Updated June 2016
1 Samuel 17
The story of David and Goliath is often portrayed as a classic story of an underdog winning out over his far more powerful rival. There is much more to the story than that!
Goliath was a type of unrepentant sinners and of the sin of enmity against God and the Word of God; while David was a type of all God’s faithful who are filled with courage by their trust and faith in the Eternal and his deliverance for all those who are zealous to follow him and to live by every Word of God.
Brethren, we can ALL be David’s, approaching and fighting sin with an expectation of total victory to ;ive by every Word of God through absolute unshakable faith in our Mighty God!
David was full of courage to face the mightiest of enemies, because he KNEW that he had been zealous for and faithful to Almighty God; and that God would go before him and give him the victory!
We too can confront sin; and if we are full of zeal to learn and to live by every Word of God; we will be full of faith KNOWING that our Lord dwells within us and will fight for us against all sin, giving us total victory over sin and its wages of death and leading us into the Promised Land of eternal life!
If we try to confront sin by doing our own ways, we have failed before we begin! If we are passionately zealous to learn and to keep the whole Word of God, and follow the Word of God wherever he leads; the victory is assured!
The Philistines and Israel were each camped on the opposite heights above a certain valley.
1 Samuel 17:1 Now the Philistines gathered together their armies to battle, and were gathered together at Shochoh, which belongeth to Judah, and pitched between Shochoh and Azekah, in Ephesdammim. 17:2 And Saul and the men of Israel were gathered together, and pitched by the valley of Elah, and set the battle in array against the Philistines. 17:3 And the Philistines stood on a mountain on the one side, and Israel stood on a mountain on the other side: and there was a valley between them.
When our trials, persecutions and the temptations to turn aside from uncompromising zeal for the whole Word of God, seem like insurmountable Goliath’s in our eyes; let us turn to our mighty Deliverer and put our complete trust in; he who alone is Mighty to Save!
17:4 And there went out a champion out of the camp of the Philistines, named Goliath, of Gath, whose height was six cubits and a span [about ten feet tall]. 17:5 And he had an helmet of brass upon his head, and he was armed with a coat of mail; and the weight of the coat was five thousand shekels of brass. 17:6 And he had greaves of brass upon his legs, and a target of brass between his shoulders. 17:7 And the staff of his spear was like a weaver’s beam; and his spear’s head weighed six hundred shekels of iron: and one bearing a shield went before him.
Satan challenges us with the persecutions he inspires against us, and all manner of temptations; that indeed appear desirable, but are snares to bring our downfall. He is like a great roaring lion against whom there is no defense; and the evils that beset us often seem like insurmountable Goliath’s or Red Sea’s that we simply cannot resist.
Brethren, this is all an illusion to frighten and intimidate us! For Satan is but a wisp of fog before the Might of our God! Be faithful and strong to live by every Word of God, and God will give us the victory! Just like the Eternal delivered Moses, Joshua, Daniel and David!
James 4:7 Submit yourselves therefore to God. Resist the devil, and he will flee from you.
4:8 Draw nigh to God, and he will draw nigh to you. Cleanse your hands, ye sinners; and purify your hearts, ye double minded.
4:9 Be afflicted [fast] , and mourn [repent from sin] , and weep: let your laughter [delight in sin] be turned to mourning, and your joy [in wantonness] to heaviness.
4:10 Humble yourselves in the sight of the Lord, and he shall lift you up.
Satan cries out challenging us like Goliath challenged Israel, trying to deceive us into thinking we are alone in the fight and terrify us to give up the struggle. Brethren we are not alone! No not at all! Our Champion is greater than ten thousand thousand Satan’s; before HIM the roaring lion cringes in terror and the very mountains melt away!
1 Samuel 17:8 And he stood and cried unto the armies of Israel, and said unto them, Why are ye come out to set your battle in array? am not I a Philistine, and ye servants to Saul? choose you a man for you, and let him come down to me. 17:9 If he be able to fight with me, and to kill me, then will we be your servants: but if I prevail against him, and kill him, then shall ye be our servants, and serve us. 17:10 And the Philistine said, I defy the armies of Israel [God’s Covenant people physical and now spiritual Israel] this day; give me a man, that we may fight together.
17:11 When Saul and all Israel heard those words of the Philistine, they were dismayed, and greatly afraid.
Do not be discouraged or dismayed by the struggle to resist sin; rather turn to an even greater zeal for God; run to the arms of our Mighty Deliverer; the High Tower of our Salvation, put our trust in HIM and resist all sin and compromise with God’s Word!
So what, if we suffer in this world for zeal for our God and his Word; Did not Joseph also suffer, before being exalted to the ruler-ship of Egypt; which is to say that her was exalted over the allegorical type of bondage and sin! This happened as an example for us that we must also be formed and tempered in affliction to learn to be just and godly kings [rulers] and priests! Read Hebrews 11.
17:12 Now David was the son of that Ephrathite of Bethlehemjudah, whose name was Jesse; and he had eight sons: and the man went among men for an old man [Jesse was old in Saul’s time] in the days of Saul.
David and three other son’s of Jesse followed Saul to the war, but David returned to care for the sheep when the battle was delayed.
17:13 And the three eldest sons of Jesse went and followed Saul to the battle: and the names of his three sons that went to the battle were Eliab the firstborn, and next unto him Abinadab, and the third
Shammah. 17:14 And David was the youngest: and the three eldest followed Saul. 17:15 But David went and returned from Saul to feed his father’s sheep at Bethlehem.
The standoff lasted for 40 days and then Jesse sent David to his brothers with a gift of some food.
17:16 And the Philistine drew near morning and evening, and presented himself forty days.
17:17 And Jesse said unto David his son, Take now for thy brethren an ephah of this parched corn, and these ten loaves, and run to the camp of thy brethren; 17:18 And carry these ten cheeses unto the captain of their thousand, and look how thy brethren fare, and take their pledge.
David went to his brothers as his father had asked.
17:19 Now Saul, and they, and all the men of Israel, were in the valley of Elah, fighting with the Philistines. 17:20 And David rose up early in the morning, and left the sheep with a keeper, and took, and went, as Jesse had commanded him; and he came to the trench, as the host was going forth to the fight, and shouted for the battle. 17:21 For Israel and the Philistines had put the battle in array, army against army.
Then David saw how Israel reacted to Goliath, running in fear; as so many of us are filled with fear over any real or imagined difficulty in living by the Word of God.
17:22 And David left his carriage in the hand of the keeper of the carriage, and ran into the army, and came and saluted his brethren. 17:23 And as he talked with them, behold, there came up the champion, the Philistine of Gath, Goliath by name, out of the armies of the Philistines, and spake according to the same words: and David heard them.
Then some told David the king’s offer
Do we not have the same offer from a much greater King? Will we not be granted freedom from sin and from death itself; if we are zealous for our Mighty King and willing to do battle with the spiritual enemy?
The Deliverer of the Faithful, will go forward before his beloved who have the courage to stand up and FIGHT sin with the sword of TRUTH and are full of absolute Faith in our Deliverer, rather than commit any compromise with the Word of God!
Will the Mighty God of Jacob not go before his courageous faithful servants, to give them eternal victory over the final enemy, DEATH itself?
17:24 And all the men of Israel, when they saw the man, fled from him, and were sore afraid. 17:25 And the men of Israel said, Have ye seen this man that is come up? surely to defy Israel is he come up: and it shall be, that the man who killeth him, the king will enrich him with great riches, and will give him his daughter, and make his father’s house free in Israel.
17:26 And David spake to the men that stood by him, saying, What shall be done to the man that killeth this Philistine, and taketh away the reproach from Israel? for who is this uncircumcised Philistine, that he should defy the armies of the living God? 17:27 And the people answered him after this manner, saying, So shall it be done to the man that killeth him.
David’s brother rebukes him for his courageous zeal for God.
Is it not so even today in spiritual Israel, that the spiritually insipid, lukewarm, morally permissive; often rebuke the zealous to keep the whole Word of God with passionate courage and enthusiasm?
17:28 And Eliab his eldest brother heard when he spake unto the men; and Eliab’s anger was kindled against David, and he said, Why camest thou down hither? and with whom hast thou left those few sheep in the wilderness? I know thy pride, and the naughtiness of thine heart; for thou art come down that thou mightest see the battle. 17:29 And David said, What have I now done? Is there not a cause? 17:30 And he turned from him toward another, and spake after the same manner: and the people answered him again after the former manner.
David’s words came to Saul, and David was called before Saul.
Remember that our words and deeds of courage and trust and faithfulness in the Eternal, come up before the Great King in heaven and He makes note of them.
Malachi 3:16 Then they that feared the Lord spake often one to another: and the Lord hearkened, and heard it, and a book of remembrance was written before him for them that feared the Lord, and that thought upon his name. 3:17 And they shall be mine, saith the Lord of hosts, in that day when I make up my jewels; and I will spare them, as a man spareth his own son that serveth him.
1 Samuel 17:31 And when the words were heard which David spake, they rehearsed them before Saul: and he sent for him.
Then David told Saul that he would go forth to fight against the enemies of God.
We all should be David’s; willing to fight sin and all compromise with the Word of God with all the heart and courage of a Mighty Man of God! and if we do, the Great King will go before us and give us the victory and the reward of eternal life as kings and priests with him; for our faithfulness, for our zeal for him and for our courage to take a stand for the Word of God!
17:32 And David said to Saul, Let no man’s heart fail [be afraid] because of him; thy servant will go and fight with this Philistine.
Saul questions David as to his ability to fight Goliath; not knowing that it is God who will fight for his beloved faithful; If Saul had but believed and had even a little faith he could have defeated Goliath himself.
Consider that David had been anointed king by Samuel, and that David had faith that God would make him king as God had promised. It was not David that fought Goliath, it was Almighty God that went before David to give him victory over the enemy of God. David was faithful and full of the courage of faith, and God delivered him!
Consider that YOU and I, have also been anointed as kings! Not yet having received a kingdom!
Our anointing and our kingdom being conditional on our zeal for our God and his Word, and on our courage and faith to take a stand to live by every Word of God against all sin!
Matthew 22:14 For many are called, but few are chosen.
Matthew 7:13 Enter ye in at the strait gate: for wide is the gate, and broad is the way, that leadeth to destruction, and many there be which go in thereat: 7:14 Because strait is the gate, and narrow is the way, which leadeth unto life, and few there be that find it.
1 Samuel 17:33 And Saul said to David, Thou art not able to go against this Philistine to fight with him: for thou art but a youth, and he a man of war from his youth.
David then declare his courage to Saul.
17:34 And David said unto Saul, Thy servant kept his father’s sheep, and there came a lion, and a bear, and took a lamb out of the flock: 17:35 And I went out after him, and smote him, and delivered it out of his mouth: and when he arose against me, I caught him by his beard, and smote him, and slew him.
David then says that as he was courageous to protect his flock; so he will be courageous to take a stand on the Word of God to stand up to sin and wickedness.
David KNEW where his deliverance came from and he passionately loved the Word of God! We would do well to follow David’s example!
17:36 Thy servant slew both the lion and the bear: and this uncircumcised Philistine shall be as one of them, seeing he hath defied the armies of the living God. 17:37 David said moreover, The LORD that delivered me out of the paw of the lion, and out of the paw of the bear, he will deliver me out of the hand of this Philistine. And Saul said unto David, Go, and the LORD be with thee.
David refuses Saul’s armour because he had not practiced with it. This rejection of the armour of Saul for the protection of the Eternal is also an interesting example for us, that we are not to put our salvation and spiritual trust in men, or in physical assets; we are to put our trust fully in the Eternal.
