The Egyptian Passover


Updated 22 April, 2016

Coming Out of Egypt

After the destroyer went through Egypt at midnight on the 14th day of the first month, the Egyptians were urgent that Israel should leave; and gathering their possessions including their flocks and herds, and taking wages of the Egyptians they journeyed from the outlying villages and farms to Ramses, where they gathered with Moses.

Then they began their march out of Egypt just after the sun set ending Passover day the 14 day of the first month; and as the 15th day of the first month was beginning.

Exodus 12:37 And the children of Israel journeyed from Rameses to Succoth, about six hundred thousand on foot that were men, beside children [and women].

Exodus 13:17 And it came to pass, when Pharaoh had let the people go, that God led them not through the way of the land of the Philistines, although that was near; for God said, Lest peradventure the people repent when they see war, and they return to Egypt: 13:18 But God led the people about, through the way of the wilderness of the Red sea: and the children of Israel went up harnessed out of the land of Egypt.

13:19 And Moses took the bones of Joseph with him: for he had straitly sworn the children of Israel, saying, God will surely visit you; and ye shall carry up my bones away hence with you.

Numbers 33:5 And the children of Israel removed from Rameses, and pitched in Succoth.

Traveling with the old and young, with the flocks and herds, and the sick and the lame; they could only reasonably make about 2 or 3 miles per hour.

The Bible mentions only three encampments and the total journey from Ramses to where they crossed the Sea is only about 75 miles, or no more than four days travel.

The Second Day’s Travel

Exodus 13:20 And they took their journey from Succoth, and encamped in Etham, in the edge of the wilderness.

Numbers 33:6 And they departed from Succoth, and pitched in Etham, which is in the edge of the wilderness.

On the second day of travel they reached the border of cultivated civilized Egypt and the wilderness at Etham, close to today’s Suez Canal.

The Third Day’s Travel

On the Third day they “turned again” or turned to a new direction; away from traveling east directly out of Egypt and headed South to Pihahirioth.

Numbers 33:7 And they removed from Etham, and turned again [changed direction] unto Pihahiroth, which is before Baalzephon: and they pitched before Migdol.

The word “Migdol” in Hebrew means “watchtower”. It refers to one of many Egyptian military lookout posts scattered along Egypt’s borders. The existence of the Egyptian Migdol’s is confirmed by archaeology.

RamsesSuccothEthamAt that time Egypt ruled the whole of Sinai and Palestine, but because of the collapse of Egypt due to the plagues they had lost control of areas outside of the Egyptian mainland.

In all, there were only three encampments on the Egyptian side of the Red Sea: Succoth, Etham and Pihahiroth which was between Migdol [the border watchtower] and the Red Sea.

At this point they had arrived at the Sea and became entrapped between the mountains and the Sea. For God had warned Moses that this was a planned action.

Exodus 13:21 And the LORD went before them by day in a pillar of a cloud, to lead them the way; and by night in a pillar of fire, to give them light; to go by day and night: 13:22 He took not away the pillar of the cloud by day, nor the pillar of fire by night, from before the people.

When Israel turned south on the third day and came to Pihahirioth, Then Pharaoh’s heart was hardened and he began to pursue Israel, arriving on the fifth day!

Exodus 14:1 And the LORD spake unto Moses, saying, 14:2 Speak unto the children of Israel, that they turn [change direction from going to the border] and encamp before Pihahiroth, between Migdol and the sea, over against Baalzephon: before it shall ye encamp by the sea.

When Israel becomes trapped between the mountains and the sea at the close of the third day’s journey, Pharaoh realizes that he has Israel “in the bag” and resolves to pursue them.

14:3 For Pharaoh will say of the children of Israel, They are entangled in the land, the wilderness hath shut them in. 14:4 And I will harden Pharaoh’s heart, that he shall follow after them; and I will be honoured upon Pharaoh, and upon all his host; that the Egyptians may know that I am the LORD. And they did so.

God had led Israel into a trap, to bait Pharaoh to pursue them, and Pharaoh with his horses and chariots pursued Israel. Pharaoh’s army had to cover the same ground although they were much faster [without animals and the old and young] and could easily have made the journey in less than two days.

Israel became entrapped after only three days of travel; and then stayed trapped in the same place on the fourth and fifth days. Pharaoh began to pursue them on the third day; arriving on the fifth day.

Exodus 14:5 And it was told the king of Egypt that the people fled: and the heart of Pharaoh and of his servants was turned against the people, and they said, Why have we done this, that we have let Israel go from serving us? 14:6 And he made ready his chariot, and took his people with him: 14:7 And he took six hundred chosen chariots, and all the chariots of Egypt, and captains over every one of them.

Then the Egyptian army pursued Israel arriving on the fifth day.

14:8 And the LORD hardened the heart of Pharaoh king of Egypt, and he pursued after the children of Israel: and the children of Israel went out with an high hand.

14:9 But the Egyptians pursued after them, all the horses and chariots of Pharaoh, and his horsemen, and his army, and overtook them encamping by the sea, beside Pihahiroth, before Baalzephon.

Here we are told that Pharaoh himself was with the army and Israel feared greatly.

14:10 And when Pharaoh drew nigh, the children of Israel lifted up their eyes, and, behold, the Egyptians marched after them; and they were sore afraid: and the children of Israel cried out unto the LORD. 14:11 And they said unto Moses, Because there were no graves in Egypt, hast thou taken us away to die in the wilderness? wherefore hast thou dealt thus with us, to carry us forth out of Egypt? 14:12 Is not this the word that we did tell thee in Egypt, saying, Let us alone, that we may serve the Egyptians? For it had been better for us to serve the Egyptians, than that we should die in the wilderness.

