Exodus 12-26

Updated 2 May, 2016

Exodus 12

The one who became Jesus Christ proclaimed the first month of the year; and proclaimed that the Passover, Feast of Unleavened Bread and the Wave Sheaf lifting must take place in that month.  As we shall later see, the barley harvest must be ripe for cutting and grinding into flour for the wave offering in order to declare the first month as sanctified.  

Exodus 12:1 And the LORD spake unto Moses and Aaron in the land of Egypt saying, 12:2 This month shall be unto you the beginning of months: it shall be the first month of the year to you.

On the tenth day of the month they are to take a lamb to live with each the families of physical Israel in Egypt; then it is to be sacrificed after sunset ending the 13th day of the first month.  The number of people needed to completely consume a whole lamb in its first year is about 20. 

The Passover lambs were lambs which had been born in early spring, as those born a year earlier would by hitting the too old to be in their first year. 

12:3 Speak ye unto all the congregation of Israel, saying, In the tenth day of this month they shall take to them every man a lamb, according to the house of their fathers, a lamb for an house: 12:4 And if the household be too little for the lamb, let him and his neighbour next unto his house take it according to the number of the souls; every man according to his eating shall make your count for the lamb.

The Passover sacrifice must be a lamb of sheep flocks, or a kid of the goats herds.  Please remember that the Passover can be a kid of the goats herds in your further studies, as in some places “herds” are mentioned and this has confused some people.

The lamb pictures the sacrifice of Christ being applied to the called out of Egypt and the spring or early harvest;  and the goat kid pictures the sacrifice of Christ as being applied in the autumn to the main harvest,  think of the Day of Atonement here.

However the sacrifice of Christ was done ONLY ONCE.!  The Lamb of God was pictured by the Passover sacrifice, but Christ being the very Creator was of much more value  than a physical lamb.

12:5 Your lamb shall be without blemish, a male of the first year [in its first year]: ye shall take it out from the sheep, or from the goats: 12:6 And ye shall keep it up until [up the beginning of, ie the end of the 13th day] the fourteenth day of the same month: and the whole assembly of the congregation of Israel shall kill it in the evening.

The blood of the sacrifice must be on the top and the two sides of the door of their homes.  This pictures the atoning blood of the sacrifice of Christ covering the door of our hearts and minds.

The blood on the door posts in Egypt was a sign that the people were God’s people and that the destroyer should pass over them.  In the same way the application of the sacrifice of Christ to the sincerely repentant marks out the people of God. 

While not mentioned here sacrifices were accompanied by a drink Offering of Wine.

Physical Israel was to eat the lamb with unleavened bread. The lamb picturing the total and complete innocence; and his complete meekness and submission to the Father; of Messiah the Lamb of God; and the unleavened bread picturing absolute purity from leaven [sin] and the body of Christ which was to be broken for humanity.  The bitter herbs represent the bitter sorrows and death that the Lamb of God must endure, an dour partaking of a part of the bitterness in our converted lives of overcoming as he overcame.

This whole meal was an allegory that we must eat [internalize] every Word of God, which was inspired by Christ who is the Logos.  If we are lax or reject any point such as zeal for the sanctity of the Sabbath; we are apostate from Christ. 

12:7 And they shall take of the blood, and strike it on the two side posts and on the upper door post of the houses, wherein they shall eat it. 12:8 And they shall eat the flesh in that night, roast with fire, and unleavened bread; and with bitter herbs they shall eat it.

The Passover lamb or kid must be roasted whole; representing the wholeness of the Lamb of God, Jesus Christ.

12:9 Eat not of it raw, nor sodden at all with water, but roast with fire; his head with his legs, and with the purtenance thereof.  12:10 And ye shall let nothing of it remain until the morning; and that which remaineth of it until the morning ye shall burn with fire.

The meal is to be eaten in haste in Egypt, thus representing physical Israel leaving Egypt in haste after the deaths in Egypt on the Passover. 

This is a picture that; once we sincerely repent and have the sacrifice of Christ applied to us; we must make haste to diligently study the scriptures and remove sin; we must be in passionate zeal to internalize the Word of God, to learn and to live by every Word of God; to become perfect as God our Father is perfect! 

Anyone who is not passionately zealous to internalize the nature of God by faithfully rooting out all error and to live by the whole Word of God, is in grave danger of severe correction. 

12:11 And thus shall ye eat it; with your loins girded, your shoes on your feet, and your staff in your hand; and ye shall eat it in haste: it is the LORD’s passover.

Then the one who became Jesus Christ tells them that HE will go through the land and kill all the first born of Egypt.

12:12 For I will pass through the land of Egypt this night, and will smite all the firstborn in the land of Egypt, both man and beast; and against all the gods of Egypt I will execute judgment: I am the LORD.

Those with the token of blood on their doorposts will be spared but none of the wicked will be spared.

12:13 And the blood shall be to you for a token upon the houses where ye are: and when I see the blood, I will pass over you, and the plague shall not be upon you to destroy you, when I smite the land of Egypt.

God’s people are commanded to keep the Passover forever; it is an ordinance of God.

12:14 And this day shall be unto you for a memorial; and ye shall keep it a feast to the LORD throughout your generations; ye shall keep it a feast by an ordinance for ever.

At this point there is an inset concerning the Feast of Unleavened Bread.

Removing all leaven for the seven days of this Feast, of Unleavened Bread pictures freedom from the pollution of sin. 

Putting out leaven pictures putting out all sin from our lives, and the eating of unleavened bread every day as commanded further on, pictures internalizing the Bread of Life Jesus Christ through our entire lives.

12:15 Seven days shall ye eat unleavened bread; even the first day ye shall put away leaven out of your houses: for whosoever eateth leavened bread from the first day until the seventh day, that soul shall be cut off from Israel.

As the six day week with a seventh day of rest at its end pictures a complete physical creation followed by a millennial Sabbath of rest; the seven days of unleavened bread pictures a six thousand year SPIRITUAL creation! 

The first day being a high Day because the Father began his spiritual work in calling a people to the Son spiritually, with righteous Abel; then the calling out of an early harvest continued until the end of the sixth day, followed by the resurrection and the millennial Sabbath of rest during which God’s Spirit will be upon all flesh and those then living will also be changed to spirit at the end of their lives completing the full early harvest of first fruits! 

The called out from Egypt came out as the first day of ULB began, and they journeyed through the wilderness, picturing the spiritually called out, journeying through this world’s wilderness of sin for six thousand years. 

Then the called out from Egypt crossed the Red Sea at the end of the sixth day; to rejoice at their deliverance on the seventh and High Holy Day of that Feast of ULB, thus picturing the resurrection of the spiritually called out at the end of the sixth thousandth year and the millennial kingdom High Sabbath of the Feast of ULB!

12:16 And in the first day there shall be an holy convocation, and in the seventh day there shall be an holy convocation to you; no manner of work shall be done in them, save that which every man must eat, that only may be done of you.  12:17 And ye shall observe the feast of unleavened bread; for in this selfsame day have I brought your armies out of the land of Egypt: therefore shall ye observe this day in your generations by an ordinance for ever.

Verse 15 tells us that we must eat unleavened bread for seven days;  therefore if we count back from the 21st day we will see the High Day on which this Feast begins.  21, 20, 19, 18, 17, 16, 15.  There we have it.  The Passover is on the 14th day of the month beginning at sunset ending the 13th day, and the Feast of ULB begins at the end of the 14th on the next day after Passover when the people leave Egypt.

Here we have a direct and explicit COMMAND to eat unleavened bread for the whole Feast, and the spiritual significance of the unleavened bread makes it obvious that we should indeed eat it EVERY DAY of the feast.  Indeed this is not the  five day of ulb, nor is it three day feast; it is the seven day Feast of Unleavened Bread and therefore we are to be feasting on ulb every day for a full seven days!

12:18 In the first month, on the fourteenth day of the month at even, ye shall eat unleavened bread, until the one and twentieth day of the month at even.

The person who eats any leaven during this feast is cut off from God and cut off from the Ekklesia the spiritual assembly of the called out.  And spiritually, if we pollute ourselves with willful sin after our calling and commitment to go and sin no more, we have also separated ourselves from God and lost out on the early [spring] resurrection of the chosen.

12:19 Seven days shall there be no leaven found in your houses: for whosoever eateth that which is leavened, even that soul shall be cut off from the congregation of Israel, whether he be a stranger, or born in the land.

Here is the positive command again.  This represents that we are to eat, consume, hunger and thirst after, internalize and become one with God the Father and Christ by filling ourselves [eating] with learning and living by every Word of God.

12:20 Ye shall eat nothing leavened [We must not internalize a sinful nature]; in all your habitations shall ye eat unleavened bread [Internalizing the nature of God].

Then God commanded Moses and the elders of Israel to choose lambs on the tenth day for killing after sunset ending the 13th day.  God also commanded that hyssop be used as a brush to paint the blood on the doorposts.  Hyssop is a plant which has soap like cleansing properties and is most appropriate to apply the blood to the door posts, representing the cleansing from sin properties of the blood of the Lamb of God.

The people were commanded not to go out during the night, as the destroyer would be in the land and would kill any first born not marked out by the blood.  Spiritually this is a sign to us that any person who is not zealous for the blood of the Lamb of God and is not passionately committed to be faithful to Christ in all things, will surely be corrected and if unrepentant will surely spiritually perish.

12:21 Then Moses called for all the elders of Israel, and said unto them, Draw out and take you a lamb according to your families, and kill the passover. 12:22 And ye shall take a bunch of hyssop, and dip it in the blood that is in the bason, and strike the lintel and the two side posts with the blood that is in the bason; and none of you shall go out at the door of his house until the morning.

12:23 For the LORD will pass through to smite the Egyptians; and when he seeth the blood upon the lintel, and on the two side posts, the LORD will pass over the door, and will not suffer the destroyer to come in unto your houses to smite you.

12:24 And ye shall observe this thing for an ordinance to thee and to thy sons for ever.

Physical Israel is to keep the Passover forever in memory of how they were called out of Egypt and delivered by the strong arm of God.  The New Covenant called out, of Spiritual Israel are also to keep the Passover forever in memory of the sacrifice of the Lamb of God and his deliverance from the bondage of sin. 

12:25 And it shall come to pass, when ye be come to the land which the LORD will give you, according as he hath promised, that ye shall keep this service.  12:26 And it shall come to pass, when your children shall say unto you, What mean ye by this service? 12:27 That ye shall say, It is the sacrifice of the LORD’s passover, who passed over the houses of the children of Israel in Egypt, when he smote the Egyptians, and delivered our houses. And the people bowed the head and worshipped.

Then Israel obeyed, killing the lambs and kids immediately after the sun set ending the 13th day of the first month; and at midnight the destroyer went through Egypt, but those who obeyed God were spared.

As the physical lambs died to save Israel’s first born in Egypt; The Messiah the Lamb of God, died to save his spiritually Called Out from bondage to sin and death.  

12:28 And the children of Israel went away, and did as the LORD had commanded Moses and Aaron, so did they.  12:29 And it came to pass, that at midnight the LORD smote all the firstborn in the land of Egypt, from the firstborn of Pharaoh that sat on his throne unto the firstborn of the captive that was in the dungeon; and all the firstborn of cattle.

The Passover occurred at midnight on the 14th day of the first month.  Pharaoh then insisted with all of Egypt, that Israel leave the land as soon as possible.

12:30 And Pharaoh rose up in the night, he, and all his servants, and all the Egyptians; and there was a great cry in Egypt; for there was not a house where there was not one dead.  12:31 And he called for Moses and Aaron by night, and said, Rise up, and get you forth from among my people, both ye and the children of Israel; and go, serve the LORD, as ye have said. 12:32 Also take your flocks and your herds, as ye have said, and be gone; and bless me also.  12:33 And the Egyptians were urgent upon the people, that they might send them out of the land in haste; for they said, We be all dead men.

Now Joseph had settled Israel in Goshen, but over the following 430 years the people had grown and overspread the area so that there were many towns and villages of Israel in Goshen.  It would have been early morning on the 14th day  that the word came to leave and Israel then came out of their towns and villages to gather at their central city of Avaris [later renamed Ramses].

12:34 And the people took their dough before it was leavened, their kneadingtroughs being bound up in their clothes upon their shoulders. 12:35 And the children of Israel did according to the word of Moses; and they borrowed of the Egyptians jewels of silver, and jewels of gold, and raiment: 12:36 And the LORD gave the people favour in the sight of the Egyptians, so that they lent unto them such things as they required. And they spoiled the Egyptians.

Then as the sun set on the 14th day of the first month, Israel journeyed from Ramses to Succoth, So they began the journey out of Egypt as the sun set on the Passover day of the 14th, and on the beginning of the first day of Unleavened Bread the 15 day of the first month.  For this reason, that the Called Out of Egypt began her journey OUT of Egypt; this is a night to be much observed [remembered]. 

This is an allegory that all the spiritually Called Out from spiritual Egypt, begin a journey AWAY from the bondage of sin and must continually remove the leaven of sin from  themselves; and they must hunger and thirst to consume and internalize Jesus Christ, and live by every Word of God. 

Anyone who says that we need not obey God and eat unleavened bread every day of the Feast, is saying that we need not have any zeal for Jesus Christ and the word of God; they are of the spirit of antichrist.

12:37 And the children of Israel journeyed from Rameses to Succoth, about six hundred thousand on foot that were men, beside children.

Here we are told that a large number of others, not called out by God, journeyed with Israel.  These are typical of the tares that cleave to the Called Out in this age; and they did considerable damage to Israel in the wilderness, as we are also tested by the well meaning and sincere, but unconverted and uncalled within our midst.

12:38 And a mixed multitude went up also with them; and flocks, and herds, even very much cattle.

This day, on the evening ending the 14th day and beginning the 15 day of the first month: Begins the first day of the Feast of Unleavened Bread. 