17:38 And Saul armed David with his armour, and he put an helmet of brass upon his head; also he armed him with a coat of mail. 17:39 And David girded his sword upon his armour, and he assayed to go; for he had not proved it. And David said unto Saul, I cannot go with these; for I have not proved them. And David put them off him.
David then went out to meet the Philistine Goliath.
17:40 And he took his staff in his hand, and chose him five smooth stones out of the brook, and put them in a shepherd’s bag which he had, even in a scrip; and his sling was in his hand: and he drew near to the Philistine. 17:41 And the Philistine came on and drew near unto David; and the man that bare the shield went before him.
Goliath is insulted that Israel has sent out a young man to fight him. Yet God has set this situation up to demonstrate that God can and will defend even the smallest and weakest person who is uncompromisingly faithful to HIM; against all the power of Satan and sin!
It is not in or by our own strength that victory is won over sin, but by our faithfulness to believe and to follow the Mighty God; for he alone can and will deliver all those who are willing to faithfully follow only him!
17:42 And when the Philistine looked about, and saw David, he disdained him: for he was but a youth, and ruddy, and of a fair countenance. 17:43 And the Philistine said unto David, Am I a dog, that thou comest to me with staves? And the Philistine cursed David by his gods. 17:44 And the Philistine said to David, Come to me, and I will give thy flesh unto the fowls of the air, and to the beasts of the field.
David then declares his faith in God for everyone in both armies to hear; openly declaring that he is standing up for the Eternal, and that the Eternal will destroy the enemy representing Satan and sin!
17:45 Then said David to the Philistine, Thou comest to me with a sword, and with a spear, and with a shield: but I come to thee in the name of the LORD of hosts, the God of the armies of Israel, whom thou hast defied. 17:46 This day will the LORD deliver thee into mine hand; and I will smite thee, and take thine head from thee; and I will give the carcases of the host of the Philistines this day unto the fowls of the air, and to the wild beasts of the earth; that all the earth may know that there is a God in [in spiritual Israel as there was in physical Israel] Israel.
The battle against sin is the Lord’s; and we need only be zealous to learn and to live by every Word of God, and to follow the Eternal wherever he goes; calling on him to fight for us and to deliver us!
17:47 And all this assembly shall know that the LORD saveth not with sword and spear [by yhe strength of man]: for the battle is the LORD’s, and he will give you into our hands.
David fearlessly and full of faith, rushed out to oppose sin and fight for the right.
17:48 And it came to pass, when the Philistine arose, and came, and drew nigh to meet David, that David hastened, and ran toward the army to meet the Philistine. 17:49 And David put his hand in his bag, and took thence a stone, and slang it, and smote the Philistine in his forehead, that the stone sunk into his forehead; and he fell upon his face to the earth. 17:50 So David prevailed over the Philistine with a sling and with a stone, and smote the Philistine, and slew him; but there was no sword in the hand of David.
When we trust in God to deliver us, and weare faithful to serve him fully; he will give us his victory.
17:51 Therefore David ran, and stood upon the Philistine, and took his sword, and drew it out of the sheath thereof, and slew him, and cut off his head therewith. And when the Philistines saw their champion was dead, they fled.
17:52 And the men of Israel and of Judah arose, and shouted, and pursued the Philistines, until thou come to the valley, and to the gates of Ekron. And the wounded of the Philistines fell down by the way to
Shaaraim, even unto Gath, and unto Ekron. 17:53 And the children of Israel returned from chasing after the Philistines, and they spoiled their tents. 17:54 And David took the head of the Philistine, and brought it to Jerusalem; but he put his armour in his tent.
On this day, God began to exalt David in fame above Saul, causing Saul to enquire about David.
Before this David had merely been an musician in the background of Saul’s court; now Saul begins to take real notice of him.
17:55 And when Saul saw David go forth against the Philistine, he said unto Abner, the captain of the host, Abner, whose son is this youth? And Abner said, As thy soul liveth, O king, I cannot tell. 17:56 And the king said, Enquire thou whose son the stripling is.
Abner takes David and brings him before Saul.
17:57 And as David returned from the slaughter of the Philistine, Abner took him, and brought him before Saul with the head of the Philistine in his hand. 17:58 And Saul said to him, Whose son art thou, thou young man? And David answered, I am the son of thy servant Jesse the Bethlehemite.
1 Samuel 18
Jonathon who had proved his zeal and courage by taking the Philistines on alone himself, in the name of YHVH; meets David the champion of Israel who defeated Goliath in the name of YHVH. Obviously they are both men of faith, and of courageous action based on their faith, and they become the closest of fast friends.
The lesson here is of the unity that springs from a mutual zeal and faith to follow the Eternal. Simply getting along while disagreeing on the things that matter is not spiritual unity!
It is true and passionate unity with Christ, the Father and the whole Word of God to learn it and to keep it; that brings true spiritual unity with God and will all others who are also united with God!
1 Samuel 18:1 And it came to pass, when he had made an end of speaking unto Saul, that the soul [heart, spirit] of Jonathan was knit with the soul of David, and Jonathan loved him as his own soul.
Saul kept David where he could see him and control him for he suspected that the fame of David surpassed even his own.
18:2 And Saul took him that day, and would let him go no more home to his father’s house.
18:3 Then Jonathan and David made a covenant, because he loved him as his own soul.
David and Jonathon made a covenant of friendship.
18:4 And Jonathan stripped himself of the robe that was upon him, and gave it to David, and his garments, even to his sword, and to his bow, and to his girdle.
Saul made David the Chief of Staff of his army, and so David began to learn the art of war and practiced it under Saul to help Saul to defeat the enemies of Israel round about them. So the fame of David grew while Saul diminished in the love and respect of the people because of his bouts of madness.
David was not given the kingdom when he was called, but he was trained and he gained a reputation for godliness by his righteous faithful conduct; even being loyal as far as he could, to a bad king. David obeyed the king in the LORD, but David never obeyed the king to commit sin!
Just like David, the called out and anointed kings of the New Covenant; must be trained up and gain experience and establish a reputation of godliness before God and man; WE must prepare ourselves to rule and teach the earth by the struggles of our physical lives.
Did you think that “Preaching the Gospel” was only about teachings and warning humanity today?
No, there is far more to it than that: we are learning to teach the whole of humanity the things and Word of God in his kingdom!
Therefore if we water down the gospel outreach into a business model, finding out what the people think they need or want, and pandering to that instead of diligently teaching the whole Word of God, we disqualify ourselves to have a part in the resurrection to spirit to become kings and priests.
If we set an example of compromise and situation ethics to do whatever we want; with no zeal to do what God teaches: We are unfit to be a part of the Bride of Christ!
18:5 And David went out whithersoever Saul sent him, and behaved himself wisely: and Saul set him over the men of war, and he was accepted in the sight of all the people, and also in the sight of Saul’s servants.
Saul kept David under close scrutiny because of the words of rejoicing among the people at the victory over Goliath and the Philistines.
Even so Satan keeps a watchful eye on those who are zealous for the whole Word of God, with the courage to follow the Lamb wherever he goes. Satan KNOWS that we are qualifying to replace him and his government [like David was qualifying to replace Saul] and is doing his best to obstruct, discourage and tempt us to turn aside and fail.
18:6 And it came to pass as they came, when David was returned from the slaughter of the Philistine, that the women came out of all cities of Israel, singing and dancing, to meet king Saul, with tabrets, with joy, and with instruments of musick.
As we stand solidly on the foundation of the whole Word of God; we are being mocked and attacked by others in spiritual and physical Israel; yet some are establishing a reputation of faithfulness and godliness that canned be denied! And we are being prepared to gain eternal life and a kingdom from and under the Lord that we faithfully follow.
18:7 And the women answered one another as they played, and said, Saul hath slain his thousands, and David his ten thousands. 18:8 And Saul was very wroth, and the saying displeased him; and he said, They have ascribed unto David ten thousands, and to me they have ascribed but thousands: and what can he have more but the
kingdom? 18:9 And Saul eyed David from that day and forward.
The day after they returned from the victory over the Philistines; Saul is taken by a sudden impulse to slay the man he has just appointed his military leader, David; who Saul now sees as his competitor for the throne.
18:10 And it came to pass on the morrow, that the evil spirit from God came upon Saul, and he prophesied in the midst of the house: and David played with his hand, as at other times: and there was a javelin in Saul’s hand. 18:11 And Saul cast the javelin; for he said, I will smite David even to the wall with it. And David avoided out of his presence twice.
Brethren, Satan alternately attacks and tempts us; because he is AFRAID of us and our potential to replace him!
Make no mistake, Satan KNOWS that his time is close to an end and he knows that God is not with him, but is with his faithful: and Satan is AFRAID of those who are passionately zealous to follow the Lamb of God and to keep his Word!
Why should we fear and try to alleviate our physical situations by compromising with the Word of our Mighty Deliverer, when that will only bring us to our own destruction? Why should we fear the being who is terrified of US and trying to turn us aside from our calling to replace him?
Why should we fear the evil one, when we have been called to the Mighty Deliverer and Great ROCK of our Salvation, Jesus Christ the Being who has conquered Satan, sin and DEATH itself?
18:12 And Saul was afraid of David, because the LORD was with him, and was departed from Saul.
Over a short time Saul then sent David away and demoted to be a captain over a garrison of a thousand.
18:13 Therefore Saul removed him from him, and made him his captain over a thousand; and he went out and came in before the people.
Yet David remained faithful to the whole Word of God and to Saul as far as God’s Word would allow.
18:14 And David behaved himself wisely in all his ways; and the LORD was with him.
Saul was hoping that David would make a mistake and rebel or somehow displease God as he himself had done; and when David proved faithful the fear of Saul increased.
The more we grow in true zeal and faithfulness of the whole Word of God; the more the fear and anger of Satan also increases; until he is beside himself with terror and rage at his imminent downfall.
18:15 Wherefore when Saul saw that he behaved himself very wisely, he was afraid of him.
In all this the brethren began to love David, because of his righteous example before them, and for all; his mighty deeds of faith.
18:16 But all Israel and Judah loved David, because he went out and came in before them.
Then Saul devises a stratagem to have David killed by the Philistines.
18:17 And Saul said to David, Behold my elder daughter Merab, her will I give thee to wife: only be thou valiant for me, and fight the LORD’s battles. For Saul said, Let not mine hand be upon him, but let the hand of the Philistines be upon him.
David expresses humility at the offer of the king and Merab was given to another.
18:18 And David said unto Saul, Who am I? and what is my life, or my father’s family in Israel, that I should be son in law to the king? 18:19 But it came to pass at the time when Merab Saul’s daughter should have been given to David, that she was given unto Adriel the Meholathite to wife.
Then a match was made between Michal and David for she loved him; but Saul used her as a snare to kill David.
18:20 And Michal Saul’s daughter loved David: and they told Saul, and the thing pleased him. 18:21 And Saul said, I will give him her, that she may be a snare to him, and that the hand of the Philistines may be against him. Wherefore Saul said to David, Thou shalt this day be my son in law in the one of the twain.
Saul asks his servants to entice David to take Michal as his wife.
18:22 And Saul commanded his servants, saying, Commune with David secretly, and say, Behold, the king hath delight in thee, and all his servants love thee: now therefore be the king’s son in law. 18:23 And Saul’s servants spake those words in the ears of David. And David said, Seemeth it to you a light thing to be a king’s son in law, seeing that I am a poor man, and lightly esteemed? 18:24 And the servants of Saul told him, saying, On this manner spake David.
Then Saul asks for a dowry not of money but of Philistines.
18:25 And Saul said, Thus shall ye say to David, The king desireth not any dowry, but an hundred foreskins of the Philistines, to be avenged of the king’s enemies. But Saul thought to make David fall by the hand of the Philistines.
