaul the son of a Canaanitish woman.
46:11 And the sons of Levi; Gershon, Kohath, and Merari become the heads of the Levitical clans.
46:12 And the sons of Judah; Er, and Onan, and Shelah, and Pharez, and Zarah: but Er and Onan died in the land of
Canaan. And the sons of Pharez were Hezron and Hamul.
46:13 And the sons of Issachar; Tola, and Phuvah, and Job, and Shimron.
46:14 And the sons of Zebulun; Sered, and Elon, and Jahleel.
46:15 These be the sons of Leah, which she bare unto Jacob in Padanaram, with his daughter Dinah: all the souls of his sons and his daughters were thirty and three.
The sons of Zilpah
46:16 And the sons of Gad; Ziphion, and Haggi, Shuni, and Ezbon, Eri, and Arodi, and Areli.
46:17 And the sons of Asher; Jimnah, and Ishuah, and Isui, and Beriah, and Serah their sister: and the sons of Beriah; Heber, and Malchiel.
46:18 These are the sons of Zilpah, whom Laban gave to Leah his daughter, and these she bare unto Jacob, even sixteen souls. [Sons and grandsons, and one named granddaughter; Serah]
The sons of Rachel.
46:19 The sons of Rachel Jacob’s wife; Joseph, and Benjamin. 46:20 And unto Joseph in the land of Egypt were born Manasseh and Ephraim, which Asenath the daughter of Potipherah priest of On bare unto him.
46:21 And the sons of Benjamin were Belah, and Becher, and Ashbel, Gera, and Naaman, Ehi, and Rosh, Muppim, and Huppim, and Ard.
46:22 These are the sons of Rachel, which were born to Jacob: all the souls were fourteen.
The sons of Bilhah.
46:23 And the sons of Dan; Hushim.
46:24 And the sons of Naphtali; Jahzeel, and Guni, and Jezer, and Shillem.
46:25 These are the sons of Bilhah, which Laban gave unto Rachel his daughter, and she bare these unto Jacob: all the souls were seven.
70 male persons of Israel went into Egypt; plus their wives and female children. Jacob plus Joseph and his two sons, plus all the other males of Jacob; totaling 70 males.
46:26 All the souls that came with Jacob into Egypt, which came out of his loins, besides Jacob’s sons’ wives, all the souls were threescore and six; 46:27 And the sons of Joseph, which were born him in Egypt, were two souls: all the souls of the house of Jacob, which came into Egypt, were threescore and ten.
Judah led the way to Goshen
46:28 And he sent Judah before him unto Joseph, to direct his face unto Goshen; and they came into the land of Goshen.
Joseph runs by chariot to meet his father Jacob.
46:29 And Joseph made ready his chariot, and went up to meet Israel his father, to Goshen, and presented himself unto him; and he fell on his neck, and wept on his neck a good while.
Jacob feels completed and satisfied that his greatest desire has been fulfilled.
46:30 And Israel said unto Joseph, Now let me die, since I have seen thy face, because thou art yet alive.
Joseph instructs his family to be sure to tell Pharaoh that they are shepherds so that they will be given a space to themselves and not mixed with the Egyptians.
46:31 And Joseph said unto his brethren, and unto his father’s house, I will go up, and shew Pharaoh, and say unto him, My brethren, and my father’s house, which were in the land of Canaan, are come unto me; 46:32 And the men are shepherds, for their trade hath been to feed cattle; and they have brought their flocks, and their herds, and all that they have.
46:33 And it shall come to pass, when Pharaoh shall call you, and shall say, What is your occupation? 46:34 That ye shall say, Thy servants’ trade hath been about cattle from our youth even until now, both we, and also our fathers: that ye may dwell in the land of Goshen; for every shepherd is an abomination unto the Egyptians.
Genesis 47:1 Then Joseph came and told Pharaoh, and said, My father and my brethren, and their flocks, and their herds, and all that they have, are come out of the land of Canaan; and, behold, they are in the land of Goshen.
Joseph presents five of his brothers to Pharaoh.
47:2 And he took some of his brethren, even five men, and presented them unto Pharaoh. 47:3 And Pharaoh said unto his brethren, What is your occupation? And they said unto Pharaoh, Thy servants are shepherds, both we, and also our fathers. 47:4 They said morever unto Pharaoh, For to sojourn in the land are we come; for thy servants have no pasture for their flocks; for the famine is sore in the land of Canaan: now therefore, we pray thee, let thy servants dwell in the land of Goshen.
Pharaoh gives them Goshen and also places them in charge of his own flocks and herds.
47:5 And Pharaoh spake unto Joseph, saying, Thy father and thy brethren are come unto thee: 47:6 The land of Egypt is before thee; in the best of the land make thy father and brethren to dwell; in the land of Goshen let them dwell: and if thou knowest any men of activity among them, then make them rulers over my cattle.
Pharaoh meets Jacob
47:7 And Joseph brought in Jacob his father, and set him before Pharaoh: and Jacob blessed Pharaoh. 47:8 And Pharaoh said unto Jacob, How old art thou? 47:9 And Jacob said unto Pharaoh, The days of the years of my pilgrimage are an hundred and thirty years: few and evil have the days of the years of my life been, and have not attained unto the days of the years of the life of my fathers in the days of their pilgrimage. 47:10 And Jacob blessed Pharaoh, and went out from before Pharaoh.
Goshen is here identified as the land of Ramses. Ramses I did not rule for another 600 years [1290-1292 B.C.], this name was added by the 70 translators of scripture [the LXX] in Egypt to explain the location of the land of Goshen to Ptolemy II in the third century B.C.
47:11 And Joseph placed his father and his brethren, and gave them a possession in the land of Egypt, in the best of the land, in the land of Rameses [properly Goshen, but modernized as the later Ramses by the LXX translators], as Pharaoh had commanded.
Then Joseph rations out grain for them in Goshen.
47:12 And Joseph nourished his father, and his brethren, and all his father’s household, with bread, according to their families.
The state of Egypt and her people
The food in Egypt was exhausted but Joseph had gathered food by order of Pharaoh for seven years. Joseph sold the grain until there was no money left in Egypt to buy food, because Pharaoh now had all the money in the land.
47:13 And there was no bread in all the land; for the famine was very sore, so that the land of Egypt and all the land of Canaan fainted by reason of the famine. 47:14 And Joseph gathered up all the money that was found in the land of Egypt, and in the land of Canaan, for the corn [grain] which they bought: and Joseph brought the money into Pharaoh’s house.
Joseph then asks the people for their greater and lesser cattle [greater cattle being cows and lesser cattle being their flocks of sheep and herds of goats] in exchange for food in place of money.