This represents the fear of persecution and trials that drives many a new convert back into the bondage out of which they came.

This was a deliberate act of Christ to demonstrate to physical and to spiritual Israel the power of God over Pharaoh and all his power, as an example of the great power of Christ to overcome Satan and all his power!

Exodus 14:13 And Moses said unto the people, Fear ye not, stand still, and see the salvation of the LORD, which he will shew to you to day: for the Egyptians whom ye have seen to day, ye shall see them again no more for ever.

When faced with temptations and trials we are to RUN to our Beloved and trust in him to deliver us; we are never to try and deal with the situation by our own ways and by compromising with any part of the word of God.  We are to trust in our God and GO FORWARD in enthusiastic zeal for his word!

14:14 The LORD shall fight for you, and ye shall hold your peace.

This is the key to overcoming all our fears. We are not in the fight alone! The Eternal shall fight for us, and all we need do is to faithfully follow HIM!

14:15 And the LORD said unto Moses, Wherefore criest thou unto me? speak unto the children of Israel, that they go forward: 14:16 But lift thou up thy rod, and stretch out thine hand over the sea, and divide it: and the children of Israel shall go on dry ground through the midst of the sea.

Again Pharaoh is mentioned as being present and to take party in the destruction of his army.

Yes, let us go forward and continue on the path of faith in our Deliverer; never fearing, never compromising; always faithful DOERS of the Word and FOLLOWERS of our Father in heaven!

14:17 And I, behold, I will harden the hearts of the Egyptians, and they shall follow them: and I will get me honour upon Pharaoh, and upon all his host, upon his chariots, and upon his horsemen.

14:18 And the Egyptians shall know that I am the LORD, when I have gotten me honour upon Pharaoh, upon his chariots, and upon his horsemen.

Then  the fire was removed to the rear of Israel, to be a cloud separating Pharaoh from Israel on that fifth night as the wind blew all night.

14:19 And the angel of God, which went before the camp of Israel, removed and went behind them; and the pillar of the cloud went from before their face, and stood behind them: 14:20 And it came between the camp of the Egyptians and the camp of Israel; and it was a cloud and darkness to them, but it gave light by night to these: so that the one came not near the other all the night. 14:21 And Moses stretched out his hand over the sea; and the LORD caused the sea to go back by a strong east wind all that night, and made the sea dry land, and the waters were divided.

The Egyptian army arriving on the fifth day; the wind blew all that night and early in the morning of the sixth day Israel entered the Red Sea and crossed that sea on the SIXTH DAY of Unleavened Bread, rising up out of the Sea of Death, within which all that were a type of wickedness perished, never to be seen again.

14:22 And the children of Israel went into the midst of the sea upon the dry ground [in the very early morning]: and the waters were a wall unto them on their right hand, and on their left.

As the called Out passed through the sea and the Egyptians could not do so; this is an analogy that the faithful zealous called out and chosen shall pass through the sea of death into a resurrection to spirit and eternal life, while those who reject zeal to follow any part of the whole word of God, cannot cross from flesh into spirit.

14:23 And the Egyptians pursued, and went in after them to the midst of the sea, even all Pharaoh’s horses, his chariots, and his horsemen.

Jesus Christ troubled this professional army to deliver his people; just as he will deliver his spiritual people from the power of Satan and from the power of death itself!

14:24 And it came to pass, that in the morning watch the LORD looked unto the host of the Egyptians through the pillar of fire and of the cloud, and troubled the host of the Egyptians, 14:25 And took off their chariot wheels, that they drave them heavily: so that the Egyptians said, Let us flee from the face of Israel; for the LORD fighteth for them against the Egyptians.

Numbers 33:8 And they departed from before Pihahiroth, and passed through the midst of the sea into the wilderness, and went three days’ journey along the eastern side of the Red Sea.

As the Egyptians, being a type of bondage to sin; could not cross through the sea representing the grave;  those who are not zealous to follow the Lamb withersoever he goeth, will not be in the resurrection to spirit.

Exodus 14:26 And the LORD said unto Moses, Stretch out thine hand over the sea, that the waters may come again upon the Egyptians, upon their chariots, and upon their horsemen. 14:27 And Moses stretched forth his hand over the sea, and the sea returned to his strength when the morning appeared; and the Egyptians fled against it; and the LORD overthrew the Egyptians in the midst of the sea. 14:28 And the waters returned, and covered the chariots, and the horsemen, and all the host of Pharaoh that came into the sea after them; there remained not so much as one of them.

Those who passionately love their LORD enough to learn and to keep his word will be lifted from the grave and given a new and incorruptible body of spirit in eternal life.

14:29 But the children of Israel walked upon dry land in the midst of the sea; and the waters were a wall unto them on their right hand, and on their left.

The Eternal saved physical Israel: so shall he save all those who love him with the passionate love of the Shulamite [the beloved of God].   While those who do wickedly and refuse to sincerely repent will go down to destruction.

14:30 Thus the LORD saved Israel that day out of the hand of the Egyptians; and Israel saw the Egyptians dead upon the sea shore.

When a resurrection of the faithful and chosen dead comes in the next few years; then all the earth shall SEE and KNOW the power of God and believe on him alone, bringing in the millennial rest

14:31 And Israel saw that great work which the LORD did upon the Egyptians: and the people feared the LORD, and believed the LORD, and his servant Moses.

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