1 Chronicles 16
The Ark was brought to Jerusalem and placed in a tent while the Tabernacle remained in Gibeah.
1 Chronicles 16:1 So they brought the ark of God, and set it in the midst of the tent that David had pitched for it: and they offered burnt sacrifices and peace offerings before God. 16:2 And when David had made an end of offering the burnt offerings and the peace offerings, he blessed the people in the name of the LORD. 16:3 And he dealt to every one of Israel, both man and woman, to every one a loaf of bread, and a good piece of flesh, and a flagon of wine.
David organized the Levites to serve in companies and courses; and also companies of musicians and singers. We see then that David was not only king but was instrumental in organizing the Levites and priesthood for the coming Temple service.
16:4 And he appointed certain of the Levites to minister before the ark of the LORD, and to record, and to thank and praise the LORD God of Israel: 16:5 Asaph the chief, and next to him Zechariah, Jeiel, and Shemiramoth, and Jehiel, and Mattithiah, and Eliab, and Benaiah, and Obededom: and Jeiel with psalteries and with harps; but Asaph made a sound with cymbals; 16:6 Benaiah also and Jahaziel the priests with trumpets continually before the ark of the covenant of God.
16:7 Then on that day David delivered first this psalm to thank the LORD into the hand of Asaph and his brethren.
If only the various COG Groups would do the will of God to keep their New Covenant with him, and to praise him always as this Psalm of David proclaims! If only we had a fraction of the zeal of David to please God! Think carefully on these words and their meaning as to the kind of attitude and passionate zeal that we should have for our Mighty One! Think on the Song of Solomon and the deep deep love of the beloved bride for her Beloved Spouse.
Oh my friends; to our lasting shame the bulk of the Ekklesia and most especially its leaders are like Queen Vashti who would rather do their own things than respond to the call of the Mighty King!
16:8 Give thanks unto the LORD, call upon his name, make known his deeds among the people. 16:9 Sing unto him, sing psalms unto him, talk ye of all his wondrous works.16:10 Glory ye in his holy name: let the heart of them rejoice that seek the LORD. 16:11 Seek the LORD and his strength, seek his face continually. 16:12 Remember his marvellous works that he hath done, his wonders, and the judgments of his mouth; 16:13 O ye seed of Israel his servant, ye children of Jacob, his chosen ones.
16:14 He is the LORD our God; his judgments are in all the earth.
16:15 Be ye mindful always of his covenant; the word which he commanded to a thousand generations; 16:16 Even of the covenant which he made with Abraham, and of his oath unto Isaac; 16:17 And hath confirmed the same to Jacob for a law, and to Israel for an everlasting covenant, 16:18 Saying, Unto thee will I give the land of Canaan, the lot of your inheritance; 16:19 When ye were but few, even a few, and strangers in it.
16:20 And when they went from nation to nation, and from one kingdom to another people; 16:21 He suffered no man to do them wrong: yea, he reproved kings for their sakes, 16:22 Saying, Touch not mine anointed, and do my prophets no harm.
16:23 Sing unto the LORD, all the earth; shew forth from day to day his salvation. 16:24 Declare his glory among the heathen; his marvellous works among all nations. 16:25 For great is the LORD, and greatly to be praised: he also is to be feared above all gods.
16:26 For all the gods of the people are idols: but the LORD made the heavens.
16:27 Glory and honour are in his presence; strength and gladness are in his place.
16:28 Give unto the LORD, ye kindreds of the people, give unto the LORD glory and strength. 16:29 Give unto the LORD the glory due unto his name: bring an offering, and come before him: worship the LORD in the beauty of holiness.
16:30 Fear before him, all the earth: the world also shall be stable, that it be not moved. 16:31 Let the heavens be glad, and let the earth rejoice: and let men say among the nations, The LORD reigneth. 16:32 Let the sea roar, and the fulness thereof: let the fields rejoice, and all that is therein. 16:33 Then shall the trees of the wood sing out at the presence of the LORD, because he cometh to judge the earth.