This first day of the Feast of ULB is a High Holy Day because on this day God led Israel out of Egypt; and because this day is symbolic of God giving his spiritually Called Out his spirit to guide them in removing the leaven of all sin, and leading them into the perfection of godliness.

Matthew 5:48    Be ye therefore perfect, even as your Father which is in heaven is perfect.

Exodus 12:39 And they baked unleavened cakes of the dough which they brought forth out of Egypt, for it was not leavened; because they were thrust out of Egypt, and could not tarry, neither had they prepared for themselves any victual.

When Jacob went down to Egypt; Israel enjoyed 30 years of peace and prosperity before a new Pharaoh began to afflict them, and they were afflicted for 400 years as God had told Abraham.  The Messiah [YHVH] brought them out precisely as he has promised.

12:40 Now the sojourning of the children of Israel, who dwelt in Egypt, was four hundred and thirty years. 12:41 And it came to pass at the end of the four hundred and thirty years, even the selfsame day it came to pass, that all the hosts of the LORD went out from the land of Egypt.

It is because our Lord has kept his promises and delivered physical Israel; that we know that he is able to and will keep; his promises to spiritual Israel!  It has become a tradition to observe this night by having a big meal and talking about everything EXCEPT the thing we are supposed to be remembering.  That is wrong and it is a sin. 

This is a night to be observed in memory of the deliverance of the called out from the bondage of sin; both physical and spiritual Israel.  On this first High Day of ULB we should be remembering and rehearsing deliverance from sin by the Mighty Arm of our Great Deliverer, the Lamb of God!

Besides being the day that Israel began the journey out of Egypt, and besides representing the need to remove sin and replace it with the word of God; the Feast of ULB is also prophetic. 

This feast represents that God the Father has been calling out a certain early harvest for six thousand years, beginning with righteous Abel, to Noah, Moses, Elijah, David and even John Baptist along with many others. 

As Israel journeyed for six days, and then passed through the Red Sea at the end of the sixth day, and then to rejoice over their final deliverance on the seventh day, a High Holy Day picturing a millennial Sabbath of Rest. 

Even so spiritual Israel has been called out for six thousand years, and at the end of the sixth thousandth year; the chosen will be changed to spirit and will  celebrate a millennial Sabbath of Rest on the earth! 

There is so much information and meaning on God’s Holy Days and festivals!

12:42 It is a night to be much observed unto the LORD for bringing them out from the land of Egypt: this is that night of the LORD to be observed of all the children of Israel in their generations.

Back to the Passover

No physically unclean person, or in the New Covenant no person unclean by unrepented sin, no stranger, or in spiritual Israel, no uncalled or unconverted person; may take the Passover. Only the circumcised in heart [sincerely repentant] may partake of the Passover.

12:43 And the LORD said unto Moses and Aaron, This is the ordinance of the passover: There shall no stranger eat thereof: 12:44 But every man’s servant that is bought for money, when thou hast circumcised him, then shall he eat thereof. 12:45 A foreigner and an hired servant shall not eat thereof.

The lamb must be eaten wholly in the house of the family that made the sacrifice, with no part being taken outside.  This symbolized that the sacrifice of Christ the Lamb of God, is applied ONLY to the sincerely repentant [not taken  outside the faithful] called by God the Father to become part of the faithful family of God.

The lamb or kid represents Christ and no bone shall be broken, to symbolize that no bone of Christ would be broken at his sacrifice.

12:46 In one house shall it be eaten; thou shalt not carry forth ought of the flesh abroad out of the house; neither shall ye break a bone thereof.

Every person of physical Israel called out of Egypt MUST take the Passover or be ostracized form the called out.  Likewise every person spiritually Called Out to the new covenant of spiritual Israel, MUST also take the Passover with sincere repentance.

12:47 All the congregation of Israel shall keep it.

No uncircumcised in heart unconverted or unrepentant person may take of the New Covenant Passover, but if a person is called of God the Father and is sincerely repentant, then let him be spiritually circumcised in a baptismal commitment; and then partake of the Passover.

12:48 And when a stranger shall sojourn with thee, and will keep the passover to the LORD, let all his males be circumcised, and then let him come near and keep it; and he shall be as one that is born in the land: for no uncircumcised person shall eat thereof.

The laws that God gave to Israel were to apply to ALL those in their congregations and assemblies.  Therefore no person may remain in the congregations of the Ekklesia of the Called Out, unless he is zealous to live by every Word of God.

12:49 One law shall be to him that is homeborn, and unto the stranger that sojourneth among you.

After the Passover day as the sun set ending the 14th day of the first month, on the 15th day of the first month; the called out began their journey out of Egypt!

12:50 Thus did all the children of Israel; as the LORD commanded Moses and Aaron, so did they.

It must be understood that this was the beginning of the journey out of Egypt, and that journey was only completed at the end of the sixth day, as they came up out of the Sea of Death. 

Technically at that time, Egypt ruled Sinai and Canaan, however the plagues broke the back of Egyptian hegemony over the region. 

12:51 And it came to pass the selfsame day, that the LORD did bring the children of Israel out of the land of Egypt by their armies.


Now that Israel has crossed the Sea and rejoiced before the LORD for their deliverance, rejoicing on the seventh day of the Feast, then they began their journey to Sinai and their official full marriage to their Deliverer.


Exodus 13

The Called Out of Egypt is an analogy of the spiritually Called Out of bondage to sin [spiritual Egypt], called to the marriage of the Lamb. 

Now we have an analogy within an analogy, as we see that only the firstborn of man and beast were actually saved by the blood of the Passover lamb.   God had not intended to kill all of the people but only the firstborn of man and beast in Egypt. 

Therefore the blood of the lamb saved the firstborn of Israel in Egypt, and the blood of the spiritual Lamb applied to the sincerely repentant, saves the first fruits of the early harvest  of Spiritual Israel. 

For this reason all the firstborn of man and beast in physical Israel belong to God, and the first fruits of spiritual Israel belong to the Lamb of God who redeemed them with his own life. 

Exodus 13 begins with instructions to the people late on Passover day just before the sunset beginning the 15th day of the first month and the beginning of the march out of Egypt on the Night to be Much Remembered.

Exodus 13:1 And the LORD spake unto Moses, saying, 13:2 Sanctify unto me all the firstborn, whatsoever openeth the womb among the children of Israel, both of man and of beast: it is mine.

1 Corinthians  7:23   Ye are bought with a price; be not ye the servants of men.

Moses then commands Israel to remember the Feast of Unleavened Bread and the coming out of Egypt.

Exodus 13:3 And Moses said unto the people, Remember this day, in which ye came out from Egypt, out of the house of bondage; for by strength of hand the LORD brought you out from this place: there shall no leavened bread be eaten.

13:4 This day came ye out in the month Abib.

13:5 And it shall be when the LORD shall bring thee into the land of the Canaanites, and the Hittites, and the Amorites, and the Hivites, and the Jebusites, which he sware unto thy fathers to give thee, a land flowing with milk and honey, that thou shalt keep this service in this month.

Here is a direct and specific command to eat unleavened bread every day of the seven day  Feast.

13:6 Seven days thou shalt eat unleavened bread, and in the seventh day shall be a feast to the LORD. 13:7 Unleavened bread shall be eaten seven days; and there shall no leavened bread be seen with thee, neither shall there be leaven seen with thee in all thy quarters.

You shall diligently teach your children the meaning of this Feast of Unleavened Bread, and the mighty deeds that Christ did in delivering us from the bondage of spiritual Egypt and of sin through the giving up of the very life of the Creator.

13:8 And thou shalt shew thy son in that day, saying, This is done because of that which the LORD did unto me when I came forth out of Egypt.

We are commanded to keep the Feast year by year, and to remember these things and understand them; that we may remember what happened in Egypt, and the power that God has over all the things of spiritual Egypt, to deliver us from Satan as he delivered physical Israel from the god king of physical Egypt. 

WHY?  That we may remember the delivering power of our LORD; so that we will never depart from the whole word of God!

13:9 And it shall be for a sign unto thee upon thine hand, and for a memorial between thine eyes, that the LORD’s law may be in thy mouth: for with a strong hand hath the LORD brought thee out of Egypt. 13:10 Thou shalt therefore keep this ordinance in his season from year to year.

13:11 And it shall be when the LORD shall bring thee into the land of the Canaanites, as he sware unto thee and to thy fathers, and shall give it thee, 13:12 That thou shalt set apart unto the LORD all that openeth the matrix, and every firstling that cometh of a beast which thou hast; the males shall be the LORD’s.

13:13 And every firstling of an ass thou shalt redeem with a lamb; and if thou wilt not redeem it, then thou shalt break his neck: and all the firstborn of man among thy children shalt thou redeem.

13:14 And it shall be when thy son asketh thee in time to come, saying, What is this? that thou shalt say unto him, By strength of hand the LORD brought us out from Egypt, from the house of bondage: 13:15 And it came to pass, when Pharaoh would hardly let us go, that the LORD slew all the firstborn in the land of Egypt, both the firstborn of man, and the firstborn of beast: therefore I sacrifice to the LORD all that openeth the matrix, being males; but all the firstborn of my children I redeem.

13:16 And it shall be for a token upon thine hand, and for frontlets between thine eyes: for by strength of hand the LORD brought us forth out of Egypt.

The first born under the Passover blood were redeemed by the blood of the lamb in physical Egypt, and the spiritually first born [early called out from bondage to sin] of God are redeemed by the blood sacrifice of the Lamb of God Being redeemed by the blood of the Lamb of God:  We BELONG to GOD! 

1 Corinthians 6:19 What? know ye not that your body is the temple of the Holy Ghost which is in you, which ye have of God, and ye are not your own? 6:20  For ye are bought with a price: therefore glorify God in your body, and in your spirit [live by every Word of God who has purchased (redeemed) you], which are God’s.

Exodus 13:17 And it came to pass, when Pharaoh had let the people go, that God led them not through the way of the land of the Philistines, although that was near; for God said, Lest peradventure the people repent when they see war, and they return to Egypt: 13:18 But God led the people about, through the way of the wilderness of the Red sea: and the children of Israel went up harnessed [laden with their goods] out of the land of Egypt.

13:19 And Moses took the bones of Joseph with him: for he had straitly sworn the children of Israel, saying, God will surely visit you; and ye shall carry up my bones away hence with you.

13:20 And they took their journey from Succoth, and encamped in Etham, in the edge of the wilderness.

13:21 And the LORD went before them by day in a pillar of a cloud, to lead them the way; and by night in a pillar of fire, to give them light; to go by day and night: 13:22 He took not away the pillar of the cloud by day, nor the pillar of fire by night, from before the people.

Exodus 14 

At Etham Christ told Moses to command the people to turn away from their journey east and head to the south to camp by the sea.

Exodus 14:1 And the LORD spake unto Moses, saying, 14:2 Speak unto the children of Israel, that they turn and encamp before Pihahiroth, between Migdol and the sea, over against Baalzephon: before it shall ye encamp by the sea.

When Israel becomes trapped between the mountains and the sea at the close of the third day’s journey, Pharaoh realizes that he has Israel “in the bag” and resolves to pursue them.

14:3 For Pharaoh will say of the children of Israel, They are entangled in the land, the wilderness hath shut them in. 14:4 And I will harden Pharaoh’s heart, that he shall follow after them; and I will be honoured upon Pharaoh, and upon all his host; that the Egyptians may know that I am the LORD. And they did so.

God had led Israel into a trap, to bait Pharaoh to pursue them, and Pharaoh with his horses and chariots pursued Israel. Pharaoh’s army had to cover the same ground although they were much faster [without animals and the old and young] and could easily have made the journey in less than two days.

Israel became entrapped after only three days of travel; and then stayed trapped in the same place on the fourth and fifth days. Pharaoh began to pursue them on the third day; arriving on the fifth day.

14:5 And it was told the king of Egypt that the people fled: and the heart of Pharaoh and of his servants was turned against the people, and they said, Why have we done this, that we have let Israel go from serving us? 14:6 And he made ready his chariot, and took his people with him: 14:7 And he took six hundred chosen chariots, and all the chariots of Egypt, and captains over every one of them.

Then the Egyptian army pursued Israel arriving on the fifth day.

14:8 And the LORD hardened the heart of Pharaoh king of Egypt, and he pursued after the children of Israel: and the children of Israel went out with an high hand. 14:9 But the Egyptians pursued after them, all the horses and chariots of Pharaoh, and his horsemen, and his army, and overtook them encamping by the sea, beside Pihahiroth, before Baalzephon.

Here we are told that Pharaoh himself was with the army and Israel feared greatly.

14:10 And when Pharaoh drew nigh, the children of Israel lifted up their eyes, and, behold, the Egyptians marched after them; and they were sore afraid: and the children of Israel cried out unto the LORD. 14:11 And they said unto Moses, Because there were no graves in Egypt, hast thou taken us away to die in the wilderness? wherefore hast thou dealt thus with us, to carry us forth out of Egypt? 14:12 Is not this the word that we did tell thee in Egypt, saying, Let us alone, that we may serve the Egyptians? For it had been better for us to serve the Egyptians, than that we should die in the wilderness.

This represents the fear of persecution and trials that drives many a new convert back into the bondage out of which they came.

This was a deliberate act of Christ to demonstrate to physical and to spiritual Israel the power of God over Pharaoh and all his power, as an example of the great power of Christ to overcome Satan and all his power!

14:13 And Moses said unto the people, Fear ye not, stand still, and see the salvation of the LORD, which he will shew to you to day: for the Egyptians whom ye have seen to day, ye shall see them again no more for ever.

When faced with temptations and trials we are to RUN to our Beloved and trust in him to deliver us; we are never to try and deal with the situation by our own ways and by compromising with any part of the word of God.  We are to trust in our God and GO FORWARD in enthusiastic zeal for his word!

14:14 The LORD shall fight for you, and ye shall hold your peace.

This is the key to overcoming all our fears. We are not in the fight alone! The Eternal shall fight for us, and all we need do is to faithfully follow HIM!

