Updated May, 2016
These things were commanded by God, concerning the altar of Burnt Offerings and the priestly garments.
The altar of burnt offering consisted of a box of acacia wood overlaid with brass, upon which was to be a grate of brass to place the sacrifice to be burned up. Underneath the box of acacia wood were pans on which the firewood was placed, so that when the firewood was burned, the fire would rise up through the grate and consume the sacrifice. The pans could then be removed to remove the ashes.
This was far superior to placing an animal on a pile of burning wood, this system made a VERY hot fire which could consume the entire burnt offering quickly.
Exodus 27:1 And thou shalt make an altar of shittim [acacia] wood, five cubits long, and five cubits broad; the altar shall be foursquare: and the height thereof shall be three cubits. 27:2 And thou shalt make the horns of it upon the four corners thereof: his horns shall be of the same: and thou shalt overlay it with brass.
27:3 And thou shalt make his pans to receive his ashes, and his shovels, and his basons, and his fleshhooks, and his firepans: all the vessels thereof thou shalt make of brass.
27:4 And thou shalt make for it a grate of network of brass; and upon the net shalt thou make four brasen rings in the four corners thereof. 27:5 And thou shalt put it under the compass of the altar beneath, that the net may be even to the midst of the altar. 27:6 And thou shalt make staves for the altar, staves of shittim wood, and overlay them with brass. 27:7 And the staves shall be put into the rings, and the staves shall be upon the two sides of the altar, to bear it.
The altar shall be made as a hollow box with boards overlaid with brass.
27:8 Hollow with boards shalt thou make it: as it was shewed thee in the mount, so shall they make it.
The alter would have looked somewhat like this when burning the burnt offering before the tabernacle, which tabernacle contained the Holy and the Most Holy places.
27:9 And thou shalt make the court of the tabernacle: for the south side southward there shall be hangings for the court [the actual tabernacle] of fine twined linen of an hundred cubits long for one side: 27:10 And the twenty pillars thereof and their twenty sockets shall be of brass; the hooks of the pillars and their fillets shall be of silver. 27:11 And likewise for the north side in length there shall be hangings of an hundred cubits long, and his twenty pillars and their twenty sockets of brass; the hooks of the pillars and their fillets of silver.
27:12 And for the breadth of the court on the west side shall be hangings of fifty cubits: their pillars ten, and their sockets ten. 27:13 And the breadth of the court on the east side eastward shall be fifty cubits.
27:14 The hangings of one side of the gate shall be fifteen cubits: their pillars three, and their sockets three. 27:15 And on the other side shall be hangings fifteen cubits: their pillars three, and their sockets three.
27:16 And for the gate of the court shall be an hanging of twenty cubits, of blue, and purple, and scarlet, and fine twined linen, wrought with needlework: and their pillars shall be four, and their sockets four. 27:17 All the pillars round about the court shall be filleted with silver; their hooks shall be of silver, and their sockets of brass.
The court of the tabernacle.
27:18 The length of the court shall be an hundred cubits [150 feet], and the breadth fifty [75 feet] every where, and the height five cubits [7.5 feet] of fine twined linen, and their sockets of brass.
27:19 All the vessels of the tabernacle in all the service thereof, and all the pins thereof, and all the pins of the court, shall be of brass.
27:20 And thou shalt command the children of Israel, that they bring thee pure oil olive beaten for the light, to cause the lamp to burn always.
27:21 In the tabernacle of the congregation without the vail, which is before the testimony, Aaron and his sons shall order it from evening to morning before the LORD: it shall be a statute for ever unto their generations on the behalf of the children of Israel.
The commandments concerning the physical priestly garments.
Exodus 28:1 And take thou unto thee Aaron thy brother, and his sons with him, from among the children of Israel, that he may minister unto me in the priest’s office, even Aaron, Nadab and Abihu, Eleazar and Ithamar, Aaron’s sons.
Moses was a type of Christ as the mediator between God and the people, while Aaron the high priest of the Mosaic Covenant, was also a type of Christ as the High Priest of the New Covenant.
28:2 And thou shalt make holy garments for Aaron thy brother for glory and for beauty. 28:3 And thou shalt speak unto all that are wise hearted, whom I have filled with the spirit of wisdom, that they may make Aaron’s garments to consecrate him, that he may minister unto me in the priest’s office.
At this point I would like you to visit this youtube link of about five minutes, which reads these scriptures along with pictures and explanations of each article of the high priest’s garments. I think you will find this very informative.
28:4 And these are the garments which they shall make; a breastplate, and an ephod, and a robe, and a broidered coat, a mitre, and a girdle: and they shall make holy garments for Aaron thy brother, and his sons, that he may minister unto me in the priest’s office.
There are some issues with the choice of descriptive words in the KJV. The robe is the white linen shirt next to the skin which comes down to the ankles, to hide the loins and thighs; which is then covered by the Ephod, which is the blue robe hanging from the pieces on the shoulders; these are covered with the embroidered coat; then the breastplate is the square of stones on the chest; and finally the sash embroidered the same as the vest; and the headwear.
28:5 And they shall take gold, and blue, and purple, and scarlet, and fine linen. 8:6 And they shall make the ephod of gold, of blue, and of purple, of scarlet, and fine twined linen, with cunning work.
The ephod is the blue coat, or curious girdle with the two shoulder pieces; overtop of the white linen robe. There is more on the ephod beginning verse 31.
28:7 It shall have the two shoulderpieces thereof joined at the two edges thereof; and so it shall be joined together. 28:8 And the curious girdle of the ephod, which is upon it, shall be of the same, according to the work thereof; even of gold, of blue, and purple, and scarlet, and fine twined linen.
28:9 And thou shalt take two onyx stones, and grave on them the names of the children of Israel: 28:10 Six of their names on one stone, and the other six names of the rest on the other stone, according to their birth. 28:11 With the work of an engraver in stone, like the engravings of a signet, shalt thou engrave the two stones with the names of the children of Israel: thou shalt make them to be set in ouches of gold. 28:12 And thou shalt put the two stones upon the shoulders of the ephod for stones of memorial unto the children of Israel: and Aaron shall bear their names before the LORD upon his two shoulders for a memorial.
28:13 And thou shalt make ouches of gold; 28:14 And two chains of pure gold at the ends; of wreathen work shalt thou make them, and fasten the wreathen chains to the ouches.
28:15 And thou shalt make the breastplate of judgment with cunning work; after the work of the ephod thou shalt make it; of gold, of blue, and of purple, and of scarlet, and of fine twined linen, shalt thou make it. 28:16 Foursquare it shall be being doubled; a span shall be the length thereof, and a span shall be the breadth thereof.
28:17 And thou shalt set in it settings of stones, even four rows of stones: the first row shall be a sardius, a topaz, and a carbuncle: this shall be the first row. 28:18 And the second row shall be an emerald, a sapphire, and a diamond. 28:19 And the third row a ligure, an agate, and an amethyst. 28:20 And the fourth row a beryl, and an onyx, and a jasper: they shall be set in gold in their inclosings.
This brings to mind the twelve stones of the New Jerusalem.
Revelation 21:19 And the foundations of the wall of the city were garnished with all manner of precious stones. The first foundation was jasper; the second, sapphire; the third, a chalcedony; the fourth, an emerald; 20 The fifth, sardonyx; the sixth, sardius; the seventh, chrysolyte; the eighth, beryl; the ninth, a topaz; the tenth, a chrysoprasus; the eleventh, a jacinth; the twelfth, an amethyst.
Exodus 28:21 And the stones shall be with the names of the children of Israel, twelve, according to their names, like the engravings of a signet; every one with his name shall they be according to the twelve tribes.
28:22 And thou shalt make upon the breastplate chains at the ends of wreathen work of pure gold. 28:23 And thou shalt make upon the breastplate two rings of gold, and shalt put the two rings on the two ends of the breastplate. 28:24 And thou shalt put the two wreathen chains of gold in the two rings which are on the ends of the breastplate.
The breastplate shall be fastened to the shoulder pieces of the ephod by gold writhen chains.
28:25 And the other two ends of the two wreathen chains thou shalt fasten in the two ouches, and put them on the shoulderpieces of the ephod before it. 28:26 And thou shalt make two rings of gold, and thou shalt put them upon the two ends of the breastplate in the border thereof, which is in the side of the ephod inward. 28:27 And two other rings of gold thou shalt make, and shalt put them on the two sides of the ephod underneath, toward the forepart thereof, over against the other coupling thereof, above the curious girdle of the ephod. 28:28 And they shall bind the breastplate by the rings thereof unto the rings of the ephod with a lace of blue, that it may be above the curious girdle of the ephod, and that the breastplate be not loosed from the ephod.
Aaron is always to bear the names of the tribes of the Covenant on his own person next to his heart; as Jesus Christ has the names of his beloved always in his heart as he intercedes for them with God the Father.
28:29 And Aaron shall bear the names of the children of Israel in the breastplate of judgment upon his heart, when he goeth in unto the holy place, for a memorial before the LORD continually.
The black and white Urim and the Thummim by which the Aaronic high priest was to cast lots before the LORD, to determine the will of God in any matter.
28:30 And thou shalt put in the breastplate of judgment the Urim and the Thummim; and they shall be upon Aaron’s heart, when he goeth in before the LORD: and Aaron shall bear the judgment of the children of Israel upon his heart before the LORD continually.
The Ephod Part 2
28:31 And thou shalt make the robe of the ephod all of blue. 28:32 And there shall be an hole in the top of it, in the midst thereof: it shall have a binding of woven work round [a reinforced seam around the neck hole] about the hole of it, as it were the hole of an habergeon, that it be not rent.
On the bottom of the blue ephod shall be bells of gold, that the physical high priest may be heard as he walks about.
These gold bells alternated with gold pomegranates hanging on the gold border of the garment.
The gold pomegranates: Pomegranates are filled with seeds and this represents the seed of the word of God (Mat 13).
28:33 And beneath upon the hem of it thou shalt make pomegranates of blue, and of purple, and of scarlet, round about the hem thereof; and bells of gold between them round about: 28:34 A golden bell and a pomegranate, a golden bell and a pomegranate, upon the hem of the robe round about.
28:35 And it shall be upon Aaron to minister: and his sound shall be heard when he goeth in unto the holy place before the LORD, and when he cometh out, that he die not.
The Head Covering
28:36 And thou shalt make a plate of pure gold, and grave upon it, like the engravings of a signet, HOLINESS TO THE LORD.
28:37 And thou shalt put it on a blue lace, that it may be upon the mitre; upon the forefront of the mitre it shall be.
The physical high priest was to bear the repented physical iniquities of the Mosaic Covenant people; as the spiritual High Priest bears the sincerely repented iniquities of the Called Out of the New Covenant faithful.
The mitre on the head being significant of the mind, and having HOLINESS TO THE LORD always on his mind, as he serves God as intercessor for the faithful.
28:38 And it shall be upon Aaron’s forehead, that Aaron may bear the iniquity of the holy things, which the children of Israel shall hallow in all their holy gifts; and it shall be always upon his forehead, that they [the Covenant faithful] may be accepted before the LORD.
The fabric of the garments shall be of fine linen.
28:39 And thou shalt embroider the coat of fine linen, and thou shalt make the mitre of fine linen, and thou shalt make the girdle of needlework.
Aaron’s sons the priesthood of the Mosaic Covenant shall also have priestly garments of fine while linen, covered by colorful garments of their office.
In the resurrection of the Chosen, we shall become priests of our High Priest Jesus Christ, and we shall also be arrayed in fine white linen, perhaps also wearing over that colorful ephods of office.