16:34 O give thanks unto the LORD; for he is good; for his mercy endureth for ever. 16:35 And say ye, Save us, O God of our salvation, and gather us together, and deliver us from the heathen, that we may give thanks to thy holy name, and glory in thy praise.
16:36 Blessed be the LORD God of Israel for ever and ever. And all the people said, Amen, and praised the LORD.
16:37 So he left there before the ark of the covenant of the LORD Asaph and his brethren, to minister before the ark continually, as every day’s work required: 16:38 And Obededom with their brethren, threescore and eight; Obededom also the son of Jeduthun and Hosah to be porters:
16:39 And Zadok the priest, and his brethren the priests, before the tabernacle of the LORD in the high place that was at Gibeon, 16:40 To offer burnt offerings unto the LORD upon the altar of the burnt offering continually morning and evening, and to do according to all that is written in the law of the LORD, which he commanded Israel;
16:41 And with them Heman and Jeduthun, and the rest that were chosen, who were expressed by name, to give thanks to the LORD, because his mercy endureth for ever; 16:42 And with them Heman and Jeduthun with trumpets and cymbals for those that should make a sound, and with musical instruments of God. And the sons of Jeduthun were porters.
16:43 And all the people departed every man to his house: and David returned to bless his house.
1 Chronicles 17
David desires to build a Temple for God. It is the job of each and every person in Spiritual Israel to be building a house of God within themselves. We are not just to remain as we always were; we are to be constructing a spiritual house for the Eternal that He may dwell within us!
The construction process calls for building upon the foundation of the whole Word of God and for removing all trash and defective material [sin]. It involves constant correction and even rebuilding where mistakes have been made; and if the job stops and we take a holiday there is no advancement or growth in the building!
For the converted person there is never a holiday in the process of building his spiritual house for the indwelling of the Spirit of God! Let us get back to the building that we have left off for so many years, as we chose to stand on the past; let us GO FORWARD in removing the errors and sins of the past to embrace the whole Word of God!
Ephesians 2:19 Now therefore ye are no more strangers and foreigners, but fellowcitizens with the saints, and of the household of God; 2:20 And are built upon the foundation of the apostles and prophets, Jesus Christ himself being the chief corner stone; 2:21 In whom all the building fitly framed together groweth unto an holy temple in the Lord:
1 Chronicles 17:1 Now it came to pass, as David sat in his house, that David said to Nathan the prophet, Lo, I dwell in an house of cedars, but the ark of the covenant of the LORD remaineth under curtains.
Nathan said go ahead but God appeared to him that night and countermands that approval.
The word of God by Nathan concerning David’s desire to build a Temple.
17:2 Then Nathan said unto David, Do all that is in thine heart; for God is with thee. 17:3 And it came to pass the same night, that the word of God came to Nathan, saying, 17:4 Go and tell David my servant, Thus saith the LORD, Thou shalt not build me an house to dwell in:
17:5 For I have not dwelt in an house since the day that I brought up Israel unto this day; but have gone from tent to tent, and from one tabernacle to another.
17:6 Wheresoever I have walked with all Israel, spake I a word to any of the judges of Israel, whom I commanded to feed my people, saying, Why have ye not built me an house of cedars? 17:7 Now therefore thus shalt thou say unto my servant David, Thus saith the LORD of hosts, I took thee from the sheepcote, even from following the sheep, that thou shouldest be ruler over my people Israel: 17:8 And I have been with thee whithersoever thou hast walked, and have cut off all thine enemies from before thee, and have made thee a name like the name of the great men that are in the earth.
17:9 Also I will ordain a place for my people Israel, and will plant them, and they shall dwell in their place, and shall be moved no more; neither shall the children of wickedness waste them any more, as at the beginning, 17:10 And since the time that I commanded judges to be over my people Israel. Moreover I will subdue all thine enemies. Furthermore I tell thee that the LORD will build thee an house.
17:11 And it shall come to pass, when thy days be expired that thou must go to be with thy fathers, that I will raise up thy seed after thee, which shall be of thy sons; and I will establish his kingdom.