18:26 And when his servants told David these words, it pleased David well to be the king’s son in law: and [David rose up to attack the Philistines] the days were not expired. 18:27 Wherefore David arose and went, he and his men, and slew of the Philistines two hundred men; and David brought their foreskins, and they gave them in full tale to the king, that he might be the king’s son in law. And Saul gave him Michal his daughter to wife.
David then brought Saul double what he had requested for his daughter. and Saul was the more terrified of David, for David’s fame and the approval of the people.
18:28 And Saul saw and knew that the LORD was with David, and that Michal Saul’s daughter loved him. 18:29 And Saul was yet the more afraid of David; and Saul became David’s enemy continually.
18:30 Then the princes of the Philistines went forth: and it came to pass, after they went forth, that David behaved himself more wisely than all the servants of Saul; so that his name was much set by.
1 Samuel 19
Saul was then outraged and commanded that David should be killed.
1 Samuel 19:1 And Saul spake to Jonathan his son, and to all his servants, that they should kill David.
But Saul’s son Jonathon who had made a covenant of friendship with David reported the matter to David.
19:2 But Jonathan Saul’s son delighted much in David: and Jonathan told David, saying, Saul my father seeketh to kill thee: now therefore, I pray thee, take heed to thyself until the morning, and abide in a secret place, and hide thyself: 19:3 And I will go out and stand beside my father in the field where thou art, and I will commune with my father of thee; and what I see, that I will tell thee.
Jonathon intercedes with his father for David and Saul relents.
19:4 And Jonathan spake good of David unto Saul his father, and said unto him, Let not the king sin against his servant, against David; because he hath not sinned against thee, and because his works have been to thee-ward very good: 19:5 For he did put his life in his hand, and slew the Philistine, and the LORD wrought a great salvation for all Israel: thou sawest it, and didst rejoice: wherefore then wilt thou sin against innocent blood, to slay David without a cause? 19:6 And Saul hearkened unto the voice of Jonathan: and Saul sware, As the LORD liveth, he shall not be slain.
Jonathon sought to bring peace between Saul and his friend David.
19:7 And Jonathan called David, and Jonathan shewed him all those things. And Jonathan brought David to Saul, and he was in his presence, as in times past.
Then another occasion arose to inflame the jealousy of Saul. By now we should be able to see that Satan preferred Saul over God’s choice of David and that Satan was inflaming Saul to destroy David.
Satan uses men and inspires them to fulfill his agenda; but Almighty God is fully able to work all things out for his glory and the good of all those who love him enough to do what he teaches and commands.
The closer we are to God; the more Satan will fear us and the more he will attack or tempt us to turn aside.
19:8 And there was war again: and David went out, and fought with the Philistines, and slew them with a great slaughter; and they fled from him. 19:9 And the evil spirit from the LORD was upon Saul, as he sat in his house with his javelin in his hand: and David played [music] with his hand.
Saul thrust his javelin against David and David eluded the thrust which penetrated the wall, and David hid himself and later escaped in the night.
19:10 And Saul sought to smite David even to the wall with the javelin: but he slipped away out of Saul’s presence, and he smote the javelin into the wall: and David fled, and escaped that night.
David runs home where Michal his wife bids him flee for she knows her father.
19:11 Saul also sent messengers unto David’s house, to watch him, and to slay him in the morning: and Michal David’s wife told him, saying, If thou save not thy life to night, to morrow thou shalt be slain. 19:12 So Michal let David down through a window: and he went, and fled, and escaped.
Michal then delays the assassins
19:13 And Michal took an image, and laid it in the bed, and put a pillow of goats’ hair for his bolster, and covered it with a cloth. 19:14 And when Saul sent messengers to take David, she said, He is sick. 19:15 And Saul sent the messengers again to see David, saying, Bring him up to me in the bed, that I may slay him. 19:16 And when the messengers were come in, behold, there was an image in the bed, with a pillow of goats’ hair for his bolster.
David flees to Samuel; while Michal justifies herself to Saul.
19:17 And Saul said unto Michal, Why hast thou deceived me so, and sent away mine enemy, that he is escaped? And Michal answered Saul, He said unto me, Let me go; why should I kill thee? 19:18 So David fled, and escaped, and came to Samuel to Ramah, and told him all that Saul had done to him. And he and Samuel went and dwelt in Naioth. 19:19 And it was told Saul, saying, Behold, David is at Naioth in Ramah.
Saul then sent assassins to Naioth, and God defends David by uses His Spirit to work with them. God Spirit does not dwell within the unrepentant but God’s Spirit can certainly inspire an action in an unconverted person so that God’s will is done; we saw this with Pharaoh whose heart God hardened and with Cyrus who God inspired.
19:20 And Saul sent messengers to take David: and when they saw the company of the prophets prophesying, and Samuel standing as appointed over them, the Spirit of God was upon the messengers of Saul, and they also prophesied.
The happened a second and a third time
19:21 And when it was told Saul, he sent other messengers, and they prophesied likewise. And Saul sent messengers again the third time, and they prophesied also.
Then Saul went himself and was also taken by the Spirit of God. This reveals that God’s Spirit can WORK with and inspire a person without being IN that person.
God can use anyone for his purposes; however his Spirit is only given to dwell within the sincerely repentant who commit to zealously live by every Word of God, and to go and sin no more!
19:22 Then went he [Saul] also to Ramah, and came to a great well that is in Sechu: and he asked and said, Where are Samuel and David? And one said, Behold, they be at Naioth in Ramah. 19:23 And he went thither to Naioth in Ramah: and the Spirit of God was upon him also, and he went on, and prophesied, until he came to Naioth in Ramah.
19:24 And he stripped off his clothes [he removed his royal robes] also, and prophesied before Samuel in like manner, and lay down naked all that day and all that night. Wherefore they say, Is Saul also among the prophets?
1 Samuel 20
Jonathon communes with David to warn and save him. Consider the depth of love of Jonathon for God and for David. Jonathan quite probably knew that David would replace him as king because of the sins of his father Saul, yet Jonathon still loved David and in no way sought to destroy or supplant him like Saul did.
1 Samuel 20:1 And David fled from Naioth in Ramah, and came and said before Jonathan, What have I done? what is mine iniquity? and what is my sin before thy father, that he seeketh my life? 20:2 And he said unto him, God forbid; thou shalt not die: behold, my father will do nothing either great or small, but that he will shew it me: and why should my father hide this thing from me? it is not so.
David then replies that Saul knows of the friendship between himself and Jonathon and will surely keep these matters secret from Jonathon.
20:3 And David sware moreover, and said, Thy father certainly knoweth that I have found grace in thine eyes; and he saith, Let not Jonathan know this, lest he be grieved: but truly as the LORD liveth, and as thy soul liveth, there is but a step between me and death. 20:4 Then said Jonathan unto David, Whatsoever thy soul desireth, I will even do it for thee.
David then says that tomorrow is the new moon which is a Feast of the Lord [for feasting on certain sacrifices] and that he will hide away from Saul today, tomorrow the new moon day and then on the third day Jonathon should bring him news.
After Solomon’s Temple was built, the Sanhedrin [the 70] set the new moons at Jerusalem and also set the new year from Jerusalem. They did not go searching across the nation but set the new year by the barley in the immediate vicinity of Jerusalem where it would be cut when the nation was to be gathered at Jerusalem for the Feast.
There is no mystery in how Saul, David and Israel knew it was the New Moon during their lives, since before about the eighth century B.C. the moon rode the sky in the precise 30 day cycles of original creation, the new moon would have begun at the end of the 30th day every month.
The change in the moon’s cycle to an average of twenty-nine and one half days did not take place until about the eighth century B. C.
Originally there were 12 thirty day months in a solar year, this changed later and they had to be much more careful about establishing the new moon and began to intercalate to keep the months in line with the solar year.
Early civilizations around the world used calendars with months of 30 days and years of 360 days. These calendars functioned well until sometime in the 8th century BC when suddenly it became necessary to change them. Then most civilizations around the world began to modify their calendars to allow for 5 extra days for the year and 6 fewer days for a lunar year of 12 full months; a modern lunar year is 354 days (12 months x 29.5 days).
The number of days in a year change was marked by the second King of Rome, Numa Pompilius, and by his Jewish contemporary, King Hezekiah. Later other civilizations adopted the new 365 day solar year as well. These events are linked by some with the shadow on the sundial going back 10 degrees in the days of Hezekiah.
I do not pretend to know details of these things but there was a change in the number of days in a solar year and in the lunar month as well in about the 8th century B.C.; which then made setting the new moon more difficult and necessitated the intercalation of a 13th month every so often to keep the lunar year in line with seasons and the solar year about the time of Hezekiah and continued after that through the days of Jesus Christ until the apostate modern Rabbinic Calendar was finalized changing from the scriptures in 1178 A.D..
20:5 And David said unto Jonathan, Behold, to morrow is the new moon, and I should not fail to sit with the king at meat: but let me go, that I may hide myself in the field unto the third day at even. 20:6 If thy father at all miss me, then say, David earnestly asked leave of me that he might run to Bethlehem his city: for there is a yearly sacrifice there for all the family.
David believes that Saul was set to kill him when he comes to him at the new moon feast, and therefore Saul will be very angry to find David not present.
20:7 If he say thus, It is well; thy servant shall have peace: but if he be very wroth, then be sure that evil is determined by him.
The two men then remember their covenant and pledge friendship anew.
20:8 Therefore thou shalt deal kindly with thy servant; for thou hast brought thy servant into a covenant of the LORD with thee: notwithstanding, if there be in me iniquity, slay me thyself; for why shouldest thou bring me to thy father? 20:9 And Jonathan said, Far be it from thee: for if I knew certainly that evil were determined by my father to come upon thee, then would not I tell it thee?
Then David asked how he will know this thing, what if Saul is angry with Jonathon as well.
20:10 Then said David to Jonathan, Who shall tell me? or what if thy father answer thee roughly? 20:11 And Jonathan said unto David, Come, and let us go out into the field. And they went out both of them into the field.
Jonathon and David again pledge their loyalty and friendship. Consider that Jonathon is being disloyal to his father and to the king, to be loyal to David and to what is right before God. Jonathon lives by the Word of God and not by the word of the king.
In this story Saul as king of physical Israel, pictures the bad leaders in spiritual Israel who are leading the brethren away from any zeal for the word of God to follow after themselves; by teaching that they are God’s shepherds and the people must follow them, and then leading them astray.
Saul is a type of apostasy from Christ, while David and Jonathon are a type of the deep, deep, passionate love and faithfulness between Christ and his faithful friends.
Remember that anyone who says that he loves Jesus, and then refuses to DO what the Word of God teaches and commands; is NO FRIEND of Jesus Christ!
The called out to Christ, must always put Christ and the Word of God FIRST; before and above any word of men.
20:12 And Jonathan said unto David, O LORD God of Israel, when I have sounded my father about to morrow any time, or the third day, and, behold, if there be good toward David, and I then send not unto thee, and shew it thee; 20:13 The LORD do so and much more to Jonathan: but if it please my father to do thee evil, then I will shew it thee, and send thee away, that thou mayest go in peace: and the LORD be with thee, as he hath been with my father.
Jonathon understanding that David will be king in his place, then asks David to show him kindness when he is exalted; because Jonathon loved him and spared his life. Jonathon knows that God will destroy all the enemies of David and that David shall be king.
Friends, in this story, David is an allegory of Jesus Christ enduring much persecution to be given the kingdom by his Father; and Jonathon is an allegory of the faithful love of Christ’s friends.
John 15:14 Ye are my friends, if ye do whatsoever I command you. [And Jesus Christ inspired the whole word of God] 15:15 Henceforth I call you not servants; for the servant knoweth not what his lord doeth: but I have called you friends; for all things that I have heard of my Father I have made known unto you.