14:15 And the LORD said unto Moses, Wherefore criest thou unto me? speak unto the children of Israel, that they go forward: 14:16 But lift thou up thy rod, and stretch out thine hand over the sea, and divide it: and the children of Israel shall go on dry ground through the midst of the sea.

Again Pharaoh is mentioned as being present and to take party in the destruction of his army.

Yes, let us go forward and continue on the path of faith in our Deliverer; never fearing, never compromising; always faithful DOERS of the Word and FOLLOWERS of our Father in heaven!

14:17 And I, behold, I will harden the hearts of the Egyptians, and they shall follow them: and I will get me honour upon Pharaoh, and upon all his host, upon his chariots, and upon his horsemen.

14:18 And the Egyptians shall know that I am the LORD, when I have gotten me honour upon Pharaoh, upon his chariots, and upon his horsemen.

Then  the fire was removed to the rear of Israel, to be a cloud separating Pharaoh from Israel on that fifth night as the wind blew all night.

14:19 And the angel of God, which went before the camp of Israel, removed and went behind them; and the pillar of the cloud went from before their face, and stood behind them: 14:20 And it came between the camp of the Egyptians and the camp of Israel; and it was a cloud and darkness to them, but it gave light by night to these: so that the one came not near the other all the night.

The wind blew all night separating the sea into two parts that Israel could pass through dry shod.  Wind is also a type of the holy spirit which opens the way to salvation and eternal life in the spirit; if we passionately please our Beloved by following him and keeping his word.

14:21 And Moses stretched out his hand over the sea; and the LORD caused the sea to go back by a strong east wind all that night, and made the sea dry land, and the waters were divided.

The Egyptian army arriving on the fifth day; the wind blew all that night and early in the morning of the sixth day Israel entered the Red Sea and crossed that sea on the SIXTH DAY of Unleavened Bread, rising up out of the Sea of Death, within which all that were a type of wickedness perished, never to be seen again.

14:22 And the children of Israel went into the midst of the sea upon the dry ground: and the waters were a wall unto them on their right hand, and on their left.

As the called Out passed through the sea and the Egyptians could not do so; this is an analogy that the faithful zealous called out and chosen shall pass through the sea of death into a resurrection to spirit and eternal life, while those who reject zeal to follow any part of the whole word of God, cannot cross from flesh into spirit.

14:23 And the Egyptians pursued, and went in after them to the midst of the sea, even all Pharaoh’s horses, his chariots, and his horsemen.

Jesus Christ troubled this professional army to deliver his people; just as he will deliver his spiritual people from the power of Satan and from the power of death itself!

14:24 And it came to pass, that in the morning watch the LORD looked unto the host of the Egyptians through the pillar of fire and of the cloud, and troubled the host of the Egyptians, 14:25 And took off their chariot wheels, that they drave them heavily: so that the Egyptians said, Let us flee from the face of Israel; for the LORD fighteth for them against the Egyptians.

As the Egyptians, being a type of bondage to sin; could not cross through the sea representing the grave;  those who are not zealous to follow the Lamb withersoever he goeth, will not be in the resurrection to spirit.

14:26 And the LORD said unto Moses, Stretch out thine hand over the sea, that the waters may come again upon the Egyptians, upon their chariots, and upon their horsemen. 14:27 And Moses stretched forth his hand over the sea, and the sea returned to his strength when the morning appeared; and the Egyptians fled against it; and the LORD overthrew the Egyptians in the midst of the sea. 14:28 And the waters returned, and covered the chariots, and the horsemen, and all the host of Pharaoh that came into the sea after them; there remained not so much as one of them.

Those who passionately love their LORD enough to learn and to keep his word will be lifted from the grave and given a new and incorruptible body of spirit in eternal life.

14:29 But the children of Israel walked upon dry land in the midst of the sea; and the waters were a wall unto them on their right hand, and on their left.

The Eternal saved physical Israel: so shall he save all those who love him with the passionate love of the Shulamite [the beloved of God].   While those who do wickedly and refuse to sincerely repent will go down to destruction.

14:30 Thus the LORD saved Israel that day out of the hand of the Egyptians; and Israel saw the Egyptians dead upon the sea shore.

When a resurrection of the faithful and chosen dead comes in the next few years; then all the earth shall SEE and KNOW the power of God and believe on him alone, bringing in the millennial rest.

14:31 And Israel saw that great work which the LORD did upon the Egyptians: and the people feared the LORD, and believed the LORD, and his servant Moses.

Exodus 15

After Israel came up out of the sea which the Egyptians could not cross Moses wrote this song of deliverance which Israel sang in rejoicing on the Seventh day. This is the very same song that will be sung at the Wedding feast of the resurrected bride in heaven.

Revelation 15   And I saw another sign in heaven, great and marvellous, seven angels having the seven last plagues; for in them is filled up the wrath of God.

And I saw as it were a sea of glass mingled with fire: and them that had gotten the victory over the beast, and over his image, and over his mark, and over the number of his name, stand on the sea of glass, having the harps of God.

And they sing the song of Moses the servant of God, and the song of the Lamb, saying, Great and marvellous are thy works, Lord God Almighty; just and true are thy ways, thou King of saints.

Who shall not fear thee, O Lord, and glorify thy name? for thou only art holy: for all nations shall come and worship before thee; for thy judgments are made manifest.

The Song of Moses

If you have prepared yourself and been passionately zealous for our Beloved and HIS  Word to become LIKE HIM and ot overcome all worldliness; then you too shall stand before the throne of the Father and  Link: sing this song of rejoicing at the Marriage of the Lamb!

Exodus 15:1 Then sang Moses and the children of Israel this song unto the LORD, and spake, saying,

I will sing unto the LORD, for he hath triumphed gloriously: the horse and his rider hath he thrown into the sea.

Our Lord has defeated the armies of Satan, the god-king of this world!

15:2 The LORD is my strength and song, and he is become my salvation: he is my God, and I will prepare him an habitation; my father’s God, and I will exalt him.

We must trust ONLY in our God who is Mighty to Deliver and shall build us into a Temple for our God with his help!

15:3 The LORD is a man of war: the LORD is his name.

The Eternal is our defense and our Deliverer, NO ONE can stand before him!

15:4 Pharaoh’s chariots and his host hath he cast into the sea: his chosen captains also are drowned in the Red sea. 15:5 The depths have covered them: they sank into the bottom as a stone. 15:6 Thy right hand, O LORD, is become glorious in power: thy right hand, O LORD, hath dashed in pieces the enemy. 15:7 And in the greatness of thine excellency thou hast overthrown them that rose up against thee: thou sentest forth thy wrath, which consumed them as stubble. 15:8 And with the blast of thy nostrils the waters were gathered together, the floods stood upright as an heap, and the depths were congealed in the heart of the sea.

15:9 The enemy said, I will pursue, I will overtake, I will divide the spoil; my lust shall be satisfied upon them; I will draw my sword, my hand shall destroy them.

15:10 Thou didst blow with thy wind, the sea covered them: they sank as lead in the mighty waters.

Who is like God our Deliverer?

15:11 Who is like unto thee, O LORD, among the gods? who is like thee, glorious in holiness, fearful in praises, doing wonders? 15:12 Thou stretchedst out thy right hand, the earth swallowed them.

15:13 Thou in thy mercy hast led forth the people which thou hast redeemed: thou hast guided them in thy strength unto thy holy habitation.

15:14 The people shall hear, and be afraid: sorrow shall take hold on the inhabitants of Palestina.

15:15 Then the dukes of Edom shall be amazed; the mighty men of Moab, trembling shall take hold upon them; all the inhabitants of Canaan shall melt away.

The Canaanites were types of wickedness and rebellion against God!

15:16 Fear and dread shall fall upon them; by the greatness of thine arm they shall be as still as a stone; till thy people pass over, O LORD, till the people pass over, which thou hast purchased.

The spiritual people which Christ has purchased with his blood; shall pass over the Sea of Death [the grave] into eternal life, and be brought into an inheritance as kings and priests over all the earth!

15:17 Thou shalt bring them in, and plant them in the mountain of thine inheritance, in the place, O LORD, which thou hast made for thee to dwell in, in the Sanctuary, O LORD, which thy hands have established.

15:18 The LORD shall reign for ever and ever.

Oh what a great rejoicing in Israel on that Seventh Day of Unleavened Bread! Oh what a fantastic millennium of rejoicing the chosen saints will have, as they bring the millennial harvest of first fruits into the family of God, in the very presence of the Creator himself!

Then Miriam led all Israel in a Song of Rejoicing at the deliverance and power of the Eternal from physical Egypt; as the Chosen will sing the same Song of Rejoicing at the deliverance and power of the Eternal from spiritual Egypt of bondage to sin and death!

15:20 And Miriam the prophetess, the sister of Aaron, took a timbrel in her hand; and all the women went out after her with timbrels and with dances. 15:21 And Miriam answered them, Sing ye to the LORD, for he hath triumphed gloriously; the horse and his rider hath he thrown into the sea.

Israel then had a day of rejoicing a Sabbath of Rest, representing a Millennial Sabbath of Rest, in the Feast of Unleavened Bread allegory. 

Now a new allegory comes into view, about the trials and difficulties of the period of espousal before the marriage of the Lamb to physical Israel at Sinai; as a lesson for the called out that their espousal will be filled with trials, and their deliverance in a resurrection to spirit as part of the collective bride, depends on their fidelity to their espoused Husband. 

This pictures the journey of espousal of physical Israel to their marriage to their God on Pentecost at Sinai.  

The Wave Offering pictures the spiritual harvest of Christ as the first of many, and the establishment of the spiritual New Covenant Kingdom of God on Pentecost. 

After the Seventh day of ULB Israel traveled three days without water.

15:22 So Moses brought Israel from the Red sea, and they went out into the wilderness of Shur; and they went three days in the wilderness, and found no water.

The water they found at Marah was bitter [salt water] and could not be drunk.  Then the people complained bitterly and wanted to go back into Egypt because of the trial.  The issue is one of attitude that the people blamed God and Moses instead of seeking out God and his deliverance.

15:23 And when they came to Marah, they could not drink of the waters of Marah, for they were bitter: therefore the name of it was called Marah. 15:24 And the people murmured against Moses, saying, What shall we drink? 15:25 And he cried unto the LORD; and the LORD shewed him a tree, which when he had cast into the waters, the waters were made sweet:

Then God promised them that none of the plagues of Egypt would come upon his faithful, implying that if they were NOT faithful to the whole word of God that they would be subject to correction. 

Today very many, in fact the majority of the spiritually called out, have tried to resolve their problems in their own ways; not being faithful to the whole word of God and seeking him to deliver them; committing the same sins that physical Israel did at Marah.

. . . there he made for them a statute and an ordinance, and there he proved them, 15:26 And said, If thou wilt diligently hearken to the voice of the LORD thy God, and wilt do that which is right in his sight, and wilt give ear to his commandments, and keep all his statutes, I will put none of these diseases upon thee, which I have brought upon the Egyptians: for I am the LORD that healeth thee.

God then led Israel to a pleasant land.

15:27 And they came to Elim, where were twelve wells of water, and threescore and ten palm trees: and they encamped there by the waters.

The Mediators of the Covenants

Moses was the mediator of the covenant called by his name and was a type of Christ the ONLY MEDIATOR of the New Covenant. Jesus [Hebrew: Yeshua] Christ is the Way and the Door to salvation and the resurrection of the dead to spirit.

John 10:9 I am the door: by me if any man enter in, he shall be saved, and shall go in and out, and find pasture.

John 11:25 Jesus said unto her, I am the resurrection, and the life: he that believeth in me, though he were dead, yet shall he live:

Only by following HIM “withersoever he goeth” will any person be chosen to have a part on the coming resurrection to spirit.

Revelation 14:4 These are they which were not defiled with women; for they are virgins. These are they which follow the Lamb whithersoever he goeth. These were redeemed from among men, being the firstfruits unto God and to the Lamb.

We should also remember that Daniel was told; not once, but twice; that the prophecies were sealed until the end; and that at the end; knowledge would increase (Dan 12). Many think that it was only physical knowledge which was to increase and that certainly has happened; however the clear context is spiritual knowledge and particularly an understanding of the sealed matters.

The High Holy Days are prophetic and therefore could not be fully understood until the end of the age; for they like the other prophecies were sealed; until there was a genuine need to know.

The Spring Festivals are a kind of foundation for the Fall Festivals and to properly understand the Fall Festivals it is important to remember the profound meaning of the Early or Spring Festivals.

We all should understand that the Passover is a type of the sacrifice of the Lamb of God for his creation, the Passover lamb being identified with the Creator who died for his creation, his people (1 Cor 5:7).

The blood of that Passover lamb covering and protecting them from the destroyer in Egypt; was a symbol of the blood of the Creator which atones for the sin of the sincerely repentant people and protects them from the ultimate destruction in the lake of fire.

Matthew 10:28 And fear not them which kill the body, but are not able to kill the soul: but rather fear him which is able to destroy both soul and body in hell. [gehenna]

The Passover lamb was eaten; showing that we must internalize the true Passover Lamb, Jesus Christ. We must turn from disobeying the Father and internalize the attitude of Jesus Christ who did obey his Father (John 13:10). We must become like him, allowing him to dwell within us through the agency of the spirit of God. Besides becoming a sacrifice, he also set us an example that we should walk [live] as he walked [lived].

1 John 2:6 He that saith he abideth in him ought himself also so to walk, even as he walked.

On the Wave Offering day, the resurrected Christ ascended to the Father to “be accepted for us” (Lev 23:10-14). At the moment that his sacrifice was accepted by the Father; he became a High Priest forever, after the order of Melchezidek. He became our High Priest, the ONLY mediator between men and God,

1 Timothy 2:5 For there is one God, and one mediator between God and men, the man Christ Jesus; and he became the mediator of the New Covenant through the sprinkling of his blood,

Hebrews 12:24 And to Jesus the mediator of the new covenant, and to the blood of sprinkling

During the Feast of Unleavened Bread, leaven as a picture of sin is to be removed and unleavened bread is to be eaten every day picturing teh internalizing of Jesus Christ teh Word of God and  the Unleavened Bread of Life, (John 6:33, 6:35, 6:48 and 6:51). And leavening of any type becomes a picture of sin.