A good father corrects a wayward son
17:12 He shall build me an house, and I will stablish his throne for ever. 17:13 I will be his father, and he shall be my son: and I will not take my mercy away from him, as I took it from him that was before thee: 17:14 But I will settle him in mine house and in my kingdom for ever: and his throne shall be established for evermore.
17:15 According to all these words, and according to all this vision, so did Nathan speak unto David.
David’s prayer in response
17:16 And David the king came and sat before the LORD, and said, Who am I, O LORD God, and what is mine house, that thou hast brought me hitherto? 17:17 And yet this was a small thing in thine eyes, O God; for thou hast also spoken of thy servant’s house for a great while to come, and hast regarded me according to the estate of a man of high degree, O LORD God. 17:18 What can David speak more to thee for the honour of thy servant? for thou knowest thy servant.
17:19 O LORD, for thy servant’s sake, and according to thine own heart, hast thou done all this greatness, in making known all these great things.
17:20 O LORD, there is none like thee, neither is there any God beside thee, according to all that we have heard with our ears.
As physical Israel was called to magnify the Eternal through all the earth, so Spiritual Israel was called out to magnify the Eternal through all the earth. Let us therefore set the example we are to called to set, and magnify the Eternal and his whole Word before all humanity.
17:21 And what one nation in the earth is like thy people Israel, whom God went to redeem to be his own people, to make thee a name of greatness and terribleness, by driving out nations from before thy people whom thou hast redeemed out of Egypt? 17:22 For thy people Israel didst thou make thine own people for ever; and thou, LORD, becamest their God.
17:23 Therefore now, LORD, let the thing that thou hast spoken concerning thy servant and concerning his house be established for ever, and do as thou hast said.
17:24 Let it even be established, that thy name may be magnified for ever, saying, The LORD of hosts is the God of Israel, even a God to Israel: and let the house of David thy servant be established before thee. 17:25 For thou, O my God, hast told thy servant that thou wilt build him an house: therefore thy servant hath found in his heart to pray before thee.
17:26 And now, LORD, thou art God, and hast promised this goodness unto thy servant: 17:27 Now therefore let it please thee to bless the house of thy servant, that it may be before thee for ever: for thou blessest, O LORD, and it shall be blessed for ever.
1 Chronicles 18
David’s great wealth
The Moabites are put to tribute to David as they will be again in the millennium.
1 Chronicles 18:1 Now after this it came to pass, that David smote the Philistines, and subdued them, and took Gath and her towns out of the hand of the Philistines. 18:2 And he smote Moab; and the Moabites became David’s servants, and brought gifts.
18:3 And David smote Hadarezer king of Zobah unto Hamath, [On the Euphrates] as he went to stablish his dominion by the river Euphrates. 18:4 And David took from him a thousand chariots, and seven thousand horsemen, and twenty thousand footmen: David also houghed [hamstrung the war horses so they were no longer useful for war.] all the chariot horses, but reserved of them [saved] an hundred chariots [and their horses].
David defeats Syria and puts them to tribute
18:5 And when the Syrians of Damascus came to help Hadarezer king of Zobah, David slew of the Syrians two and twenty thousand men. 18:6 Then David put garrisons in Syriadamascus [Damascus]; and the Syrians became David’s servants, and brought gifts. Thus the LORD preserved David whithersoever he went.
David takes much gold and brass in spoils of war, which he set in reserve for the building of the Temple and its instruments.
18:7 And David took the shields of gold that were on the servants of Hadarezer, and brought them to Jerusalem. 18:8 Likewise from Tibhath, and from Chun, cities of Hadarezer, brought David very much brass, wherewith Solomon made the brasen sea, and the pillars, and the vessels of brass.
The king of Hamath, grateful for his liberation from Hadarezar by David, gave much gold, silver and brass for the Temple.
18:9 Now when Tou king of Hamath heard how David had smitten all the host of Hadarezer king of Zobah; 18:10 He sent Hadoram his son to king David, to enquire of his welfare, and to congratulate him, because he had fought against Hadarezer, and smitten him; (for Hadarezer had war with Tou;) and with him all manner of vessels of gold and silver and brass.
David defeated Edom, Ammon and the Philistines also.