Revelation 19:7 Let us be glad and rejoice, and give honour to him: for the marriage of the Lamb is come, and his wife hath made herself ready. 8 And to her was granted that she should be arrayed in fine linen, clean and white: for the fine linen is the righteousness of saints.
Exodus 28:40 And for Aaron’s sons thou shalt make coats, and thou shalt make for them girdles, and bonnets shalt thou make for them, for glory and for beauty.
God Speaking to Moses
28:41 And thou shalt put them upon Aaron thy brother, and his sons with him; and shalt anoint them, and consecrate them, and sanctify them, that they may minister unto me in the priest’s office.
Linen breeches is an awkward translation and refers to the linen shirt upon the skin and under the blue ephod that extends down to the ankles and covers the loins and thighs.
28:42 And thou shalt make them linen breeches to cover their nakedness; from the loins even unto the thighs they shall reach: 28:43 And they shall be upon Aaron, and upon his sons, when they come in unto the tabernacle of the congregation, or when they come near unto the altar to minister in the holy place; that they bear not iniquity, and die: it shall be a statute for ever unto him and his seed after him.
The consecration of the priests.
Exodus 29:1 And this is the thing that thou shalt do unto them to hallow them, to minister unto me in the priest’s office: Take one young bullock, and two rams without blemish, 29:2 And unleavened bread, and cakes unleavened tempered with oil, and wafers unleavened anointed with oil: of wheaten flour shalt thou make them. 29:3 And thou shalt put them into one basket, and bring them in the basket, with the bullock and the two rams.
They shall be washed clean [allegorically washed clean from sin], and then dressed in the priestly garments. First Aaron the physical high priest and then his sons the physical priests.
Even so Jesus Christ ascended to God the Father to be accepted for us as a High Priest and the ONLY Intercessor between man and God the Father, and we shall be made priests of the High Priesthood of Jesus Christ at our change to spirit and marriage to Him.
First we must be cleansed from all uncleanness and sin; and only then can the Holy Spirit be poured out upon us like the holy oil.
29:4 And Aaron and his sons thou shalt bring unto the door of the tabernacle of the congregation, and shalt wash them with water. 29:5 And thou shalt take the garments, and put upon Aaron the coat, and the robe of the ephod, and the ephod, and the breastplate, and gird him with the curious girdle of the ephod: 29:6 And thou shalt put the mitre upon his head, and put the holy crown upon the mitre. 29:7 Then shalt thou take the anointing oil, and pour it upon his head, and anoint him.
The regular priests were to be dressed in white linen coats and ephods and headgear of office. This pertains to the spiritual priesthood of Jesus Christ after the resurrection to spirit, as well as to the physical priesthood of Aaron.
29:8 And thou shalt bring his sons, and put coats upon them. 29:9 And thou shalt gird them with girdles, Aaron and his sons, and put the bonnets on them: and the priest’s office shall be theirs for a perpetual statute: and thou shalt consecrate Aaron and his sons.
A bullock [young bull] shall be killed for the physical priests as a sin offering; representing the strength of Christ as our spiritual sin offering. The placing of the hands on the bullock to confess sins over it, is reminiscent of the fast of Atonement when the sins of the people are confessed with a laying on of hands on the sacrificial goat.
In this case the patience and strength of the bullock in the bearing of the sins of the physical priesthood, is a reference to the strength and power of our High Priest, Jesus Christ, to bear the sins of those called out to become spiritual priests; the spiritual bullock, Jesus Christ; bears the sins of those called and chosen into the priesthood of Christ.
29:10 And thou shalt cause a bullock to be brought before the tabernacle of the congregation: and Aaron and his sons shall put their hands upon the head of the bullock. 29:11 And thou shalt kill the bullock before the LORD, by the door of the tabernacle of the congregation.
29:12 And thou shalt take of the blood of the bullock, and put it upon the horns of the altar with thy finger, and pour all the blood beside the bottom of the altar. 29:13 And thou shalt take all the fat that covereth the inwards, and the caul that is above the liver, and the two kidneys, and the fat that is upon them, and burn them upon the altar.
29:14 But the flesh of the bullock, and his skin, and his dung, shalt thou burn with fire without the camp: it is a sin offering.
After the sin offering has atoned for the sins of the priests, a burnt offering representing the wholehearted service of Christ to the Father and our own expected wholehearted Christ-like service to the Father.
The burnt offering pictures Jesus Christ serving God the Father with his whole being; and is the example that we are to follow.
The priests are to lay their hands on the head of the ram to symbolize their wholehearted identification with the Lamb of God and his own wholehearted service to the Father in heaven.
29:15 Thou shalt also take one ram; and Aaron and his sons shall put their hands upon the head of the ram. 29:16 And thou shalt slay the ram, and thou shalt take his blood, and sprinkle it round about upon the altar. 29:17 And thou shalt cut the ram in pieces, and wash the inwards of him, and his legs, and put them unto his pieces, and unto his head.
Wholehearted Christ-like service to God the Father and the learning and living by every Word of God are a pleasant pleasing perfume to God the Father in heaven!
29:18 And thou shalt burn the whole ram upon the altar: it is a burnt offering unto the LORD: it is a sweet savour, an offering made by fire unto the LORD.
Another ram was to be killed and its blood placed on the right ear, thumb and toe of Aaron and the priests; this to open the hearing with the ear, the doing with the hand and the walking [living] in the same godly life as the Spiritual High Priest Jesus Christ. Who died so that the Holy Spirit could be given to the sincerely repentant that we could hear with understanding, do with strength and live as Christ lived, walking as he walked; represented by the sacrificial ram.
29:19 And thou shalt take the other ram; and Aaron and his sons shall put their hands upon the head of the ram. 29:20 Then shalt thou kill the ram, and take of his blood, and put it upon the tip of the right ear of Aaron, and upon the tip of the right ear of his sons, and upon the thumb of their right hand, and upon the great toe of their right foot, and sprinkle the blood upon the altar round about.
The rest of the ram’s blood was to be poured out on the altar representative of the sacrifice and poured out blood of Christ.
Then the blood shall be taken from the altar and sprinkled on every part of the priests and their garments, to show that they were reconciled to God the Father by the blood sacrifice of the Lamb of God, Jesus Chirst.
29:21 And thou shalt take of the blood that is upon the altar, and of the anointing oil, and sprinkle it upon Aaron, and upon his garments, and upon his sons, and upon the garments of his sons with him: and he shall be hallowed, and his garments, and his sons, and his sons’ garments with him.
The fat which represents the energy of the ram along with the strength of the right shoulder, and a piece of unleavened bread picturing Jesus Christ as the Bread of Life, with which the priests were to feed the people [by zealously teaching the whole word of God], and a piece of unleavened bread covered in olive oil picturing the Holy Spirit; shall be lifted up to the Father in heaven for a wave offering; which is for them and their offering, to be accepted and consecrated as part of the priesthood of Aaron as a type of the spiritual priesthood of Jesus Christ.
29:22 Also thou shalt take of the ram the fat and the rump, and the fat that covereth the inwards, and the caul above the liver, and the two kidneys, and the fat that is upon them, and the right shoulder; for it is a ram of consecration: 29:23 And one loaf of bread, and one cake of oiled bread, and one wafer out of the basket of the unleavened bread that is before the LORD: 29:24 And thou shalt put all in the hands of Aaron, and in the hands of his sons; and shalt wave them for a wave offering before the LORD.
After being lifted up and waved before God the Father, the articles are to be burned on the altar; for they represent the powerful service to the Father of Jesus Christ; and the ceremony of these physical priests of Aaron, represent those who shall become spiritual priests of the High Priesthood of Christ.
29:25 And thou shalt receive them of their hands, and burn them upon the altar for a burnt offering, for a sweet savour before the LORD: it is an offering made by fire unto the LORD.
Moses as the Mediator in the establishment of the priesthood of Aaron is then given the breast of the Ram, after he waves it before the Father to be accepted; after which in future time the Peace Offering breast and shoulder shall belong to the priests who make the sacrifices.
29:26 And thou shalt take the breast of the ram of Aaron’s consecration, and wave it for a wave offering before the LORD: and it shall be thy part.
In future, the breast and right shoulder of the Peace Offerings shall belong to the officiating priest.
29:27 And thou shalt sanctify the breast of the wave offering, and the shoulder of the heave offering, which is waved, and which is heaved up, of the ram of the consecration, even of that which is for Aaron, and of that which is for his sons: 29:28 And it shall be Aaron’s and his sons’ by a statute for ever from the children of Israel: for it is an heave offering: and it shall be an heave offering from the children of Israel of the sacrifice of their peace offerings, even their heave offering unto the LORD.
The natural replacements of the physical Aaronic high priest shall also wear the same holy garments of the high priest.
29:29 And the holy garments of Aaron shall be his sons’ after him, to be anointed therein, and to be consecrated in them. 29:30 And that son that is priest in his stead shall put them on seven days, when he cometh into the tabernacle of the congregation to minister in the holy place.
After the fat is burned and the breast and right shoulder have been waved; the remaining flesh shall be simmered and eaten by the consecrated priests.
29:31 And thou shalt take the ram of the consecration, and seethe his flesh in the holy place. 29:32 And Aaron and his sons shall eat the flesh of the ram, and the [unleavened] bread that is in the basket by the door of the tabernacle of the congregation. 29:33 And they shall eat those things wherewith the atonement was made, to consecrate and to sanctify them: but a stranger shall not eat thereof, because they are holy.
This unleavened bread and ram of consecration shall be eaten; as a picture of internalizing the Lamb of God, [like Passover] and anything left to the morning must be burned.
29:34 And if ought of the flesh of the consecrations, or of the bread, remain unto the morning, then thou shalt burn the remainder with fire: it shall not be eaten, because it is holy.
The consecration of the altar.
The sin offerings are to be made every day for seven days to picture a complete consecration.
29:35 And thus shalt thou do unto Aaron, and to his sons, according to all things which I have commanded thee: seven days shalt thou consecrate them. 29:36 And thou shalt offer every day a bullock for a sin offering for atonement: and thou shalt cleanse the altar, when thou hast made an atonement for it, and thou shalt anoint it, to sanctify it.
29:37 Seven days thou shalt make an atonement for the altar, and sanctify it; and it shall be an altar most holy: whatsoever toucheth the altar shall be holy.
The Daily Sacrifice.
29:38 Now this is that which thou shalt offer upon the altar; two lambs of the first year [a year or less old, in the first year of life] day by day continually.
A lamb was to be offered in the morning and this began at sunrise with the killing of the lamb and the service usually took a couple of hours. The lamb was to be offered with flour mingled with oil; representing the unleavened nature of the lamb and the presence of the Holy Spirit; as a type of the Lamb of God, Jesus Christ. The wine represented the poured pout blood of the Lamb of God, Jesus Christ.
29:39 The one lamb thou shalt offer in the morning; and the other lamb thou shalt offer at even: 29:40 And with the one lamb a tenth deal of flour mingled with the fourth part of an hin of beaten oil; and the fourth part of an hin of wine for a drink offering.
Contrary to the modern Rabbins [who consider evening as any time after noon as evening and falsely claim the daily evening sacrifice was made at 3 PM] another lamb was to be offered at the evening [after sunset and before full dark]; and this began at sunset with the killing of the lamb while the service began earlier and usually took a couple of hours.
Up until the destruction of the temple in the Roman wars; whenever it was offered, the evening sacrifice was always offered immediately after sunset.
The lamb was to be offered with flour mingled with oil; representing the unleavened nature of the lamb and the presence of the Holy Spirit; as a type of the Lamb of God, Jesus Christ. The wine represented the poured pout blood of the Lamb of God, Jesus Christ.
