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Who Was Melchizedek?


Genesis 14:18 And Melchizedek king of Salem brought forth bread and wine: and he was the priest of the most high God [El Elyon: the Most High; God the Father].

Melchizedek blesses Abram by God the Father; showing that Melchizedek was not the Father in heaven and was the High Priest and intercessor between man and the Father in heaven. 

Genesis 14:19 And he blessed him, and said, Blessed be Abram of the most high God, possessor of heaven and earth: 14:20 And blessed be the most high God [El Elyoin, the Father], which hath delivered thine enemies into thy hand. And he [Abram] gave him tithes of all.

Notice that Abram recognizes this Being and immediately acknowledges his auth0rity over Abram by giving him a tithe of all.  There is no:  “Who are you?”  or “Why should I give to you what came at the risk of life?”!  No, there was only an immediate recognition of authority and an immediate submission to that authority.  From this it is clear that Adam had experience with and KNEW this Being from previous encounters.

We know that the Creator walked with and taught Adam, Abel, Cain and was likely seen by Noah and many others.  We shall also see that the Creator did visit Abram several times and that Abram had no surprise at seeing him.   That was because the Creator probably appeared to Abram as Melchizedek on multiple occasions and was well known to Abram.

This is the first place that tithes are mentioned in the Bible, and here Abram gives this Melchizedek tithes of the spoil of battle; showing that while Israel was later specifically commanded to tithe on agriculture [because they were an agricultural people]; God the Father is entitled to a tithe of ALL: because he is ultimately the sustainer of ALL things. 

Who made you and the earth you stand on?  Who made the air you breath? Who gave you the wisdom and skill to make clothes or cars?  Who provided the metals and minerals you utilize?

To claim that God requires tithes in payment for the land used agriculturally only;  and then  ignore that God is the maker, and overseer, and owner of ALL things; is myopic and self delusional.   Shall we say then, that the potter, the tailor, or the inn keeper need not go up to the Feast’s of God because they have no tithe on their labours?   Shall we say that God is not equitable; taking from one endeavor and not from others?

Israel was at that time an agrarian society so God commanded them in agrarian terms; but the principle that we are to acknowledge the gifts of God to us is not limited to agricultural things at all! 

Abram gave a tenth of the spoil to acknowledge that God had given him victory with safety, and had delivered his nephew will al the captives!  There was nothing agricultural in the motives and the giving at all.  The law plainly says that the labourer is worthy of his wages, no matter what his job; and that those who serve in the gospel should have a reasonable living from their work.

Tithing on all our net increase, acknowledges the Father [and he who became the Son]  as ALL in all; the fountain of all knowledge and wisdom, and all of creation!

Genesis 14:18   And Melchizedek king of Salem brought forth bread and wine: and he was the priest of the most high God [El Elyon: The Most High God; that is God the Father].

The name Melchizedek means: “king of righteousness” consisting of two words, Melek-King , Zedek-Righteousness; which are the interpretation of his name. This person was also known as the King of Salem meaning king of peace.

The whole Word of God is the righteousness of God defined; and that word and righteousness of God brings peace; first between man and God and then between man and man.  Therefore this Melchizedek as king of peace and the king of righteousness was the High Priest of all humanity.

Melchizedek is spelled with a “Z” from the Hebrew; and with an “S” when translated from the Greek.

Hebrews 7:1   For this Melchisedec, king of Salem, priest of the most high God, who met Abraham returning from the slaughter of the kings, and blessed him; 7:2 To whom also Abraham gave a tenth part of all; first being by interpretation King of righteousness, and after that also King of Salem, which is, King of peace;

Now Paul identifies this Melchizedek further,  saying that he was without beginning or end; which is the definition of the God [Elohim] family itself; for even the angels had a beginning. Paul clearly identifies Melchizedek as a member of the God family!  And this Melchizedek was the “priest of the most high God [El Elyon, God the Father in heaven]“. 

Paul is clearly saying that the Creator who became Jesus Christ was the High Priest between the Father in Heaven and those called out from Abel!  And that the Creator was always the true spiritual High Priest between the Father and the spiritually Called Out from Abel to the present; even during that period when a physical high priest officiated during the Mosaic Covenant as a physical instructional allegory of the High Priesthood of Melchizedek.

7:3  Without father, without mother, without descent, having neither beginning of days, nor end of life; but made like unto the Son of God; abideth a priest continually.

Who is this King of Righteousness?

David understood when he said that the Messiah, the Deliverer, Jesus Christ was Melchizedek and would judge all peoples.