The Unleavened Bread is a symbol of the purity and freedom from sin of Jesus Christ, and the eating of this Unleavened Bread each day, pictures our need to internalize the true Bread of Life; Jesus Christ: day by day.

The seven days of the Unleavened Bread Festival, shows that for six thousand years God has been calling out a kind of first fruits; starting with righteous Abel and including all the ancient men of God; until the resurrection of first fruits at the end of the sixth day; and a Sabbath of rest or millennium on the seventh day.

The first day is a High Holy Day, since it pictures the beginning of the calling Out of God’s plan with Abel; and remembers Israel’s beginning departure from Egypt as an allegory of the beginning of God’s plan.

And the seventh day is a High Holy Day, because it pictures a Sabbath of rest and victory for Israel after they had passed through the Red Sea and Pharaoh’s armies had been destroyed; as an allegory of a Millennial Sabbath of rest for the

whole earth; with Satan removed and man at peace in the presence of his Creator.

Remember that the first fruits resurrection must be in the Spring because a Spring Harvest MUST be reaped in the Spring. If it is reaped in the Fall, it would be a Fall Harvest; and not a Spring Harvest! Any farm boy can tell you that.

Exodus 16

One month after leaving Egypt Israel came to a wilderness [desert] called Sin.  The obvious word SIN cannot be overlooked and this desert was typical of the dry desert waste and death that sin brings in our lives.

Exodus 16:1 And they took their journey from Elim, and all the congregation of the children of Israel came unto the wilderness of Sin, which is between Elim and Sinai, on the fifteenth day of the second month after their departing out of the land of Egypt.

The people complain against God instead of seeking His deliverance, and instead they long for the bondage of Egypt.  This is a lesson that Satan tries his best to discourage us to give up the fight against sin, but if we are faithful to live by every Word of God, God will deliver us.

16:2 And the whole congregation of the children of Israel murmured against Moses and Aaron in the wilderness: 16:3 And the children of Israel said unto them, Would to God we had died by the hand of the LORD in the land of Egypt, when we sat by the flesh pots, and when we did eat bread to the full; for ye have brought us forth into this wilderness, to kill this whole assembly with hunger.

Then the Eternal rains Bread down from heaven; this being an obvious analogy of the spiritual  Bread of Life [Jesus Christ and the Word of God], given to men from God in the spiritual wilderness of this world.

16:4 Then said the LORD unto Moses, Behold, I will rain bread from heaven for you; and the people shall go out and gather a certain rate every day, that I may prove [test] them, whether they will walk in my law, or no.

God does not prepare food for the people on the Sabbath, revealing that we should also follow the example of God and Not prepare food on the Sabbath as per God’s example. We are to prepare our food on day BEFORE the Sabbath and Holy Days and not to cook on God’s Sabbaths and High Days.

16:5 And it shall come to pass, that on the sixth day they shall prepare that which they bring in; and it shall be twice as much as they gather daily.

16:6 And Moses and Aaron said unto all the children of Israel, At even, then ye shall know that the LORD hath brought you out from the land of Egypt: 16:7 And in the morning, then ye shall see the glory of the LORD; for that he heareth your murmurings against the LORD: and what are we, that ye murmur against us? 16:8 And Moses said, This shall be, when the LORD shall give you in the evening flesh to eat, and in the morning bread to the full; for that the LORD heareth your murmurings which ye murmur against him: and what are we? your murmurings are not against us, but against the LORD.

Christ then appears to all Israel in his glory [in a bright cloud].

16:9 And Moses spake unto Aaron, Say unto all the congregation of the children of Israel, Come near before the LORD: for he hath heard your murmurings. 16:10 And it came to pass, as Aaron spake unto the whole congregation of the children of Israel, that they looked toward the wilderness, and, behold, the glory of the LORD appeared in the cloud.

Christ promises Israel quails in the evening and heavenly bread in the morning.

16:11 And the LORD spake unto Moses, saying, 16:12 I have heard the murmurings of the children of Israel: speak unto them, saying, At even ye shall eat flesh, and in the morning ye shall be filled with bread; and ye shall know that I am the LORD your God. 16:13 And it came to pass, that at even the quails came up, and covered the camp: and in the morning the dew lay round about the host.

In the morning Israel found small grains and called it:  What’s this?  And Moses told them that it was the food that God had supplied.

16:14 And when the dew that lay was gone up, behold, upon the face of the wilderness there lay a small round thing, as small as the hoar frost [a grainy pebbly material]  on the ground. 16:15 And when the children of Israel saw it, they said one to another, It is manna: for they wist not what it was. And Moses said unto them, This is the bread which the LORD hath given you to eat.

Moses commanded the people to gather up this Bread according to the needs of each person every morning, with double on the sixth day to be used on the Sabbath as well as the sixth day.

16:16 This is the thing which the LORD hath commanded, Gather of it every man according to his eating, an omer for every man, according to the number of your persons; take ye every man for them which are in his tents. 16:17 And the children of Israel did so, and gathered, some more, some less. 16:18 And when they did mete it with an omer, he that gathered much had nothing over, and he that gathered little had no lack; they gathered every man according to his eating.

If the regular daily gathering was left overnight until the following morning it would rot and breed worms [maggots]. 

16:19 And Moses said, Let no man leave of it till the morning.

Yet some could not follow even  these simple instructions which were given to set apart God’s Sabbaths with proper preparations on the day before the Sabbaths.

16:20 Notwithstanding they hearkened not unto Moses; but some of them left of it until the morning, and it bred worms [maggots, flies], and stank: and Moses was wroth with them. 16:21 And they gathered it every morning, every man according to his eating: and when the sun waxed hot, it melted [evaporated on the open ground in the sun like the dew].

On the sixth day they were to prepare for the Sabbath by collecting one portion for the sixth day and one portion for the Sabbath day. 

This was to teach us that we are to follow the example of God and are NOT to cook and prepare food on any Sabbath or High Day, and that we are NOT to pay others to do this for us!

16:22 And it came to pass, that on the sixth day they gathered twice as much bread, two omers for one man: and all the rulers of the congregation came and told Moses. 16:23 And he said unto them, This is that which the LORD hath said, To morrow is the rest of the holy sabbath unto the LORD: bake that which ye will bake to day, and seethe that ye will seethe; and that which remaineth over lay up for you to be kept until the morning.

16:24 And they laid it up till the morning, as Moses bade: and it did not stink, neither was there any worm therein. 16:25 And Moses said, Eat that to day; for to day is a sabbath unto the LORD: to day ye shall not find it in the field.

16:26 Six days ye shall gather it; but on the seventh day, which is the sabbath, in it there shall be none.

Yet some did not prepare and went out to gather food to cook on the Sabbath day; as is done in the Ekklesia today.

16:27 And it came to pass, that there went out some of the people on the seventh day for to gather, and they found none.

Then Jesus Christ was very angry with those people who refused to obey him regarding the Sabbath and Holy Days.  Later he sent Israel and then Judah into captivity mainly for breaking his Sabbaths.  How much more is he angry with us of spiritual Israel who are supposed to love and live by every Word of God? 

Please do study these articles on God’s Holy Sabbath Day.  Start from the bottom article and work up.

16:28 And the LORD said unto Moses, How long refuse ye to keep my commandments and my laws? 16:29 See, for that the LORD hath given you the sabbath, therefore he giveth you on the sixth day the bread of two days; abide ye every man in his place, let no man go out of his place on the seventh day. 16:30 So the people rested on the seventh day.

16:31 And the house of Israel called the name thereof Manna [What’s this?]: and it was like coriander seed, white; and the taste of it was like wafers made with honey.

A pot of manna was gathered to be kept in the tabernacle as a reminder.

16:32 And Moses said, This is the thing which the LORD commandeth, Fill an omer of it to be kept for your generations; that they may see the bread wherewith I have fed you in the wilderness, when I brought you forth from the land of Egypt. 16:33 And Moses said unto Aaron, Take a pot, and put an omer full of manna therein, and lay it up before the LORD, to be kept for your generations.

16:34 As the LORD commanded Moses, so Aaron laid it up before the Testimony, to be kept.

16:35 And the children of Israel did eat manna forty years, until they came to a land inhabited; they did eat manna, until they came unto the borders of the land of Canaan.

16:36 Now an omer [3.64 US quarts or liters] is the tenth part of an ephah.


Exodus 17

Exodus 17:1 And all the congregation of the children of Israel journeyed from the wilderness of Sin, after [according to] their journeys, according to the commandment of the LORD, and pitched in Rephidim: and there was no water for the people to drink.

God could have led the people to water, instead he lead them to a dry place that they might thirst exceedingly.  This being a lesson for us that we should exceedingly thirst for the water of the Spirit and Word of God.

17:2 Wherefore the people did chide with Moses, and said, Give us water that we may drink. And Moses said unto them, Why chide ye with me? wherefore do ye tempt the LORD? 17:3 And the people thirsted there for water; and the people murmured against Moses, and said, Wherefore is this that thou hast brought us up out of Egypt, to kill us and our children and our cattle with thirst? 17:4 And Moses cried unto the LORD, saying, What shall I do unto this people? they be almost ready to stone me.

Moses is commanded to smite the rock; as a picture of Jesus Christ, the ROCK of our Salvation,  being smitten to death as the Lamb of God; so that the waters of salvation the Ho;ly Spirit of God could flow from him to fill a spiritually thirsty people. 

John 4:10  Jesus answered and said unto her, If thou knewest the gift of God, and who it is that saith to thee, Give me to drink; thou wouldest have asked of him, and he would have given thee living water.  11 The woman saith unto him, Sir, thou hast nothing to draw with, and the well is deep: from whence then hast thou that living water?

John 7:37   In the last day, that great day of the feast, Jesus stood and cried, saying, If any man thirst, let him come unto me, and drink.

38 He that believeth on me, as the scripture hath said, out of his belly shall flow rivers of living water.

39 (But this spake he of the Spirit, which they that believe on him should receive: for the Holy Ghost was not yet given; because that Jesus was not yet glorified.)

Exodus 17:5 And the LORD said unto Moses, Go on before the people, and take with thee of the elders of Israel; and thy rod, wherewith thou smotest the river, take in thine hand, and go. 17:6 Behold, I will stand before thee there upon the rock in Horeb; and thou shalt smite the rock, [a type of the smiting and death of the Rock of our Salvation for our sins, that the water of the holy spirit might be poured out] and there shall come water out of it, that the people may drink. And Moses did so in the sight of the elders of Israel.

17:7 And he called the name of the place Massah, and Meribah, because of the chiding of the children of Israel, and because they tempted the LORD, saying, Is the LORD among us, or not?

Then the enemy came out to fight the people, just as the spiritually called out are confronted by many trials. 

17:8 Then came Amalek, and fought with Israel in Rephidim.

Here we find that Joshua was a leader and disciple of Moses, and a warrior leader; from the very time that Israel left Egypt.

17:9 And Moses said unto Joshua, Choose us out men, and go out, fight with Amalek: to morrow I will stand on the top of the hill with the rod of God in mine hand. 17:10 So Joshua did as Moses had said to him, and fought with Amalek: and Moses, Aaron, and Hur went up to the top of the hill.

When Moses held up his hands in supplication to God the people overcame and when his hands fell from supplicating God the people failed and were overcome.  This was a type; that only by our appeals and loyalty to our God, will we be delivered from Satan the Adversary.

In continually raising his hands to God in supplication for deliverance, Moses became physically tired; even so we may become spiritually tired and need strengthening from our God to seek him; which often comes from the help and encouragement of other faithful men of God as well as from the Spirit of God.

Aaron and Hur helped Moses; and Israel was victorious at sunset the end of the day trhough the power of God.  We shall also be victorious over Satan and sin if we faint not.

17:11 And it came to pass, when Moses held up his hand, that Israel prevailed: and when he let down his hand, Amalek prevailed. 17:12 But Moses hands were heavy; and they took a stone, and put it under him, and he sat thereon; and Aaron and Hur stayed up his hands, the one on the one side, and the other on the other side; and his hands were steady until the going down of the sun.

17:13 And Joshua discomfited Amalek and his people with the edge of the sword.

Jesus Christ promises the total destruction of Amalek; Saul later lost his kingdom by not destroying that wicked people. and all that they had.

17:14 And the LORD said unto Moses, Write this for a memorial in a book, and rehearse it in the ears of Joshua: for I will utterly put out the remembrance of Amalek from under heaven.

17:15 And Moses built an altar, and called the name of it Jehovahnissi: 17:16 For he said, Because the LORD hath sworn that the LORD will have war with Amalek from generation to generation.

Exodus 18

Moses’ father in law brings Moses wife and his two sons to him at Sinai, and worships God with Moses there.

Exodus 18:1 When Jethro, the priest of Midian, Moses’ father in law, heard of all that God had done for Moses, and for Israel his people, and that the LORD had brought Israel out of Egypt; 18:2 Then Jethro, Moses’ father in law, took Zipporah, Moses’ wife, after he had sent her back, 18:3 And her two sons; of which the name of the one was Gershom; for he said, I have been an alien in a strange land: 18:4 And the name of the other was Eliezer; for the God of my father, said he, was mine help, and delivered me from the sword of Pharaoh:

18:5 And Jethro, Moses’ father in law, came with his sons and his wife unto Moses into the wilderness, where he encamped at the mount of God: 18:6 And he said unto Moses, I thy father in law Jethro am come unto thee, and thy wife, and her two sons with her.

Moses wet out to see his family and told them of all the things that had happened since he last saw them.