18:11 Them also king David dedicated unto the LORD, with the silver and the gold that he brought from all these nations; from Edom, and from Moab, and from the children of Ammon, and from the Philistines, and from Amalek.
Edom came under tribute to David as they will again in the millennium.
18:12 Moreover Abishai the son of Zeruiah slew of the Edomites in the valley of salt eighteen thousand. 18:13 And he put garrisons in Edom; and all the Edomites became David’s servants. Thus the LORD preserved David whithersoever he went.
18:14 So David reigned over all Israel, and executed judgment and justice among all his people.
18:15 And Joab the son of Zeruiah was over the host; and Jehoshaphat the son of Ahilud, recorder [Recorder of affairs of state, Royal Historian] . 18:16 And Zadok the son of Ahitub, and Abimelech the son of Abiathar, were the [high] priests; and Shavsha was scribe; 18:17 And Benaiah the son of Jehoiada was over the Cherethites and the Pelethites [The elite corps of the royal bodyguard.] ; and the sons of David were chief about the king.
1 Chronicles 19
The bitterness between David and Ammon brings Syria and Ammon under tribute to David, as they will be again in the millennium.
(Parallel account in 2 Samuel 10) 1 Chronicles 19:1 Now it came to pass after this, that Nahash the king of the children of Ammon died, and his son reigned in his stead. 19:2 And David said, I will shew kindness unto Hanun the son of Nahash, because his father shewed kindness to me. And David sent messengers to comfort him concerning his father. So the servants of David came into the land of the children of Ammon to Hanun, to comfort him.
19:3 But the princes of the children of Ammon said to Hanun, Thinkest thou that David doth honour thy father, that he hath sent comforters unto thee? are not his servants come unto thee for to search, and to overthrow, and to spy out the land? 19:4 Wherefore Hanun took David’s servants, and shaved them, and cut off their garments in the midst hard by their buttocks, and sent them away.
19:5 Then there went certain, and told David how the men were served. And he sent to meet them: for the men were greatly ashamed. And the king said, Tarry at Jericho until your beards be grown, and then return.
Then Ammon fearing retribution hired help and chose war, instead of seeking peace by sending that money to David and the men they had slighted as a peace offering; sent it to Syria to buy help for the war
19:6 And when the children of Ammon saw that they had made themselves odious to David, Hanun and the children of Ammon sent a thousand talents of silver to hire them chariots and horsemen out of Mesopotamia, and out of Syriamaachah, and out of Zobah. 19:7 So they hired thirty and two thousand chariots, and the king of Maachah and his people; who came and pitched before Medeba. And the children of Ammon gathered themselves together from their cities, and came to battle.
19:8 And when David heard of it, he sent Joab, and all the host of the mighty men.
19:9 And the children of Ammon came out, and put the battle in array before the gate of the city: and the kings that were come were by themselves in the field.
Joab placed his best men to fight Syria, and the others with his brother to fight the Ammonites.
19:10 Now when Joab saw that the battle was set against him before and behind, he chose out of all the choice of Israel, and put them in array against the Syrians. 19:11 And the rest of the people he delivered unto the hand of Abishai his brother, and they set themselves in array against the children of Ammon.
19:12 And he said, If the Syrians be too strong for me, then thou shalt help me: but if the children of Ammon be too strong for thee, then I will help thee.
Let us all be of a good courage and acquit ourselves like champions of God in all our spiritual battles.
19:13 Be of good courage, and let us behave ourselves valiantly for our people, and for the cities of our God: and let the LORD do that which is good in his sight.
19:14 So Joab and the people that were with him drew nigh before the Syrians unto the battle; and they fled before him. 19:15 And when the children of Ammon saw that the Syrians were fled, they likewise fled before Abishai his brother, and entered into the city. Then Joab came to Jerusalem.
Syria then sent to their brethren for help.
19:16 And when the Syrians saw that they were put to the worse before Israel, they sent messengers, and drew forth the Syrians that were beyond the river: and Shophach the captain of the host of Hadarezer went before them.
Then all Israel was gathered by David to the battle.