29:41 And the other lamb thou shalt offer at even, and shalt do thereto according to the meat offering of the morning, and according to the drink offering thereof, for a sweet savour, an offering made by fire unto the LORD.
29:42 This shall be a continual burnt offering throughout your generations at the door of the tabernacle of the congregation before the LORD: where I will meet you, to speak there unto thee. 29:43 And there I will meet with the children of Israel, and the tabernacle shall be sanctified by my glory.
29:44 And I will sanctify [set apart for holiness] the tabernacle of the congregation, and the altar: I will sanctify also both Aaron and his sons, to minister to me in the priest’s office.
29:45 And I will dwell among the children of Israel, and will be their God. 29:46 And they shall know that I am the LORD [YHVH] their God, that brought them forth out of the land of Egypt, that I may dwell among them: I am the LORD their God.
The Altar of Incense
Exodus 30:1 And thou shalt make an altar to burn incense upon: of shittim [acacia] wood shalt thou make it.
Three feet high and 18 inches square.
30:2 A cubit shall be the length thereof, and a cubit the breadth thereof; foursquare shall it be: and two cubits shall be the height thereof: the horns thereof shall be of the same. 30:3 And thou shalt overlay it with pure gold, the top thereof, and the sides thereof round about, and the horns thereof; and thou shalt make unto it a crown [lip or edge] of gold round about.
30:4 And two golden rings shalt thou make to it under the crown of it, by the two corners thereof, upon the two sides of it shalt thou make it; and they shall be for places for the staves to bear it withal. 30:5 And thou shalt make the staves of shittim wood, and overlay them with gold.
The altar of incense shall be placed in the Holy Place with the Lampstand, just outside of the curtain covering the Most Holy Place.
30:6 And thou shalt put it before the vail that is by the ark of the testimony [ark of the covenant], before the mercy seat that is over the testimony, where I will meet with thee.
Incense as it burns rises up in a pleasant smelling smoke, which is representative of the rising up to heaven of the prayers of the faithful.
The pagans use this same allegory in the various burning ceremonies of witchcraft like birthday candles.
The high priest shall burn incense on it each time the Lamps are serviced, once in the morning and once just after sunset in the evening.
Each of these two offerings begin the Daily Sacrifice [evening and morning] with the symbolic sweetness of the rising prayer of the faithful, as the killing of the lamb ceremony begins.
The daily Burnt Offering representing the daily ministering of Christ for the whole nation with the Father in heaven. See the Sacrificial System article.
30:7 And Aaron shall burn thereon sweet incense every morning: when he dresseth the lamps, he shall burn incense upon it. 30:8 And when Aaron lighteth the lamps at even, he shall burn incense upon it, a perpetual incense before the LORD throughout your generations.
Only the special incense that God will command may be offered on this Altar of Incense and nothing else.
30:9 Ye shall offer no strange incense thereon, nor burnt sacrifice, nor meat offering; neither shall ye pour drink offering thereon.
On the fast of Atonement each year the blood of the sin offering is to be sprinkled on the horns of the Altar of Incense; symbolizing that the sins of ignorance of the faithful, are covered by the blood sacrifice of the Lamb of God, Jesus Christ..
30:10 And Aaron shall make an atonement upon the horns of it once in a year with the blood of the sin offering of atonements: once in the year shall he make atonement upon it throughout your generations: it is most holy unto the LORD.
Every Israelite between twenty and above shall give ten gerahs [atonement money] for the maintenance of the tabernacle
30:11 And the LORD spake unto Moses, saying, 30:12 When thou takest the sum of the children of Israel after their number, then shall they give every man a ransom for his soul unto the LORD, when thou numberest them; that there be no plague among them, when thou numberest them.
30:13 This they shall give, every one that passeth among them that are numbered, half a shekel after the shekel of the sanctuary: (a shekel is twenty gerahs:) an half shekel shall be the offering of the LORD.
30:14 Every one that passeth among them that are numbered, from twenty years old and above, shall give an offering unto the LORD. 30:15 The rich shall not give more, and the poor shall not give less than half a shekel, when they give an offering unto the LORD, to make an atonement for your souls.
30:16 And thou shalt take the atonement money of the children of Israel, and shalt appoint it for the service of the tabernacle of the congregation; that it may be a memorial unto the children of Israel before the LORD, to make an atonement for your souls.
A laver is a very large basin of water. The basin would be filled with water for the priests to wash their hands and feet with before entering the tabernacle tent.
30:17 And the LORD spake unto Moses, saying, 30:18 Thou shalt also make a laver of brass, and his foot also of brass, to wash withal: and thou shalt put it between the tabernacle of the congregation and the altar, and thou shalt put water therein.
Water was placed in the top section and flowed down to the bottom section where the washing took place. The washing to be clean physically was an allegory that we need to be spiritually clean by the washing of the Holy Spirit and the Word of God; before we can enter into the tabernacle [temple] of God.
In this picture the laver is good but they then try and add an impression of the washing of folks by Jesus Christ with a false picture of Christ [really a likeness of the god Jupiter] to indicate the spiritual meaning.
30:19 For Aaron and his sons shall wash their hands and their feet thereat: 30:20 When they go into the tabernacle of the congregation, they shall wash with water, that they die not; or when they come near to the altar to minister, to burn offering made by fire unto the LORD: 30:21 So they shall wash their hands and their feet, that they die not: and it shall be a statute for ever to them, even to him and to his seed throughout their generations.
The holy anointing oil which is to be used to anoint all the holy things including the priests.
30:22 Moreover the LORD spake unto Moses, saying, 30:23 Take thou also unto thee principal spices, of pure myrrh five hundred shekels, and of sweet cinnamon half so much, even two hundred and fifty shekels, and of sweet calamus two hundred and fifty shekels, 30:24 And of cassia five hundred shekels, after the shekel of the sanctuary, and of oil olive an hin: 30:25 And thou shalt make it an oil of holy ointment, an ointment compound after the art of the apothecary: it shall be an holy anointing oil.
This oil represented the Holy Spirit by the oil and the very pleasant perfume of service to God the Father of the holy service and the high priesthood of Jesus Christ which the Aaronic priesthood pictured and prophesied.
30:26 And thou shalt anoint the tabernacle of the congregation therewith, and the ark of the testimony, 30:27 And the table and all his vessels, and the candlestick and his vessels, and the altar of incense, 30:28 And the altar of burnt offering with all his vessels, and the laver and his foot. 30:29 And thou shalt sanctify them, that they may be most holy: whatsoever toucheth them shall be holy.
30:30 And thou shalt anoint Aaron and his sons, and consecrate them, that they may minister unto me in the priest’s office.
30:31 And thou shalt speak unto the children of Israel, saying, This shall be an holy anointing oil unto me throughout your generations. 30:32 Upon [the common non priest] man’s flesh shall it not be poured, neither shall ye make any other like it, after the composition of it: it is holy, and it shall be holy unto you. 30:33 Whosoever compoundeth any like it, or whosoever putteth any of it upon a stranger, shall even be cut off from his people.
A perfume shall be made, to put inside the tabernacle holy place [NOT the Most Holy Place], typifying the pleasant odor [perfume] of holiness, of godliness.
30:34 And the LORD said unto Moses, Take unto thee sweet spices, stacte, and onycha, and galbanum; these sweet spices with pure frankincense: of each shall there be a like weight: 30:35 And thou shalt make it a perfume, a confection after the art of the apothecary, tempered together, pure and holy: 30:36 And thou shalt beat some of it very small, and put of it before the testimony [place it just outside the Most Holy Place, inside the tabernacle] in the tabernacle of the congregation, where I will meet with thee: it shall be unto you most holy.
30:37 And as for the perfume which thou shalt make, ye shall not make to yourselves according to the composition thereof: it shall be unto thee holy for the LORD. 30:38 Whosoever shall make like unto that, to smell thereto, shall even be cut off from his people.
Bezaleel and Aholiab are called by God and given skill to work on the things of the priesthood and the tabernacle.
Exodus 31:1 And the LORD spake unto Moses, saying, 31:2 See, I have called by name Bezaleel the son of Uri, the son of Hur, of the tribe of Judah: 31:3 And I have filled him with the spirit of God, in wisdom, and in understanding, and in knowledge, and in all manner of workmanship, 31:4 To devise cunning works, to work in gold, and in silver, and in brass, 31:5 And in cutting of stones, to set them, and in carving of timber, to work in all manner of workmanship.
31:6 And I, behold, I have given with him Aholiab, the son of Ahisamach, of the tribe of Dan: and in the hearts of all that are wise hearted I have put wisdom, that they may make all that I have commanded thee; 31:7 The tabernacle of the congregation, and the ark of the testimony, and the mercy seat that is thereupon, and all the furniture of the tabernacle, 31:8 And the table and his furniture, and the pure candlestick with all his furniture, and the altar of incense, 31:9 And the altar of burnt offering with all his furniture, and the laver and his foot, 31:10 And the cloths of service, and the holy garments for Aaron the priest, and the garments of his sons, to minister in the priest’s office, 31:11 And the anointing oil, and sweet incense for the holy place: according to all that I have commanded thee shall they do.
Zeal for keeping the Sabbath is emphasized as one sign between God and his people. This sign is for us, that we may have this weekly time to spend with God and learn of him: “that ye may know that I am the LORD that doth sanctify you.”
31:12 And the LORD spake unto Moses, saying, 31:13 Speak thou also unto the children of Israel, saying, Verily my sabbaths ye shall keep: for it is a sign between me and you throughout your generations; that ye may know that I am the LORD that doth sanctify you.
Today the Assemblies proclaim the Set Apartness of the Sabbath, and then go out to pollute it on a weekly basis: FOR SHAME! They cook, do menial work around the home and pay others to cook and work for them! For Shame that the brethren for the most part, speak their own words about business and gossip, and do not discuss the Word of the Eternal!
For this God proclaims that they are cut off from HIM, and from being accounted among his people as a part of his collective bride!
31:14 Ye shall keep the sabbath therefore; for it is holy unto you: every one that defileth it shall surely be put to death: for whosoever doeth any work therein, that soul shall be cut off from among his people.
The Called Out of Spiritual Israel shall surely be rejected by Christ (Rev 3:16) and vomited out of his body into great tribulation, where they will be strongly corrected for defiling the sanctity of the Sabbath and Holy Days.
31:15 Six days may work be done; but in the seventh is the sabbath of rest, holy to the LORD: whosoever doeth any work in the sabbath day, he shall surely be put to death. 31:16 Wherefore the children of Israel shall keep the sabbath, to observe the sabbath throughout their generations, for a perpetual covenant.
Keeping the Sabbath, New Moons and Festivals on God’s schedule in teh way that God has said acknowledges the absolute authority of God and His Word.
31:17 It is a sign between me and the children of Israel for ever: for in six days the LORD made heaven and earth, and on the seventh day he rested, and was refreshed.
Then the one who became Jesus Christ [Hebrew: Yeshua Messiah] gave Moses the two tables of stone written with the foundational commands.
31:18 And he gave unto Moses, when he had made an end of communing with him upon mount Sinai, two tables of testimony, tables of stone, written with the finger of God.
Moses was up on the mount and hidden in clouds of smoke for 40 days and the people grew impatient. They gathered to Aaron and asked him to make them statues representing spiritual things so that they could worship.
Exodus 32:1 And when the people saw that Moses delayed to come down out of the mount, the people gathered themselves together unto Aaron, and said unto him, Up, make us gods, which shall go before us; for as for this Moses, the man that brought us up out of the land of Egypt, we wot not what is become of him.
Aaron then took the gold of the people and made them idols of calves after the likeness of Apis the bull god of Egypt. Later Jeroboam was to commit this same sin setting up the bull god of Egypt in Samaria.
32:2 And Aaron said unto them, Break off the golden earrings, which are in the ears of your wives, of your sons, and of your daughters, and bring them unto me. 32:3 And all the people brake off the golden earrings which were in their ears, and brought them unto Aaron.
A calf of gold was then formed and declared to be the likeness of god, and Aaron built an altar to it. This demonstrates how quickly men go astray. Israel which had just walked through the Sea was turned aside from their God who they had just married proclaiming: “All that the LORD has said; we will do.” In fact the people were deceived, for not having seen God they imagined him as being like a strong bull calf! They worshiped God by their own ways and imaginations as most of the brethren try to worship today!
The spiritually Called Out of the today’s Ekklesia have also gone astray: being misled into thinking that they are worshipping God, while following idols of men, of corporate organizations and of numbers and mammon! Doing what they think is right by their own imaginations, instead of being zealous to live by every Word of God!
32:4 And he received them at their hand, and fashioned it with a graving tool, after he had made it a molten calf: and they said, These be thy gods, O Israel, which brought thee up out of the land of Egypt. 32:5 And when Aaron saw it, he built an altar before it; and Aaron made proclamation, and said, To morrow is a feast to the LORD. 32:6 And they rose up early on the morrow, and offered burnt offerings, and brought peace offerings; and the people sat down to eat and to drink, and rose up to play.
YHVH then commands Moses to run down to the people because of this terrible sin; which is the same sin of the majority of the brethren today.
32:7 And the LORD said unto Moses, Go, get thee down; for thy people, which thou broughtest out of the land of Egypt, have corrupted themselves: 32:8 They have turned aside quickly out of the way which I commanded them: they have made them a molten calf, and have worshipped it, and have sacrificed thereunto, and said, These be thy gods, O Israel, which have brought thee up out of the land of Egypt.
Then the one who became Jesus Christ resolved to destroy the people!
Even so the Called Out of spiritual Israel, calling themselves God’s people; have committed this same sin in a spiritual manner. Worshipping and exalting men and corporate organizations above the Word of God; blindly following the words of men contrary to the Word of God worshipping the organizational golden calves and the opinions of men!
Most assuredly if Christ decided to reject and kill those people who did not have his Spirit; how much more will he be angry and reject those today who are supposed to have his Spirit and do the same sins on a spiritual plain! See the message to Laodicea (Rev 3).
32:9 And the LORD said unto Moses, I have seen this people, and, behold, it is a stiffnecked people: 32:10 Now therefore let me alone, that my wrath may wax hot against them, and that I may consume them: and I will make of thee a great nation.
Moses the Mosaic Mediator pleads for the people, and YHVH who became Jesus Christ accepted his plea; but today Jesus Christ is our Mediator and will not plead for us any longer but will stop his Daily Intercession because of the abominations committed by the Ekklesia in rejecting God’s Word to follow ourr own false traditions.
32:11 And Moses besought the LORD his God, and said, LORD, why doth thy wrath wax hot against thy people, which thou hast brought forth out of the land of Egypt with great power, and with a mighty hand? 32:12 Wherefore should the Egyptians speak, and say, For mischief did he bring them out, to slay them in the mountains, and to consume them from the face of the earth? Turn from thy fierce wrath, and repent of this evil against thy people.
32:13 Remember Abraham, Isaac, and Israel, thy servants, to whom thou swarest by thine own self, and saidst unto them, I will multiply your seed as the stars of heaven, and all this land that I have spoken of will I give unto your seed, and they shall inherit it for ever.
The Eternal repented of his thoughts against Israel, because of the mediatorial pleadings of Moses.
This time it will not be so and spiritual New Covenant Israel will be thrown into the fire of affliction
32:14 And the LORD repented of the evil which he thought to do unto his people.
The stone tablets were written by the hand of God on BOTH sides.
32:15 And Moses turned, and went down from the mount, and the two tables of the testimony were in his hand: the tables were written on both their sides; on the one side and on the other were they written. 32:16 And the tables were the work of God, and the writing was the writing of God, graven upon the tables.
As Moses came down from the mount Joshua met him, and they heard the noise of the people partying before the calf.
32:17 And when Joshua heard the noise of the people as they shouted, he said unto Moses, There is a noise of war in the camp. 32:18 And he said, It is not the voice of them that shout for mastery, neither is it the voice of them that cry for being overcome: but the noise of them that sing do I hear.
Moses was hot with anger at this sin; while today’s Assemblies fail to condemn this same sin within their congregations. Why? Because we have made the leaders and organizations: Our golden calf! Today most elders and leaders will not correct the people for exalting them [the corporate churches and elders] as gods, and blindly following them without question.
32:19 And it came to pass, as soon as he [Moses] came nigh unto the camp, that he saw the calf, and the dancing: and Moses’ anger waxed hot, and he cast the tables out of his hands, and brake them beneath the mount.
As Moses destroyed the idol, so I am also an iconoclast and speak out calling all brethren to turn from our corporate idols; to turn men back to zeal for learning and keeping the whole word of God and to exalt the mighty One of Jacob!
32:20 And he took the calf which they had made, and burnt it in the fire, and ground it to powder, and strawed it upon the water, and made the children of Israel drink of it.
Then Moses inquires of Aaron and Aaron blames the people and justifies himself.
Oh, how like Aaron we are today; for the brethren will say that “We were only obeying the elders”: and the elders will say “we were only obeying our employers”; and the leaders will say “we are only following what we thought was right in doing our own ways and not exalting your Word.” Is there no one who will take responsibility for his own actions?
I tell you true that our Judge will not buy into such self justification; he will judge every person for his own actions, according to the whole Word of God. We are all personally responsible for proving all things and living by every Word of God!
32:21 And Moses said unto Aaron, What did this people unto thee, that thou hast brought so great a sin upon them? 32:22 And Aaron said, Let not the anger of my lord wax hot: thou knowest the people, that they are set on mischief. 32:23 For they said unto me, Make us gods, which shall go before us: for as for this Moses, the man that brought us up out of the land of Egypt, we wot not what is become of him. 32:24 And I said unto them, Whosoever hath any gold, let them break it off. So they gave it me: then I cast it into the fire, and there came out this calf.
The people were spiritually naked before their enemies for they had lost the protection of the Eternal because of their sin. Even so the spiritual Israel of today stands naked of godliness, for we have lost the protection of the Eternal by our idolatry. The time of our rejection into great tribulation is almost at hand.
Very many who consider themselves Elijah’s today, will fined Jesus Christ has thrown them into the furnace of affliction to humble them of their pride and sins.
Moses separated and divided the people; those who are zealous for God on one side; and the faithless on the other side.
The very same thing is being done today, as God is sifting out those individuals who are zealous for Him and his Word; from the idolatrous Laodicean COG Groups
32:25 And when Moses saw that the people were naked; (for Aaron had made them naked unto their shame among their enemies:) 32:26 Then Moses stood in the gate of the camp, and said, Who is on the LORD’s side? let him come unto me. And all the sons of Levi gathered themselves together unto him.
As the Levites slew many on that day; so very many of the corporate COG Groups will fall during the imminent tribulation; for they are naked of God’s protection through the overspreading of their idolatries.
32:27 And he said unto them, Thus saith the LORD God of Israel, Put every man his sword by his side, and go in and out from gate to gate throughout the camp, and slay every man his brother, and every man his companion, and every man his neighbour. 32:28 And the children of Levi did according to the word of Moses: and there fell of the people that day about three thousand men.
The Called Out of spiritual Israel, the Church of God groups of today; are being called to consecrate [by sincerely repenting and turning from our sin] themselves to the Eternal, and to turn away from their blind unquestioning idolatrous following of men and false tradition.
32:29 For Moses had said, Consecrate yourselves today to the LORD, even every man upon his son, and upon his brother; that he may bestow upon you a blessing this day.
I expect that when the Levites began to kill the wicked; the living quickly repented; even as most of the Called Out will quickly repent when they find themselves in tribulation.
Then the next day Moses as mediator goes to make an atonement for the people, and pleads with God on their behalf.
32:30 And it came to pass on the morrow, that Moses said unto the people, Ye have sinned a great sin: and now I will go up unto the LORD; peradventure I shall make an atonement for your sin.
32:31 And Moses returned unto the LORD, and said, Oh, this people have sinned a great sin, and have made them gods of gold. 32:32 Yet now, if thou wilt forgive their sin–; and if not, blot me, I pray thee, out of thy book which thou hast written.
God then tells Moses that every person must die for his own unrepented sin.
32:33 And the LORD said unto Moses, Whosoever hath sinned against me, him will I blot out of my book.
Then even after the sin was corrected and the people returned to the LORD to move forward, the Eternal plagued the people.
God knows every one of us and in these plagued he knew who was for him in his heart, and who remained unrepentant in his heart; surely he plagued the wicked and preserved his faithful.
32:34 Therefore now go, lead the people unto the place of which I have spoken unto thee: behold, mine Angel shall go before thee: nevertheless in the day when I visit I will visit their sin upon them. 32:35 And the LORD plagued the people, because they made the calf, which Aaron made.
Then the YHVH Elohim who became Messiah the Lamb of God the Father, instructed the people to go in and possess the land; only HE would not be with them, but would send an angel in HIS place. This because the people were continually provoking HIM, and if HE were with them HE might destroy them
Exodus 33:1 And the LORD said unto Moses, Depart, and go up hence, thou and the people which thou hast brought up out of the land of Egypt, unto the land which I sware unto Abraham, to Isaac, and to Jacob, saying, Unto thy seed will I give it: 33:2 And I will send an angel before thee; and I will drive out the Canaanite, the Amorite, and the Hittite, and the Perizzite, the Hivite, and the Jebusite: 33:3 Unto a land flowing with milk and honey: for I will not go up in the midst of thee; for thou art a stiffnecked people: lest I consume thee in the way.
This statement by their Deliverer caused the people to repent of their sin of idolatry with the gold calves.
33:4 And when the people heard these evil tidings, they mourned: and no man did put on him his ornaments.
The people repented and did not adorn themselves in their shame
33:5 For the LORD had said unto Moses, Say unto the children of Israel, Ye are a stiffnecked [very stubborn, self willed, heardhearted] people: I will come up into the midst of thee in a moment, and consume thee: therefore now put off thy ornaments [put off your pleasant things and repent in sackcloth and fasting] from thee, that I may know what to do unto thee. 33:6 And the children of Israel stripped themselves of their ornaments by the mount Horeb.
Moses then built the tabernacle according to the plan that God gave him, and set it up a distance outside the camp because of the sins of the people.
33:7 And Moses took the tabernacle, and pitched it without the camp, afar off from the camp, and called it the Tabernacle of the congregation. And it came to pass, that every one which sought the LORD went out unto the tabernacle of the congregation, which was without the camp.
Then those who sought God had to leave the camp to come to the tabernacle. This a picture that we need to leave our worldliness to seek and find God. Now when Moses had set up the tabernacle all the people looked out of their tents to see what would happen.
33:8 And it came to pass, when Moses went out unto the tabernacle, that all the people rose up, and stood every man at his tent door, and looked after Moses [watched to see], until he was gone into the tabernacle.
When Moses entered the tabernacle, the cloud came down and rested at the tabernacle entrance and God spoke with Moses. The people saw this with their own eyes [not having seen Moses on the top of Sinai] and the people fell down to worship God.