Oh, that we are as faithful to our friend Jesus Christ, as Jonathon was to David: To be absolutely true blue dependable friends to follow Christ, to please him and to keep the Word and ways of God in Christ-like zeal, without any hint of compromise; to love him in deeds as well as in words!
If we are as faithful to the whole Word of God and to the New Covenant of our baptismal commitment, as Jonathon was to David; we shall surely dwell with the mercy and loving kindness of the LORD of our covenant forever!
1 Samuel 20:14 And thou shalt not only while yet I live shew me the kindness of the LORD, that I die not: 20:15 But also thou shalt not cut off thy kindness from my house for ever: no, not when the LORD hath cut off the enemies of David every one from the face of the earth.
Jonathon made a covenant with David; that David should be king and that he should follow and serve David forever.
That is the same covenant that we made with Jesus Christ at our baptism; that he should be our King and that we should serve him fully, faithfully; and with the passion of the deepest strongest love; forever.
Oh, the foolishness and ignorance of those selfish souls who say they love Jesus and then reject any zeal to live by every Word of God, to please him and to love him in words and deeds.
20:16 So Jonathan made a covenant with the house of David, saying, Let the LORD even require it at the hand of David’s enemies. 20:17 And Jonathan caused David to swear again, because he loved him: for he loved him as he loved his own soul.
Jonathon then instructs David in how he will be contacted
20:18 Then Jonathan said to David, To morrow is the new moon: and thou shalt be missed, because thy seat will be empty. 20:19 And when thou hast stayed three days, then thou shalt go down quickly, and come to the place where thou didst hide thyself when the business was in hand, and shalt remain by the stone Ezel.
20:20 And I will shoot three arrows on the side thereof, as though I shot at a mark. 20:21 And, behold, I will send a lad, saying, Go, find out the arrows. If I expressly say unto the lad, Behold, the arrows are on this side of thee, take them; then come thou: for there is peace to thee, and no hurt; as the LORD liveth. 20:22 But if I say thus unto the young man, Behold, the arrows are beyond thee; go thy way: for the LORD hath sent thee away.
Jonathon then again says that his covenant with David is a vow before God forever. Even so our baptismal covenant commitment is a vow of love and espousal with the coming King of the world forever.
20:23 And as touching the matter which thou and I have spoken of, behold, the LORD be between thee and me for ever.
David waited. I expect that David knew the answer, and that this was for the sake of Jonathon; that he might know full well his father’s hatred. In this situation Saul was a type of Satan who is full of fear, frustration and anger; that he will lose his kingdom to one better than himself.
20:24 So David hid himself in the field: and when the new moon was come, the king sat him down to eat meat.
The new moon sacrificial feast begins, and Saul thinks that perhaps David is not present by uncleanness. Yes, God did command us to observe the new moons and to be physically and spiritually clean.
20:25 And the king sat upon his seat, as at other times, even upon a seat by the wall: and Jonathan arose, and Abner sat by Saul’s side, and David’s place was empty. 20:26 Nevertheless Saul spake not any thing that day: for he thought, Something hath befallen him, he is not clean; surely he is not clean.
On the second day of the month Saul asks Jonathon why David is not present. For if David was unclean for the feast he should have showed up the day after the new moon feast.
20:27 And it came to pass on the morrow, which was the second day of the month, that David’s place was empty: and Saul said unto Jonathan his son, Wherefore cometh not the son of Jesse to meat, neither yesterday, nor to day?
Jonathon then gives an answer.
20:28 And Jonathan answered Saul, David earnestly asked leave of me to go to Bethlehem: 20:29 And he said, Let me go, I pray thee; for our family hath a sacrifice in the city; and my brother, he hath commanded me to be there: and now, if I have found favour in thine eyes, let me get away, I pray thee, and see my brethren. Therefore he cometh not unto the king’s table.
Saul erupts in fury against Jonathon; informing him that he is giving away the kingdom to David. Here we see clearly that Saul understood that David would be given the kingdom and that his hatred of David was political.
20:30 Then Saul’s anger was kindled against Jonathan, and he said unto him, Thou son of the perverse rebellious woman, do not I know that thou hast chosen the son of Jesse to thine own confusion, and unto the confusion of thy mother’s nakedness? 20:31 For as long as the son of Jesse liveth upon the ground, thou shalt not be established, nor thy kingdom. Wherefore now send and fetch him unto me, for he shall surely die.
Jonathon then demands to know what David has done to deserve to die; and Saul makes his intentions very clear.
20:32 And Jonathan answered Saul his father, and said unto him, Wherefore shall he be slain? what hath he done? 20:33 And Saul cast a javelin at him to smite him: whereby Jonathan knew that it was determined of his father to slay David.
Jonathon the left the table because he, the supposed crown prince, had been humiliated before the nobles by the king; Jonathon grieving also for his father’s apostasy and Saul’s commitment to destroy David.
20:34 So Jonathan arose from the table in fierce anger, and did eat no meat the second day of the month: for he was grieved for David, because his father had done him shame.
Jonathon then goes to the appointed place and warns David of Saul’s determination to kill him.
20:35 And it came to pass in the morning, that Jonathan went out into the field at the time appointed with David, and a little lad with him. 20:36 And he said unto his lad, Run, find out now the arrows which I shoot. And as the lad ran, he shot an arrow beyond him. 20:37 And when the lad was come to the place of the arrow which Jonathan had shot, Jonathan cried after the lad, and said, Is not the arrow beyond thee? 20:38 And Jonathan cried after the lad, Make speed, haste, stay not. And Jonathan’s lad gathered up the arrows, and came to his master. 20:39 But the lad knew not any thing: only Jonathan and David knew the matter.
Jonathon sent his man away and stayed to speak with David.
20:40 And Jonathan gave his artillery unto his lad, and said unto him, Go, carry them to the city.
See how Jonathon knew that God had given his, “Jonathon’s” kingdom to David, for the sins of his father Saul!
Oh, how Jonathon loved God and was willing to give up ‘his’ kingdom to love and obey God’s judgment, and for his love of his friend David!
20:41 And as soon as the lad was gone, David arose out of a place toward the south, and fell on his face to the ground, and bowed himself three times: and they kissed one another, and wept one with another, until David exceeded.
20:42 And Jonathan said to David, Go in peace, forasmuch as we have sworn both of us in the name of the LORD, saying, The LORD be between me and thee, and between my seed and thy seed for ever. And he arose and departed: and Jonathan went into the city.
1 Samuel 21
David then goes to the High Priest at Nob and begs bread.
1 Samuel 21:1 Then came David to Nob to Ahimelech the priest: and Ahimelech was afraid at the meeting of David, and said unto him, Why art thou alone, and no man with thee? 21:2 And David said unto Ahimelech the priest, The king hath commanded me a business, and hath said unto me, Let no man know any thing of the business whereabout I send thee, and what I have commanded thee: and I have appointed my servants to such and such a place.
Clearly there were young men with David, so the high priest must have been thinking this was an official party of soldiers, for David was accompanied by the soldiers loyal to God and to David, God’s anointed but not yet crowned king.
21:3 Now therefore what is under thine hand? give me five loaves of bread in mine hand, or what there is present. 21:4 And the priest answered David, and said, There is no common bread under mine hand, but there is hallowed bread; if the young men have kept themselves at least from women.
David points out that the bread, now removed from the tables of the Lord was now in a manner common.
We must understand that David was fleeing from Saul for three days without food and they were weak and about to be overtaken and murdered because of their hunger.
21:5 And David answered the priest, and said unto him, Of a truth women have been kept from us about these three days, since I came out, and the vessels of the young men are holy, and the bread is in a manner common, yea, though it were sanctified this day in the vessel. 21:6 So the priest gave him hallowed bread: for there was no bread there but the shewbread, that was taken from before the LORD, to put hot bread in the day when it was taken away.
Doeg was there to worship God; but he was a servant of Saul who valued the immediate physical reward promised by Saul above obedience to God.
21:7 Now a certain man of the servants of Saul was there that day, detained before the LORD; and his name was Doeg, an Edomite, the chiefest of the herdmen that belonged to Saul.
David asks the high priest for a weapon, and is given the sword of Goliath.
21:8 And David said unto Ahimelech, And is there not here under thine hand spear or sword? for I have neither brought my sword nor my weapons with me, because the king’s business required haste. 21:9 And the priest said, The sword of Goliath the Philistine, whom thou slewest in the valley of Elah, behold, it is here wrapped in a cloth behind the ephod: if thou wilt take that, take it: for there is no other save that here. And David said, There is none like that; give it me.
David flees to the Philistines but becomes greatly afraid when his identity is known. Here David has a crisis of faith as most of us do; we need to learn from this episode to trust in our Mighty One and not to fail in our faith no matter what our fears. David made many mistakes in his life, but when he became aware of them he repented quickly and deeply.
The degree of a person’s conversion can be judged by how quickly and how sincerely they repent:
1. How zealous we are to learn and to keep the whole Word of God.
2. How quickly do we repent when the sin becomes known to us.
3. How sincerely and thoroughly do we repent, so that the sin is not repeated; or whether we take the Satanic position of justifying and excusing our sin.
21:10 And David arose and fled that day for fear of Saul, and went to Achish the king of Gath. 21:11 And the servants of Achish said unto him, Is not this David the king [by this time everyone in the region knew that David was the anointed king of Israel] of the land? did they not sing one to another of him in dances, saying, Saul hath slain his thousands, and David his ten thousands? 21:12 And David laid up these words in his heart, and was sore afraid of Achish the king of Gath.
David plays the mad man to save himself from the superstitious Philistines; thus fearing these wicked men more than he trusted in the deliverance of God. Surely David learned a hard lesson that day; when he, the anointed king, slinked away in disgrace.
Brethren, the issue in our lives is not whether we have problems or breakdowns of faith; All men have trials of faith and deeds!
The issue is how we deal with our missteps!
Do we destroy our spiritual house, by justifying ourselves to protect our pride in ourselves and our own ways?
Or do we build up our spiritual character house, by sincerely and carefully considering our sins, and then deeply sincerely repenting; grinding our personal pride to powder before our God; and resolving with all our hearts to go and sin no more, with God’s help?
21:13 And he changed his behaviour before them, and feigned himself mad in their hands, and scrabbled on the doors of the gate, and let his spittle fall down upon his beard. 21:14 Then said Achish unto his servants, Lo, ye see the man is mad: wherefore then have ye brought him to me? 21:15 Have I need of mad men, that ye have brought this fellow to play the mad man in my presence? shall this fellow come into my house?
1 Samuel 22
1 Samuel 22:1 David therefore departed thence, and escaped to the cave Adullam: and when his brethren and all his father’s house heard it, they went down thither to him.
22:2 And every one that was in distress, and every one that was in debt, and every one that was discontented, gathered themselves unto him; and he became a captain over them: and there were with him about four hundred men.
David’s parents were given a safe haven in Moab, and the downtrodden gathered themselves to David. In type, it is mostly the downtrodden that are called to gather themselves to Jesus Christ, see the parable of the wedding in Matthew 22.
22:3 And David went thence to Mizpeh of Moab: and he said unto the king of Moab, Let my father and my mother, I pray thee, come forth, and be with you, till I know what God will do for me. 22:4 And he brought them before the king of Moab: and they dwelt with him all the while that David was in the hold.
God warned David by his prophet Gad to leave his redoubt. When we wait upon God to do as he wills; all things work together for his glory and for our good.
22:5 And the prophet Gad said unto David, Abide not in the hold; depart, and get thee into the land of Judah. Then David departed, and came into the forest of Hareth.
Saul then offers great rewards to his tribe of Benjamin, if they would kill David. When we are zealously faithful to God, Satan does all that he can to destroy our faith and zeal and to turn us aside from qualifying to replace himself.