19:17 And it was told David; and he gathered all Israel, and passed over Jordan, and came upon them, and set the battle in array against them. So when David had put the battle in array against the Syrians, they fought with him. 19:18 But the Syrians fled before Israel; and David slew of the Syrians seven thousand men which fought in chariots, and forty thousand footmen, and killed Shophach the captain of the host.
Thus the Syrians also came under tribute to Israel.
19:19 And when the servants of Hadarezer saw that they were put to the worse before Israel, they made peace with David, and became his servants: neither would the Syrians help the children of Ammon any more.
1 Chronicles 20
Joab destroys Ammon and waits to give David the honor of taking possession of the city.
1 Chronicles 20:1 And it came to pass, that after the year was expired [in the spring of the new year], at the time that kings go out to battle, Joab led forth the power of the army, and wasted the country of the children of Ammon, and came and besieged Rabbah. But David tarried at Jerusalem. And Joab smote Rabbah [Ammon], and destroyed it.
20:2 And David took the crown of their king from off his head, and found it to weigh a talent of gold [between fifty and sixty pounds], and there were precious stones in it; and it was set upon David’s head: and he brought also exceeding much spoil out of the city.
The people were destroyed
20:3 And he brought out the people that were in it, and cut them with saws, and with harrows of iron, and with axes. Even so dealt David with all the cities of the children of Ammon. And David and all the people returned to Jerusalem.
The last huge statured men are killed in Philistia
20:4 And it came to pass after this, that there arose war at Gezer with the Philistines; at which time Sibbechai the Hushathite slew Sippai, that was of the children of the giant: and they were subdued.
20:5 And there was war again with the Philistines; and Elhanan the son of Jair slew Lahmi the brother of Goliath the Gittite, whose spear staff was like a weaver’s beam.
20:6 And yet again there was war at Gath, where was a man of great stature, whose fingers and toes were four and twenty, six on each hand, and six on each foot and he also was the son of the giant. 20:7 But when he defied Israel, Jonathan the son of Shimea David’s brother slew him.
It appears that the giants of Gath were only of one family and were an aberration.
20:8 These were born unto the giant in Gath; and they fell by the hand of David, and by the hand of his servants.
1 Chronicles 21
At various times God commanded the numbering of Israel, which seems to suggest that there is more to this than the actual numbering. Quite probably the reason for David’s numbering, which seems to be a loss of faith in God, a growth in personal pride over his victories and a desire to depend on his own military strength, like certain other empires arose in Mesopotamia,
1 Chronicles 21:1 And Satan stood up against Israel, and provoked David [tempted David to pride in numbers, as some church’s concern themselves with numbers today] to number Israel. 21:2 And David said to Joab and to the rulers of the people, Go, number Israel from Beersheba even to Dan; and bring the number of them to me, that I may know it.
21:3 And Joab answered, The LORD make his people an hundred times so many more as they be: but, my lord the king, are they not all my lord’s servants? why then doth my lord require this thing? why will he be a cause of trespass to Israel? 21:4 Nevertheless the king’s word prevailed against Joab. Wherefore Joab departed, and went throughout all Israel, and came to Jerusalem.
Here we see that the numbering was actually of the army and military capable men. Israel had 1,100,000 military men and Judah had 410,000 military men.
Even Joab could see that David was wrong in numbering the army and having more faith in numbers than in God.
21:5 And Joab gave the sum of the number of the people unto David. And all they of Israel were a thousand thousand and an hundred thousand men that drew sword: and Judah was four hundred threescore and ten thousand men that drew sword. 21:6 But Levi and Benjamin counted he not among them: for the king’s word was abominable to Joab.
21:7 And God was displeased with this thing; therefore he smote Israel.
David realizes his sin of pride in his military prowess and falling away from faith in God; just as the church of God today needs to repent of their pride and following their false traditions away from trusting and living by every Word of God.
21:8 And David said unto God, I have sinned greatly, because I have done this thing: but now, I beseech thee, do away the iniquity of thy servant; for I have done very foolishly.
God offers David three choices for his correction through the prophet Gad.