47:15 And when money failed in the land of Egypt, and in the land of Canaan, all the Egyptians came unto Joseph, and said, Give us bread: for why should we die in thy presence? for the money faileth. 47:16 And Joseph said, Give your cattle; and I will give you for your cattle, if money fail.
In the space of one year they had sold all their farm animals for food.
47:17 And they brought their cattle unto Joseph: and Joseph gave them bread in exchange for horses, and for the flocks, and for the cattle of the herds, and for the asses: and he fed them with bread for all their cattle for that year.
Then the people of Egypt sold themselves and their land for food, and so Pharaoh became the owner of all Egypt, its land and its people.
47:18 When that year was ended, they came unto him the second year, and said unto him, We will not hide it from my lord, how that our money is spent; my lord also hath our herds of cattle; there is not ought left in the sight of my lord, but our bodies, and our lands: 47:19 Wherefore shall we die before thine eyes, both we and our land? buy us and our land for bread, and we and our land will be servants unto Pharaoh: and give us seed, that we may live, and not die, that the land be not desolate.
47:20 And Joseph bought all the land of Egypt for Pharaoh; for the Egyptians sold every man his field, because the famine prevailed over them: so the land became Pharaoh’s. 47:21 And as for the people, he removed them to cities from one end of the borders of Egypt even to the other end thereof.
The priests were fed by Pharaoh
47:22 Only the land of the priests bought he not; for the priests had a portion assigned them of Pharaoh, and did eat their portion which Pharaoh gave them: wherefore they sold not their lands.
Joseph then sets up a share cropping system with 20% of the crop going to Pharaoh.
47:23 Then Joseph said unto the people, Behold, I have bought you this day and your land for Pharaoh: lo, here is seed for you, and ye shall sow the land. 47:24 And it shall come to pass in the increase, that ye shall give the fifth part unto Pharaoh, and four parts shall be your own, for seed of the field, and for your food, and for them of your households, and for food for your little ones. 47:25 And they said, Thou hast saved our lives: let us find grace in the sight of my lord, and we will be Pharaoh’s servants.
47:26 And Joseph made it a law over the land of Egypt unto this day [the day this was written by Moses], that Pharaoh should have the fifth part, except the land of the priests only, which became not Pharaoh’s.
This system of 20% belonging to Pharaoh except for the priests portion, continued after the famine into at least the days of Moses. Meanwhile Israel prospered for thirty years until Joseph had passed away and his righteous deeds forgotten. Then a new Pharaoh come to the throne of Egypt
47:27 And Israel dwelt in the land of Egypt, in the country of Goshen; and they had possessions therein, and grew, and multiplied exceedingly. 47:28 And Jacob lived in the land of Egypt seventeen years: so the whole age of Jacob was an hundred forty and seven years.
47:29 And the time drew nigh that Israel must die: and he called his son Joseph, and said unto him, If now I have found grace in thy sight, put, I pray thee, thy hand under my thigh [Joseph was asked to put his hand on his father’s genitals to sware by all his progeny that he will bury Jacob in Machpelah], and deal kindly and truly with me; bury me not, I pray thee, in Egypt: 47:30 But I will lie with my fathers, and thou shalt carry me out of Egypt, and bury me in their buryingplace. And he said, I will do as thou hast said.
47:31 And he said, Swear unto me. And he sware unto him. And Israel bowed himself upon the bed’s head.
Joseph brings his two sons for his father’s blessing.
Genesis 48:1 And it came to pass after these things, that one told Joseph, Behold, thy father is sick: and he took with him his two sons, Manasseh and Ephraim. 48:2 And one told Jacob, and said, Behold, thy son Joseph cometh unto thee: and Israel strengthened himself, and sat upon the bed.
Israel [Jacob} told Joseph of how God had talked to him and promised him a multitude of descendants. I want to briefly mention that this promise to Abraham of a great multitude of descendants was an allegory of the fact that God the Father will be the Father of a vast multitude of humanity when the plan of God is completed.
Abraham as the father of the faithful was a type of God the Father, who is the true and ultimate Father of all those who love him as their Father, and keep his Word in loving zeal. The promise to Abraham was dual: a physical land with physical descendants and a spiritual promised land and spiritual descendants of faithfulness to God, as Abraham was faithful to God.
Galatians 3:6 Even as Abraham believed God, and it was accounted to him for righteousness.7Know ye therefore that they which are of faith, the same are the children of Abraham.
Galatians 3:29 And if ye be Christ’s, then are ye Abraham’s seed, and heirs according to the [spiritual aspect of the ] promise.
James 2:20 But wilt thou know, O vain man, that faith without works is dead? 21 Was not Abraham our father justified by works, when he had offered Isaac his son upon the altar? 22 Seest thou how faith wrought with his works, and by works was faith made perfect?
23 And the scripture was fulfilled which saith, Abraham believed God, and it was imputed unto him for righteousness: and he was called the Friend of God. 24 Ye see then how that by works a man is justified, and not by faith only.
If we then do the works of Abraham, by faithfully living by every Word of God through an Abrahamic faith in the Word of God; then we are the spiritual children of Abraham and the spiritual children of God the Father, as Abraham was a child of God the Father.
Genesis 48:3 And Jacob said unto Joseph, God Almighty appeared unto me at Luz in the land of Canaan, and blessed me, 48:4 And said unto me, Behold, I will make thee fruitful, and multiply thee, and I will make of thee a multitude of people; and will give this land to thy seed after thee for an everlasting possession.
Jacob adopts the two sons of Joseph and confers the physical blessings on them.
These physical blessings have now been fulfilled in a big way, but will be conferred in their fullness in the Millennial Kingdom of God, and soon the spiritual blessings upon the spiritually faithful will also be fulfilled, when all those who love God and passionately keep his Word to internalize the very nature of God are changed to spirit.
48:5 And now thy two sons, Ephraim and Manasseh, which were born unto thee in the land of Egypt before I came unto thee into Egypt, are mine; as Reuben and Simeon, they shall be mine.
The following is a statement that Joseph shall have a double portion of two tribes in Israel.
48:6 And thy [descendants] issue, which thou begettest after [by them] them, shall be thine, and shall be called after the name of their brethren in their inheritance.
Jacob tells Joseph that his mother Rachel is buried near Bethlehem.
48:7 And as for me, when I came from Padan, Rachel died by me in the land of Canaan in the way, when yet there was but a little way to come unto Ephrath: and I buried her there in the way of Ephrath; the same is Bethlehem.
Jacob calls Joseph’s sons to bless them.
48:8 And Israel beheld Joseph’s sons, and said, Who are these? 48:9 And Joseph said unto his father, They are my sons, whom God hath given me in this place. And he said, Bring them, I pray thee, unto me, and I will bless them.