22:6 When Saul heard that David was discovered, and the men that were with him, (now Saul abode in Gibeah under a tree in Ramah, having his spear in his hand, and all his servants were standing about him;) 22:7 Then Saul said unto his servants that stood about him, Hear now, ye Benjamites; will the son of Jesse give every one of you fields and vineyards, and make you all captains of thousands, and captains of hundreds;
Doeg then betrays David and the high priest.
Many false teachers have crept into the assemblies today; where they try to destroy the faithful by teaching a false permissive Christ to lead the brethren astray from the Word of God.
22:8 That all of you have conspired against me, and there is none that sheweth me that my son hath made a league with the son of Jesse, and there is none of you that is sorry for me, or sheweth unto me that my son hath stirred up my servant against me, to lie in wait, as at this day? 22:9 Then answered Doeg the Edomite, which was set over the servants of Saul, and said, I saw the son of Jesse coming to Nob, to Ahimelech the son of Ahitub. 22:10 And he enquired of the LORD for him, and gave him victuals, and gave him the sword of Goliath the Philistine.
Then Saul called the priests and the high priest and his family to come to him.
22:11 Then the king sent to call Ahimelech the priest, the son of Ahitub, and all his father’s house, the priests that were in Nob: and they came all of them to the king. 22:12 And Saul said, Hear now, thou son of Ahitub. And he answered, Here I am, my lord.
Saul accuses the high priest of conspiring against him as the king.
22:13 And Saul said unto him, Why have ye conspired against me, thou and the son of Jesse, in that thou hast given him bread, and a sword, and hast enquired of God for him, that he should rise against me, to lie in wait, as at this day?
The high priest pleads ignorance of the dispute of Saul with David.
22:14 Then Ahimelech answered the king, and said, And who is so faithful among all thy servants as David, which is the king’s son in law, and goeth at thy bidding, and is honourable in thine house? 22:15 Did I then begin to enquire of God for him? be it far from me: let not the king impute any thing unto his servant, nor to all the house of my father: for thy servant knew nothing of all this, less or more.
Saul then commands that the high priest and his family be put to death.
22:16 And the king said, Thou shalt surely die, Ahimelech, thou, and all thy father’s house.
No man of Israel would commit this terrible sin of destroying the godly, no not even at the fear of his own life from the king.
Even so, Satan tries his very best to destroy the spiritually faithful; and he may destroy the flesh, but he cannot destroy the spirit; unless we allow him to turn us aside into rebellion against any part of the whole Word of God. We are to be zealously faithful to God the Father and Christ unto our physical death, and if we are, Jesus Christ will raise us up to spirit o0n that day.
22:17 And the king said unto the footmen that stood about him, Turn, and slay the priests of the LORD: because their hand also is with David, and because they knew when he fled, and did not shew it to me. But the servants of the king would not put forth their hand to fall upon the priests of the LORD.
The Edomite then obeyed the king
Remember that Edom [Esau] despised the birthright of his calling, to sell it for a bowl of stew. Will we also despise the birthright of our calling to be priests and kings for eternity; to exalt men as our idols in place of the Word of God?
22:18 And the king said to Doeg, Turn thou, and fall upon the priests. And Doeg the Edomite turned, and he fell upon the priests, and slew on that day fourscore and five persons [85 priests] that did wear a linen ephod.
Then the Edomite utterly destroyed all the priests, and all that lived in Nob the city of the priests.
If we turn aside from passionately, faithfully; following every Word of God, to obey wicked and deceitful rulers of men, exalting them above the Word of God: we shall be destroyed spiritually. If we are faithful unto godliness to the very death as these priests were destroyed physically, we shall be raised from the grave of death into life eternal.
22:19 And Nob, the city of the priests, smote he with the edge of the sword, both men and women, children and sucklings, and oxen, and asses, and sheep, with the edge of the sword.
Only one escaped to become the next High Priest and a fellow with David. Because of this outrageous act of the king, the priests in the other cities of Israel and the people turned to prefer David above Saul.
22:20 And one of the sons of Ahimelech the son of Ahitub, named Abiathar, escaped, and fled after David. 22:21 And Abiathar shewed David that Saul had slain the LORD’s priests.
David pledges to protect Abiathar
22:22 And David said unto Abiathar, I knew it that day, when Doeg the Edomite was there, that he would surely tell Saul: I have occasioned the death of all the persons of thy father’s house. 22:23 Abide thou with me, fear not: for he that seeketh my life seeketh thy life: but with me thou shalt be in safeguard.
1 Samuel 23
David continues to fulfill the duty of his calling and anointing to God and his people, and thereby continues to rise in the respect of the people.
Each of us was anointed to become a king and priest of the High Priesthood of Jesus Christ forever. If we betray our anointing to exalt and obey men apostate leaders above the Word of God, by obeying any man contrary ot the Word of God, we are making such men our idols; and we disqualify ourselves from the anointing of our calling.
We are to remain faithful to the anointing of our calling and not to exalt the words of any man or organization above the Word of God; not even if he is a king, physical high priest, or leader in the Ekklesia.
Let us make our calling sure, through living by every Word of God; and NOT obeying any man contrary to the Word of God, no not even if he has the power of physical life and death.
1 Samuel 23:1 Then they told David, saying, Behold, the Philistines fight against Keilah, and they rob the threshingfloors. 23:2 Therefore David enquired of the LORD, saying, Shall I go and smite these Philistines? And the LORD said unto David, Go, and smite the Philistines, and save Keilah.
David seeks out the Word of God, before taking action!
We should also seek out the Word of God to study it and to pray and seek out God’s will, always.
23:3 And David’s men said unto him, Behold, we be afraid here in Judah: how much more then if we come to Keilah against the armies of the Philistines? 23:4 Then David enquired of the LORD yet again. And the LORD answered him and said, Arise, go down to Keilah; for I will deliver the Philistines into thine hand. 23:5 So David and his men went to Keilah, and fought with the Philistines, and brought away their cattle, and smote them with a great slaughter. So David saved the inhabitants of Keilah.
The ephod being part of the costume of a priest
23:6 And it came to pass, when Abiathar the son of Ahimelech fled to David to Keilah, that he came down with an ephod in his hand.
Saul now thinks that he has David trapped, as Saul’s madness causes him to loose all dignity and pursue a civil war. Only David’s restraint keeps a bloody civil war from Israel.
23:7 And it was told Saul that David was come to Keilah. And Saul said, God hath delivered him into mine hand; for he is shut in, by entering into a town that hath gates and bars. 23:8 And Saul called all the people together to war, to go down to Keilah, to besiege David and his men.
David inquires of God by the new high priest, who wears the ephod of his office. The day will come when the chosen will also wear the white linen of the eternal priesthood of their calling.
The white linen of the priesthood is symbolic of purity and perfection; being free from any spot, blemish or wrinkle of sin.
Revelation 19:7 Let us be glad and rejoice, and give honour to him: for the marriage of the Lamb is come, and his wife hath made herself ready. 19:8 And to her was granted that she should be arrayed in fine linen, clean and white: for the fine linen is the righteousness of saints.
1 Samuel 23:9 And David knew that Saul secretly practised mischief against him; and he said to Abiathar the priest, Bring hither the ephod. 23:10 Then said David, O LORD God of Israel, thy servant hath certainly heard that Saul seeketh to come to Keilah, to destroy the city for my sake. 23:11 Will the men of Keilah deliver me up into his hand? will Saul come down, as thy servant hath heard? O LORD God of Israel, I beseech thee, tell thy servant. And the LORD said, He will come down.
23:12 Then said David, Will the men of Keilah deliver me and my men into the hand of Saul? And the LORD said, They will deliver thee up.
At the Word of God, David departed Keilah and was saved yet again, by obeying and following the Word of God. During this time David was being tested and trained up by God to become a truly godly king.
In the same manner we are called out of this society to be tested, trained and molded into what God wants us to be, in order to prepare us to be rulers and priests of the High Priesthood of Jesus Christ for all eternity.
Some of today’s called out, like David, will pass the test of total loyalty to God; and others like Doeg will fail that test and instead exalt and obey men above the Word of God, only to be rejected by Jesus Christ from having any part in his faithful collective bride!
23:13 Then David and his men, which were about six hundred, arose and departed out of Keilah, and went whithersoever they could go.
And it was told Saul that David was escaped from Keilah; and he forbare to go forth. 23:14 And David abode in the wilderness in strong holds, and remained in a mountain in the wilderness of Ziph. And Saul sought him every day, but God delivered him not into his hand. 23:15 And David saw that Saul was come out to seek his life: and David was in the wilderness of Ziph in a wood.
Jonathon reminds David that he will be king and encourages David in the promises of God.
Let us all be filled with a Jonathon like love of God’s Word and decisions even if it appears to be to our personal disadvantage, and let us be full of love for other like-minded faithful!
23:16 And Jonathan Saul’s son arose, and went to David into the wood, and strengthened his hand in God. 23:17 And he said unto him, Fear not: for the hand of Saul my father shall not find thee; and thou shalt be king over Israel, and I shall be next unto thee; and that also Saul my father knoweth.
These two men renewed their covenant before God to the effect that David would be king and Jonathon at his side.
23:18 And they two made a covenant before the LORD: and David abode in the wood, and Jonathan went to his house.
Then certain men betrayed David for the reward of Saul; trusting in that rebel against God; rather than trusting in the Word of God.
Again the story is continually about Davidic loving faithfulness to God; or idolatrous faithfulness to the words of men above the Word of God.
Saul and Jonathon and all the people KNEW that David had been anointed and ordained as Saul’s successor, yet some were willing to conspire against the Lord’s anointed David in order to obey men instead of obeying God.
23:19 Then came up the Ziphites to Saul to Gibeah, saying, Doth not David hide himself with us in strong holds in the wood, in the hill of Hachilah, which is on the south of Jeshimon? 23:20 Now therefore, O king, come down according to all the desire of thy soul to come down; and our part shall be to deliver him into the king’s hand.
Saul gives the betrayers his instruction to spy out all the places of David.
23:21 And Saul said, Blessed be ye of the LORD; for ye have compassion on me. 23:22 Go, I pray you, prepare yet, and know and see his place where his haunt is, and who hath seen him there: for it is told me that he dealeth very subtilly. 23:23 See therefore, and take knowledge of all the lurking places where he hideth himself, and come ye again to me with the certainty, and I will go with you: and it shall come to pass, if he be in the land, that I will search him out throughout all the thousands of Judah.
David hears that Saul was coming against him and he left his abode to go and remain at Maon.
23:24 And they arose, and went to Ziph before Saul: but David and his men were in the wilderness of Maon, in the plain on the south of Jeshimon. 23:25 Saul also and his men went to seek him. And [some then warned David] they told David; wherefore he came down into a rock, and abode in the wilderness of Maon. And when Saul heard that, he pursued after David in the wilderness of Maon.
David then escaped to avoid battle with Saul.
23:26 And Saul went on this side of the mountain, and David and his men on that side of the mountain: and David made haste to get away for fear of Saul; for Saul and his men compassed David and his men round about to take them.
Saul was distracted by a Philistine incursion and had to turn aside from pursuing David. Did God send these Philistines to divert Saul? God can use the unconverted to perform his will.
23:27 But there came a messenger unto Saul, saying, Haste thee, and come; for the Philistines have invaded the land. 23:28 Wherefore Saul returned from pursuing after David, and went against the Philistines: therefore they called that place Selahammahlekoth.
The diversion of Saul allowed David to flee to an oasis by the Dead Sea.
23:29 And David went up from thence, and dwelt in strong holds at Engedi.
1 Samuel 24
Saul is told that David is in Engedi and goes to kill him.