21:9 And the LORD spake unto Gad, David’s seer, saying, 21:10 Go and tell David, saying, Thus saith the LORD, I offer thee three things: choose thee one of them, that I may do it unto thee.
21:11 So Gad came to David, and said unto him, Thus saith the LORD, Choose thee 21:12 Either three years’ famine; or three months to be destroyed before thy foes, while that the sword of thine enemies overtaketh thee; or else three days the sword of the LORD, even the pestilence, in the land, and the angel of the LORD destroying throughout all the coasts of Israel. Now therefore advise thyself what word I shall bring again to him that sent me.
David then repented and sought out the mercy of Christ.
21:13 And David said unto Gad, I am in a great strait: let me fall now into the hand of the LORD; for very great are his mercies: but let me not fall into the hand of man. 21:14 So the LORD sent pestilence upon Israel: and there fell of Israel seventy thousand men.
The plague ended in Jerusalem at the site that would become the site of the Temple of God.
21:15 And God sent an angel unto Jerusalem to destroy it: and as he was destroying, the LORD beheld, and he repented him of the evil, and said to the angel that destroyed, It is enough, stay now thine hand. And the angel of the LORD stood by the threshingfloor of Ornan the Jebusite.
David sees the destroyer and repenting takes full responsibility for his sin.
21:16 And David lifted up his eyes, and saw the angel of the LORD stand between the earth and the heaven, having a drawn sword in his hand stretched out over Jerusalem. Then David and the elders of Israel, who were clothed in sackcloth, fell upon their faces.
21:17 And David said unto God, Is it not I that commanded the people to be numbered? even I it is that have sinned and done evil indeed; but as for these sheep, what have they done? let thine hand, I pray thee, O LORD my God, be on me, and on my father’s house; but not on thy people, that they should be plagued.
David goes up to the threshing floor to build an altar
21:18 Then the angel of the LORD commanded Gad to say to David, that David should go up, and set up an altar unto the LORD in the threshingfloor of Ornan the Jebusite. 21:19 And David went up at the saying of Gad, which he spake in the name of the LORD.
Ornan and his sons come out of hiding as David approached.
21:20 And Ornan turned back, and saw the angel; and his four sons with him hid themselves. Now Ornan was threshing wheat. 21:21 And as David came to Ornan, Ornan looked and saw David, and went out of the threshingfloor, and bowed himself to David with his face to the ground.
Ornan although a Jebusite and not Israeli, was delighted to give his threshing floor to David that the plague would be stopped, but David insisted on paying the full price.
21:22 Then David said to Ornan, Grant me the place of this threshingfloor, that I may build an altar therein unto the LORD: thou shalt grant it me for the full price: that the plague may be stayed from the people.
21:23 And Ornan said unto David, Take it to thee, and let my lord the king do that which is good in his eyes: lo, I give thee the oxen also for burnt offerings, and the threshing instruments for wood, and the wheat for the meat [grain] offering; I give it all.
21:24 And king David said to Ornan, Nay; but I will verily buy it for the full price: for I will not take that which is thine for the LORD, nor offer burnt offerings without cost. 21:25 So David gave to Ornan for the place six hundred shekels of gold by weight.
God then sent fire from heaven to burn the sacrifice on the altar. This a symbol of the Holy Spirit given to the sincerely repentant.
21:26 And David built there an altar unto the LORD, and offered burnt offerings and peace offerings, and called upon the LORD; and he answered him from heaven by fire upon the altar of burnt offering. 21:27 And the LORD commanded the angel; and he put up his sword again into the sheath thereof.
The Tabernacle remained in Gibeah but God was informing David and Israel that they might sacrifice in Jerusalem, for God had chosen Jerusalem and placed his name there.
21:28 At that time when David saw that the LORD had answered him in the threshingfloor of Ornan the Jebusite, then he sacrificed there. 21:29 For the tabernacle of the LORD, which Moses made in the wilderness, and the altar of the burnt offering, were at that season in the high place at Gibeon.
21:30 But David could not go before it to enquire of God: for he was afraid because of the sword of the angel of the LORD.
Tim McCaulley writes: