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A History of The Rabbinic Calendar

The various COG Groups make several false statements on the modern Jewish Rabbinic Calendar, and then proceed to build a case for using this apostate calendar on those false premise’s.

1.  That the Rabbinic calendar is the same calendar used in Judea and Israel during the temple period and from the most ancient of times.  This claim is so patently false that not even the Rabbins accept it. 

2.  That the rules of the present Rabbinic calendar were known and used from the most ancient of times and were only first PUBLISHED by Hillel II in 358 AD.  This is also absolutely false; the finalizing of rules for the Rabbinic calendar was on 1178 AD by Moses Maimonides, and before 1178 AD there were no widely accepted rules for the Rabbinic calendar.

3.  That there is no calendar in the Bible.  That too is absolutely false.

4.  That the Rabbins sit in Moses seat and are custodians of an extra biblical calendar acceptable to God.  This is also absolutely false.  God is the custodian of HIS calendar,m and we are to stand on the word of God and not on the words of men contrary to the word of God.

A.  The modern Rabbins NEVER sat in Moses seat.  it was those Mosaic Pharisees who were destroyed by the Romans who sat in Moses seat; ONLY until the resurrection of Jesus Christ and his ascension to the Father to become our High Priest.  Then Jesus Christ took ovewr the authority of Moses!

Moses was the mediator of the Mosaic Covenant until that covenant ENDED with the death of the Husband of Israel!  Then Jesus Christ became the Mediator of the New Covenant, Jer 31.  Read also the book of Hebrews.

Deuteronomy 18:15   The Lord thy God will raise up unto thee a Prophet from the midst of thee, of thy brethren, like unto me; unto him ye shall hearken; 16 According to all that thou desiredst of the Lord thy God in Horeb in the day of the assembly, saying, Let me not hear again the voice of the Lord my God, neither let me see this great fire any more, that I die not.

17 And the Lord said unto me, They have well spoken that which they have spoken. 18 I will raise them up a Prophet from among their brethren, like unto thee, and will put my words in his mouth; and he shall speak unto them all that I shall command him. 19 And it shall come to pass, that whosoever will not hearken unto my words which he shall speak in my name, I will require it of him.

Study the whole book of Hebrews.

Moses seat does not exist today;  it was replaced by the seat of Jesus Christ.  It is our High Priest who sits in authority over us; for the Head of Christ is the Father and Christ is the HEAD of the Ekklesia!

Have we become so blind that we no longer know who our Head is?  and to whom we should look and follow?  Why do we commit idolatry by setting up Christ rejecting  persons as our authorities?

A History of The Rabbinic Calendar

Yes there IS a calendar in the Bible!!!

Moses writes that from the very creation, the Creator instructed humanity on how to measure time.  Days were defined by the Creator as that period from sunset to sunset.

Weeks are defined as that period between sunset ending what we call Saturday until the sunset ending the next Saturday; with God’s commanded  Sabbath being from sunset Friday to sunset Saturday.

Months were defined as the first light of the new moon, to the next first light of a new moon, Gen 1:14; regardless of how many days that took.  At creation the cycles were set at twelve 30 day months making one 360 day solar year.  This changed in the eighth century B.C. to the present 29 1/2 day lunar cycle and the 365 day solar year cycle.

The year was defined as beginning with the new moon [month] when the barley in Judea was ripening until the next month [new moon] when the barley was again ripening in Judea, regardless of whether that took twelve or thirteen months.

That was the Biblical Calendar given to us by our Creator, which was based on the movements of his physical creation.  This is the means that our God has given us to define days, and the Sabbath to define weeks, and the light of the moon to define months and the harvest in Judea to define the years.

Admissions of all Jewish scholars.

Israel been used a lunisolar calendar recorded in scripture since the most ancient times. The first commandment Israel received as a nation was the commandment to determine the New Moon. The beginning of Exodus Chapter 12 says “This month (Nissan) is for you the first of months.”. The months were originally referred to in the Bible by number rather than name.

Until modern times, the beginning of each lunar month was decided by two eyewitnesses testifying to having seen the new crescent moon.  They would calculate when they should begin looking, but it was the actual sighting that was the important thing. 