Jacob embraces Joseph’s sons and rejoices over seeing Joseph and his sons.
48:10 Now the eyes of Israel were dim for age, so that he could not see. And he brought them near unto him; and he kissed them, and embraced them. 48:11 And Israel said unto Joseph, I had not thought to see thy face: and, lo, God hath shewed me also thy seed. 48:12 And Joseph brought them out from between his knees [from Jacob’s embrace], and he bowed himself with his face to the earth.
Joseph then set his sons for the blessing with the elder to the right hand of Jacob.
48:13 And Joseph took them both, Ephraim in his [Joseph’s] right hand toward Israel’s left hand, and Manasseh in his
[Joseph’s] left hand toward Israel’s right hand, and brought them near unto him.
Jacob the crosses his arms to lay his right hand on Ephraim.
48:14 And Israel stretched out his right hand, and laid it upon Ephraim’s head, who was the younger, and his left hand upon Manasseh’s head, guiding his hands wittingly; for Manasseh was the firstborn.
Jacob first blesses Joseph which blessing would fall on both of Joseph’s sons. The blessing is that the name Israel would be upon these two men and all their descendants and they would have a multitude of descendants. Jacob thus conferred the birthright of the first born on Ephraim and Manasseh.
48:15 And he blessed Joseph, and said, God, before whom my fathers Abraham and Isaac did walk, the God which fed me all my life long unto this day, 48:16 The Angel which redeemed me from all evil, bless the lads; and let my name be named on them, and the name of my fathers Abraham and Isaac; and let them grow into a multitude in the midst of the earth.
Joseph then saw that his father’s right hand was on the second born and corrected his father.
48:17 And when Joseph saw that his father laid his right hand upon the head of Ephraim, it displeased him: and he held up his father’s hand, to remove it from Ephraim’s head unto Manasseh’s head. 48:18 And Joseph said unto his father, Not so, my father: for this is the firstborn; put thy right hand upon his head.
Jacob informed Jacob that the second born Ephraim, was to be greater than his brother Manasseh. Jacob prophesies that Ephraim shall become a multitude of nations while Manasseh shall be one great people.
Regardless of the contentious claims concerning the migrations of nations; Ephraim has fulfilled this prophecy as the Anglo Saxon company of nations; and Manasseh has fulfilled the prophecy to become the greatest, most powerful and richest nation in world history.
We have been blessed not because we are a great people but because God is a great God who has fulfilled his promises to Abraham, Isaac, Jacob and Moses.
We are now about to fall into great tribulation because of our departure from the Word of God and the overspreading of our many abominations which have flooded the whole world with our wickedness.
America and the British company of nations will be corrected and they will then exalt their God, even so the Ekklesia will also be corrected for their idolatry and many sins in great affliction, but in the end most will overcome and exalt the Eternal with all their hearts!
48:19 And his father refused, and said, I know it, my son, I know it: he also shall become a people, and he also shall be great: but truly his younger brother shall be greater than he, and his seed shall become a multitude of nations.
48:20 And he blessed them that day, saying, In thee shall Israel bless, saying, God make thee as Ephraim and as Manasseh: and he set Ephraim before Manasseh.
Jacob is ready to die and has given the double portion of the birthright to Joseph the first born of his beloved Rachel.
48:21 And Israel said unto Joseph, Behold, I die: but God shall be with you, and bring you again unto the land of your fathers. 48:22 Moreover I have given to thee one portion above thy brethren, which I took out of the hand of the Amorite with my sword and with my bow.
Jacob is inspired to prophesy about his son’s descendants in the last days. We are living in the close of the last days today. Attempts to trace them are contentious, but the prophetic end time locations are quite clear.
Remember that Israel’s name is to be placed on the two tribes of Joseph. That is a key to prophetic understanding; meaning that where the word Israel is mentioned, after Jeroboam’s split with Judah; it refers to the tribes of Joseph primarily, as the leading two tribes of the ten tribes.
Genesis 49:1 And Jacob called unto his sons, and said, Gather yourselves together, that I may tell you that which shall befall you in the last days. 49:2 Gather yourselves together, and hear, ye sons of Jacob; and hearken unto Israel your father.
Reuben shall be cultured and strong, but is unstable and shall not excel [have no independent nation of his own]. Having no nation for his own is his punishment for his defilement of his father’s concubine.
Historically Reuben traveled with the others into Scandinavia and then swept down into Britain and France , becoming known as Normans. Norman was a catchword for many peoples coming down from the north. Some Normans came from the north and settled in Britain; while Reuben came from the north and settled in Normandy France and then left France to migrate into Canada to become the Acadians and the Quebecois, and into the United States to be known as Cajuns and Acadians.
49:3 Reuben, thou art my firstborn, my might, and the beginning of my strength, the excellency of dignity, and the excellency of power: 49:4 Unstable as water, thou shalt not excel [not to have a nation of your own] ; because thou wentest up to thy father’s bed; then defiledst thou it: he went up to my couch.
Simeon and Levi are not to have nations of their own either, for they shall be scattered in the other tribes lest being united, their cruelty would bring them to dishonor. Levi became divided amongst all tribes and especially among Judah; while Simeon has been mainly associated with the two tribes of Joseph.
49:5 Simeon and Levi are brethren; instruments of cruelty are in their habitations. 49:6 O my soul, come not thou into their secret; unto their assembly, mine honour, be not thou united: for in their anger they slew a man, and in their selfwill they digged down a wall. 49:7 Cursed be their anger, for it was fierce; and their wrath, for it was cruel: I will divide them in Jacob, and scatter them in Israel.
Judah shall ultimately be praised for his royal strength.
49:8 Judah, thou art he whom thy brethren shall praise: thy hand shall be in the neck of thine enemies; thy father’s children shall bow down before thee. 49:9 Judah is a lion’s whelp: from the prey, my son, thou art gone up: he stooped down, he couched as a lion, and as an old lion; who shall rouse him up?
The sceptre in Israel shall be held by Judah, which shows that the choice of Saul as Israel’s first king was prophesied to fail nearly a thousand years before he was crowned.
49:10 The sceptre shall not depart from Judah, nor a lawgiver from between his feet [born to him and his descendants, until Shiloh [Messiah] come; and unto him shall the gathering of the people be. 49:11 [a prophecy of Messiah born into Judah] Binding his foal unto the vine, and his ass’s colt unto the choice vine; he washed his garments in wine, and his clothes in the blood of grapes [speaking prophetically of the sacrifice of the Lamb of God; wine being a metaphor for blood]: 49:12 His eyes shall be red with wine, and his teeth white with milk [Messiah shall be as perfect and pure as the white of milk] .
49:13 Zebulun shall dwell at the haven of the sea; and he shall be for an haven of ships; and his border shall be unto Zidon.
49:14 Issachar is a strong ass couching down between two burdens: 49:15 And he saw that rest was good, and the land that it was pleasant; and bowed his shoulder to bear, and became a servant unto tribute.
Dan shall have a nation of his own but shall be given to intrigue and shall be a burden to his fellow tribal nations.
This is perhaps a prophecy that Dan will ally itself with the new Europe because of his Roman Catholicism; becoming not a part of, but allied to the new Europe against his brothers. Given the history of Ireland and Britain and the desire to regain Northern Ireland which was seized by Britain several hundred years ago, this speculation is not without merit.
49:16 Dan shall judge his people, as one of the tribes of Israel. 49:17 Dan shall be a serpent by the way, an adder in the path, that biteth the horse heels, so that his rider shall fall backward. 49:18 I have waited for thy salvation, O LORD.
Gad shall serve others, and will overcome at the very end time.
49:19 Gad, a troop shall overcome him: but he shall overcome at the last.
Asher is well known as a producer of bread and gourmet items.
49:20 Out of Asher his bread shall be fat, and he shall yield royal dainties.
Naphtali is graceful in his words like the freely running deer, and is full of courteous language, diplomacy and the wisdom of men.
49:21 Naphtali is a hind let loose: he giveth goodly words.
The blessings of Joseph apply to BOTH Ephraim and Manasseh.
49:22 Joseph is a fruitful bough, even a fruitful bough by a well [a well watered plant which grows strong]; whose branches run over the wall: 49:23 The archers have sorely grieved him, and shot at him, and hated him: 49:24 But his [Britain and America are to be militarily strong by the blessing of the power of God supporting them] bow abode in strength, and the arms of his hands weremade strong by the hands of the mighty God of Jacob; (from thence [God] is [Messiah] the shepherd, the stone of Israel:)
49:25 [Joseph shall be made strong] Even by the God of thy father, who shall help thee; and by the Almighty, who shall bless thee with blessings of heaven above, blessings of the deep that lieth under, blessings of the breasts, and of the womb: 49:26 The blessings of thy father have prevailed above the blessings of my progenitors unto the utmost bound of the everlasting hills: they shall be on the head of Joseph, and on the crown of the head of him that was separate from his brethren.
Benjamin shall be a warrior people until the latter days when he shall take his rest.
49:27 Benjamin shall ravin as a wolf: in the morning he shall devour the prey, and at night he shall divide the spoil.
49:28 All these are the twelve tribes of Israel: and this is it that their father spake unto them, and blessed them; every one according to his blessing he blessed them.
Jacob then charged his son’s to take him to Canaan and bury him at Machpelah when they left Egypt.
49:29 And he charged them, and said unto them, I am to be gathered unto my people: bury me with my fathers in the cave that is in the field of Ephron the Hittite, 49:30 In the cave that is in the field of Machpelah, which is before Mamre, in the land of Canaan, which Abraham bought with the field of Ephron the Hittite for a possession of a buryingplace. 49:31 There they buried Abraham and Sarah his wife; there they buried Isaac and Rebekah his wife; and there I buried Leah. 49:32 The purchase of the field and of the cave that is therein was from the children of Heth.
49:33 And when Jacob had made an end of commanding his sons, he gathered up his feet into the bed, and yielded up the ghost, and was gathered unto his people.
The remainder of this chapter study [Genesis 49] is an excerpt from our book “Bible Prophecy: Tribulation and Deliverance” which is available for free download here.
Israel: A Brief Historical Overview
In Genesis we are told that Jacob was renamed Israel by God.
Genesis 32:28 And he said, Thy name shall be called no more Jacob, but Israel: for as a prince hast thou power with God and with men, and hast prevailed.
Later we learn that Israel [Jacob] had twelve sons, and each was to grow to become a tribe. Then when they were in Egypt God gave a double portion, which is the right of the first born, to Joseph and his two sons Ephraim and Manasseh would each become full tribes in Israel; and Levi was called out of Israel to become the tribe of God, or the priesthood tribe.
When Israel entered the Promised Land the nation consisted of one priesthood tribe and twelve tribes each with its own area, only one of which was Judah or the Jews.
Then during the days of Solomon because of his sins in exalting idols God, told Solomon that he would break the bounds of brotherhood between the ten tribes of Israel and Judah, removing the northern ten tribes of Israel from the kingdom.
1 Kings 11:9 And the LORD was angry with Solomon, because his heart was turned from the LORD God of Israel, which had appeared unto him twice,
11:10 And had commanded him concerning this thing, that he should not go after other gods: but he kept not that which the LORD commanded.
11:11 Wherefore the LORD said unto Solomon, Forasmuch as this is done of thee, and thou hast not kept my covenant and my statutes, which I have commanded thee, I will surely rend the kingdom from thee, and will give it to thy servant.
11:12 Notwithstanding in thy days I will not do it for David thy father’s sake: but I will rend it out of the hand of thy son.
11:13 Howbeit I will not rend away all the kingdom; but will give one tribe to thy son for David my servant’s sake, and for Jerusalem’s sake which I have chosen.
Then after Solomon had died, God rent the ten tribes of Israel from the kingdom of Judah in this manner:
1 Kings 12:3 That they sent and called him. And Jeroboam and all the congregation of Israel came, and spake unto Rehoboam, saying,
12:4 Thy father made our yoke grievous: now therefore make thou the grievous service of thy father, and his heavy yoke which he put upon us, lighter, and we will serve thee.
12:5 And he said unto them, Depart yet for three days, then come again to me. And the people departed.
12:6 And king Rehoboam consulted with the old men, that stood before Solomon his father while he yet lived, and said, How do ye advise that I may answer this people?
12:7 And they spake unto him, saying, If thou wilt be a servant unto this people this day, and wilt serve them, and answer them, and speak good words to them, then they will be thy servants for ever.
12:8 But he forsook the counsel of the old men, which they had given him, and consulted with the young men that were grown up with him, and which stood before him: 12:9 And he said unto them, What counsel give ye that we may answer this people, who have spoken to me, saying, Make the yoke which thy father did put upon us lighter?
12:10 And the young men that were grown up with him spake unto him, saying, Thus shalt thou speak unto this people that spake unto thee, saying, Thy father made our yoke heavy, but make thou it lighter unto us; thus shalt thou say unto them, My little finger shall be thicker than my father’s loins.
12:11 And now whereas my father did lade you with a heavy yoke, I will add to your yoke: my father hath chastised you with whips, but I will chastise you with scorpions.
12:12 So Jeroboam and all the people came to Rehoboam the third day, as the king had appointed, saying, Come to me again the third day.
12:13 And the king answered the people roughly, and forsook the old men’s counsel that they gave him; 12:14 And spake to them after the counsel of the young men, saying, My father made your yoke heavy, and I will add to your yoke: my father also chastised you with whips, but I will chastise you with scorpions [many tailed whips].
12:15 Wherefore the king hearkened not unto the people; for the cause was from the LORD, that he might perform his saying, which the LORD spake by Ahijah the Shilonite unto Jeroboam the son of Nebat.
12:16 So when all Israel saw that the king hearkened not unto them, the people answered the king, saying, What portion have we in David? neither have we inheritance in the son of Jesse: to your tents, O Israel: now see to thine own house, David. So Israel departed unto their tents.
Then the ten tribes of Israel were separated from the Tribe of Judah; the tribe of Benjamin remaining with Judah, because their land bordered on Judah and surrounded Jerusalem. The priestly tribe of Levi which belonged to God also remained at Jerusalem.
From here the Bible is full of the rivalries and wars between Judah and Israel, and records the sins of both the Kingdom of Israel and the Kingdom of Judah.
The Kingdom of Israel immediately began to fall into idolatry as Jeroboam set up idols in the land for fear that Israel would rebel against him when they went up to Jerusalem to keep the annual Festivals of God.
1 Kings 12:26 And Jeroboam said in his heart, Now shall the kingdom return to the house of David:
12:27 If this people go up to do sacrifice in the house of the LORD at Jerusalem, then shall the heart of this people turn again unto their lord, even unto Rehoboam king of Judah, and they shall kill me, and go again to Rehoboam king of Judah.
12:28 Whereupon the king took counsel, and made two calves of gold, and said unto them, It is too much for you to go up to Jerusalem: behold thy gods, O Israel, which brought thee up out of the land of Egypt.
12:29 And he set the one in Bethel, and the other put he in Dan. 12:30 And this thing became a sin: for the people went to worship before the one, even unto Dan.
12:31 And he made an house of high places, and made priests of the lowest of the people, which were not of the sons of Levi.
12:32 And Jeroboam ordained a feast in the eighth month, on the fifteenth day of the month, like unto the feast that is in Judah, and he offered upon the altar. So did he in Bethel, sacrificing unto the calves that he had made: and he placed in Bethel the priests of the high places which he had made.
From that time onward God repeatedly sent his prophets over many years to warn Israel to repent until finally God removed his blessings and allowed waves of Assyrians to sweep into Israel, finally culminating in the fall of the capitol Samaria c721 B.C. and the removal of the ten tribes.
Some in Israel repented at the preaching of the prophets and especially when Judah had good kings, some did migrate to Judea where they were assimilated into Judah, but the nation as a whole did not turn from their wicked ways.
2 Kings 17:6 In the ninth year of Hoshea the king of Assyria took Samaria, and carried Israel away into Assyria, and placed them in Halah and in Habor by the river of Gozan, and in the cities of the Medes.
17:7 For so it was, that the children of Israel had sinned against the LORD their God, which had brought them up out of the land of Egypt, from under the hand of Pharaoh king of Egypt, and had feared other gods,
17:8 And walked in the statutes of the heathen, whom the LORD cast out from before the children of Israel, and of the kings of Israel, which they had made.
These ten tribes of Israel then migrated with the Assyrians into North-Western Europe.
Modern Locations of the Twelve Tribes of Israel
To understand where they migrated to, and where the so called “lost” ten tribes may be found today, it is important to see what Bible prophecy says about the tribes of Israel for the latter days and then to look at the history and migrations of these nations.
The Bible prophecies that most of the tribes of Israel would be independent nations and several would become more than one latter day nation.
These prophecies are only partially fulfilled at this time due to the sins of the nations. They will be realized in their fullness in the millennial Kingdom of God.
At that time the tribes of Israel will continue and prosper in their various prophesied locations while a core population of each tribe of Israel will be brought back to the physical Promised Land and the division between Israel and Judah will be healed
Moses before his death blessed the tribes and prophesied from God about their latter days when they shall become many independent nations on this earth
Deuteronomy 33:1 And this is the blessing, wherewith Moses the man of God blessed the children of Israel before his death.
33:2 And he said, The LORD came from Sinai, and rose up from Seir unto them; he shined forth from mount Paran, and he came with ten thousands of saints: from his right hand went a fiery law for them.
33:3 Yea, he loved the people; all his saints are in thy hand: and they sat down at thy feet; every one shall receive of thy words.
33:4 Moses commanded us a law, even the inheritance of the congregation of Jacob [Israel].
33:5 And he [God] was king in Jeshurun, when the heads of the people and the tribes of Israel were gathered together.
Jeshurun (Hebrew: יְשֻׁרוּן ), in the Hebrew Bible, is a poetic
name for Israel, derived from a root word meaning upright,
just or straight. Jeshurun appears four times in the Hebrew
Bible — three times in Deuteronomy and once in Isaiah. It can
mean the people of Israel (Deut. 32:15; 33:26), the Land of
Israel (Deut. 33:5;), or the Patriarch Jacob (whom an Angel
renamed Israel in Genesis 32:29):
From this point I am going to add the Prophetic Blessings of Jacob in Gen 49, to the Prophetic Blessings of Moses for a fuller picture of each tribe in the latter days.
Deuteronomy 33:6 Let Reuben live, and not die; and let not his men be few.
Genesis 49:3 Reuben, thou art my firstborn, my might, and the beginning of my strength, the excellency of dignity, and the excellency of power: 4Unstable as water, thou shalt not excel; because thou wentest up to thy father’s bed; then defiledst thou it: he went up to my couch.
Reuben is not to become an independent nation in his own right in the latter days because of instability.
The tribe of Reuben became a part of the people migrating with the Germanic tribes of Assyria after the fall of the Assyrian Empire. Known as Normans [North Men] Reuben settled in Normandy in northern France.
There is absolutely no doubt that Reuben migrated into northern France, but to say that they dominate and control France today defies the prophecy for Reuben.
Even to say that Reuben remained in France in large numbers is a mere supposition since so many hundreds of thousands of people migrated to the new world from France in the 17 and 1800’s.
Later most of them migrated to Canada and became the Quebecois, others migrated to New Orleans from Normandy, and some were expelled from Eastern Canada by the British ending up in the US where they are called Cajuns and Acadians.
The term Norman means North Men and is a general term for those tribes of Israel who migrated north into Scandinavia; some of them remaining in Scandinavia and others sweeping out into Britain and Normandy
Normandy takes its name from the invaders from the north collectively called Vikings or North Men; who menaced large parts of Europe towards the end of the 1st millennium in two phases (790–930, then 980–1030). Medieval Latin documents referred to them as Nortmanni, which means “men of the North”. This name provides the etymological basis for the modern words “Norman” and “Normandy”,
Most French Canadians originate from Normandy and they came from what is now called Upper Normandy, Lower Normandy and the Channel Islands.