18:7 And Moses went out to meet his father in law, and did obeisance, and kissed him; and they asked each other of their welfare; and they came into the tent. 18:8 And Moses told his father in law all that the LORD had done unto Pharaoh and to the Egyptians for Israel’s sake, and all the travail that had come upon them by the way, and how the LORD delivered them.

Jethro the man of God from Midian rejoiced and praised God.

18:9 And Jethro rejoiced for all the goodness which the LORD had done to Israel, whom he had delivered out of the hand of the Egyptians. 18:10 And Jethro said, Blessed be the LORD, who hath delivered you out of the hand of the Egyptians, and out of the hand of Pharaoh, who hath delivered the people from under the hand of the Egyptians.

Jethro then proclaimed the Eternal; the God above all gods, and sacrificed to him; and a great fest was made with Jethro and all the elders of Israel before the LORD.

18:11 Now I know that the LORD is greater than all gods: for in the thing wherein they dealt proudly he was above them. 18:12 And Jethro, Moses’ father in law, took a burnt offering and sacrifices for God: and Aaron came, and all the elders of Israel, to eat bread with Moses’ father in law before God.

Jethro wisely  advises Moses.  This was about judging the people and was a body of godly men OUTSIDE of the priesthood!  The priesthood was of the sons of Aaron, but this body consisted of Godly men from all tribes called by God and given his spirit as as the first civil judicial system or Sanhedrin [70 elders] of Israel.

18:13 And it came to pass on the morrow, that Moses sat to judge the people: and the people stood by Moses from the morning unto the evening.

18:14 And when Moses’ father in law saw all that he did to the people, he said, What is this thing that thou doest to the people? why sittest thou thyself alone, and all the people stand by thee from morning unto even? 18:15 And Moses said unto his father in law, Because the people come unto me to enquire of God: 18:16 When they have a matter, they come unto me; and I judge between one and another, and I do make them know the statutes of God, and his laws.

18:17 And Moses’ father in law said unto him, The thing that thou doest is not good. 18:18 Thou wilt surely wear away, both thou, and this people that is with thee: for this thing is too heavy for thee; thou art not able to perform it thyself alone.

In what was surely inspired by God, because God poured out his Spirit on 70 men who God called as judges over Israel, and it was God who chose the seventy;  Jethro advises Moses. 

The very Jesus Christ who inspired this through Jethro to Moses, in his own physical life also sent out 70 teachers from himself to the people as he had sent 70 to help Moses.

Luke 10:1  After these things the Lord appointed other seventy also, and sent them two and two before his face into every city and place, whither he himself would come.
Exodus 18:19 Hearken now unto my voice, I will give thee counsel, and God shall be with thee: Be thou for the people to God-ward, that thou mayest bring the causes unto God: 18:20 And thou shalt teach them ordinances and laws, and shalt shew them the way wherein they must walk, and the work that they must do.

This is the predecessor of the modern organized Ekklesia; except for the fact that God placed these men into this  body in Moses day; and Jesus ordained his disciples (Mark 3:14, 1 Ti 2:7) who ordained godly elders (Acts 14:23, Titus 1:5). 

There is nothing wrong with organization in the Ekklesia.  The problem arises when: 

1. The wrong men are ordained for the wrong reasons

2.   and when the ordained people seek to exalt themselves above the Word of God instead of focusing the brethren on God to live by every Word of God. 

All authority comes from God and when men depart from any part of the Word of God; they lose all godly authority and become the adversaries of God.

Today most elders are chosen by men; because they proved loyal to men above any loyalty to God; and have NO authority because they are not of God!

18:21 Moreover thou shalt provide out of all the people able men, such as fear God, men of truth, hating covetousness; and place such over them, to be rulers of thousands, and rulers of hundreds, rulers of fifties, and rulers of tens: 18:22 And let them judge the people at all seasons: and it shall be, that every great matter they shall bring unto thee, but every small matter they shall judge: so shall it be easier for thyself, and they shall bear the burden with thee.

18:23 If thou shalt do this thing, and God command thee so, then thou shalt be able to endure, and all this people shall also go to their place in peace.

18:24 So Moses hearkened to the voice of his father in law, and did all that he had said. 18:25 And Moses chose able men out of all Israel, and made them heads over the people, rulers of thousands, rulers of hundreds, rulers of fifties, and rulers of tens. 18:26 And they judged the people at all seasons: the hard causes they brought unto Moses, but every small matter they judged themselves.

This is repeated in Numbers 11 where it is recorded that this was commanded by God to Moses.  The obvious inference being that Moses inquired of God concerning the advice of Jethro, which would have been a major step in the governmental system of Israel. 

Numbers 11:24  And Moses went out, and told the people the words of the Lord, and gathered the seventy men of the elders of the people, and set them round about the tabernacle.

25 And the Lord came down in a cloud, and spake unto him, and took of the spirit that was upon him, and gave it unto the seventy elders: and it came to pass, that, when the spirit rested upon them, they prophesied, and did not cease.

26 But there remained two of the men in the camp, the name of the one was Eldad, and the name of the other Medad: and the spirit rested upon them; and they were of them that were written , but went not out unto the tabernacle: and they prophesied in the camp.

27 And there ran a young man, and told Moses, and said, Eldad and Medad do prophesy in the camp.

28 And Joshua the son of Nun, the servant of Moses, one of his young men, answered and said, My lord Moses, forbid them.

29 And Moses said unto him, Enviest thou for my sake? would God that all the Lord‘S people were prophets, and that the Lord would put his spirit upon them!

Oh how different the godly attitude of Moses was from the attitude of most of the ministry of today! 

It was here that Jesus Christ establish a civil government to judge disputes according to the whole law and Word of God; as separate from the priesthood which was to fulfill the role of Mediator between God and repentant humanity.

Exodus 18:27 And Moses let his father in law depart; and he went his way into his own land.


Exodus 19

On the fifteenth day of the third month Israel arrived at Sinai and was married to God.

Exodus 19:1 In the third month, when the children of Israel were gone forth out of the land of Egypt, the same day came they into the wilderness of Sinai. 19:2 For they were departed from Rephidim, and were come to the desert of Sinai, and had pitched in the wilderness; and there Israel camped before the mount.

There the marriage covenant took place with the Eternal declaring his requirements and physical Israel accepting them; binding themselves together in a Marriage Covenant.

19:3 And Moses went up unto God, and the LORD called unto him out of the mountain, saying, Thus shalt thou say to the house of Jacob, and tell the children of Israel; 19:4 Ye have seen what I did unto the Egyptians, and how I bare you on eagles’ wings, and brought you unto myself. 19:5 Now therefore, if ye will obey my voice indeed, and keep my covenant, then ye shall be a peculiar treasure unto me above all people: for all the earth is mine: 19:6 And ye shall be unto me a kingdom of priests, and an holy nation.

God commanded Moses to speak all these words to Israel.  In this Moses was the Marriage Intermediary [like today’s presiding official] arranging the marriage between God and Israel.

These are the words which thou shalt speak unto the children of Israel.  19:7 And Moses came and called for the elders of the people, and laid before their faces all these words which the LORD commanded him.

Then Israel responded to the word of Christ and entered into a marriage Covenant with him.  For all marriages are the same agreement; the husband vows to care for and love his wife, and the wife vows to love and obey her husband in all things. 

This is precisely the same agreement that we make with Jesus Christ by being bapotized!  We agree love him and to do all that our espoused Husband says, and He agrees to fulfill the duties of a husband, and if we continue and are faithful in our spiritual espousal  we will fully married at the resurrection. 

When we compromise with the Word of God and pollute his Sabbaths; or idolize any man or organization above our love for our espoused Husband:  Then we have BROKEN our baptismal marriage vows!

19:8 And all the people answered together, and said, All that the LORD hath spoken we will do. And Moses returned the words of the people unto the LORD.

Then the being who married Israel and was later made flesh, instructed Moses to prepare the people to hear his voice so that they will remember him and their marriage agreement with him always.

19:9 And the LORD said unto Moses, Lo, I come unto thee in a thick cloud, that the people may hear when I speak with thee, and believe thee for ever. And Moses told the words of the people unto the LORD.

God told Moses to sanctify the people because he would speak to them on the third day.

19:10 And the LORD said unto Moses, Go unto the people, and sanctify them to day and to morrow, and let them wash their clothes, 19:11 And be ready against the third day: for the third day the LORD will come down in the sight of all the people upon mount Sinai.

19:12 And thou shalt set bounds unto the people round about, saying, Take heed to yourselves, that ye go not up into the mount, or touch the border of it: whosoever toucheth the mount shall be surely put to death: 19:13 There shall not an hand touch it, but he shall surely be stoned, or shot through; whether it be beast or man, it shall not live: when the trumpet soundeth long, they shall come up to the mount.

19:14 And Moses went down from the mount unto the people, and sanctified the people; and they washed their clothes. 19:15 And he said unto the people, Be ready against the third day: come not at your wives.

19:16 And it came to pass on the third day in the morning, that there were thunders and lightnings, and a thick cloud upon the mount, and the voice of the trumpet [Shofar] exceeding loud; so that all the people that was in the camp trembled.

The awesome meeting between the new Husband and his bride!

19:17 And Moses brought forth the people out of the camp to meet with God; and they stood at the nether [back part] part of the mount.

19:18 And mount Sinai was altogether on a smoke, because the LORD descended upon it in fire: and the smoke thereof ascended as the smoke of a furnace, and the whole mount quaked greatly. 19:19 And when the voice of the trumpet sounded long, and waxed louder and louder, Moses spake, and God answered him by a voice.

Christ called Moses up to the top of the Mount to meet with him.

19:20 And the LORD came down upon mount Sinai, on the top of the mount: and the LORD called Moses up to the top of the mount; and Moses went up.

The Eternal then commanded Moses to get back down and to warn the people not to approach the Mount; Moses protested that he had already done so, but the Eternal demanded that Moses go back down and warn the people again.

19:21 And the LORD said unto Moses, Go down, charge the people, lest they break through unto the LORD to gaze, and many of them perish. 19:22 And let the priests also, which come near to the LORD, sanctify themselves, lest the LORD break forth upon them.

19:23 And Moses said unto the LORD, The people cannot come up to mount Sinai: for thou chargedst us, saying, Set bounds about the mount, and sanctify it. 19:24 And the LORD said unto him, Away, get thee down, and thou shalt come up, thou, and Aaron with thee: but let not the priests and the people break through to come up unto the LORD, lest he break forth upon them.

19:25 So Moses went down unto the people, and spake unto them.

Exodus 20

Then the Husband of Israel, to whom Israel had pledged obedience, THUNDERED his basic will from the mount to his collective bride!

The Eternal is the God who has brought us out of spiritual bondage to sin!

Exodus 20:1 And God spake all these words, saying,  20:2 I am the LORD thy God, which have brought thee out of the land of Egypt, out of the house of bondage.

We are not to allow anything to come between us and our God; no, not family, or church organizations, or elders, or friends; nor money nor any temptation to do any sin, nor fear of any threat against us!

20:3 Thou shalt have no other gods before me.

20:4 Thou shalt not make unto thee any graven image, or any likeness of any thing that is in heaven above, or that is in the earth beneath, or that is in the water under the earth. 20:5 Thou shalt not bow down thyself to them, nor serve them: for I the LORD thy God am a jealous God, visiting the iniquity of the fathers upon the children unto the third and fourth generation of them that hate me; 20:6 And shewing mercy unto thousands of them that love me, and keep my commandments.

The true  spiritual Ekklesia are those who follow the Lamb of God and live by EVERY WORD of GOD.  Calling organizations the “Church of God” when NO organization is the Church of God is a LIE and takes God’s name in vain!

20:7 Thou shalt not take the name of the LORD thy God in vain; for the LORD will not hold him guiltless that taketh his name in vain.

20:8 Remember the sabbath day, to keep it holy. 20:9 Six days shalt thou labour, and do all thy work: 20:10 But the seventh day is the sabbath of the LORD thy God: in it thou shalt not do any work, thou, nor thy son, nor thy daughter, thy manservant, nor thy maidservant, nor thy cattle, nor thy stranger that [anyone that you are responsible for] is within thy gates: 20:11 For in six days the LORD made heaven and earth, the sea, and all that in them is, and rested the seventh day: wherefore the LORD blessed the sabbath day, and hallowed it.

First and foremost we are to honour God our Father in heaven by enthusiastically learning and living by his every Word (Mat 4:4).  We are to honour our physical parents [and the same is true of elders and church organizations] ONLY as they honour God our Father in heaven!

20:12 Honour thy father and thy mother: that thy days may be long upon the land which the LORD thy God giveth thee.

The word kill refers to murder, the shedding of innocent blood.  Our authorities and governments are commanded to kill the wicked.

20:13 Thou shalt not kill.

Adultery is sex of any type with a woman engaged or married to another man.  This does not specifically forbid fornication which is forbidden elsewhere in the statutes.

20:14 Thou shalt not commit adultery.

We are to take nothing which belongs to others and which we have no right to take.  

20:15 Thou shalt not steal.

False witness can be outright lies, or it can be taking points out of context to make them seem to mean the opposite of what they were intended to mean.  It can be subtle twists of the truth to deceive.  False witness is to be deceitful, to deceive about anything.

20:16 Thou shalt not bear false witness against thy neighbour.

Covet means to unlawfully desire.  If you want something belonging to another then offer to buy it lawfully and if the answer is no, then give it up and do not dwell on your desire which has become unlawful.

20:17 Thou shalt not covet thy neighbour’s house, thou shalt not covet thy neighbour’s wife, nor his manservant, nor his maidservant, nor his ox, nor his ass, nor any thing that is thy neighbour’s.

The people saw the awesomeness of God and greatly feared.

20:18 And all the people saw the thunderings, and the lightnings, and the noise of the trumpet, and the mountain smoking: and when the people saw it, they removed, and stood afar off.

Then the people asked Moses to be their intercessor or mediator between them and God.

20:19 And they said unto Moses, Speak thou with us, and we will hear: but let not God speak with us, lest we die. 20:20 And Moses said unto the people, Fear not: for God is come to prove you, and that his fear may be before your faces, that ye sin not.

Moses approached God.

20:21 And the people stood afar off, and Moses drew near unto the thick darkness where God was.

God tells Moses to command the people not to make idols but to worship God alone.  He speaks of idols of gold and silver; and in our day many make idols of money and wealth or physical things and personal advantage, or we make idols of men, church leaders and corporate church organizations. 

An idol is ANYTHING that comes between us and God.

Today this world is full of idols and the Ekklesia is filled with idolizing of men and corporate entities which the brethren place above the whole Word of God!

20:22 And the LORD said unto Moses, Thus thou shalt say unto the children of Israel, Ye have seen that I have talked with you from heaven. 20:23 Ye shall not make with me gods of silver, neither shall ye make unto you gods of gold.

Our spiritual altar is the Rock of our Salvation, even Jesus Christ the true Lamb of God!  The Stone, the Rock that is made without hands (Dan 2): which is the chief Corner Stone!

Daniel 2:34   Thou sawest till that a stone was cut out without hands, which smote the image upon his feet that were of iron and clay, and brake them to pieces.

Ephesians 2:20   And are built upon the foundation of the apostles and prophets, Jesus Christ himself being the chief corner stone;

Exodus 20:24 An altar of earth thou shalt make unto me, and shalt sacrifice thereon thy burnt offerings, and thy peace offerings, thy sheep, and thine oxen: in all places where I record my name I will come unto thee, and I will bless thee. 20:25 And if thou wilt make me an altar of stone, thou shalt not build it of hewn stone: for if thou lift up thy tool upon it, thou hast polluted it.

20:26 Neither shalt thou go up by steps unto mine altar, that thy nakedness be not discovered thereon.

Exodus 21

The foundations of a successful society are:

1.  Security of our person from harm  and security of our lives, 

2. Security of our families,

3.  Security of our property,  and

4.  Security of our livelihood, or ability to make a living.

God’s judgments and statutes, many of which [such as divorce] were for a physical unconverted people, to maintain peace and order among a hardhearted people; fulfill the foundational principles on which successful societies can be built. 

The Ten Commandments represent the whole law gelled down to the very basic principles of the nature of God.  The Statutes define the commandments a little further, by explaining how we should keep the commandments under various circumstances.  The Statutes are also principles by which we may make other judgments; for example the issue of ” if an ox gore a person” is directly applicable to us if our dog or any other [owned] animal attacks a person.

Exodus 21:1 Now these are the judgments which thou shalt set before them.

In those days it was common to sell oneself to a period of service in payment for a debt.  This is a form of indentured servitude, such as when a pilgrim sold himself for a certain number of years of servitude, in exchange for passage and land in the new world from the big companies who had received crown land grants. 

This is about six years of actual service by males, and is about the Land Sabbath year of release from all debt (Deu 15:1-3). 

21:2 If thou buy an Hebrew servant, six years he shall serve: and in the seventh he shall go out free for nothing. 21:3 If he came in by himself, he shall go out by himself: if he were married, then his wife shall go out with him.

The following presents women who are the servants of the owner,  being bought by the master to be wives or his male servant.   A maidservant is not to be released on the seventh year, because she is owned by the master.  This would be a powerful incentive for the male servant to remain with his master.

21:4 If his master have given him a wife, and she have born him sons or daughters; the wife and her children shall be her master’s, and he shall go out by himself.

The servant may make a personal decision to remain with his master. 

21:5 And if the servant shall plainly say, I love my master, my wife, and my children; I will not go out free: 21:6 Then his master shall bring him unto the judges; he shall also bring him to the door, or unto the door post; and his master shall bore his ear through with an aul; and he shall serve him for ever.



Many of these are cases where a family is very poor and deep in debt and a rich neighbour offers to pay off the debt if they will agree to give their daughter in marriage to him or his son etc. 

This is about concubinage, where the lady is forced by circumstances into a relationship, as opposed to entering into a marriage of her own full free will.

The sale of a female; not outright sale on the auction block, but the giving to wife in exchange for debt relief or a sum, is considered to be Concubinage; and the woman is to have some security from being sold to others as chattel as she has been united with her master as his wife.  However if she is rejected by her husband, she may be redeemed by her father back to his family, just like a divorcee would return to her father’s house, but she may not be sold to another.

This is a common practice even today in our western world, where very often wealthy families unite in marriage for political or financial gain.

21:7 And if a man sell his daughter to be a maidservant, she shall not go out as the menservants do. 21:8 If she please not her master, who hath betrothed her to himself, then shall he let her be redeemed: to sell her unto a strange nation he shall have no power, seeing he hath dealt deceitfully with her.

If a man purchase a woman for his son; she shall be the purchaser’s daughter and he must treat her as such [as his daughter in law].

21:9 And if he have betrothed her unto his son, he shall deal with her after the manner of daughters.

The purchased concubine or the wife of freewill, are both considered to be legal wives; the term wife or concubine is only referring to the original circumstances of the marriage.

Neither divorce nor polygamy were intended by the Creator, but because the Mosaic Covenant was only physical and because of the hardness of their hearts God allowed these things and made rules to soften the evil.

21:10 If he take him another wife; her food, her raiment, and her duty of marriage, shall he not diminish.  21:11 And if he do not these three unto her, then shall she go out free without money.

The difference between manslaughter and willful murder.

21:12 He that smiteth a man, so that he die, shall be surely put to death. 21:13 And if a man lie not in wait, but God deliver him into his hand; then I will appoint thee a place whither he shall flee. 21:14 But if a man come presumptuously upon his neighbour, to slay him with guile; thou shalt take him from mine altar, that he may die.

To strike one’s parents is an act worthy of death.   In the spiritual sense this goes to eternal loyalty to God our Father in heaven, and the penalty of death for any rebellion against HIM.

21:15 And he that smiteth his father, or his mother, shall be surely put to death.

Willful kidnapping is a crime meriting death.

21:16 And he that stealeth a man, and selleth him, or if he be found in his hand, he shall surely be put to death.

To curse one’s parents is the same as cursing our Creator and merits death.

21:17 And he that curseth his father, or his mother, shall surely be put to death.

The following statute is to help people avoid jumping to conclusions about the cause of a death.  It states that if after a fight a person is well for several days, we are not to assume that a subsequent death was the result of the fight.  This was given at a time when there were no methods of determining the cause of death [postmortems, autopsies] in such circumstances.

21:18 And if men strive together, and one smite another with a stone, or with his fist, and he die not, but keepeth his bed: 21:19 If he rise again, and walk abroad upon his staff, then shall he that smote him be quit: only he shall pay for the loss of his time, and shall cause him to be thoroughly healed.

Even servants are protected by the law.

21:20 And if a man smite his servant, or his maid, with a rod, and he die under his hand; he shall be surely punished.  [With death]

The master is protected by the same law regarding the assumption of the cause of death just like anyone else.

21:21 Notwithstanding, if he continue a day or two, he shall not be punished: for he is his money [the master has already lost the value of his servant].

The law concerning ACCIDENTIAL abortion.  Deliberate abortion is murder since at the instant of the meeting of the living egg and the living sperm a completely new and living organism has been created.  For this reason the fertilization of several eggs outside of the body and then deliberately experimenting with them or killing the unwanted ones:  Is murder.

21:22 If men strive, and hurt a woman with child, so that her fruit depart from her, and yet no mischief follow: he shall be surely punished, according as the woman’s husband will lay upon him; and he shall pay as the judges determine.

The term “mischief” refers to the death of the woman.  Later the Rabbins reasoned that it would be better to pay the value of an eye than for a man to give up an eye.  This may seem wiser than God to the mind of man, but it then removes the obstacle for a rich man, and allows a rich man to maim others for a price of money. 

If God had wanted rich men to be allowed to perform such wickedness, God would have said so; instead God made the law applicable to all and make equal punishment for these things so that the potential victims would have strong protection.  

21:23 And if any mischief follow, then thou shalt give life for life, 21:24 Eye for eye, tooth for tooth, hand for hand, foot for foot, 21:25 Burning for burning, wound for wound, stripe for stripe.

Servants are to go free if any physical harm is inflicted on them.  This law of mercy being thousands of years ahead of its time.  Remember that the American Medical Association was founded by a man who bought slaves in the South and then strapped them down and opened them up without andesitic to see the organs at work, tinkering with their organs until the screaming subjects died.

21:26 And if a man smite the eye of his servant, or the eye of his maid, that it perish; he shall let him go free for his eye’s sake. 21:27 And if he smite out his manservant’s tooth, or his maidservant’s tooth; he shall let him go free for his tooth’s sake.

If an animal kills a person it shall also surely die.

21:28 If an ox gore a man or a woman, that they die: then the ox shall be surely stoned, and his flesh shall not be eaten; but the owner of the ox shall be quit.

If the owner of a known vicious animal does not take care to keep it under control, then that owner shall be responsible for the acts of that animal just as if he had committed murder himself.  Today this statute would be more common with vicious dogs than with an ox.   However the owner may redeem himself from teh death penalty for the acts of his animals with money [pay the afflicted family for the death].

21:29 But if the ox were wont to push with his horn in time past, and it hath been testified to his owner, and he hath not kept him in, but that he hath killed a man or a woman; the ox shall be stoned, and his owner also shall be put to death. 21:30 If there be laid on him a sum of money, then he shall give for the ransom of his life whatsoever is laid upon him.

The price of redemption is set at thirty shekels of silver

21:31 Whether he have gored a son, or have gored a daughter, according to this judgment shall it be done unto him. 21:32 If the ox shall push a manservant or a maidservant; he shall give unto their master thirty shekels of silver, and the ox shall be stoned.

We are to take great care to make all we do, safe for others.  For if an accident should happen we are responsible and must make the loss good.

21:33 And if a man shall open a pit, or if a man shall dig a pit, and not cover it, and an ox or an ass fall therein; 21:34 The owner of the pit shall make it good, and give money unto the owner of them; and the dead beast shall be his.

Animal for animal if one animal kill another.

21:35 And if one man’s ox hurt another’s, that he die; then they shall sell the live ox, and divide the money of it; and the dead ox also they shall divide. 21:36 Or if it be known that the ox hath used to push in time past, and his owner hath not kept him in; he shall surely pay ox for ox; and the dead shall be his own.

Exodus 22

Laws to protect property from theft. 

The foundations of a successful society are 1.  security of our person from harm  and security of our lives,  2. Security of our families, 3.  Security of our property,  and 4.  Security of our livelihood, or ability to make a living.

Exodus 22:1 If a man shall steal an ox, or a sheep, and kill it, or sell it; he shall restore five oxen for an ox, and four sheep for a sheep.

Despite the law against murder, Biblically we have the right to defend our homes with lethal force if broken into during the night.  However we must use good judgment and this right is not always respected by the law of the land in today’s world.

This law was made as a law for a whole nation in physical Israel.  Today  spiritual Israel is only scattered individuals and while it is lawful by God’s Word to defend with lethal force against a night time intruder; all things that are lawful are not always expedient, and today you can get into a world of trouble for doing so.  Focus on prevention and secondarily on non lethal force to protect your home.

22:2 If a thief be found breaking up, and be smitten that he die, there shall no blood be shed for him.

However even in the Mosaic Covenant time,  any killing of a thief in the daylight is forbidden.  For the thief will be known in the daylight and must make full restitution for his theft and damage, and if he cannot restore for poverty, he must be sold to work six years for his damage and theft.

22:3 If the sun be risen upon him, there shall be blood shed for him; for he should make full restitution; if he have nothing, then he shall be sold for his theft.

If the stolen things be found with the thief, then he shall restore and restore an equal second portion.

22:4 If the theft be certainly found in his hand alive, whether it be ox, or ass, or sheep; he shall restore double.

Concerning restoring a harvest.

22:5 If a man shall cause a field or vineyard to be eaten, and shall put in his beast, and shall feed in another man’s field; of the best of his own field, and of the best of his own vineyard, shall he make restitution.

22:6 If fire break out, and catch in thorns, so that the stacks of corn, or the standing corn, or the field, be consumed therewith; he that kindled the fire shall surely make restitution.

Things in safe keeping with others.

22:7 If a man shall deliver unto his neighbour money or stuff to keep, and it be stolen out of the man’s house; if the thief be found, let him pay double. 22:8 If the thief be not found, then the master of the house shall be brought unto the judges, to see whether he have put his hand unto his neighbour’s goods.

If any such matter cannot be resolved privately then ity shall be brought before the judges of the layman court of the Seventy and their representatives.

22:9 For all manner of trespass, whether it be for ox, for ass, for sheep, for raiment, or for any manner of lost thing which another challengeth to be his, the cause of both parties shall come before the judges; and whom the judges shall condemn, he shall pay double unto his neighbour.

Restitution of a lost animal.

22:10 If a man deliver unto his neighbour an ass, or an ox, or a sheep, or any beast, to keep; and it die, or be hurt, or driven away, no man seeing it: 22:11 Then shall an oath of the LORD be between them both, that he hath not put his hand unto his neighbour’s goods; and the owner of it shall accept thereof, and he shall not make it good.

The safe keeper shall restore to the entrusting person, that which was stolen from him.

22:12 And if it be stolen from him, he shall make restitution unto the owner thereof.

If the animal be torn by wild beasts, [or die on its own] no restitution is required because this is a natural peril.

22:13 If it be torn in pieces, then let him bring it for witness, and he shall not make good that which was torn.

Borrowed animals and things, lost by the borrower, must be restored by the borrower.

22:14 And if a man borrow ought of his neighbour, and it be hurt, or die, the owner thereof being not with it, he shall surely make it good.

If a person be working for the owner using the owners tools; than the user is not responsible fo rthe tools because they remain in the owners control.