Knowing that the moon’s cycle was 29 and 1/2 days, meaning that no month could be fewer than 29 or greater than 30 days,.   

Each month they counted 26 or so days after the previous new moon sighting, and then began to look for the new moon each evening at sunset. 

That is the extent of the calculations before the fifth century AD. If the light of the moon was not seen at the end of the 29th day then the end of day 30 automatically began the new month since no month can exceed 30 days.  

No,  calculations were never used to confirm the sighting; the calculations only gave a approximate time to begin looking! 

Today God is Restoring His Ways

And the modern Rabbins do not even calculate when the light is visible; they calculate when the light is NOT visible!  The exact opposite of the word of God!

Today the Creator is restoring His Calendar for His called out people, in preparation for the coming of Messiah to rule the world from Jerusalem and to count time and declare the time of His Festivals.

The Development of the Rabbinic Calendar

During the past centuries the Rabbins have replaced God’s Biblical method of defining time, with another calendar of their own devising; which they openly acknowledge has nothing to do with the scriptures and is contrary to scripture.

This is a history of how that came to be.

In the fifth century BC, the Greek astronomer Meton of Athens (Greek: Μέτων ὁ Ἀθηναῖος; gen.: Μέτωνος wiki)  discovered that a period of very close to 19 years was nearly a common multiple of the solar year and the synodic (lunar) month.   

The Greek astronomer Meton of Athens (fifth century BC) observed that a period of 19 years is almost exactly equal to 235 synodic months and, rounded to full days, counts 6,940 days. The difference between the two periods (of 19 years and 235 synodic months) is only two hours.

Considering a year to be 119 of this 6,940-day cycle gives a year length of 365 + 14 + 176 days (the unrounded cycle is much more accurate), which is slightly more than 12 synodic months.

To keep a 12-month lunar year in pace with the solar year, an intercalary 13th month would have to be added on seven occasions during the nineteen-year period (235 = 19 × 12 + 7). When Meton introduced the cycle around 432 BC.

After it was discovered by the Greek mathematician, astronomer, and engineer Meton of Athens in 432 B.C.E. who worked closely with another Greek astronomer, Euctemon, that 235 lunar months are almost identical to 19 solar years (the difference is only 2 hours), a lunisolar calendrical system of adding months to a lunar calendar to align it with the solar calendar based on this discovery was created and called the “Metonic Cycle”.

From the Metonic Cycle, priestly officials in Persia gradually developed astronomical rules over time so that a 19-year calendrical cycle was established in the 4th century B.C. in Persia for the purposes of aligning the months of the Babylonian lunar calendar (about 354 days) with the solar calendar year (about 365 days). The Persian priestly officials concluded that seven out of nineteen years should be leap years containing an extra month.

After Babylon was captured by the Persian king Cyrus the Great in c 539 B.C., priestly officials took over the calendar from the Babylonian astronomers.

The priestly officials now started to look for a standard procedure for the addition or intercalation of months. It was introduced in 503 B.C. by Darius I the Great (if not earlier) and contained 7 leap years in a 19-year calendrical cycle. An extra month called “Addaru II” was added in the 3rd, 6th, 8th, 11th, 14th, 17th and 19th years of a 19-year calendrical cycle. This accounted for 6 leap years.

By doing this, the cycle came out even with the solar calendar year, and the first day of the month of Nisanu – New Year’s Day in the calendar – was never far off from the Vernal Equinox (the first day of Spring), resulting in the civil calendar and the seasons never being out of step.

Then Alexander became king of Macedon in 336 BC and proceeded to conquer Egypt, Palestine and Babylon; bringing with him Greek culture and continuing and spreading this calendar,Hellenizing all the lands he conquered.

The Jews who had remained in Babylon and some who were in Judea, Hellenized, adapting much of Greek reasoning methods and slowly apostatized away from Moses; claiming that they had a hidden secret law which was above the law of Moses and which gave them authority over the word of God to use their own reasoning’s to do as they saw fit.