This coming of Christ to the tabernacle DOOR was representative of Jesus Christ as the DOOR to Salvation.
John 10:9 I am the door: by me if any man enter in, he shall be saved, and shall go in and out, and find pasture.
Exodus 33:9 And it came to pass, as Moses entered into the tabernacle, the cloudy pillar descended, and stood at the door of the tabernacle, and the Lord talked with Moses. 33:10 And all the people saw the cloudy pillar stand at the tabernacle door: and all the people rose up and worshipped, every man in his tent door.
Then YHVH spoke to Moses and Joshua out of the cloud.
33:11 And the LORD spake unto Moses face to face, as a man speaketh unto his friend. And he turned again into the camp: but his servant Joshua, the son of Nun, a young man, departed not out of the tabernacle.
Moses reasons that God should go with him and that Christ should be with them, and not an angel as God had said. Moses wants to know why God has abandoned him by turning away from the people.
33:12 And Moses said unto the LORD, See, thou sayest unto me, Bring up this people: and thou hast not let me know whom thou wilt send [the angel and not God to go with him] with me. Yet thou hast said, I know thee by name, and thou hast also found grace in my sight.
Moses asks God to be with him and the people to teach, guide and lead them.
33:13 Now therefore, I pray thee, if I have found grace in thy sight, shew me now thy way, that I may know thee, that I may find grace in thy sight: and consider that this nation is thy people.
God then promises to remain with Moses and the people.
33:14 And he said, My presence shall go with thee, and I will give thee rest.
Moses replies asking God to let them remain at Sinai and not command them to enter the land if God will not go with them.
This is a type that spiritual Israel may not enter the spiritual Promised Land of eternal life, if they are not zealously faithful to God. God will be with us and bring us into the eternal Promised Land, ONLY if we are with him and quick to obey and follow him in all things.
33:15 And he said unto him, If thy presence go not with me, carry us not up hence [If God will not be with them then they would stay at Sinai and not go without God into the land of promise].
Moses speaks that it s the precence of God that sets Israel apart from all others.
It is the same in spiritual Israel; for if we do not diligently follow our God and his whole Word, HOW are we different from any other people?
33:16 For wherein shall it be known here that I and thy people have found grace in thy sight? is it not in that thou goest with us? so shall we be separated, I and thy people, from all the people that are upon the face of the earth.
Then YHVH accepted to remain with the people for Moses sake.
33:17 And the LORD said unto Moses, I will do this thing also that thou hast spoken: for thou hast found grace in my sight, and I know thee by name.
Then Moses asked to see the Creator in his glory, for before this Moses had only heard his voice, or seen Him hidden by the cloud
33:18 And he said, I beseech thee, shew me thy glory.
Then God who became Christ showed Moses his glory in part, someday when changed to spirit Moses and the Chosen will see Him in His glory fully.
John 17:5 And now, O Father, glorify thou me with thine own self with the glory which I had with thee before the world was.
Then in the resurrection we shall see him as he is.
John 17:24 Father, I will that they also, whom thou hast given me, be with me where I am; that they may behold my glory, which thou hast given me: for thou lovedst me before the foundation of the world.
The chosen will be given the same kind of glory when changed to spirit! For the Door of our Salvation, will give us a glorious spiritual body like his own.
John 17:22 And the glory which thou gavest me I have given them; that they may be one, even as we are one:
Exodus 33:19 And he said, I will make all my goodness pass before thee, and I will proclaim the name of the LORD before thee; and will be gracious to whom I will be gracious, and will shew mercy on whom I will shew mercy. 33:20 And he said, Thou canst not see my face: for there shall no man see me, and live.
Moses was then taken and hidden in a cleft of rock, that he would see only a small part of God in his glory.
33:21 And the LORD said, Behold, there is a place by me, and thou shalt stand upon a rock: 33:22 And it shall come to pass, while my glory passeth by, that I will put thee in a clift of the rock, and will cover thee with my hand while I pass by: 33:23 And I will take away mine hand, and thou shalt see my back parts: but my face shall not be seen.
Then God commands Moses to make two tablets of stone like the first two and that HE, God, would write on them.
Exodus 34:1 And the LORD said unto Moses, Hew thee two tables of stone like unto the first: and I will write upon these tables the words that were in the first tables, which thou brakest.
Moses is to come to God at the top of the mount alone, no other living man or creature is to be seen on the mount. The top of Sinai represented the heaven of God the Father, and Moses as the mediator of the Mosaic Covenant was to physically climb the mount, as an allegory; that in future the Spiritual Mediator of the New Covenant would ascend to the heaven of God the Father!
34:2 And be ready in the morning, and come up in the morning unto mount Sinai, and present thyself there to me in the top of the mount. 34:3 And no man shall come up with thee, neither let any man be seen throughout all the mount; neither let the flocks nor herds feed before that mount.
Moses obeyed God and made the two tablets of stone, and in the morning he went up into the mount to meet God.
34:4 And he hewed two tables of stone like unto the first; and Moses rose up early in the morning, and went up unto mount Sinai, as the LORD had commanded him, and took in his hand the two tables of stone. 34:5 And the LORD descended in the cloud, and stood with him there, and proclaimed the name of the LORD.
The Eternal who became Jesus Christ then proclaimed his mercy for the sincerely repentant and his wrath on the unrepentant sinner.
34:6 And the LORD passed by before him, and proclaimed, The LORD, The LORD God, merciful and gracious, longsuffering, and abundant in goodness and truth, 34:7 Keeping mercy for thousands, forgiving iniquity and transgression and sin, [of the sincerely repentant who STOP breaking his Word] and that will by no means clear the guilty; visiting the iniquity of the fathers upon the children, and upon the children’s children, unto the third and to the fourth generation.
34:8 And Moses made haste, and bowed his head [prostrated himself before God in an act of total submission] toward the earth, and worshipped.
Moses begs God’s mercy for the people.
34:9 And he said, If now I have found grace in thy sight, O LORD, let my LORD, I pray thee, go among us; for it is a stiffnecked people; and pardon our iniquity and our sin, and take us for thine inheritance
Then God promises marvels for his people; this being an allegory of the spiritual marvels that he will perform for the spiritually called out of the New Covenant.
34:10 And he [God] said, Behold, I make a covenant: before all thy people I will do marvels, such as have not been done in all the earth, nor in any nation: and all the people among which thou art shall see the work of the LORD: for it is a terrible thing that I will do with thee.
As God promised to drive out the Canaanites as a type of sin.
Spiritually our God will drive out all sin from his people if they will only obey his Word and follow him.
34:11 Observe thou that which I command thee this day: behold, I drive out before thee the Amorite, and the Canaanite, and the Hittite, and the Perizzite, and the Hivite, and the Jebusite.
As Israel was to make no covenant with the Canaanites because they were a type of sin; we are to keep ourselves clean from all sin and compromise with the Word of God!
34:12 Take heed to thyself, lest thou make a covenant with the inhabitants of the land whither thou goest, lest it be for a snare in the midst of thee:
Spiritually we are to destroy all sin out of our lives; including our idols of mammon, men and organizational entities. We are to exalt the Eternal above all else!
Organizing is not wrong as long as the organizations help us to focus on God: It is when those organizations seek to come between us and God that they become an abomination to God!
As physical Israel was not to become of one flesh with the daughters of the Canaanites, we are NOT to marry the unconverted; nor are we to become spiritually one with sin by learning the ways of the heathen to worship God according to our own ways: We are to worship God according to HIS commandments!
34:13 But ye shall destroy their altars, break their images, and cut down their groves: 34:14 For thou shalt worship no other god: for the LORD, whose name is Jealous, is a jealous God: 34:15 Lest thou make a covenant with the inhabitants of the land, and they go a whoring after their gods, and do sacrifice unto their gods, and one call thee, and thou eat of his sacrifice; 34:16 And thou take of their daughters unto thy sons, and their daughters go a whoring after their gods, and make thy sons go a whoring after their gods.
As Israel was not to make idols, andare we to make idols in either the physical or spiritual sense!
34:17 Thou shalt make thee no molten gods.
Here we have a specific command to eat unleavened bread for seven days. How is it that some claim it is not sin to disobey God in this matter?
It is because they have no zeal to live by every Word of God! and so face the condemnation of the stubborn stiff necked self willed who rebel against the Word of God!
34:18 The feast of unleavened bread shalt thou keep. Seven days thou shalt eat unleavened bread, as I commanded thee, in the time of the month Abib: for in the month Abib thou camest out from Egypt.
All the first born belong to God, because he delivered Israel’s first born in Egypt, and because God the Father gave up HIS firstborn the Lamb of God for sinners. The first born of the clean animals are to be given to the priests and were then used for the Daily Sacrifices and the National Sacrifices on behalf of the nation.
The first born males of Israel were to be redeemed with money, and the first born of the unclean creatures are to be redeemed with a lamb.
34:19 All that openeth the matrix [the first born] is mine; and every firstling among thy cattle, whether ox or sheep, that is male. 34:20 But the firstling of an ass thou shalt redeem with a lamb: and if thou redeem him not, then shalt thou break his neck. All the firstborn of thy sons thou shalt redeem. And none shall appear before me empty.
We are to rest on the Sabbath even during harvest time The Pentecost and Fall Harvest commandments are repeated.
34:21 Six days thou shalt work, but on the seventh day thou shalt rest: in earing time and in harvest thou shalt rest. 34:22 And thou shalt observe the feast of weeks, of the firstfruits of wheat harvest, and the feast of ingathering at the year’s end. 34:23 Thrice in the year shall all your menchildren appear before the LORD God, the God of Israel.
Only if we are zealous for the Sabbath and the annual Sabbaths and Festivals to keep them as God has commanded [including on the correct day that God’s Biblical Calendar requires]; will Spiritual Israel be blessed!
34:24 For I will cast out the nations before thee, and enlarge thy borders: neither shall any man desire thy land, when thou shalt go up to appear before the LORD thy God thrice in the year.
No sacrifice may be offered with leaven, for leaven is a type of sin. A whole Bible word study on the subject of “leaven” would be rewarding.
34:25 Thou shalt not offer the blood of my sacrifice with leaven; neither shall the sacrifice of the feast of the passover be left unto the morning.
The first of the first fruits here refers to the Wave Offering during the Feast of Unleavened Bread.
Simmering a kid in its own mother’s milk was a fertility rite of the Canaanites, and has nothing to do with eating milk products with meat.
34:26 The first of the firstfruits of thy land thou shalt bring unto the house of the LORD thy God. Thou shalt not seethe a kid in his mother’s milk.
Moses is commanded to write these words on the two tablets of stone. Previously God had written all these words on BOTH sides of the two tablets of stone.
34:27 And the LORD said unto Moses, Write thou these words: for after the tenor of these words I have made a covenant with thee and with Israel.
Moses was on the mount for forty days and nights and the Eternal sustained him.
34:28 And he was there with the LORD forty days and forty nights; he did neither eat bread, nor drink water. And he wrote upon the tables the words of the covenant, the ten commandments.
Moses shined reflecting some of the glory of God; typical that we should also shine with the glory of God in our conduct, as a Light on a Hill; by enthusiastically learning and living by every Word of God.
Matthew 5:13 Ye are the salt [our zeal for godliness preserves the earth from utter destruction] of the earth: but if the salt have lost his savour, wherewith shall it be salted? it is thenceforth good for nothing, but to be cast out, and to be trodden under foot of men.
14 Ye are the light of the world. A city that is set on an hill cannot be hid. 15 Neither do men light a candle, and put it under a bushel, but on a candlestick; and it giveth light unto all that are in the house.16 Let your light so shine before men, that they may see your good works, and glorify your Father which is in heaven.