22:15 But if the owner thereof be with it, he shall not make it good: if it be an hired thing, it came for his hire.

Fornication controlled by the command that the fornicators marry, if they were indeed lovers; however this has a safety exit in that the father may refuse the marriage if the man is a scoundrel; but the man must still pay the normal dowry which would have been substantial.

22:16 And if a man entice a maid that is not betrothed, and lie with her, he shall surely endow her to be his wife. 22:17 If her father utterly refuse to give her unto him, he shall pay money according to the dowry of virgins.

The sin of witchcraft is rebellion against the keeping of any part of the law of God.

1 Samuel 15:23   For rebellion is as the sin of witchcraft, and stubbornness is as iniquity and idolatry. Because thou hast rejected the word of the Lord, he hath also rejected thee from being king.

Exodus 22:18 Thou shalt not suffer a witch to live.

Lying with a beast is equivalent to becoming one flesh with it and totally degrading the image of God into the image of the brute beast.

22:19 Whosoever lieth with a beast shall surely be put to death.

22:20 He that sacrificeth unto any god, save unto the LORD only, he shall be utterly destroyed.

22:21 Thou shalt neither vex a stranger, nor oppress him: for ye were strangers in the land of Egypt.

22:22 Ye shall not afflict any widow, or fatherless child. 22:23 If thou afflict them in any wise, and they cry at all unto me, I will surely hear their cry; 22:24 And my wrath shall wax hot, and I will kill you with the sword; and your wives shall be widows, and your children fatherless.

22:25 If thou lend money to any of my people that is poor by thee, thou shalt not be to him as an usurer, neither shalt thou lay upon him usury.

22:26 If thou at all take thy neighbour’s raiment to pledge, thou shalt deliver it unto him by that the sun goeth down: 22:27 For that is his covering only, it is his raiment for his skin: wherein shall he sleep? and it shall come to pass, when he crieth unto me, that I will hear; for I am gracious.

We are to always have our eyes wide open and see the evils, and question all the words of our elders by the whole Word of God; but we are to hate the sin and love the sinner.  We are not to curse the sinner: We are to warn the sinner to turn from his evil ways as Nathan warned David, so that the sinner may repent be saved.

22:28 Thou shalt not revile the gods [Elohim; rulers], nor curse the ruler of thy people.

The first born of man and beast belong to the Eternal.  The firstborn of beasts are to be presented to the Eternal on the eighth day and the first born males of men are to be redeemed on the eighth day.  The eighth day picturing a new beginning.

22:29 Thou shalt not delay to offer the first of thy ripe fruits, and of thy liquors: the firstborn of thy sons shalt thou give unto me.  22:30 Likewise shalt thou do with thine oxen, and with thy sheep: seven days it shall be with his dam; on the eighth day thou shalt give it me.

22:31 And ye shall be holy men unto me: neither shall ye eat any flesh that is torn of beasts in the field; ye shall cast it to the dogs.


Exodus 23

We are not to willfully speak falsely [and if found in error are to correct ourselves].

Exodus 23:1 Thou shalt not raise a false report: put not thine hand with the wicked to be an unrighteous witness.

We are to be faithful to God and to the truth and are NOT to follow a crowd to turn aside from the truth.  We are to wrest judgment for either the rich or the poor.  The wicked are to be judged rightly without regard for riches and position, and without pity for a wicked man who is poor. 

23:2 Thou shalt not follow a multitude to do evil; neither shalt thou speak in a cause to decline after many to wrest judgment: 23:3 Neither shalt thou countenance a poor man in his cause.

If you find a stray ox; means in principle, that if you find anything belonging to another, you shall return it to its owner.

23:4 If thou meet thine enemy’s ox or his ass going astray, thou shalt surely bring it back to him again.

We are to help even the animals of our enemies.

23:5 If thou see the ass of him that hateth thee lying under his burden, and wouldest forbear to help him, thou shalt surely help with him.

We should not pity the poor so as to wrest his judgment and count a wicked man not guilty based on sympathy or conversely contempt for his poverty.

23:6 Thou shalt not wrest the judgment of thy poor in his cause.

Our judgment is to be just and we should never justify the wicked or condemn the righteous.

Proverbs 17:15  He that justifieth the wicked, and he that condemneth the just, even they both are abomination to the Lord.

Exodus 23:7 Keep thee far from a false matter; and the innocent and righteous slay thou not: for I will not justify the wicked.

We are to never take any bribe to pervert justice.

23:8 And thou shalt take no gift: for the gift blindeth the wise, and perverteth the words of the righteous.

Do not oppress the foreigner and always be hospitable to him.

23:9 Also thou shalt not oppress a stranger: for ye know the heart of a stranger, seeing ye were strangers in the land of Egypt.

The seventh year is a Sabbath of rest, like the seventh day of the week.

23:10 And six years thou shalt sow thy land, and shalt gather in the fruits thereof: 23:11 But the seventh year thou shalt let it rest and lie still; that the poor of thy people may eat: and what they leave the beasts of the field shall eat. In like manner thou shalt deal with thy vineyard, and with thy oliveyard.

23:12 Six days thou shalt do thy work, and on the seventh day thou shalt rest: that thine ox and thine ass may rest, and the son of thy handmaid, and the stranger, may be refreshed.

Be always totally unshakably faithful to the Eternal and do not let the false gods and idols of the wicked be even mentioned except to warn against them.

23:13 And in all things that I have said unto you be circumspect: and make no mention of the name of other gods, neither let it be heard out of thy mouth.

We are to appear before God in  the three harvest seasons:  When the early harvest begins with the Feast of Unleavened Bread;  when the grain harvest is concluded at Pentecost; and when the main fall harvest comes at the Feast of Tabernacles.  These are the three specifically mentioned times when an offering is required because of the bounty of the harvests.  No offering is required by God on the Feast of Trumpets, the Fast of Atonement, and the Eighth Day. 

A congregation may be asked for an offering on these other scripturally unmentioned days, but one is NOT required by God and would be totally voluntary.   If they tell you this is required by God they are lying and I would not give God’s money to liars.

23:14 Three times thou shalt keep a feast unto me in the year.

23:15 Thou shalt keep the feast of unleavened bread: (thou shalt eat unleavened bread seven days, as I commanded thee, in the time appointed of the month Abib; for in it thou camest out from Egypt: and none shall appear before me empty:) 23:16 And the feast of harvest, the firstfruits of thy labours [Pentecost], which thou hast sown in the field: and the feast of ingathering [Tabernacles], which is in the end of the year, when thou hast gathered in thy labours out of the field.

These are the three pilgrim feasts when all the males and as many of their family members as possible are to travel to the place that God dwells.  In those days God placed his name in the tabernacle and later in the temple, but right now God dwells in each of those who are faithful to Him.

23:17 Three times in the year all thy males shall appear before the LORD God.

Physical sacrifices may not be made with the leaven representing sin; for the physical sacrifices represent the sinless Christ the spiritual Lamb of God.

23:18 Thou shalt not offer the blood of my sacrifice with leavened bread; neither shall the fat of my sacrifice remain until the morning.

The first born of beasts belong to God; the firstborn males of men belong to God and are to be redeemed;  The first fruits of the harvest also belong to God. 

A short aside here:  the firstborn of the clean animals presented to the priests are to be sacrificed as the Daily morning and evening sacrifice,  New Moon and Sabbath and High Day sacrifices on behalf of the whole nation.  That is where these animals come from.  This is in addition to the sacrifices provided by the rulers and the people.  The sacrificial system consists of TWO parts; those sacrifices commanded by God to be offered on behalf of the whole nation; and those to be offered by individuals for themselves. 

Today the Daily is spiritual represents the mediation of Jesus Christ on behalf of the whole nation, to hold back the wrath of God for our wickedness; while the personal sacrifices allow for continued Mediation by our High Priest for our personal salvation even when the nation is destroyed for sin.   Understanding The Daily and The Sacrificial System 

Simmering a kid in its own mother’s milk was a local pagan fertility rite.  This does not forbid the eating of meat with milk as the Rabbins suppose.  Abraham eat milk, butter and meat with God and the angels: 

Genesis 18:8  And he took butter, and milk, and the calf which he had dressed, and set it before them; and he stood by them under the tree, and they did eat.

Exodus 23:19 The first of the firstfruits of thy land thou shalt bring into the house of the LORD thy God. Thou shalt not seethe a kid in his mother’s milk.

Christ says that his angel [Messenger] bearing his authority will lead the people and that God Almighty must be obeyed in all things.  This is a type of the Holy Spirit which is given to us to lead us into the truth of the whole word of God. 

If the spiritually called out, compromise and sin against any part of the word of God to cleave to their own false traditions, they will not be held guiltless any more that physical Israel in the wilderness.

23:20 Behold, I send an Angel [Messenger] before thee, to keep thee in the way, and to bring thee into the place which I have prepared.

Do NOT provoke the Spirit of Christ by polluting his commanded Sabbaths and exalting and obeying men contrary to the Word of God.

23:21 Beware of him, and obey his voice, provoke him not; for he will not pardon your transgressions: for my name is in him.

Those who are full of passionate love for our espoused Husband and obey his voice, will surely be Beloved of Him.  Let the beloved of the LORD rejoice in all adversity, for they are with their Beloved and He is with them!

23:22 But if thou shalt indeed obey his voice, and do all that I speak; then I will be an enemy unto thine enemies, and an adversary unto thine adversaries.

The Canaanites were a physical type of unrepentant sin and they are given over to destruction, as an example that the unrepentant sinner will be totally destroyed in the second death.

23:23 For mine Angel shall go before thee, and bring thee in unto the Amorites, and the Hittites, and the Perizzites, and the Canaanites, the Hivites, and the Jebusites: and I will cut them off.

We are not to bow before any god but the Eternal, that includes making idols of men and corporate church organizations.  Godly men can be a help to focus us on the eternal, but they are NEVER to replace the Eternal as the moral; authority above the whole word of God.

23:24 Thou shalt not bow down to their gods, nor serve them, nor do after their works: but thou shalt utterly overthrow them, and quite break down their images.

If physical Israel would  faithfully serve God; they would be greatly blessed; and if we faithfully serve God we will be greatly blessed in spiritual things and inherit eternal life in the spirit.

23:25 And ye shall serve the LORD your God, and he shall bless thy bread, and thy water; and I will take sickness away from the midst of thee. 23:26 There shall nothing cast their young, nor be barren, in thy land: the number of thy days I will fulfil.

23:27 I will send my fear before thee, and will destroy all the people to whom thou shalt come, and I will make all thine enemies turn their backs unto thee. [and flee]  23:28 And I will send hornets before thee, which shall drive out the Hivite, the Canaanite, and the Hittite, from before thee.

23:29 I will not drive them out from before thee in one year; lest the land become desolate, and the beast of the field multiply against thee. 23:30 By little and little I will drive them out from before thee, until thou be increased, and inherit the land.

The promised border of Israel is from the Red Sea to the Euphrates.  This border was achieved by David and Solomon, and is a type of the millennial border of Israel.

23:31 And I will set thy bounds from the Red sea even unto the sea of the Philistines, and from the desert unto the river: [Euphrates]  for I will deliver the inhabitants of the land into your hand; and thou shalt drive them out before thee.

Today New Covenant spiritual Israel is to make no agreement with idols and their false teachers.  We are to have nothing to do with them except to condemn the sin.

23:32 Thou shalt make no covenant with them, nor with their gods. 23:33 They shall not dwell in thy land, lest they make thee sin against me: for if thou serve their gods, it will surely be a snare unto thee.

Exodus 24

Moses is called up to the Mount to meet God and receive the tablets of stone.  These tables of stone were allegorical of the hard heartedness and stony hearts of the people.  Ezekiel 11 speaks of the repentance of Israel at the coming of Messiah when the hard hearts of stone will be removed and a soft heart of flesh will be given to the people.

Ezekiel 11:19   And I will give them one heart, and I will put a new spirit within you; and I will take the stony heart out of their flesh, and will give them an heart of flesh [of the New Covenant of Jeremiah 31]: 20 [The New Covenant defined] That they may walk in my statutes, and keep mine ordinances, and do them: and they shall be my people, and I will be their God.

Exodus 24:1 And he said unto Moses, Come up unto the LORD, thou, and Aaron, Nadab, and Abihu, and seventy of the elders of Israel; and worship ye afar off.

These seventy with Aaron and his sons were told to worship God at a certain distance from the mount while Moses goes up.

24:2 And Moses alone shall come near the LORD: but they shall not come nigh; neither shall the people go up with him.

Moses told the people all the statutes and judgments that God had given them.

24:3 And Moses came and told the people all the words of the LORD, and all the judgments: and all the people answered with one voice, and said, All the words which the LORD hath said will we do. 24:4 And Moses wrote all the words of the LORD, and rose up early in the morning, and builded an altar under the hill, and twelve pillars, according to the twelve tribes of Israel.

 Moses made sacrifices to confirm the Covenant.

24:5 And he sent young men of the children of Israel, which offered burnt offerings, and sacrificed peace offerings of oxen unto the LORD. 24:6 And Moses took half of the blood, and put it in basons; and half of the blood he sprinkled on the altar.

Now we are told that when on the mount Moses had written the words of the law in a book; and now he read them out to the people.  And after hearing the words of these statutes, the people for the second time committed themselves to a marriage Covenant with Christ their deliver

24:7 And he took the book of the covenant, and read in the audience of the people: and they said, All that the LORD hath said will we do, and be obedient.

24:8 And Moses took the blood, and sprinkled it on the people, and said, Behold the blood of the covenant, which the LORD hath made with you concerning all these words.

The blood of the sacrifice, symbolizing the blood of Christ shed for the New Covenant Called Out Bride, was then sprinkled on the people of the Mosaic Covenant physical bride of Christ.  The marriage of physical Israel at Pentecost being entirely symbolic of the calling out of all humanity who then commit to live by every Word of God in a New Covenant, and the Holy Spirit being poured out on a called and repentant humanity on a future feast of Fist fruits [Pentecost] (Joel 2:28). 