During the time of the Maccabees, [Please see: Hellenism and the Birth of Modern Rabbinic Judaism for more of this history]   these Hellenized Jews were largely defeated by the Maccabees, and the Mosaic Pharisees, Sadducees and scribes remained in control in Judea until after the Roman wars.  When the Mosaic Pharisees were destroyed by the Roman wars, and the Hellenized Jews took over and became the forefathers of the modern Rabbins.

Over time they departed from the Biblical calendar, and tradition says that Hillel II first adopted the Metonic Babylonian Calendar with its fixed intercalary years, about 358 AD.

Most Jews Rejected Hillel II

In fact most Jews did not accept the calendar changes of Hillel II and there was intense disagreement among the Rabbins for hundreds of years.

Although Hillel II is reputed by tradition to have developed the modern Hebrew calendar, no mention of this exists in the Talmud, which itself was completed around 500 AD

Hai Gaon (969-1038), the head of the Pumbeditia, Babylonia Jewish academy of learning in the 11th century was the first person to mention that Hillel had formed the modern Hebrew calendar.  This was to claim support for his own version by saying it had a long history from  Hillel II, which Hillel II calendar itself, was only the Babylonian Calendar with an identical cycle of intercalary years to the Babylonian calendar.

In addition, it is impossible to apply modern Jewish calendrical rules to Talmudic dates earlier than at least 500 AD). Instead, based on the evidence, it is now widely believed that the arithmetic rules for calculating dates in the modern Jewish calendar were developed in the 7th to 8th centuries in Babylonia by the heads of the Jewish academies of learning, known as the Geonim.

Based on the account of the Muslim astronomer al-Khwarizmi, it is also believed that most of the modern arithmetic rules were in place by about 820 C.E.

The Rabbinic Calendar  was born in, and controlled from Babylon, by apostate from Moses Rabbins

In 921 C.E. or 922 C.E., a person named Aaron ben Meir tried to establish the authority for the Rabbinic  Jewish calendar in Israel from Babylon, by asserting an arithmetic argument in favor of Israel being the center for the Jewish calendar [instead of Babylon]  which would have resulted in the authority for the Jewish calendar being moved back to Israel.

However, the Babylonian Jewish academic leader Sa’adiah Gaon opposed him based on his version of the calendrical rules for the modern Jewish calendar and finally, all Jewish communities ignored his [Aaron ben Meir] opinion.

Finally, in 1178 AD, Maimonides finalized in full, all of the rules for the modern Jewish calendar.

It is absolutely certain and beyond question that the Rabbinic Calendar in use today, IS NOT the calendar used during the life of Jesus Christ, nor was it finally codified until over a thousand years later; and second, the Rabbinic Calendar has nothing to do with the Calendar that the Creator gave His creation in the Holy Scriptures.

The Bible tells us to begin and to end a day at sunset; and to count six days and to keep the seventh day as a Sabbath of rest.  These are the only calendar instructions that the modern Hellenic Rabbins keep.

They reject the Biblical beginning of months with the first LIGHT of the moon Gen 1:14, in favour of starting a month based on the average time between conjunctions; which is that period of darkness before the light of the sun begins to brighten the moon; and they reject adding intercalary years by the ripening of the harvest for their artificial insertion of regular intercalary months.

They then start their year in the fall, when God commandes us to start our year in the spring, and they postpone the days God declares holy, to other days for their own convenience.  They also changed the dates of Pentecost and Passover from the biblical commanded dates.

The Rabbins have rejected God’s Word for their own devising’s.  Is that what Moses and those who sit in Moses seat would do? 

What is Moses seat anyway?  Is it not the body of scriptures that Moses wrote? 

Therefore anyone who departs from the words of Moses; does not represent Moses, or sit in Moses seat!

Should those who are called into the priesthood of Jesus Christ; reject his word to follow the teachings of men contrary to the word of God?  If they do so, knowing the truth of God’s word; it is pure and indefensible idolatry! 

The fact that many of these men know the truth and lie to the brethren to defend their false traditions;  disqualifies them for any office of COG leadership.

And if some have done this in ignorance, it is time to correct ourselves and to grow in the truth of Almighty God!  It is time to begin to really KEEP the whole word of God!

 

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