17 Think not that I am come to destroy the law, or the prophets: I am not come to destroy, but to fulfill [to keep fully, live by every Word of God as a shining example, for us to also keep as an example for others] .
Exodus 34:29 And it came to pass, when Moses came down from mount Sinai with the two tables of testimony in Moses’ hand, when he came down from the mount, that Moses wist not that the skin of his face shone while he talked with him. 34:30 And when Aaron and all the children of Israel saw Moses, behold, the skin of his face shone; and they were afraid to come nigh him.
Then Moses taught the elders and all the people the Words of God given to him on Sinai.
34:31 And Moses called unto them; and Aaron and all the rulers of the congregation returned unto him: and Moses talked with them. 34:32 And afterward all the children of Israel came nigh: and he gave them in commandment all that the LORD had spoken with him in mount Sinai.
Moses covered his face until the shining glory had diminished, because the people feared; but when Moses went into the tabernacle to speak to God he removed the vail.
34:33 And till Moses had done speaking with them, he put a vail on his face. 34:34 But when Moses went in before the LORD to speak with him, he took the vail off, until he came out. And he came out, and spake unto the children of Israel that which he was commanded. 34:35 And the children of Israel saw the face of Moses, that the skin of Moses’ face shone: and Moses put the vail upon his face again, until he went in to speak with him.
This chapter is a flash back to the actual building of the tabernacle after Moses came down from the mount and the people had repented; the people gave offerings and the tabernacle was built and pitched outside the camp (Ex 33:7).
Moses gives God’s commandments to all the people.
Exodus 35:1 And Moses gathered all the congregation of the children of Israel together, and said unto them, These are the words which the LORD hath commanded, that ye should do them.
The very first thing commanded here is to sanctify the Sabbath to keep it holy. The seventh day which runs from Friday sunset to Saturday sunset is holy to God, it is God’s time and is NOT our own time.
35:2 Six days shall work be done, but on the seventh day there shall be to you an holy day, a sabbath of rest to the LORD: whosoever doeth work therein shall be put to death.
The following refers to kindling a fire from scratch without matches, a major effort. This is not about throwing a stick on an already burning fire, nor does it refer to using modern heating on a cold winter’s night.
35:3 Ye shall kindle no fire throughout your habitations upon the sabbath day.
When Moses had come down from the mount and corrected the people bringing them to repentance; Moses asked for an offering for the tabernacle and the people were sincerely repentant and highly motivated to please God, and gave very much for the building of the tabernacle.
35:4 And Moses spake unto all the congregation of the children of Israel, saying, This is the thing which the LORD commanded, saying, 35:5 Take ye from among you an offering unto the LORD: whosoever is of a willing heart, let him bring it, an offering of the LORD; gold, and silver, and brass, 35:6 And blue, and purple, and scarlet, and fine linen, and goats’ hair, 35:7 And rams’ skins dyed red, and badgers’ [“Tachash” Blue Ram’s skins] skins, and shittim wood, 35:8 And oil for the light, and spices for anointing oil, and for the sweet incense, 35:9 And onyx stones, and stones to be set for the ephod, and for the breastplate.
35:10 And every wise hearted among you shall come, and make all that the LORD hath commanded; 35:11 The tabernacle, his tent, and his covering, his taches, and his boards, his bars, his pillars, and his sockets, 35:12 The ark, and the staves thereof, with the mercy seat, and the vail of the covering, 35:13 The table, and his staves, and all his vessels, and the shewbread, 35:14 The candlestick also for the light, and his furniture, and his lamps, with the oil for the light, 35:15 And the incense altar, and his staves, and the anointing oil, and the sweet incense, and the hanging for the door at the entering in of the tabernacle, 35:16 The altar of burnt offering, with his brasen grate, his staves, and all his vessels, the laver and his foot, 35:17 The hangings of the court, his pillars, and their sockets, and the hanging for the door of the court, 35:18 The pins of the tabernacle, and the pins of the court, and their cords, 35:19 The cloths of service, to do service in the holy place, the holy garments for Aaron the priest, and the garments of his sons, to minister in the priest’s office.
The people went to get their offerings for the tabernacle
35:20 And all the congregation of the children of Israel departed from the presence of Moses.
35:21 And they came, every one whose heart stirred him up, and every one whom his spirit made willing, and they brought the LORD’s offering to the work of the tabernacle of the congregation, and for all his service, and for the holy garments. 35:22 And they came, both men and women, as many as were willing hearted, and brought bracelets, and earrings, and rings, and tablets, all jewels of gold: and every man that offered offered an offering of gold unto the LORD.
35:23 And every man, with whom was found blue, and purple, and scarlet, and fine linen, and goats’ hair, and red skins of rams, and badgers’ [Blue ram’s skins] skins, brought them. 35:24 Every one that did offer an offering of silver and brass brought the LORD’s offering: and every man, with whom was found shittim wood for any work of the service, brought it.
35:25 And all the women that were wise hearted did spin with their hands, and brought that which they had spun, both of blue, and of purple, and of scarlet, and of fine linen. 35:26 And all the women whose heart stirred them up in wisdom spun goats’ hair. 35:27 And the rulers brought onyx stones, and stones to be set, for the ephod, and for the breastplate; 35:28 And spice, and oil for the light, and for the anointing oil, and for the sweet incense.
A large offering was willingly provided by the people for the tabernacle.
35:29 The children of Israel brought a willing offering unto the LORD, every man and woman, whose heart made them willing to bring for all manner of work, which the LORD had commanded to be made by the hand of Moses.
Moses tells the people that Bezaleel and Aholiab would be in charge of the things for tabernacle and its construction.
35:30 And Moses said unto the children of Israel, See, the LORD hath called by name Bezaleel the son of Uri, the son of Hur, of the tribe of Judah; 35:31 And he hath filled him with the spirit of God, in wisdom, in understanding, and in knowledge, and in all manner of workmanship; 35:32 And to devise curious works, to work in gold, and in silver, and in brass, 35:33 And in the cutting of stones, to set them, and in carving of wood, to make any manner of cunning work.
35:34 And he [God] hath put in his heart that he may teach, both he, and Aholiab, the son of Ahisamach, of the tribe of Dan. 35:35 Them hath he filled with wisdom of heart, to work all manner of work, of the engraver, and of the cunning workman, and of the embroiderer, in blue, and in purple, in scarlet, and in fine linen, and of the weaver, even of them that do any work, and of those that devise cunning work.
The offerings of the people for the tabernacle were given to Bezaleel and Aholiab and the skilled workers to build the tabernacle, and the people continued to bring more offerings daily.
Exodus 36:1 Then wrought Bezaleel and Aholiab, and every wise hearted man, in whom the LORD put wisdom and understanding to know how to work all manner of work for the service of the sanctuary, according to all that the LORD had commanded. 36:2 And Moses called Bezaleel and Aholiab, and every wise hearted man, in whose heart the LORD had put wisdom, even every one whose heart stirred him up to come unto the work to do it: 36:3 And they received of Moses all the offering, which the children of Israel had brought for the work of the service of the sanctuary, to make it withal. And they brought yet unto him free offerings every morning.
The people brought more than was needed and were asked to cease bringing offerings for the tabernacle.
36:4 And all the wise men, that wrought all the work of the sanctuary, came every man from his work which they made; 36:5 And they spake unto Moses, saying, The people bring much more than enough for the service of the work, which the LORD commanded to make. 36:6 And Moses gave commandment, and they caused it to be proclaimed throughout the camp, saying, Let neither man nor woman make any more work for the offering of the sanctuary. So the people were restrained from bringing. 36:7 For the stuff they had was sufficient for all the work to make it, and too much.
At this point Moses repeats the instructions for the tabernacle given to him by God, in Exodus 23-26. This time in terms of what they actually built. Adding a few details as for example that the board framework of the tabernacle was to be overlaid with pure gold.
36:8 And every wise hearted man among them that wrought the work of the tabernacle made ten curtains of fine twined linen, and blue, and purple, and scarlet: with cherubims of cunning work made he them. 36:9 The length of one curtain was twenty and eight cubits, and the breadth of one curtain four cubits: the curtains were all of one size. 36:10 And he coupled the five curtains one unto another: and the other five curtains he coupled one unto another.
36:11 And he made loops of blue on the edge of one curtain from the selvedge in the coupling: likewise he made in the uttermost side of another curtain, in the coupling of the second. 36:12 Fifty loops made he in one curtain, and fifty loops made he in the edge of the curtain which was in the coupling of the second: the loops held one curtain to another. 36:13 And he made fifty taches of gold, and coupled the curtains one unto another with the taches: so it became one tabernacle.
36:14 And he made curtains of goats’ hair for the tent over the tabernacle: eleven curtains he made them. 36:15 The length of one curtain was thirty cubits, and four cubits was the breadth of one curtain: the eleven curtains were of one size. 36:16 And he coupled five curtains by themselves, and six curtains by themselves.
36:17 And he made fifty loops upon the uttermost edge of the curtain in the coupling, and fifty loops made he upon the edge of the curtain which coupleth the second. 36:18 And he made fifty taches of brass to couple the tent together, that it might be one. 36:19 And he made a covering for the tent of rams’ skins dyed red, and a covering of badgers’ skins [“Tachash” Ram’s skins dyed blue] above that.
36:20 And he made boards for the tabernacle of shittim wood, standing up. 36:21 The length of a board was ten cubits, and the breadth of a board one cubit and a half. 36:22 One board had two tenons, equally distant one from another: thus did he make for all the boards of the tabernacle. 36:23 And he made boards for the tabernacle; twenty boards for the south side southward: 36:24 And forty sockets of silver he made under the twenty boards; two sockets under one board for his two tenons, and two sockets under another board for his two tenons.
36:25 And for the other side of the tabernacle, which is toward the north corner, he made twenty boards, 36:26 And their forty sockets of silver; two sockets under one board, and two sockets under another board.
36:27 And for the sides of the tabernacle westward he made six boards. 36:28 And two boards made he for the corners of the tabernacle in the two sides. 36:29 And they were coupled beneath, and coupled together at the head thereof, to one ring: thus he did to both of them in both the corners. 36:30 And there were eight boards; and their sockets were sixteen sockets of silver, under every board two sockets.
36:31 And he made bars of shittim wood; five for the boards of the one side of the tabernacle, 36:32 And five bars for the boards of the other side of the tabernacle, and five bars for the boards of the tabernacle for the sides westward. 36:33 And he made the middle bar to shoot through the boards from the one end to the other.
The frame of boards on which the curtains of the tabernacle were placed were overlaid with gold.
36:34 And he overlaid the boards with gold, and made their rings of gold to be places for the bars, and overlaid the bars with gold.
36:35 And he made a vail of blue, and purple, and scarlet, and fine twined linen: with cherubims made he it of cunning work. 36:36 And he made thereunto four pillars of shittim wood, and overlaid them with gold: their hooks were of gold; and he cast for them four sockets of silver.
36:37 And he made an hanging for the tabernacle door of blue, and purple, and scarlet, and fine twined linen, of needlework; 36:38 And the five pillars of it with their hooks: and he overlaid their chapiters and their fillets with gold: but their five sockets were of brass.
Today’s post is about how the work in building the tabernacle was completed by Bezaleel and Aholiab exactly as inspired by Christ, according to the specifications provided by Christ to Moses.
This is an example of how the spiritually called out are to build the Holy Temple, the Holy Spirit within themselves until they become a suitable tabernacle [Temple] of God. And how do we build ourselves up into a spiritual Temple?