We have been deceived into thinking that only those in the first mnass resurrection to spirit are the first fruits; when all who live during the millennium are also a part of the first fruits, because the seventh day is still a part of the overall week!  

It is only AFTER the millennium that the main harvest if reaped.  The fist six thousand years picture the spiritually Called Out of the New Covenant struggling to overcome, while the millennial rest pictures the resurrected Chose bringing in the remaining first fruits of the last day of the week of Unleavened bread.

Then the elders went up before God and stopped a small way distant.

24:9 Then went up Moses, and Aaron, Nadab, and Abihu, and seventy of the elders of Israel: 24:10 And they saw the God of Israel: and there was under his feet as it were a paved work of a sapphire stone, and as it were the body of heaven  [the sky] in his clearness.

24:11 And upon the nobles of the children of Israel he [God did not destroy for coming close]  laid not his hand: also they saw God, and did eat and drink [They saw God [the one who became the Son and NOT God the Father; and lived].

Moses is called up to God in the mount to receive the tablets of stone.

24:12 And the LORD said unto Moses, Come up to me into the mount, and be there: and I will give thee tables of stone, and a law, and commandments which I have written; that thou mayest teach them.

Here we see Joshua going with Moses;  This begins to show the background of Joshua and his training under Moses to be so faithful to God in conquering the land and leading the people to be faithful to God like Moses did.  God had carefully prepared Joshua for his responsibility in replacing Moses as the physical leader of Israel.

24:13 And Moses rose up, and his minister Joshua: and Moses went up into the mount of God.

Moses went up the mount while Aaron, his sons and the seventy remained below.

24:14 And he said unto the elders, Tarry ye here for us, until we come again unto you: and, behold, Aaron and Hur are with you: if any man have any matters to do, let him come unto them.

Moses went up the mount only to wait for six days for God to speak to him.  Then on the seventh day God spoke to Moses.

24:15 And Moses went up into the mount, and a cloud covered the mount. 24:16 And the glory of the LORD abode upon mount Sinai, and the cloud covered it six days: and the seventh day he called unto Moses out of the midst of the cloud.

The people in the plain below the mount saw a very bright light, like a huge fire or the sun itself burning on the mountain.

24:17 And the sight of the glory of the LORD was like devouring fire on the top of the mount in the eyes of the children of Israel.

Moses was up on the mount in the presence of God for forty days and nights, sustained by the power and glory of God.  During those forty days Moses wrote out the Word of God as dictated by God including the commandments, laws, statutes, judgments and the instructions at Sinai for the tabernacle, and very probably including the book of Genesis.

24:18 And Moses went into the midst of the cloud, and gat him up into the mount: and Moses was in the mount forty days and forty nights.


Exodus 25

The following is about the details of the tabernacle. 

God [Melchisedec [meaning: I exist] a member of the YHVH [meaning: I exist] family] who became Jesus [Hebrew: Yeshua]; told Moses to take an offering from the people to build the tabernacle. 

The included pictures reflect the best available understanding of the scriptural description.

The tabernacle was very carefully laid out as a copy of God the Father’s temple and throne in heaven, in a movable format to accompany Israel on their journey’s.  Later the permanent temple was very carefully laid out in the same pattern which is full of significance.

Exodus 25:1 And the LORD spake unto Moses, saying, 25:2 Speak unto the children of Israel, that they bring me an offering: of every man that giveth it willingly with his heart ye shall take my offering.

25:3 And this is the offering which ye shall take of them; gold, and silver, and brass, 25:4 And blue, and purple, and scarlet, and fine linen, and goats’ hair, 25:5 And rams’ skins dyed red, and badgers’ [Rams skins dyed blue] skins, and shittim wood, 25:6 Oil for the light, spices for anointing oil, and for sweet incense, 25:7 Onyx stones, and stones to be set in the ephod, and in the breastplate.

As Moses was to make a tabernacle according to the plan of God; we are to become God’s tabernacle according to the whole word of God.

25:8 And let them make me a sanctuary; that I may dwell among them. 25:9 According to all that I shew thee, after the pattern of the tabernacle, and the pattern of all the instruments thereof, even so shall ye make it.

The Ark of the Covenant.

25:10 And they shall make an ark of shittim [acacia] wood: two cubits and a half shall be the length thereof, and a cubit and a half the breadth thereof, and a cubit and a half the height thereof. 25:11 And thou shalt overlay it with pure gold, within and without shalt thou overlay it, and shalt make upon it a crown of gold round about.

Two poles shall be placed one to a side and remain there permanently that the Ark may be moved.

25:12 And thou shalt cast four rings of gold for it, and put them in the four corners thereof; and two rings shall be in the one side of it, and two rings in the other side of it. 25:13 And thou shalt make staves of shittim wood, and overlay them with gold. 25:14 And thou shalt put the staves into the rings by the sides of the ark, that the ark may be borne with them. 25:15 The staves shall be in the rings of the ark: they shall not be taken from it.

God shall provide certain things to be put inside the box of the Ark.

25:16 And thou shalt put into the ark the testimony which I shall give thee.

Now a Mercy Seat or Throne, about 45 inches long and 27 inches wide and 18 inches high, is to be made and placed on top of the Ark.  The Ark is like a box and the Mercy Seat or Throne is placed directly on top of the Ark.

25:17 And thou shalt make a mercy seat of pure gold: two cubits and a half shall be the length thereof, and a cubit and a half the breadth thereof.

One cherubim shall be placed at each end of the Ark with wings stretched out over the throne and both faces looking inward at the Throne; this like a man lifting his arms up towards the direction he is looking in.

Here is a series of pictures of how some see the Ark, according to the description provided here.

25:18 And thou shalt make two cherubims of gold, of beaten work shalt thou make them, in the two ends of the mercy seat. 25:19 And make one cherub on the one end, and the other cherub on the other end: even of the mercy seat shall ye make the cherubims on the two ends thereof. 25:20 And the cherubims shall stretch forth their wings on high, covering the mercy seat with their wings, and their faces shall look one to another; toward the mercy seat shall the faces of the cherubims be.

25:21 And thou shalt put the mercy seat above upon the ark; and in the ark thou shalt put the testimony that I shall give thee. 25:22 And there I will meet with thee, and I will commune with thee from above the mercy seat, from between the two cherubims which are upon the ark of the testimony, of all things which I will give thee in commandment unto the children of Israel.

The Table of the LORD, for the Bread of Presence; 36 inches long, 18 inches wide and 27 inches high.

25:23 Thou shalt also make a table of shittim wood: two cubits shall be the length thereof, and a cubit the breadth thereof, and a cubit and a half the height thereof. 25:24 And thou shalt overlay it with pure gold, and make thereto a crown of gold round about.

A crown shall surround the edge of the table of about 7 inches in size. 

25:25 And thou shalt make unto it a border of an hand breadth round about, and thou shalt make a golden crown to the border thereof round about.

Rings and staves for carrying the table.

25:26 And thou shalt make for it four rings of gold, and put the rings in the four corners that are on the four feet thereof. 25:27 Over against the border shall the rings be for places of the staves to bear the table. 25:28 And thou shalt make the staves of shittim [acacia] wood, and overlay them with gold, that the table may be borne with them.

Dishes for the Shewbread.

25:29 And thou shalt make the dishes thereof, and spoons thereof, and covers thereof, and bowls thereof, to cover withal: of pure gold shalt thou make them.

25:30 And thou shalt set upon the table shewbread before me [inside the tabernacle] alway.

The heavenly lampstand for the tabernacle.  The seven branched lampstand pictures the seven churches shining the light of God through the oil of the spirit of God.

25:31 And thou shalt make a candlestick of pure gold: of beaten work shall the candlestick be made: his shaft, and his branches, his bowls, his knops, and his flowers, shall be of the same. 25:32 And six branches shall come out of the sides of it; three branches of the candlestick out of the one side, and three branches of the candlestick out of the other side: 25:33 Three bowls made like unto almonds, with a knop and a flower in one branch; and three bowls made like almonds in the other branch, with a knop and a flower: so in the six branches that come out of the candlestick.

25:34 And in the candlesticks shall be four bowls made like unto almonds, with their knops and their flowers. 25:35 And there shall be a knop under two branches of the same, and a knop under two branches of the same, and a knop under two branches of the same, according to the six branches that proceed out of the candlestick. 25:36 Their knops and their branches shall be of the same: all it shall be one beaten work of pure gold.

25:37 And thou shalt make the seven lamps thereof: and they shall light the lamps thereof, that they may give light over against it. 25:38 And the tongs thereof, and the snuffdishes thereof, shall be of pure gold. 25:39 Of a talent of pure gold shall he make it, with all these vessels.

25:40 And look that thou make them after their pattern, which was shewed thee in the mount.

Exodus 26

The tabernacle shall be an enclosure of ten end to end curtains, of  42 feet in length and six feet high; dyed purple and scarlet with art work of cherubims on them.

Exodus 26:1 Moreover thou shalt make the tabernacle with ten curtains of fine twined linen, and blue, and purple, and scarlet: with cherubims of cunning work shalt thou make them. 26:2 The length of one curtain shall be eight and twenty cubits, and the breadth of one curtain four cubits: and every one of the curtains shall have one measure.

A cut away view of the inside of the tabernacle itself, showing the Ark in the Most Holy Place; the cherubim embroidered curtain closing the Most Holy Place, and the front curtain.  Also showing the board work on which the curtains were hung;  the altar of incense and the table of showbread opposite the lampstand.

Five curtains shall be linked together for 210 feet.

26:3 The five curtains shall be coupled together one to another; and other five curtains shall be coupled one to another. 26:4 And thou shalt make loops of blue upon the edge of the one curtain from the selvedge in the coupling; and likewise shalt thou make in the uttermost edge of another curtain, in the coupling of the second. 26:5 Fifty loops shalt thou make in the one curtain, and fifty loops shalt thou make in the edge of the curtain that is in the coupling of the second; that the loops may take hold one of another.26:6 And thou shalt make fifty taches of gold, and couple the curtains together with the taches: and it shall be one tabernacle.

26:7 And thou shalt make curtains of goats’ hair to be a covering upon the tabernacle: eleven curtains shalt thou make. 26:8 The length of one curtain shall be thirty cubits, and the breadth of one curtain four cubits: and the eleven curtains shall be all of one measure. 26:9 And thou shalt couple five curtains by themselves, and six curtains by themselves, and shalt double the sixth curtain in the forefront of the tabernacle.

26:10 And thou shalt make fifty loops on the edge of the one curtain that is outmost in the coupling, and fifty loops in the edge of the curtain which coupleth the second. 26:11 And thou shalt make fifty taches of brass, and put the taches into the loops, and couple the tent together, that it may be one. 26:12 And the remnant that remaineth of the curtains of the tent, the half curtain that remaineth, shall hang over the backside of the tabernacle.

26:13 And a cubit on the one side, and a cubit on the other side of that which remaineth in the length of the curtains of the tent, it shall hang over the sides of the tabernacle on this side and on that side, to cover it.

26:14 And thou shalt make a covering for the tent of rams’ skins dyed red, and a covering above of badgers’ [Rams skins dyed blue] skins.

Boards are to be set up upon which to hang the covering of the tabernacle. A cubit being 18 inches.

26:15 And thou shalt make boards for the tabernacle of shittim wood standing up. 26:16 Ten cubits shall be the length of a board, and a cubit and a half shall be the breadth of one board. 26:17 Two tenons shall there be in one board, set in order one against another: thus shalt thou make for all the boards of the tabernacle.

26:18 And thou shalt make the boards for the tabernacle, twenty boards on the south side southward. 26:19 And thou shalt make forty sockets of silver under the twenty boards; two sockets under one board for his two tenons, and two sockets under another board for his two tenons.

26:20 And for the second side of the tabernacle on the north side there shall be twenty boards: 26:21 And their forty sockets of silver; two sockets under one board, and two sockets under another board.

26:22 And for the sides of the tabernacle westward thou shalt make six boards. 26:23 And two boards shalt thou make for the corners of the tabernacle in the two sides. 26:24 And they shall be coupled together beneath, and they shall be coupled together above the head of it unto one ring: thus shall it be for them both; they shall be for the two corners. 26:25 And they shall be eight boards, and their sockets of silver, sixteen sockets; two sockets under one board, and two sockets under another board.

26:26 And thou shalt make bars of shittim wood; five for the boards of the one side of the tabernacle, 26:27 And five bars for the boards of the other side of the tabernacle, and five bars for the boards of the side of the tabernacle, for the two sides westward. 26:28 And the middle bar in the midst of the boards shall reach from end to end.

26:29 And thou shalt overlay the boards with gold, and make their rings of gold for places for the bars: and thou shalt overlay the bars with gold. 26:30 And thou shalt rear up the tabernacle according to the fashion thereof which was shewed thee in the mount.

26:31 And thou shalt make a vail [curtain] of blue, and purple, and scarlet, and fine twined linen of cunning work: with cherubims shall it be made: 26:32 And thou shalt hang it upon four pillars of shittim wood overlaid with gold: their hooks shall be of gold, upon the four sockets of silver. 26:33 And thou shalt hang up the vail under the taches, that thou mayest bring in thither within the vail the ark of the testimony: and the vail shall divide unto you between the holy place and the most holy.

26:34 And thou shalt put the mercy seat upon the ark of the testimony in the most holy place. 26:35 And thou shalt set the table without the vail, and the candlestick over against the table on the side of the tabernacle toward the south: and thou shalt put the table on the north side.

26:36 And thou shalt make an hanging for the door of the tent, of blue, and purple, and scarlet, and fine twined linen, wrought with needlework [embroidered] .

26:37 And thou shalt make for the hanging five pillars of shittim wood, and overlay them with gold, and their hooks shall be of gold: and thou shalt cast five sockets of brass for them.

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