Psalm 110:1   The Lord [God the Father] said unto my Lord [the Lord Jesus Christ, Melchizedek] Sit thou at my right hand, until I make thine enemies thy footstool [until the appointed time at the end of the tribulation]. 110:2  The Lord shall send the rod of thy strength out of Zion: rule thou in the midst of thine enemies. 110:3  Thy people shall be willing in the day of thy power, in the beauties of holiness from the womb of the morning: thou hast the dew of thy youth. 110:4  The Lord hath sworn, and will not repent, Thou art a priest for ever after the order of Melchizedek.

110:5  The Lord at thy right hand shall strike through kings in the day of his wrath. 110:6  He shall judge among the heathen, he shall fill the places with the dead bodies; he shall wound the heads over many countries. 110:7  He shall drink of the brook [be filled with the water of the Holy Spirit] in the way: therefore shall he lift up the head.

In the Book of Hebrews, Paul tells the Israelite converts who are acquainted with the Mosaic priesthood, about how the High Priesthood of Melchisedec [Jesus Christ] supersedes the Mosaic priesthood. 

Hebrews 7:1   For this Melchisedec, king of Salem, priest of the most high God, who met Abraham returning from the slaughter of the kings, and blessed him; 7:2  To whom also Abraham gave a tenth part of all; first being by interpretation King of righteousness, and after that also King of Salem, which is, King of peace;

Why did Abram tithe to Melchisedec;  Because Melchisedec was the eternal High Priest of God the Father:  and Abram KNEW that!  Abram was acknowledging the authority of Melchisedec and of God the Father!  Tithing on all net increase is an act of WORSHIP and acknowledgment of the supremacy of God the Father and the Son!  and an act of willing submission to God the Father and the Creator [Melchizedek] who gave up his God-hood to be made flesh as Jesus Christ!

7:3  Without father, without mother, without descent, having neither beginning of days, nor end of life; but made like unto the Son of God; abideth a priest continually.

Abram tithed to Melchisedec, acknowledging his authority and High Priesthood, long before the birth of Aaron; therefore the priesthood of Aaron gave tithes to Melchisedec as in authority before they were born, through Abram their father.

7:4  Now consider how great this man was, unto whom even the patriarch Abraham gave the tenth of the spoils. 7:5  And verily they that are of the sons of Levi, who receive the office of the [physical] priesthood, have a commandment to take tithes of the people according to the law, that is, of their brethren, though they come out of the loins of Abraham:

Melchisedec did not descend from Aaron, yet he received the tithes that the law commands to be given to the priesthood from Abram long before Aaron was even born.  Therefore this  Melchisedec was High Priest BEFORE the priesthood of Aaron!

7:6  But he whose descent is not counted from them received tithes of Abraham, and blessed him that had the promises.

Abram was less than [under the authority of] Melchisedec; and was blessed by Melchisedec the high priest of God the Father and in authority over Abram and his descendants including Aaron! 

7:7  And without all contradiction the less is blessed of the better.

Paul proclaims that Melchisedec is alive today!  and since Melchisedec is alive today and was/is the High Priest of God the Father; then Melchisedec was the one who became Jesus Christ who is the High Priest of the Father in heaven; for we are told that Jesus Christ is our High Priest!

7:8  And here men that die receive tithes; but there he receiveth them, of whom it is witnessed that he liveth. 7:9  And as I may so say, Levi also, who receiveth tithes, payed tithes in Abraham. 7:10  For he [Levi] was yet in the loins of his father, when Melchisedec met him [met Abram].

If the high priesthood of Aaron brought perfection; what need is there for the High Priesthood of Melchisedec?  Aaron was a physical high priest; a physical allegory,  to teach us about the spiritual High Priesthood of Jesus Christ [Melchisedec]!

7:11  If therefore perfection were by the Levitical priesthood, (for under it the people received the law,) what further need was there that another priest should rise after the order of Melchisedec, and not be called after the order of Aaron?

The law of the physical allegorical Aaronic high priesthood, must give way to the greater spiritual High Priesthood of the spiritual eternal High Priest Jesus Christ [Melchisedec] 7:12 For the priesthood being changed, there is made of necessity a change also of the law.

Melchisedec was the Creator and not of any tribe in Israel;   Melchisedec became flesh through Judah which has no priest; for the physical priesthood is of Levi through Aaron.

7:13  For he of whom these things are spoken pertaineth to another tribe, of which no man gave attendance at the altar. 7:14  For it is evident that our Lord sprang out of Juda; of which tribe Moses spake nothing concerning priesthood.