Deuteronomy 33:7 And this is the blessing of Judah: and he said, Hear, LORD, the voice of Judah, and bring him unto his people: let his hands be sufficient for him; and be thou an help to him from his enemies.
Genesis 49:8 Judah, thou art he whom thy brethren shall praise: thy hand shall be in the neck of thine enemies; thy father’s children shall bow down before thee. 9Judah is a lion’s whelp: from the prey, my son, thou art gone up: he stooped down, he couched as a lion, and as an old lion; who shall rouse him up?
10The sceptre shall not depart from Judah, nor a lawgiver from between his feet, until Shiloh [Christ] come; and unto him shall the gathering of the people be. 11Binding his foal unto the vine, and his ass’s colt unto the choice vine; he washed his garments in wine, and his clothes in the blood of grapes: 12His eyes shall be red with wine, and his teeth white with milk.
Judah is to be blessed with leadership skills and be a self sufficient people and will ultimately be respected by the nations. Messiah the Christ shall come to Judah at Jerusalem first.
Today the Jews are scattered worldwide but about half of them occupy the present Jewish State
Levi was chosen to be the priests of God, yet many of them would strive with God and did rebel against God.
Deuteronomy 33:8 And of Levi he said, Let thy Thummim and thy Urim be with thy holy one, whom thou didst prove at Massah, and with whom thou didst strive at the waters of Meribah;
Yet many [the sons of Zadok] shall serve in the millennial temple; because of the godly loyalty of their father Zadok.
Ezekiel 44:15 But the priests the Levites, the sons of Zadok, that kept the charge of my sanctuary when the children of Israel went astray from me, they shall come near to me to minister unto me, and they shall stand before me to offer unto me the fat and the blood, saith the Lord God:
Deuteronomy 33:9 Who said unto his father and to his mother, I have not seen him; neither did he acknowledge his brethren, nor knew his own children: for they have observed thy word, and kept thy covenant.
In the millennium Levi via the descendants of Zadok shall yet serve God to teach the people righteousness.
33:10 They shall teach Jacob thy judgments, and Israel thy law: they shall put incense [representing the prayers of the faithful] before thee, and whole burnt sacrifice [representing wholehearted service to God] upon thine altar.
A blessing for the faithful of Levi during the millennium
They shall prosper serving God in his millennial Temple and no enemy shall touch them.
33:11 Bless, LORD, his substance, and accept the work of his hands; smite through the loins of them that rise against him, and of them that hate him, that they rise not again.
When the northern Ten Tribes of Israel were separated from Judah; Levi remained at the temple in Jerusalem and is largely scattered among the Jews today.
Levi and Simeon were men of temper not to become independent nations and are to be divided [scattered] in Israel
Genesis 49:5 Simeon and Levi are brethren; instruments of cruelty are in their habitations. 6O my soul, come not thou into their secret; unto their assembly, mine honour, be not thou united: for in their anger they slew a man, and in their selfwill they digged down a wall. 7Cursed be their anger, for it was fierce; and their wrath, for it was cruel: I will divide them in Jacob, and scatter them in Israel.
Today Levi is scattered mainly in Judah, while Simeon is the Simonii [Welsh] living in Wales
Benjamin [The Vikings, Norwegians; Svear-Suiones] would be a fearsome people which would settle down in the latter days and enjoy the riches of his inheritance, dwelling in a safe place.
Deuteronomy 33:12 And of Benjamin he said, The beloved of the LORD shall dwell in safety by him; and the Lord shall cover [defend] him all the day long, and he shall dwell between his shoulders.
Genesis 49:27 Benjamin shall ravin as a wolf: in the morning he shall devour the prey, and at night he shall divide the spoil
[Ephraim (The British Peoples) and Manasseh (the founding American peoples)]
Joseph replaced Reuben as the first born and was granted a double portion to become many nations.
Deuteronomy 33:13 And of Joseph he said, Blessed of the LORD be his land, for the precious things of heaven, for the dew, and for the deep that coucheth beneath,
33:14 And for the precious fruits brought forth by the sun, and for the precious things put forth by the moon,
33:15 And for the chief things of the ancient mountains, and for the precious things of the lasting hills,
33:16 And for the precious things of the earth and fulness thereof, and for the good will of him that dwelt in the bush: let the blessing come upon the head of Joseph, and upon the top of the head of him that was separated from his brethren.
The question has come up: Why is Ephraim ascribed ten thousands and Manasseh only thousands when America has a much larger population than the British peoples?
The answer is a translation issue
In Deuteronomy 33:17 thousands and ten thousands are mistranslation
The term “thousands” used for Manasseh actually means an innumerable multitude.
The term “ten thousands” for Ephraim, more properly means a myriad or large number.
The translator from 1611 simply made an error. Deu 33:17 properly reads.
Deuteronomy 33:17 His [Joseph’s; BOTH Ephraim and Manasseh] glory is like the firstling of his bullock, and his horns are like the horns of unicorns: with them he shall push the people together to the ends of the earth: and they are the ten thousands [properly multitudes] of Ephraim, and they are the thousands [properly innumerable multitudes] of Manasseh.
33:17 His glory is like the firstling of his bullock, and his horns are like the horns of unicorns: with them he shall push the people together to the ends of the earth: and they are the ten thousands of Ephraim, and they are the thousands of Manasseh.
[The Anglo Saxon British and Americans] shall be warlike and fight many wars, and shall have mighty blessing of good things.
Genesis 49:22 Joseph is a fruitful bough, even a fruitful bough by a well; whose branches run over the wall: 23 [They will have many enemies and much war, but will be blessed by God with great strength over their enemies] The archers have sorely grieved him, and shot at him, and hated him: 24 But his bow abode in strength, and the arms of his hands were made strong by the hands of the mighty God of Jacob;
25 Even by the God of thy father [Abraham], who shall help thee; and by the Almighty, who shall bless thee with blessings of heaven above, blessings of the deep that lieth under, blessings of the breasts, and of the womb:
26 The blessings of thy father have prevailed above the blessings of my progenitors unto the utmost bound of the everlasting hills: they shall be on the head of Joseph, and on the crown of the head of him that was separate from his brethren.
Zebulun is to dwell by the sea and be a port for ships, like unto Zidon.
Deuteronomy 33:18 And of Zebulun he said, Rejoice, Zebulun, in thy going out; and, Issachar, in thy tents.
33:19 They shall call the people unto the mountain [In the millennium they shall turn to God and call the nations to go up to the mountain of the Lord]; there they shall offer sacrifices of righteousness: for they shall suck of the abundance of the seas, and of treasures hid in the sand.
Genesis 49:13 Zebulun shall dwell at the haven of the sea; and he shall be for an haven of ships; and his border [the greatness of his port shall be like Zidon] shall be unto [like] Zidon.
The tribe of Zebulun are the [Frisians-Daci-Belgae] today called the Netherlands or Dutch people and their great ports are Amsterdam and Rotterdam.
Genesis 49:14 Issachar is a strong ass couching down between two burdens: 15 And he saw that rest was good, and the land that it was pleasant; and bowed his shoulder to bear, and became a servant unto tribute.
Issachar is the Suomi; Finland; the official name of Finland is Suomi Finland
Deuteronomy 33:20 And of Gad he said, Blessed be he that enlargeth Gad: he dwelleth as a lion, and teareth the arm with the crown of the head.
33:21 And he provided the first part for himself, because there, in a portion of the lawgiver, was he seated; and he came with the heads of the people, he executed the justice of the LORD, and his judgments with Israel.
Genesis 49:19 Gad, a troop shall overcome him: but he shall overcome at the last.
Gad shall be overcome but will overcome in the end, and in the millennium is to be a respected diplomatic and legal
nation enforcing godly justice. Gad is thought to be modern Switzerland.
Deuteronomy 33:22 And of Dan he said, Dan is a lion’s whelp: he shall leap from Bashan.
Genesis 49:16 Dan shall judge his people, as one of the tribes of Israel. Dan shall be a serpent by the way, an adder in the path, that biteth the horse heels, so that his rider shall fall backward.
Dan shall leap from Bashan [the North], he shall have his own nation and shall vex his brothers. This speaking of the Irish [Dan] fight with the British [Ephraim].
The Patriarch Dan was born from the handmaid of Rachel, Bilhah. Rachel was in envy of her sister Leah. She wanted so badly to bear a child for Jacob, that she gave him her handmaid to bear a son. That son was Dan. When he was born she said, “God hath judged me, and hath also heard my voice, and hath given me a son: therefore called she his name Dan.” (Gen 30:6). he meaning of the word “Dan” is “Judge” (Strong’s #1777 “judge”).
When Israel took possession of the promised land, the tribe of Dan was allotted its tribal inheritance in the South Western area of that land.. Dan was situated west-Northwest of Judah; Dan’s territory was on the Mediterranean Sea, and included the busy port of Joppa, next to modern Tel-Aviv (Joshua 19:40-48).
Many Danes later left the land sailing from Joppa in ships while others migrated northwards to Laish, and called the city Dan, after their father, see Judges 18.
The northern city Laish, renamed Dan, by the tribe of Dan, was about thirty miles inland from the ancient busy port of Tyre.
Dan was divided into two halves as an early migration by ship to Ireland was later followed by a second migration with their Assyrian [Germanic] captors from Laish [Dan] ending up in Denmark.
The western Irish half tribe has vexed Ephraim, while the eastern Danish half tribe has been a peaceable nation.
In the millennium Naphtali is to be known for wise words.
Deuteronomy 33:23 And of Naphtali he said, O Naphtali, satisfied with favour, and full with the blessing of the LORD: possess thou the west and the south [properly the sea or a long sea coast (such as Sweden) Strong’s H3220].
Genesis 49:21 Naphtali is a hind let loose [a swift and agile warrior]: he giveth goodly words.
Naphtali the Sved-Daci-Ephtalites – Naphtalites Sweden
Asher shall be strong all his days, be wealthy and have access to oil.
Deuteronomy 33:24 And of Asher he said, Let Asher be blessed with children; let him be acceptable to his brethren, and let him dip his foot in oil.
33:25 Thy shoes shall be iron and brass; and as thy days, so shall thy strength be.
Genesis 49:20 Out of Asher his bread shall be fat, and he shall yield royal dainties.
Asher the [Belgae] Belgium-Luxembourg.
All Israel and their nations shall be blessed of the Eternal in the Kingdom of God.
Brethren, these prophecies are only in part for now, and are to be fulfilled in the Kingdom of God when all Israel repents and turns to the Eternal with a whole heart.
Jeshurun (Hebrew: יְשֻׁרוּן ), in the Hebrew Bible, is a poetic
name for Israel, derived from a root word meaning upright,
just or straight. Jeshurun appears four times in the Hebrew
Bible — three times in Deuteronomy and once in Isaiah. It can
mean the people of Israel (Deut. 32:15; 33:26), the Land of
Israel (Deut. 33:5;), or the Patriarch Jacob (whom an Angel
renamed Israel in Genesis 32:29):
Deuteronomy 33:26 There is none like unto the God of Jeshurun, who rideth upon the heaven in thy help, and in his excellency on the sky.
33:27 The eternal God is thy refuge, and underneath are the everlasting arms: and he shall thrust out the enemy from before thee; and shall say, Destroy them.
33:28 Israel then shall dwell in safety alone: the fountain of Jacob shall be upon a land of corn and wine; also his heavens shall drop down dew.
33:29 Happy art thou, O Israel: who is like unto thee, O people saved by the LORD, the shield of thy help, and who is the
sword of thy excellency! and thine enemies shall be found liars unto thee; and thou shalt tread upon their high places.
Possession of the Promised Land
When Israel was about to enter the Promised Land Moses wrote his fifth book called Deuteronomy.
In that book Moses recounted the history of Israel from their departure out of Egypt and warned the people from God that their possession of the Land was absolutely CONDITIONAL on them faithfully living by EVERY WORD of God.
Deuteronomy 4:1 Now therefore hearken, O Israel, unto the statutes and unto the judgments, which I teach you, for to do them, that ye may live, and go in and possess the land which the LORD God of your fathers giveth you.
4:2 Ye shall not add unto the word which I command you, neither shall ye diminish ought from it, that ye may keep the commandments of the LORD your God which I command you.
4:3 Your eyes have seen what the LORD did because of Baalpeor: for all the men that followed Baalpeor, the LORD thy God hath destroyed them from among you.
The history of Israel from the time they left Egypt until this day is that God cares for those who faithfully follow him to live by His Word; and God will strongly rebuke those who depart from the Word of God to do as they please and follow anyone other than God and God’s Word; which is the sin of idolatry.
Historically God removed the Ten Tribes of Israel from off their land when they would not stop their wickedness and idolatries.
Later Judah was also removed from the land by God through the hand of the Babylonians and again then by the Romans for their pride and sins. If we are full of sin today, God will again correct us! For Almighty God is consistent.
Look at Judah in Palestine today and you will find a secular state where 80% of the Jews are not religious; and the 20% who are religious follow their own traditions. It is the same in Britain and America who profess godliness as we fill our lands with wickedness.
Today Britain, America and the Jewish State are overspread with wickedness against the Word of God and we close our eyes to what God did to our forefathers for these same sins and think that they can continue to be blessed and remain on the land without any correction from God.
The other nations of the Ten Tribes of Israel are no better. We have been given the fairest portions of the earth and have been blessed above all people in all of history, being given riches unimaginable to people of a few centuries ago and these blessings have filled us with pride and the false assumption that we are a righteous people as we fill our lands with the sins of our forefathers.
It is beyond any argument that today’s British peoples, America, the Dutch, Scandinavia and the Jewish state are full of Sabbath breaking, cheating, corruption and stealing; lying, adultery, fornication and homosexuality, followers of the occult and overwhelming idolatry [placing things between us and God].
Yes all of the other nations on earth are just as bad, but we are the ones who have received God’s blessings; we are the ones who are supposed to be an example of righteousness for the earth.
We have utterly failed so God will withdraw his blessings and his protection that we might be an example of what happens when men defy God. Without God’s blessings we shall surely fall, after which the turn of the other nations will come; until all humanity is humbled and ready to accept the coming of Messiah the Christ to save us and to rule all nations in godly righteousness.
Jacob died and Joseph wept
Genesis 50:1 And Joseph fell upon his father’s face, and wept upon him, and kissed him. 50:2 And Joseph commanded his servants the physicians to embalm his father: and the physicians embalmed Israel.
The Egyptians also mourned for Jacob for 70 days.
50:3 And forty days were fulfilled for him; for so are fulfilled the days of those which are embalmed: and the Egyptians mourned for him threescore and ten days.
Then Joseph asked Pharaoh’s consent to take his father Jacob to Canaan to bury Jacob in the tomb of his fathers.
50:4 And when the days of his mourning were past, Joseph spake unto the house of Pharaoh, saying, If now I have found grace in your eyes, speak, I pray you, in the ears of Pharaoh, saying, 50:5 My father made me swear, saying, Lo, I die: in my grave which I have digged for me in the land of Canaan, there shalt thou bury me. Now therefore let me go up, I pray thee, and bury my father, and I will come again.
Pharaoh said go, and the house of Jacob except for the youngest children went up to Canaan to mourn and to bury their father Joseph in the tomb of his father at Machpelah.
50:6 And Pharaoh said, Go up, and bury thy father, according as he made thee swear. 50:7 And Joseph went up to bury his father: and with him went up all the servants of Pharaoh, the elders of his house, and all the elders of the land of Egypt, 50:8 And all the house of Joseph, and his brethren, and his father’s house: only their little ones, and their flocks, and their herds, they left in the land of Goshen. 50:9 And there went up with him [an honor guard of Egyptian] both chariots and horsemen: and it was a very great company.
50:10 And they came to the threshingfloor of Atad, which is beyond Jordan, and there they mourned with a great and very sore lamentation: and he made a mourning for his father seven days. 50:11 And when the inhabitants of the land, the Canaanites, saw the mourning in the floor of Atad, they said, This is a grievous mourning to the Egyptians: wherefore the name of it was called Abelmizraim, [mourning of Egypt] which is beyond Jordan.
Then Jacob was buried by his family with his fathers in Machpelah.
50:12 And his sons did unto him according as he commanded them: 50:13 For his sons carried him into the land of Canaan, and buried him in the cave of the field of Machpelah, which Abraham bought with the field for a possession of a buryingplace of Ephron the Hittite, before Mamre.
Joseph and the family of Jacob return to Egypt.
50:14 And Joseph returned into Egypt, he, and his brethren, and all that went up with him to bury his father, after he had buried his father.
After the death of Jacob the brothers again feared that Joseph would become vengeful and appealed to him for mercy.
50:15 And when Joseph’s brethren saw that their father was dead, they said, Joseph will peradventure hate us, and will certainly requite us all the evil which we did unto him.
50:16 And they sent a messenger unto Joseph, saying, Thy father did command before he died, saying, 50:17 So shall ye say unto Joseph, Forgive, I pray thee now, the trespass of thy brethren, and their sin; for they did unto thee evil: and now, we pray thee, forgive the trespass of the servants of the God of thy father. And Joseph wept when they spake unto him.
50:18 And his brethren also went and fell down before his face; and they said, Behold, we be thy servants.
Joseph consoled his brothers and promised mercy to them.
50:19 And Joseph said unto them, Fear not: for am I in the place of God? 50:20 But as for you, ye thought evil against me; but God meant it unto good, to bring to pass, as it is this day, to save much people alive. 50:21 Now therefore fear ye not: I will nourish you, and your little ones. And he comforted them, and spake kindly unto them.
Joseph died at 110 years old with his children and their children around him.
50:22 And Joseph dwelt in Egypt, he, and his father’s house: and Joseph lived an hundred and ten years. 50:23 And Joseph saw Ephraim’s children of the third generation: the children also of Machir the son of Manasseh were brought up upon Joseph’s knees.
Then Joseph made his brothers and family to swear to take his bones with them when they returned to Canaan.
50:24 And Joseph said unto his brethren, I die: and God will surely visit you, and bring you out of this land unto the land which he sware to Abraham, to Isaac, and to Jacob. 50:25 And Joseph took an oath of the children of Israel, saying, God will surely visit you, and ye shall carry up my bones from hence.
50:26 So Joseph died, being an hundred and ten years old: and they embalmed him, and he was put in a coffin in Egypt.
This concludes the First Book of Moses called Genesis which covers the period from creation to the death of Joseph. This history was written for our instruction and example, and I commented on many of the events and their spiritual meaning and application during this study.
Right now the Ekklesia is at a point where the majority of the leaders and elders are attacking their zealous faithful to God brethren, just like the brothers attacked Joseph. In a way the story of Joseph is being repeated in the church of God today.
Brethren, this is for a purpose, to spiritually develop and mature all of us. God is molding the persecuted and the persecutors into the beings he wants them to be. Some like Joseph need a different kind of molding then their brethren and are being separated out, as Joseph was separated out, to a different kind of training.
Dear Brethren, the sorrow of the present circumstances will pass; and we shall all be brought into a full unity with God our Father, and with our brothers; as Joseph was reconciled with his brothers and reunited with his father Jacob.
Let us be as forgiving as Joseph was, when we are offended by our brethren, for the sake of our zeal for the Eternal and his Word; knowing full well that our brothers sincerely believe that they are right and are doing God a service.
Therefore do not let a root of bitterness grow up inside us, but pray that every person will learn as he ought to, and be reconciled to God the Father, and let us be merciful as Jesus and Stephen both prayed: “Forgive them Father, for they know not what they do.”
In due time if we faint not, we shall all learn our lessons from God our Father to become the kind of children of God that we ought to be. Then when we are all reconciled to our Father in heaven we shall also be reconciled with each other.