1 Samuel 24:1 And it came to pass, when Saul was returned from following the Philistines, that it was told him, saying, Behold, David is in the wilderness of Engedi. 24:2 Then Saul took three thousand chosen men out of all Israel, and went to seek David and his men upon the rocks of the wild goats.
When one squats down the skirt covers the feet, hence the expression
24:3 And he came to the sheepcotes by the way, where was a cave; and Saul went in to cover his feet: and David and his men remained in the sides of the cave.
David’s men advise him to kill Saul while he is there, but David sneaks up and cuts off a corner of Saul’s skirt as it lays on the ground.
24:4 And the men of David said unto him, Behold the day of which the LORD said unto thee, Behold, I will deliver thine enemy into thine hand, that thou mayest do to him as it shall seem good unto thee. Then David arose, and cut off the skirt of Saul’s robe privily.
David then repented of his disrespectful action against the king.
24:5 And it came to pass afterward, that David’s heart smote him, because he had cut off Saul’s skirt.
24:6 And he said unto his men, The LORD forbid that I should do this thing unto my master, the LORD’s anointed, to stretch forth mine hand against him, seeing he is the anointed of the LORD. 24:7 So David stayed his servants with these words, and suffered them not to rise against Saul. But Saul rose up out of the cave, and went on his way.
Here we see the act of submissive respect that is meant by the word worship in Hebrew.
24:8 David also arose afterward, and went out of the cave, and cried after Saul, saying, My lord the king. And when Saul looked behind him, David stooped with his face to the earth, and bowed himself.
David then presents his defense against the rumors of his seeking to kill Saul.
24:9 And David said to Saul, Wherefore hearest thou men’s words, saying, Behold, David seeketh thy hurt? 24:10 Behold, this day thine eyes have seen how that the LORD had delivered thee to day into mine hand in the cave: and some bade me kill thee: but mine eye spared thee; and I said, I will not put forth mine hand against my lord; for he is the LORD’s anointed.
David goes so far as to call Saul his father before the armies [Saul was David’s father in law and the head of the nation] gathered there.
24:11 Moreover, my father, see, yea, see the skirt of thy robe in my hand: for in that I cut off the skirt of thy robe, and killed thee not, know thou and see that there is neither evil nor transgression in mine hand, and I have not sinned against thee; yet thou huntest my soul to take it. 24:12 The LORD judge between me and thee, and the LORD avenge me of thee: but mine hand shall not be upon thee.
Wickedness proceeds from evil thoughts; evil thoughts are what Paul calls evil concupiscence. We are not to dwell on evil thoughts and plans, but on the goodness of the whole Word of God.
24:13 As saith the proverb of the ancients, Wickedness proceedeth from the wicked: but mine hand shall not be upon thee.
David humbles himself before Saul saying that he [David] is nothing.
24:14 After whom is the king of Israel come out? after whom dost thou pursue? after a dead dog, after a flea. 24:15 The LORD therefore be judge, and judge between me and thee, and see, and plead my cause, and deliver me out of thine hand.
Out of shame Saul then repented of his desire to kill David
24:16 And it came to pass, when David had made an end of speaking these words unto Saul, that Saul said, Is this thy voice, my son David? And Saul lifted up his voice, and wept. 24:17 And he said to David, Thou art more righteous than I: for thou hast rewarded me good, whereas I have rewarded thee evil. 24:18 And thou hast shewed this day how that thou hast dealt well with me: forasmuch as when the LORD had delivered me into thine hand, thou killedst me not. 24:19 For if a man find his enemy, will he let him go well away? wherefore the LORD reward thee good for that thou hast done unto me this day.
Saul acknowledges before the two forces that he knows that David will be king and asks for peace between their houses.
24:20 And now, behold, I know well that thou shalt surely be king, and that the kingdom of Israel shall be established in thine hand. 24:21 Swear now therefore unto me by the LORD, that thou wilt not cut off my seed after me, and that thou wilt not destroy my name out of my father’s house.
David swore to Saul, but remained distrustful of Saul and remained in hiding.
24:22 And David sware unto Saul. And Saul went home; but David and his men gat them up unto the hold.
1 Samuel 25
1 Samuel 25:1 And Samuel died; and all the Israelites were gathered together, and lamented him, and buried him in his house at Ramah. And David arose, and went down to the wilderness of Paran.
Nabal of Carmel [by Haifa today]
This is a classic story of pride and the deceitfulness of riches.
Here we have a very rich man who has been made proud by his wealth and looks down on the poor and weak whom he regards as beneath him; yet Jesus Christ looks on the heart of a person. In numerous places Christ teaches us not to judge by the seeing of the eyes or by the wealth or poverty of a person; but to judge by the spiritual things of faithfulness to the Word of God. We are told not to depend on physical riches which can vanish in a day; but to seek out and lay up spiritual riches that will last for eternity.
This is also about the pride that brings the downfall of a person; a pride that so obvious and self evident in the Ekklesia today, that they will do anything to cleave to their false traditions against the Word of God.
I think that most of us know the story of Nabal and David and that Abigail was a virtuous woman, it is important to see that the story of Abigail was a lesson for us today.
Abigail was the wife of Nabal and we all know that a wife is to be subject to her husband in the Lord. Here we have a foolish man with a virtuous wife, which can be a problem in some marriages. This is an allegory that we are to be faithful to GOD and his Word first, before any human authority.
When Abigail knew that her husband and family were in jeopardy, she went out to save them, contrary to her husband’s wishes.
Brethren, this is an allegory and lesson for US; that we must put the Word of God FIRST, above the words of any man or corporation, no matter what title they call themselves. Abigail did what was right in God’s eyes, by serving God and doing what was right and wise by God’s Word.
Knowing that God had chosen and anointed David to be king she discretely and wisely did the right thing by the Word of God, contrary to the wishes of her husband; giving us a lesson that we must also wisely obey God and not men who claim authority over us. Our FIRST obligation is to learn and to live by every Word of God.
We are to obey men in authority only so long as they do not require us to sin against the Word of God!
Will you be steadfast to the whole Word of God to do what is wise and right in God’s eyes like Abigail? Or will you follow the teachings and traditions of men?
25:2 And there was a man in Maon, whose possessions were in Carmel; and the man was very great, and he had three thousand sheep, and a thousand goats: and he was shearing his sheep in Carmel.
Nabal was selfish and nasty, but he had a wise and beautiful wife.
25:3 Now the name of the man was Nabal; and the name of his wife Abigail: and she was a woman of good understanding, and of a beautiful countenance: but the man was churlish and evil in his doings; and he was of the house of Caleb.
David hears that Nabal has his sheep together for shearing and sends ten men to him to request food from him.
25:4 And David heard in the wilderness that Nabal did shear his sheep. 25:5 And David sent out ten young men, and David said unto the young men, Get you up to Carmel, and go to Nabal, and greet him in my name: 25:6 And thus shall ye say to him that liveth in prosperity, Peace be both to thee, and peace be to thine house, and peace be unto all that thou hast.
These men told Nabal of how they had had peace with his shepherds and helped them, as they requested food from him.
25:7 And now I have heard that thou hast shearers: now thy shepherds which were with us, we hurt them not, neither was there ought missing unto them, all the while they were in Carmel.
David’s men present their petition with the greatest respect.
25:8 Ask thy young men, and they will shew thee. Wherefore let the young men find favour in thine eyes: for we come in a good day: give, I pray thee, whatsoever cometh to thine hand unto thy servants, and to thy son David. 25:9 And when David’s young men came, they spake to Nabal according to all those words in the name of David, and ceased.
Nabal then ignores the fact that even Saul says that David will be king and prefers to think of David’s band as a band of outcasts and runaway servants. He sees and judges with the sight of his eyes and cannot see the heart and spirit of men to judge them as God judges men.
Isaiah 11:1 And there shall come forth a rod out of the stem of Jesse, and a Branch shall grow out of his roots: [Jesus Christ; [Hebrew: Yeshua HaMashiach].
11:2 And the spirit of the Lord shall rest upon him, the spirit of wisdom and understanding, the spirit of counsel and might, the spirit of knowledge and of the fear of the Lord; 11:3 And shall make him of quick understanding in the fear of the Lord: and he shall not judge after the sight of his eyes, neither reprove after the hearing of his ears:
11:4 But with righteousness shall he judge the poor, and reprove with equity for the meek of the earth: and he shall smite the earth: with the rod of his mouth, and with the breath of his lips shall he slay the wicked.
Nabal the rich and lordly, then despised David the leader of a band of poor downtrodden men. Nabal the worldly, rejected the poor in spirit that God finds acceptable.
1 Samuel 25:10 And Nabal answered David’s servants, and said, Who is David? and who is the son of Jesse? there be many servants now a days that break away every man from his master. 25:11 Shall I then take my bread, and my water, and my flesh that I have killed for my shearers, and give it unto men, whom I know not whence they be? 25:12 So David’s young men turned their way, and went again, and came and told him all those sayings.
David then takes 400 men to react against Nabal, because after all David is the anointed king.
25:13 And David said unto his men, Gird ye on every man his sword. And they girded on every man his sword; and David also girded on his sword: and there went up after David about four hundred men; and two hundred abode by the stuff.
A servant of Nabal tells has wife Abigail and she rushes to placate the anger of David.
25:14 But one of the young men told Abigail, Nabal’s wife, saying, Behold, David sent messengers out of the wilderness to salute our master; and he railed on them. 25:15 But the men were very good unto us, and we were not hurt, neither missed we any thing, as long as we were conversant with them, when we were in the fields: 25:16 They were a wall unto us both by night and day, all the while we were with them keeping the sheep. 25:17 Now therefore know and consider what thou wilt do; for evil is determined against our master, and against all his household: for he is such a son of Belial, that a man cannot [reason with him] speak to him.
Abigail rushes to make peace with David.
25:18 Then Abigail made haste, and took two hundred loaves, and two bottles of wine, and five sheep ready dressed, and five measures of parched corn, and an hundred clusters of raisins, and two hundred cakes of figs, and laid them on asses.
Abigail meets David
25:19 And she said unto her servants, Go on before me; behold, I come after you. But she told not her husband Nabal. 25:20 And it was so, as she rode on the ass, that she came down by the covert on the hill, and, behold, David and his men came down against her; and she met them.
25:21 Now David had said, Surely in vain have I kept all that this fellow hath in the wilderness, so that nothing was missed of all that pertained unto him: and he hath requited me evil for good. 25:22 So and more also do God unto the enemies of David, if I leave of all that pertain to him by the morning light any that pisseth against the wall [any man alive].
Abigail petitions David for the lives of her family and servants of Nabal.
25:23 And when Abigail saw David, she hasted, and lighted off the ass, and fell before David on her face, and bowed herself to the
ground, 25:24 And fell at his feet, and said, Upon me, my lord, upon me let this iniquity be: and let thine handmaid, I pray thee, speak in thine audience, and hear the words of thine handmaid. 25:25 Let not my lord, I pray thee, regard this man of Belial, even Nabal: for as his name is, so is he; Nabal [fool] is his name, and folly is with him: but I thine handmaid saw not the young men of my lord, whom thou didst send.
25:26 Now therefore, my lord, as the LORD liveth, and as thy soul liveth, seeing the LORD hath withholden thee from coming to shed blood, and from avenging thyself with thine own hand, now let thine enemies, and they that seek evil to my lord, be as Nabal.
25:27 And now this blessing which thine handmaid hath brought unto my lord, let it even be given unto the young men that follow my lord.
Abigail knows that David is a man of God and anointed to be king, a fact which her husband disdained. She adds a little diplomacy on David by saying that he has not sinned in all his days.