By doing exactly what Moses, Bezaleel and Aholiab did! By keeping and following every Word of God precisely and exactly!
The tabernacle was merely the movable temple that was later replaced by a permanent structure in Jerusalem. The tabernacle was the dwelling place of God as was the later Temple; and we IF we faithfully and zealously live by every Word of God in Christ-like passion we shall grow into a dwelling place of God through his Spirit!
Ephesians 2:19 Now therefore ye are no more strangers and foreigners, but fellowcitizens with the saints, and of the household of God;
In v 20 Paul is referring to the whole of scripture, by referring to the offices of the men who wrote the scriptures; at no time does he mean that some later day claimant of one of these offices has any right to turn aside from the Holy Scriptures.
Now some have come along and claimed to be apostles, prophets or representatives of Christ and have told people to believe and obey themselves! We are commanded to prove all things (1 Thess 5:21) by the Word of God, including those who claim to be apostles (Rev 2:2); and we are NEVER to follow any man or corporate church without questioning by the scriptures.
20 And are built upon the foundation of the apostles and prophets, Jesus Christ himself being the chief corner stone; 21 In whom all the building fitly framed together groweth unto an holy temple in the Lord: 22 In whom ye also are builded together for an habitation of God through the Spirit.
We are to follow the example of Jesus Christ and reject and cast out all those who teach contrary to the whole Word of God, rejecting such false words from our minds where we are building the spiritual Temple of God!
Today the major COG Groups have indeed become dens of spiritual thieves and they deceive the brethren, condemning those who are zealous for the Word of God, to steal away the sheep of the flock of the called out to follow their own ways, instead of being zealous for the Whole Word of God!
Yes they use the name of God and say some good things; but they speak and use the name of God to deceive and lead men after themselves.
They teach in many subtle ways to be zealous for them, and they condemn zeal to live by every Word of God, for they know that zeal for God means the loss of their personal following because they teach for doctrine the commandments of men.
I will be bold and state plainly that any elder who condemns zeal for the sanctity of the Sabbath and Holy Days, or any other part of the whole Word of God and claims to be a man of God: Is a LIAR and a HYPOCRITE! For he claims to be godly, while rejecting the zealous keeping of the whole Word of God!
Matthew 15:7 Ye hypocrites, well did Esaias prophesy of you, saying, 8 This people draweth nigh unto me with their mouth, and honoureth me with their lips; but their heart is far from me.9 But in vain they do worship me, teaching for doctrines the commandments of men.
I tell you the truth. If your follow men in their sins, you will also have a part in their judgment and will be cast out of the Temple of God!
Matthew 21:17 And Jesus went into the temple of God, and cast out all them that sold and bought in the temple, and overthrew the tables of the moneychangers, and the seats of them that sold doves, 13 And said unto them, It is written, My house shall be called the house of prayer; but ye have made it a den of thieves.
The builders of the tabernacle did what Almighty God said and followed fully his instructions; they did not begin to do what they thought was right, but followed the whole Word exactly in building the tabernacle [Temple] of God, and we are building a spiritual Tabernacle, a spiritual Temple and to accomplish that we must learn, keep and live by every Word the comes from the mouth of God!
Many blindly follow these deceivers and do what they say without question, polluting the Sabbath day and committing many other sins.
1 Corinthians 3:16 Know ye not that ye are the temple of God, and that the Spirit of God dwelleth in you? 17 If any man defile the temple of God [with sin], him shall God destroy; for the temple of God is holy, which temple ye are.
Exodus 37:1 And Bezaleel made the ark of shittim wood: two cubits and a half was the length of it, and a cubit and a half the breadth of it, and a cubit and a half the height of it: 37:2 And he overlaid it with pure gold within and without, and made a crown of gold to it round about. 37:3 And he cast for it four rings of gold, to be set by the four corners of it; even two rings upon the one side of it, and two rings upon the other side of it. 37:4 And he made staves of shittim wood, and overlaid them with gold. 37:5 And he put the staves into the rings by the sides of the ark, to bear the ark.
37:6 And he made the mercy seat [the Ark] of pure gold: two cubits and a half was the length thereof, and one cubit and a half the breadth thereof. 37:7 And he made two cherubims of gold, beaten out of one piece made he them, on the two ends of the mercy seat; 37:8 One cherub on the end on this side, and another cherub on the other end on that side: out of the mercy seat made he the cherubims on the two ends thereof. 37:9 And the cherubims spread out their wings on high, and covered with their wings over the mercy seat, with their faces one to another; even to the mercy seatward were the faces of the cherubims.
37:10 And he made the table of shittim wood: two cubits was the length thereof, and a cubit the breadth thereof, and a cubit and a half the height thereof: 37:11 And he overlaid it with pure gold, and made thereunto a crown of gold round about. 37:12 Also he made thereunto a border of an handbreadth round about; and made a crown of gold for the border thereof round about. 37:13 And he cast for it four rings of gold, and put the rings upon the four corners that were in the four feet thereof. 37:14 Over against the border were the rings, the places for the staves to bear the table. 37:15 And he made the staves of shittim wood, and overlaid them with gold, to bear the table.
37:16 And he made the vessels which were upon the table, his dishes, and his spoons, and his bowls, and his covers to cover withal, of pure gold.
37:17 And he made the candlestick [lampstand] of pure gold: of beaten work made he the candlestick; his shaft, and his branch, his bowls, his knops, and his flowers, were of the same: 37:18 And six branches going out of the sides thereof; three branches of the candlestick out of the one side thereof, and three branches of the candlestick out of the other side thereof: 37:19 Three bowls made after the fashion of almonds in one branch, a knop and a flower; and three bowls made like almonds in another branch, a knop and a flower: so throughout the six branches going out of the candlestick.
37:20 And in the candlestick were four bowls made like almonds, his knops, and his flowers: 37:21 And a knop under two branches of the same, and a knop under two branches of the same, and a knop under two branches of the same, according to the six branches going out of it. 37:22 Their knops and their branches were of the same: all of it was one beaten work of pure gold. 37:23 And he made his seven lamps, and his snuffers, and his snuffdishes, of pure gold. 37:24 Of a talent of pure gold made he it, and all the vessels thereof.
37:25 And he made the incense altar of shittim wood: the length of it was a cubit, and the breadth of it a cubit; it was foursquare; and two cubits was the height of it; the horns thereof were of the same. 37:26 And he overlaid it with pure gold, both the top of it, and the sides thereof round about, and the horns of it: also he made unto it a crown of gold round about. 37:27 And he made two rings of gold for it under the crown thereof, by the two corners of it, upon the two sides thereof, to be places for the staves to bear it withal. 37:28 And he made the staves of shittim wood, and overlaid them with gold.
37:29 And he made the holy anointing oil, and the pure incense of sweet spices, according to the work of the apothecary.
Exodus 38:1 And he made the altar of burnt offering of shittim wood: five cubits was the length thereof, and five cubits the breadth thereof; it was foursquare; and three cubits the height thereof. 38:2 And he made the horns thereof on the four corners of it; the horns thereof were of the same: and he overlaid it with brass.
38:3 And he made all the vessels of the altar, the pots, and the shovels, and the basons, and the fleshhooks, and the firepans: all the vessels thereof made he of brass.
38:4 And he made for the altar a brasen grate of network under the compass thereof beneath unto the midst of it. 38:5 And he cast four rings for the four ends of the grate of brass, to be places for the staves. 38:6 And he made the staves of shittim wood, and overlaid them with brass. 38:7 And he put the staves into the rings on the sides of the altar, to bear it withal; he made the altar hollow with boards.
38:8 And he made the laver of brass [basin of water], and the foot of it of brass, of the lookingglasses of the women assembling, which assembled at the door of the tabernacle of the congregation.
38:9 And he made the court: on the south side southward the hangings of the court were of fine twined linen, an hundred cubits: 38:10 Their pillars were twenty, and their brasen sockets twenty; the hooks of the pillars and their fillets were of silver. 38:11 And for the north side the hangings were an hundred cubits, their pillars were twenty, and their sockets of brass twenty; the hooks of the pillars and their fillets of silver. 38:12 And for the west side were hangings of fifty cubits, their pillars ten, and their sockets ten; the hooks of the pillars and their fillets of silver. 38:13 And for the east side eastward fifty cubits.
38:14 The hangings of the one side of the gate were fifteen cubits; their pillars three, and their sockets three. 38:15 And for the other side of the court gate, on this hand and that hand, were hangings of fifteen cubits; their pillars three, and their sockets three. 38:16 All the hangings of the court round about were of fine twined linen. 38:17 And the sockets for the pillars were of brass; the hooks of the pillars and their fillets of silver; and the overlaying of their chapiters of silver; and all the pillars of the court were filleted with silver.
38:18 And the hanging for the gate of the court was needlework, of blue, and purple, and scarlet, and fine twined linen: and twenty cubits was the length, and the height in the breadth was five cubits, answerable to the hangings of the court. 38:19 And their pillars were four, and their sockets of brass four; their hooks of silver, and the overlaying of their chapiters and their fillets of silver. 38:20 And all the pins of the tabernacle, and of the court round about, were of brass.
38:21 This is the sum of the tabernacle, even of the tabernacle of testimony, as it was counted, according to the commandment of Moses, for the service of the Levites, by the hand of Ithamar, son to Aaron the priest.
38:22 And Bezaleel the son Uri, the son of Hur, of the tribe of Judah, made all that the LORD commanded Moses. 38:23 And with him was Aholiab, son of Ahisamach, of the tribe of Dan, an engraver, and a cunning workman, and an embroiderer in blue, and in purple, and in scarlet, and fine linen.
A talent is fifty pounds.
38:24 All the gold that was occupied for the work in all the work of the holy place, even the gold of the offering, was twenty and nine talents, and seven hundred and thirty shekels, after the shekel of the sanctuary.
38:25 And the silver of them that were numbered of the congregation was an hundred talents, and a thousand seven hundred and threescore and fifteen shekels, after the shekel of the sanctuary: 38:26 A bekah for every man, that is, half a shekel, after the shekel of the sanctuary, for every one that went to be numbered, from twenty years old and upward, for six hundred thousand and three thousand and five hundred and fifty men.
38:27 And of the hundred talents of silver were cast the sockets of the sanctuary, and the sockets of the vail; an hundred sockets of the hundred talents, a talent for a socket.38:28 And of the thousand seven hundred seventy and five shekels he made hooks for the pillars, and overlaid their chapiters, and filleted them.
38:29 And the brass of the offering was seventy talents, and two thousand and four hundred shekels. 38:30 And therewith he made the sockets to the door of the tabernacle of the congregation, and the brasen altar, and the brasen grate for it, and all the vessels of the altar, 38:31 And the sockets of the court round about, and the sockets of the court gate, and all the pins of the tabernacle, and all the pins of the court round about.
Exodus is full of technical plans for the tabernacle, which does have powerful meaning, even in such things as the use of colors. Red is an obvious reference to being covered by the blood of Christ the Lamb of God, Blue and purple refers to royalty etc.
Moses continues with the preparations for the tabernacle and for the priestly garments.
Exodus 39:1 And of the blue, and purple, and scarlet, they made cloths of service [the priestly clothes for their service], to do service in the holy place, and made the holy garments for Aaron; as the LORD commanded Moses.
39:2 And he made the ephod of gold, blue, and purple, and scarlet, and fine twined linen.
They embroidered the linen with thread of pure gold.