7:15  And it is yet far more evident: for that after the similitude of Melchisedec there ariseth another priest, 7:16  Who is made, not after the law of a carnal commandment, but after the power of an endless life. 7:17  For he testifieth, Thou art a priest for ever after the order of Melchisedec.

The High Priesthood of Melchisedec existed from before  creation, and when the physical priesthood of Aaron passed away, because it was only physical and ineffectual spiritually; the spiritual High Priesthood of Melchisedec continued and was restored.  The high priesthood of Aaron was only a physical allegory to teach us about the need for the High Priesthood of Jesus Christ, Melchisedec; while the true High Priesthood was of the order of Melchisedec. 

As the physical priesthood was called after the name of Aaron its first high priest; the spiritual High Priesthood of Jesus Christ is called after the name it was first known by; the name of Melchisedec; but Melchisedec was theg Creator and the being who became Jesus Christ!

7:18  For there is verily a disannulling of the commandment going before for the weakness and unprofitableness thereof.

The law cannot atone for any past sins, it can only prevent sin in future if it is obeyed.  To atone for past sins, the application of a sacrifice of greater value that the person is required to cover the sentence of death that we have earned.  It is the job of the High Priest to offer that sacrifice to atone for sins and save humanity from the wages of their sins.

7:19  For the law made nothing perfect, but the bringing in of a better hope did; by the which we draw nigh unto God.

God the Father swore with an oath that cannot be rescinded that Jesus Christ [Melchisedec] would be High Priest forever.

7:20  And inasmuch as not without an oath he was made priest: 7:21  (For those priests [of Aaron] were made without an oath; but this with an oath by him that said unto him, The Lord [the Father] sware and will not repent, Thou art a priest for ever after the order of Melchisedec:) 7:22 By so much was Jesus made a surety of a better testament.

The priesthood of Melchisedec [Jesus Christ] continues forever by the will of the Father. 

Because the Creator Melchisedec gave up his God-hood and eternal life, to die for the sins of his creation, and because he fulfilled his mission and lived a sinless life;  He was resurrected back to eternal life to contiue as our spiritual High Priest FOREVER!

7:23  And they truly were many priests, because they were not suffered to continue by reason of death: 7:24  But this man, because he continueth [lives eternally] ever, hath an unchangeable priesthood. 7:25  Wherefore he is able also to save them to the uttermost [to completely atone for  ALL sin] that come unto God [that seek the Father to do his Word and Will] by him, seeing he ever liveth to make intercession for them.

Our spiritual High Priest Melchisedec [Jesus Christ] is perfect.

7:26  For such an high priest became us, who is holy, harmless, undefiled, separate from sinners, and made higher than the heavens;

He needed his sacrifice to be made only once, for it was perfect and of greater value than all humanity together.  However because men have sinned ATER that sacrifice was made; and no sacrifice can be made in advance of sin [this turns the sacrifice into a mockery and license to continue in sin]:  The sacrifice of  Jesus Christ [ Melchisedec] needs to continually be applied to the sincerely repentant! 

One time to die and to be raised up:  to then be applied many many times, as each person sincerely repents and seels atonement to be saved from the wages of sin.

7:27  Who needeth not daily, as those high priests, to offer up sacrifice, first for his own sins, and then for the people’s: for this he did once, when he offered up himself.

Jesus Christ [Melchisedec] has become a High Priest of the Father to intercede for the sincerely repentant, by an oath of the Father forever.  Jesus Christ, Messiah, Melchisedec, the Creator is the High Priest of the Father for his creation!  FOREVER!

7:28  For the law maketh men high priests which have infirmity; but the word of the oath, which was since the law, maketh the Son [our High Priest], who is consecrated for evermore.

Melchisedec had no beginning and has no end. 

This means that he was spirit; and yet not an angel for they had a beginning;  He was not flesh for men begin and end; and he was not the Father; for he was the priest of the Father.

And because he has no end; he is alive today!

All of these things are applicable to Jesus Christ; our Creator, our Atonement and our High Priest; and to Melchisedec; and are applicable to NO other being! 

Can there be two High Priests between God the Father and men?  What does the scripture say?

1 Timothy 2:5   For there is one God, and one mediator between God and men, the man Christ Jesus; 2:6  Who gave himself a ransom for all, to be testified in due time.

CONCLUSION:   Melchisedec is the High Priest of God the Father, which is the Mediator between God the Father and repentant humanity. 

Since Jesus Christ is the ONLY Mediator between God the Father and man; therefore Jesus Christ is the same person as Melchisedec [Melchizedek].

NOTE:  The Rabbinic assertion that Melchizedek was Shem has no validity since Shem died before Abram arrived in Canaan. 


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