25:28 I pray thee, forgive the trespass of thine handmaid: for the LORD will certainly make my lord a sure house; because my lord fighteth the battles of the LORD, and evil hath not been found in thee all thy days.
Abigail speaks of Saul and makes a prophecy of David. This prophecy is for all people that God has called out, if they will only be faithful to follow Christ to live by every Word.
Brethren, ALL the called out have been anointed to become kings and priests of Jesus Christ, anointed with the Holy Spirit to learn to fulfill those offices.
if we persevere and are faithful to learn and to keep the whole Word of God, and follow the Lamb wherever he goes; we shall like David overcome our enemy which is Satan, and enter the Promised Land of eternal life.
25:29 Yet a man [Saul, and for us Satan] is risen to pursue thee, and to seek thy soul: but the soul of my lord [David and the spiritually called out] shall be bound in the bundle of [eternal] life with the LORD thy God; and the souls of thine enemies, [For us spiritually the
enemy which is Satan, his demons and sin] them shall he sling out, as out of the middle of a sling. 25:30 And it shall come to pass, when the LORD shall have done to my lord according to all the good that he hath spoken concerning thee, and shall have appointed [exulted us to the kingship and priesthood of Jesus Christ] thee ruler over Israel;
This applies to us in the phrase: Obedience is better than sacrifice. If we faithfully obey God and do not sin we would not need to repent and would not need a sacrifice.
25:31 That this shall be no grief unto thee, nor offence of heart unto my lord, either that thou hast shed blood causeless, or that my lord hath avenged himself: but when the LORD shall have dealt well with my lord, then remember thine handmaid.
God used this woman to save David from committing a great sin of murdering many for the sin of one. Always consider very carefully the advice of your wives and others who have proven themselves faithful, whatever their physical condition or poverty.
25:32 And David said to Abigail, Blessed be the LORD God of Israel, which sent thee this day to meet me: 25:33 And blessed be thy advice, and blessed be thou, which hast kept me this day from coming to shed blood, and from avenging myself with mine own hand. 25:34 2For in very deed, as the LORD God of Israel liveth, which hath kept me back from hurting thee, except thou hadst hasted and come to meet me, surely there had not been left unto Nabal by the morning light any that pisseth against the wall [male].
David accepts the words and food from Abigail and is turned back from his purpose.
25:35 So David received of her hand that which she had brought him, and said unto her, Go up in peace to thine house; see, I have hearkened to thy voice, and have accepted thy person.
Abigail returns home to find her husband having a feast for himself; like very many of today’s church leaders and elders take all the very best for themselves and demand the chief seats and the respect of the people; which they do not deserve.
25:36 And Abigail came to Nabal; and, behold, he held a feast in his house, like the feast of a king; and Nabal’s heart was merry within him, for he was very drunken: wherefore she told him nothing, less or more, until the morning light.
In the morning when Abigail told Nabal all that had happened [she was honest and was no sneak] Nabal fell down dead, for God had judged him.
25:37 But it came to pass in the morning, when the wine was gone out of Nabal, and his wife had told him these things, that his heart died within him, and he became as a stone. 25:38 And it came to pass about ten days after, that the LORD smote Nabal, that he died.
It is that the proud who exalt their own ways and seek to be chief among the people in place of God, will be judged.
Then David took Abigail to wife as Jesus Christ will take his faithful followers who diligently keep the Word of God to be his collective bride in that day.
25:39 And when David heard that Nabal was dead, he said, Blessed be the LORD, that hath pleaded the cause of my reproach from the hand of Nabal, and hath kept his servant from evil: for the LORD hath returned the wickedness of Nabal upon his own head. And David sent and communed with Abigail, to take her to him to wife. 25:40 And when the servants of David were come to Abigail to Carmel, they spake unto her, saying, David sent us unto thee, to take thee to him to wife.
Abigail, a type of the virtuous bride of Christ, then agreed to the marriage in godly humility.
So it is that the virtuous who are full of the wisdom of God from internalizing the Word of God; who are passionately zealous to do all that our Lord requires; loving to please him and to internalize his very nature: Will also be made a part of the collective bride of Christ at the resurrection to spirit.
As Abigail pledged in submissive humility to wash the very feet of David’s servants; so we are pledged to serve Christ in submissive humility for all eternity, and to care for humanity by teaching all humanity to diligently live by every Word of God.
25:41 And she arose, and bowed herself on her face to the earth, and said, Behold, let thine handmaid be a servant to wash the feet of the servants of my lord. 25:42 And Abigail hasted, and arose and rode upon an ass, with five damsels of hers that went after her; and she went after the messengers of David, and became his wife.
David then had two wives Abigail and Ahinoam; for Saul in his rage had given Michal to another.
25:43 David also took Ahinoam of Jezreel; and they were also both of them his wives. 25:44 But Saul had given Michal his daughter, David’s wife, to Phalti the son of Laish, which was of Gallim.
1 Samuel 26
The life of David as the anointed yet not crowned king of Physical Israel is an analogy of the life of the spiritually anointed and not yet crowned New Covenant called out to be kings and priests of the millennial kingdom of God.
As David wrongfully suffered at the hands of the rebellious against God; those anointed to replace the physical king and the god of this world, also wrongfully suffer at the hands of the arch rebel who is the god-king of this world today.
As David was tested by God and through his trials was trained by God to be a good king; so we are being spiritually tested, purged, polished, and trained up to be good kings in the millennial kingdom of God.
David betrayed again. No wonder David wrote:
Psalm 146:3 Put not your trust in princes, nor in the son of man, in whom there is no help.
1 Samuel 26:1 And the Ziphites came unto Saul to Gibeah, saying, Doth not David hide himself in the hill of Hachilah, which is before Jeshimon?
Saul forgets his remorse at the cave and again goes out to kill David.
26:2 Then Saul arose, and went down to the wilderness of Ziph, having three thousand chosen men of Israel with him, to seek David in the wilderness of Ziph. 26:3 And Saul pitched in the hill of Hachilah, which is before Jeshimon, by the way. But David abode in the wilderness, and he saw that Saul came after him into the wilderness.
David learned where the very bed of Saul was and asked for volunteers to enter Saul’s camp with him.
26:4 David therefore sent out spies, and understood that Saul was come in very deed. 26:5 And David arose, and came to the place where Saul had pitched: and David beheld the place where Saul lay, and Abner the son of Ner, the captain of his host: and Saul lay in the trench, and the people pitched round about him. 26:6 Then answered David and said to Ahimelech the Hittite, and to Abishai the son of Zeruiah, brother to Joab, saying, Who will go down with me to Saul to the camp? And Abishai said, I will go down with thee.
David’s men were willing to destroy Saul, but David rejected their desire that Saul should die so that David might be king. David did not lust for Saul’s office and was willing to wait on God to perform God’s will.
26:7 So David and Abishai came to the people by night: and, behold, Saul lay sleeping within the trench, and his spear stuck in the ground at his bolster: but Abner and the people lay round about him. 26:8 Then said Abishai to David, God hath delivered thine enemy into thine hand this day: now therefore let me smite him, I pray thee, with the spear even to the earth at once, and I will not [will not need to] smite him the second time.
David continually sets the example of the godly humility and forbearance, longsuffering and patience to wait on God rather than to exalt himself. yet David did not follow Saul in Saul’s wickedness but lived by every Word of God.
Today we should follow David’s example and not try to overthrow wicked leaders in the Ekklesia but should walk away from them to be fully faithful to live by every Word of God.
26:9 And David said to Abishai, Destroy him not: for who can stretch forth his hand against the LORD’s anointed, and be guiltless? 26:10 David said furthermore, As the LORD liveth, the LORD shall smite him; or his day shall come to die; or he shall descend into battle, and perish. 26:11 The LORD forbid that I should stretch forth mine hand against the LORD’s anointed: but, I pray thee, take thou now the spear that is at his bolster, and the cruse of water, and let us go. 26:12 So David took the spear and the cruse of water from Saul’s bolster; and they gat them away, and no man saw it, nor knew it, neither awaked: for they were all asleep; because a deep sleep from the LORD was fallen upon them.
Then David informs Saul publicly, in front of his army, of his mercy to Saul, which only increased the reputation of David among the army and people. Those who exalt and call themselves by great titles fighting for the political pre-eminence in the Ekklesia should consider the example of David, and remember the words of Christ.
Matthew 20:25 But Jesus called them unto him, and said, Ye know that the princes of the Gentiles exercise dominion over them, and they that are great exercise authority upon them. 20:26 But it shall not be so among you: but whosoever will be great among you, let him be your minister;
This humble submissive service to God and man is the true lesson of the Passover foot washing.
If we faithfully and zealously serve our God by learning and keeping all of his Word; in due time he will exalt us. And if we seek the chief seats for ourselves, we will be rejected by Christ as unfit to receive a kingdom which we would then lead into the same kind of internal strife.
1 Samuel 26:13 Then David went over to the other side, and stood on the top of an hill afar off; a great space being between them: 26:14 And David cried to the people, and to Abner the son of Ner, saying, Answerest thou not, Abner? Then Abner answered and said, Who art thou that criest to the king? 26:15 And David said to Abner, Art not thou a valiant man? and who is like to thee in Israel? wherefore then hast thou not kept thy lord the king? for there came one of the people in to destroy the king thy lord.
David rebukes Abner.
26:16 This thing is not good that thou hast done. As the LORD liveth, ye are worthy to die, because ye have not kept your master, the LORD’s anointed. And now see where the king’s spear is, and the cruse of water that was at his bolster.
26:17 And Saul knew David’s voice, and said, Is this thy voice, my son David? And David said, It is my voice, my lord, O king.
David then pronounces a curse on those who have cast him out; and the same curse is pronounced on those who serve their own idols and seek to cast the faithful out of the Synagogues [assemblies] today; and against Satan their inspirer, who seeks to turn us aside for our zeal for the Word of God.
26:18 And he said, Wherefore doth my lord thus pursue after his servant? for what have I done? or what evil is in mine hand? 26:19 Now therefore, I pray thee, let my lord the king hear the words of his servant. If the LORD have stirred thee up against me, let him accept an offering: but if they be the children of men, cursed be they before the LORD; for they have driven me out this day from abiding in the inheritance of the LORD, saying, Go, serve other gods.
David then describes himself in humility as nothing and refuses to shed Saul’s blood.
26:20 Now therefore, let not my blood fall to the earth before the face of the LORD: for the king of Israel is come out to seek a flea, as when one doth hunt a partridge in the mountains.
The main lesson in all these trials is that we must not try to exalt ourselves. We must wait on the Master Potter to form us into what he desires to see in us, to form us and teach us and train us to be good kings and priests who will receive an everlasting priesthood and kingdom.
God could have struck down Saul at any moment, yet he let Saul live so that he could use Saul to teach David how not to be and how not to be a king, and to continually test David’s loyalty to Christ and the whole Word of God and so has God could be absolutely certain that David would not turn out to be another Saul. David was a king in training.
This is the same reason that Christ has allowed wicked men to take over the Ekklesia today; to TEST our loyalty to God as opposed to loyalty to men which is idolatry. God is also using the situation to train up his people to prepare them to be fit kings and priests by teaching all of us the lesson of loyalty and zeal to keep the whole Word of God that will make us fit to be kings and priests for all eternity.
This is not some game that is going on; the decisions we make, as to who we will follow, and the lessons we learn, will determine our fitness to be kings and priests of Jesus Christ and God the Father for all eternity.
The calendar, the new moon’s, the sanctity of the Sabbath; are all TESTS, to determine our zeal and loyalty to the Word of God above any zeal for our idols of men.
Saul is again moved by David’s words and actions and expresses his remorse.
26:21 Then said Saul, I have sinned: return, my son David: for I will no more do thee harm, because my soul was precious in thine eyes this day: behold, I have played the fool, and have erred exceedingly.