39:3 And they did beat the gold into thin plates, and cut it into wires, to work it in the blue, and in the purple, and in the scarlet, and in the fine linen, with cunning work. 39:4 They made shoulderpieces for it, to couple it together: by the two edges was it coupled together.
39:5 And the curious girdle of his ephod, that was upon it, was of the same, according to the work thereof; of gold, blue, and purple, and scarlet, and fine twined linen; as the LORD commanded Moses. 39:6 And they wrought onyx stones inclosed in ouches of gold, graven, as signets are graven, with the names of the children of Israel. 39:7 And he put them on the shoulders of the ephod, that they should be stones for a memorial to the children of Israel; as the LORD commanded Moses.
39:8 And he made the breastplate of cunning work, like the work of the ephod; of gold, blue, and purple, and scarlet, and fine twined linen. 39:9 It was foursquare; they made the breastplate double: a span was the length thereof, and a span the breadth thereof, being doubled. 39:10 And they set in it four rows of stones: the first row was a sardius, a topaz, and a carbuncle: this was the first row. 39:11 And the second row, an emerald, a sapphire, and a diamond. 39:12 And the third row, a ligure, an agate, and an amethyst. 39:13 And the fourth row, a beryl, an onyx, and a jasper: they were inclosed in ouches of gold in their inclosings.
39:14 And the stones were according to the names of the children of Israel, twelve, according to their names, like the engravings of a signet, every one with his name, according to the twelve tribes.
39:15 And they made upon the breastplate chains at the ends, of wreathen work of pure gold. 39:16 And they made two ouches of gold, and two gold rings; and put the two rings in the two ends of the breastplate. 39:17 And they put the two wreathen chains of gold in the two rings on the ends of the breastplate. 39:18 And the two ends of the two wreathen chains they fastened in the two ouches, and put them on the shoulderpieces of the ephod, before it.
39:19 And they made two rings of gold, and put them on the two ends of the breastplate, upon the border of it, which was on the side of the ephod inward. 39:20 And they made two other golden rings, and put them on the two sides of the ephod underneath, toward the forepart of it, over against the other coupling thereof, above the curious girdle of the ephod. 39:21 And they did bind the breastplate by his rings unto the rings of the ephod with a lace of blue, that it might be above the curious girdle of the ephod, and that the breastplate might not be loosed from the ephod; as the LORD commanded Moses.
39:22 And he made the robe of the ephod of woven work, all of blue. 39:23 And there was an hole in the midst of the robe, as the hole of an habergeon, with a band round about the hole, that it should not rend. 39:24 And they made upon the hems of the robe pomegranates of blue, and purple, and scarlet, and twined linen.
39:25 And they made bells of pure gold, and put the bells between the pomegranates upon the hem of the robe, round about between the pomegranates; 39:26 A bell and a pomegranate, a bell and a pomegranate, round about the hem of the robe to minister in; as the LORD commanded Moses.
39:27 And they made coats of fine linen of woven work for Aaron, and for his sons, 39:28 And a mitre of fine linen, and goodly bonnets of fine linen, and linen breeches of fine twined linen, 39:29 And a girdle of fine twined linen, and blue, and purple, and scarlet, of needlework; as the LORD commanded Moses.
39:30 And they made the plate of the holy crown of pure gold, and wrote upon it a writing, like to the engravings of a signet, HOLINESS TO THE LORD. 39:31 And they tied unto it a lace of blue, to fasten it on high upon the mitre; as the LORD commanded Moses.
39:32 Thus was all the work of the tabernacle of the tent of the congregation finished: and the children of Israel did according to all that the LORD commanded Moses, so did they.
All these things were completed and brought to Moses for his approval.
39:33 And they brought the tabernacle unto Moses, the tent, and all his furniture, his taches, his boards, his bars, and his pillars, and his sockets, 39:34 And the covering of rams’ skins dyed red, and the covering of badgers’ skins, and the vail of the covering, 39:35 The ark of the testimony, and the staves thereof, and the mercy seat, 39:36 The table, and all the vessels thereof, and the shewbread, 39:37 The pure candlestick, with the lamps thereof, even with the lamps to be set in order, and all the vessels thereof, and the oil for light,
39:38 And the golden altar [of incense], and the anointing oil, and the sweet incense, and the hanging for the tabernacle door, 39:39 The brasen altar, and his grate of brass, his staves, and all his vessels, the laver and his foot, 39:40 The hangings of the court, his pillars, and his sockets, and the hanging for the court gate, his cords, and his pins, and all the vessels of the service of the tabernacle, for the tent of the congregation, 39:41 The cloths [clothing, garments] of service to do service in the holy place, and the holy garments for Aaron the priest, and his sons’ garments, to minister in the priest’s office.
39:42 According to all that the LORD commanded Moses, so the children of Israel made all the work.
Moses as the mediator of the Mosaic Covenant blessed the workers who had fashioned these things faithfully according to the whole Word of God; Even as Jesus Christ our spiritual Mediator of the New Covenant will bless all those who are fully faithful to the whole Word of God!
39:43 And Moses did look upon all the work, and, behold, they had done it as the LORD had commanded, even so had they done it: and Moses blessed them.
The tabernacle was set up on new year’s day, the beginning of the year in the spring.
Exodus 40:1 And the LORD spake unto Moses, saying, 40:2 On the first day of the first month shalt thou set up the tabernacle of the tent of the congregation. 40:3 And thou shalt put therein the ark of the testimony, and cover the ark with the vail.
40:4 And thou shalt bring in the table, and set in order the things that are to be set in order upon it; and thou shalt bring in the candlestick [lamp stand], and light the lamps thereof.
40:5 And thou shalt set the altar of gold for the incense before the ark of the testimony, and put the hanging of the door to the tabernacle.
40:6 And thou shalt set the altar of the burnt offering before the door of the tabernacle of the tent of the congregation.
40:7 And thou shalt set the laver between the tent of the congregation and the altar, and shalt put water therein.
40:8 And thou shalt set up the court round about, and hang up the hanging at the court gate.
When all these things were set up they were to be sanctified by the anointing oil, picturing the Spirit of God upon all these things.
40:9 And thou shalt take the anointing oil, and anoint the tabernacle, and all that is therein, and shalt hallow it, and all the vessels thereof: and it shall be holy. 40:10 And thou shalt anoint the altar of the burnt offering, and all his vessels, and sanctify the altar: and it shall be an altar most holy. 40:11 And thou shalt anoint the laver and his foot, and sanctify it.
Aaron was then to put on his holy garments and be anointed with the oil. This was a physical allegory of the Wave Offering Day picturing the acceptance of Jesus Christ as the High Priest of the New Covenant and being anointed into office by God the Father.
The term Christ is an English derivative of the New Testament Greek word christos, which means “anointed.” The equivalent Hebrew word in the Old Testament is Mashiach. This term is transliterated in the King James New Testament as Messias (John:1:41; 4:25), a word that has come down into modern English, including many Bible versions, as “Messiah.” Both Christ [Greek] and Messiah [Hebrew] mean “anointed” or “anointed one.”
In a prophecy of Messiah David writes:
Psalm 45:6 Thy throne, O God, is for ever and ever: the sceptre of thy kingdom is a right sceptre. 7 Thou lovest righteousness, and hatest wickedness: therefore God, thy God, hath anointed thee [Messiah, Christ] with the oil of gladness above thy fellows.
The physical priests must be washed with water that they may be made clean; and those called to become spiritual priests must be washed with the water of the whole Word of God; having their sins washed away by replacing their evil conduct with the righteousness of the Whole Word of God.
Ephesians 5:25. . . even as Christ also loved the church, and gave himself for it; 26 That he might sanctify and cleanse it with the washing of water by the word, 27 That he might present it to himself a glorious church, not having spot, or wrinkle, or any such thing; but that it should be holy and without blemish.
The physical priests were washed at the DOOR of the tabernacle, BEFORE they were allowed inside; just as we must be cleansed from all spiritual uncleanness and sin, BEFORE we may be changed to spirit and enter the heavenly places through the DOOR of Christ.
Exodus 40:12 And thou shalt bring Aaron and his sons unto the door of the tabernacle of the congregation, and wash them with water.
When we think of the Wave Offering we think of the waving of a cake of unleavened bread, but what actually went on in heaven before the throne of God the Father was the anointing of Jesus Christ to be God the Father’s High Priest and the ONLY Mediator and Intercessor between God the Father and humanity!
In like fashion the overcomers shall also be arrayed in the holy robes of the priesthood of Melchisedek before the door of the heavenly temple!
Revelation 19:8 Let us be glad and rejoice, and give honour to him: for the marriage of the Lamb is come, and his wife hath made herself ready. 8 And to her was granted that she should be arrayed in fine linen, clean and white: for the fine linen is the righteousness of saints.
Exodus 40:13 And thou shalt put upon Aaron the holy garments, and anoint him, and sanctify him; that he may minister unto me in the priest’s office. 40:14 And thou shalt bring his sons, and clothe them with [linen] coats: 40:15 And thou shalt anoint them, as thou didst anoint their father, that they may minister unto me in the priest’s office: for their anointing shall surely be an everlasting priesthood throughout their generations.
40:16 Thus did Moses: according to all that the LORD commanded him, so did he.
40:17 And it came to pass in the first month in the second year, on the first day of the month, that the tabernacle was reared up. 40:18 And Moses reared up the tabernacle, and fastened his sockets, and set up the boards thereof, and put in the bars thereof, and reared up his pillars.
40:19 And he spread abroad the tent over the tabernacle, and put the covering of the tent above upon it; as the LORD commanded Moses. 40:20 And he took and put the testimony into the ark, and set the staves on the ark, and put the mercy seat above upon the ark: 40:21 And he brought the ark into the tabernacle, and set up the vail of the covering, and covered the ark of the testimony; as the LORD commanded Moses.
40:22 And he put the table in the tent of the congregation, upon the side of the tabernacle northward, without the vail.
40:23 And he set the [unleavened bread] bread in order upon it before the LORD; as the LORD had commanded Moses. 40:24 And he put the candlestick [lampstand] in the tent of the congregation, over against the table, on the side of the tabernacle southward. 40:25 And he lighted the [olive oil] lamps before the LORD; as the LORD commanded Moses.
40:26 And he put the golden altar in the tent of the congregation before the vail: 40:27 And he burnt sweet incense thereon; as the LORD commanded Moses. 40:28 And he set up the hanging at the door of the tabernacle.
40:29 And he put the altar of burnt offering by the door of the tabernacle of the tent of the congregation, and offered upon it the burnt offering and the meat offering; as the LORD commanded Moses. 40:30 And he set the laver between the tent of the congregation and the altar, and put water there, to wash withal.
They washed at the laver before the door of the tent of meeting [with God]
40:31 And Moses and Aaron and his sons washed their hands and their feet thereat: 40:32 When they went into the tent of the congregation, and when they came near unto the altar, they washed; as the LORD commanded Moses.
40:33 And he reared up the [outer] court round about the tabernacle and the altar, and set up the hanging of the court gate. So Moses finished the work.
Then when all was finished Christ came down in a cloud to dwell in the tabernacle by day and in fire by night.
40:34 Then a cloud covered the tent of the congregation, and the glory of the LORD filled the tabernacle. 40:35 And Moses was not able to enter into the tent of the congregation, because the cloud abode thereon, and the glory of the LORD filled the tabernacle.
40:36 And when the cloud was taken up from over the tabernacle, the children of Israel went onward in all their journeys: 40:37 But if the cloud were not taken up, then they journeyed not till the day that it was taken up.
40:38 For the cloud of the LORD was upon the tabernacle by day, and fire was on it by night, in the sight of all the house of Israel, throughout all their journeys.