David then sends back Saul’s possessions.
26:22 And David answered and said, Behold the king’s spear! and let one of the young men come over and fetch it.
Each person will be blessed or cursed by God’s judgment as to his zeal for the righteousness of learning and living by every Word of God. This applies to US today and to all people for all time.
26:23 The LORD render to every man his righteousness and his faithfulness; for the LORD delivered thee into my hand to day, but I would not stretch forth mine hand against the LORD’s anointed.
David then asks Christ to deliver him for his faithfulness to the Word of God.
26:24 And, behold, as thy life was much set by this day in mine eyes, so let my life be much set by in the eyes of the LORD, and let him deliver me out of all tribulation.
26:25 Then Saul said to David, Blessed be thou, my son David: thou shalt both do great things, and also shalt still prevail. So David went on his way, and Saul returned to his place.
1 Samuel 27
David then seeks to escape from Saul and possible civil war by going to the Philistines
1 Samuel 27:1 And David said in his heart, I shall now perish one day by the hand of Saul: there is nothing better for me than that I should speedily escape into the land of the Philistines; and Saul shall despair of me, to seek me any more in any coast of Israel: so shall I escape out of his hand. 27:2 And David arose, and he passed over with the six hundred men that were with him unto Achish, the son of Maoch, king of Gath. 27:3 And David dwelt with Achish at Gath, he and his men, every man with his household, even David with his two wives, Ahinoam the Jezreelitess, and Abigail the Carmelitess, Nabal’s wife.
Saul then gives up on David as inaccessible to him
27:4 And it was told Saul that David was fled to Gath: and he sought no more again for him.
Ziklag which sits on the border between Gaza and Judah was given to David, approximately the modern Israeli town of Sderot.
27:5 And David said unto Achish, If I have now found grace in thine eyes, let them give me a place in some town in the country, that I may dwell there: for why should thy servant dwell in the royal city with thee? 27:6 Then Achish gave him Ziklag that day: wherefore Ziklag pertaineth unto the kings of Judah unto this day.
David and his band of 600 dwelt in Ziklag one year and four months, during which time they raided and discomfited the Amalekites, the enemies of Israel.
27:7 And the time that David dwelt in the country of the Philistines was a full year and four months. 27:8 And David and his men went up, and invaded the Geshurites, and the Gezrites, and the Amalekites: for those nations were of old the inhabitants of the land, as thou goest to Shur, even unto the land of Egypt.
David killed many Amalekites and brought back their spoil, then he deceived Achish and claimed that the spoil was from raids on Judah. This was a military deception to allow David to continue to fight the enemies of Israel while maintaining a refuge from the king of Israel. A peculiar situation and I would have to leave any judgment to God on the matter of false witness, as I lack the wisdom to comment here.
27:9 And David smote the land, and left neither man nor woman alive, and took away the sheep, and the oxen, and the asses, and the camels, and the apparel, and returned, and came to Achish. 27:10 And Achish said, Whither have ye made a road to day? And David said, Against the south of Judah, and against the south of the Jerahmeelites, and against the south of the Kenites.
While he dwelt in Ziklag David continually fought the enemies of Israel, and left none alive to tell of it.
27:11 And David saved neither man nor woman alive, to bring tidings to Gath, saying, Lest they should tell on us, saying, So did David, and so will be his manner all the while he dwelleth in the country of the Philistines.
So Achish believed David and thought that David had spoiled Judah and that David was now utterly estranged from Judah, when in fact David was fighting the enemies of Judah.
27:12 And Achish believed David, saying, He hath made his people Israel utterly to abhor him; therefore he shall be my servant for ever.
1 Samuel 28
Achish believing that David was anathema to Israel, calls David to fight Israel alongside the Philistines.
1 Samuel 28:1 And it came to pass in those days, that the Philistines gathered their armies together for warfare, to fight with Israel. And Achish said unto David, Know thou assuredly, that thou shalt go out with me to battle, thou and thy men.
Achish knowing how much spoil David had gained by killing the Amalekites [but thinking it was taken from Israel] thought that David and Israel were permanently estranged and offered to make David his own body guard.
28:2 And David said to Achish, Surely thou shalt know what thy servant can do. And Achish said to David, Therefore will I make thee keeper of mine head for ever.
Saul facing the battle and not having Samuel to consult, and the priests now supporting David, sought someone to consult God for him, and was deceived and tempted into consulting a witch to produce Samuel from the dead.
28:3 Now Samuel was dead, and all Israel had lamented him, and buried him in Ramah, even in his own city. And Saul had put away those that had familiar spirits, and the wizards, out of the land. 28:4 And the Philistines gathered themselves together, and came and pitched in Shunem: and Saul gathered all Israel together, and they pitched in Gilboa. 28:5 And when Saul saw the host of the Philistines, he was afraid, and his heart greatly trembled.
Saul tried to consult God, but had been rejected and since he did not seek God in heartfelt sincere repentance, God would not hear him.
So many who do look into the Word of God like Saul sought an answer from God at the first, receive no answer; because they are not sincerely repentantly submissive, to learn and to live by every Word of God.
Saul received no answer because he was not sincerely and faithfully following an d living by the Word of God, but was doing what was right in his own eyes like the majority of teh Ekklesia today. We love our organizational idols and have no love for the truth, therefore the truth is withheld from us.
2 Thessalonians 2:10 And with all deceivableness of unrighteousness in them that perish; because they received not the love of the truth, that they might be saved. 2:11 And for this cause God shall send them strong delusion, that they should believe a lie: 2:12 That they all might be damned who believed not the truth, but had pleasure in unrighteousness.
Because many follow our idols and do not sincerely and zealously follow and live by every Word of God; they are deceived about the beginning of the tribulation and will be rejected by Christ into the furnace of correction.
1 Samuel 28:6 And when Saul enquired of the LORD, the LORD answered him not, neither by dreams, nor by Urim, nor by prophets.
At this point we might exclaim how terrible it is to seek out a familiar spirit [demon] about the future or anything else yet we do exactly the same thing in the church of God groups! What do I mean with the statement? I mean that whenever we study the teachings of false religions of worldly men and apply then to keep them, instead of living by every Word of God; we are turning our backs on the Word of God to follow doctrines of familiar spirits [demonic] spirits.
How many of you consult horoscopes in the local papers? How many assemblies have turned aside from what Jesus Christ commanded us to preach, to a worldly business model organization and outreach? How many organizations use the Roman Catholic Nicolaitane [Babylonian Mysteries] government system for church leadership?
Do we not realize that learning false doctrine and false prophecy to follow it, is turning our backs on the Word of God to embrace the ways of the enemy of God?
To willfully seek out the teachings of the enemy, to do them in place of any zeal for the Word of God, is an act of disloyalty to God and his word, it is rebellion and mutiny against God and his word.
God’s Word says that to obey, or follow any person, contrary to the whole Word and teachings of God; is idolatry and rebellion against Almighty God. If we follow anyone [including false religions and yes even church leaders and elders] contrary to the whole Word of God, we will be rejected from our calling.
1 Samuel 15:23 For rebellion is as the sin of witchcraft, and stubbornness [to keep our own ways and not submit to God] is as iniquity and idolatry. Because thou hast rejected the word of the Lord, he hath also rejected thee from being king.
1 Samuel 28:7 Then said Saul unto his servants, Seek me a woman that hath a familiar spirit, that I may go to her, and enquire of her. And his servants said to him, Behold, there is a woman that hath a familiar spirit at Endor.
28:8 And Saul disguised himself, and put on other raiment, and he went, and two men with him, and they came to the woman by night: and he said, I pray thee, divine unto me by the familiar spirit, and bring me him up, whom I shall name unto thee. 28:9 And the woman said unto him, Behold, thou knowest what Saul hath done, how he hath cut off those that have familiar spirits, and the wizards, out of the land: wherefore then layest thou a snare for my life, to cause me to die? 28:10 And Saul sware to her by the LORD, saying, As the LORD liveth, there shall no punishment happen to thee for this thing.
A demon appears to them in the form of Samuel and the woman is given recognition of who Saul was by the demon.
28:11 Then said the woman, Whom shall I bring up unto thee? And he said, Bring me up Samuel. 28:12 And when the woman saw Samuel, she cried with a loud voice: and the woman spake to Saul, saying, Why hast thou deceived me? for thou art Saul.
Saul demands to know what the woman has seen. So very many are filled with such curiosity that they seek out the teachings of Satan instead of seeking out the truth from the Word of God. She says that she sees an old man and Saul is deceived and jumps to the conclusion that this is Samuel.
Saul bows before an apparition. We also bow before our organizational idols of men; how very many will still bow down to some man and keep the words of men contrary to scripture?
28:13 And the king said unto her, Be not afraid: for what sawest thou? And the woman said unto Saul, I saw gods ascending out of the earth. 28:14 And he said unto her, What form is he of? And she said, An old man cometh up; and he is covered with a mantle. And Saul perceived that it was Samuel, and he stooped with his face to the ground, and bowed himself.
Saul then asks the demon what he should do; what Saul should have done is what we still have an opportunity to do! He should have run to God and sincerely repent and commit himself to learning and zealously keeping the whole Word of God with all our beings forever! To love God enough to DO what he says!
28:15 And [the demon appearing as] Samuel said to Saul, Why hast thou disquieted me, to bring me up? And Saul answered, I am sore distressed; for the Philistines make war against me, and God is departed from me, and answereth me no more, neither by prophets, nor by dreams: therefore I have called thee, that thou mayest make known unto me what I shall do.
This evil spirit then tells Saul the truth! Yes evil spirits sometimes speak the truth; but we are to seek God and are not to turn our backs on God’s Word to follow after demons. Every false religion is a mix of truth and error. That is what makes it so enticing and so deceitful for Satan presents himself as an angel of light.
28:16 Then said Samuel, Wherefore then dost thou ask of me, seeing the LORD is departed from thee, and is become thine enemy? 28:17 And the LORD hath done to him, as he spake by me: for the LORD hath rent the kingdom out of thine hand, and given it to thy neighbour, even to David: 28:18 Because thou obeyedst not the voice of the LORD, nor executedst his fierce wrath upon Amalek, therefore hath the LORD done this thing unto thee this day.
Brethren the whole of scripture repeats over and over and over again that we are to obey the Word of God above ALL others, including those who claim to be prophets or apostles.
28:19 Moreover the LORD will also deliver Israel with thee into the hand of the Philistines: and to morrow shalt thou and thy sons be with me [dead]: the LORD also shall deliver the host of Israel into the hand of the Philistines.
Saul was fasting for an answer, and yet he would not turn from his own ways to sincerely repent before God.
A fast which is not fasting in sincere repentance and commitment to go and sin no more, is simply a pointless exercise. WHY fast for spiritual growth, when we will not accept what God is teaching us in his Word? We need to fast the fast of repentance, and turn to the Word of God to learn and to keep it ion wholehearted Christ-like zeal; then we will begin to grow spiritually!
28:20 Then Saul fell straightway all along on the earth, and was sore afraid, because of the words of Samuel: and there was no strength in him; for he had eaten no bread all the day, nor all the night. 28:21 And the woman came unto Saul, and saw that he was sore troubled, and said unto him, Behold, thine handmaid hath obeyed thy voice, and I have put my life in my hand, and have hearkened unto thy words which thou spakest unto me.
The woman then advises Saul to break his fast because he had fainted, but he refuses her because his heart is very heavy.
28:22 Now therefore, I pray thee, hearken thou also unto the voice of thine handmaid, and let me set a morsel of bread before thee; and eat, that thou mayest have strength, when thou goest on thy way.
When Saul’s servants also entreat him, Saul relents and eats.
28:23 But he refused, and said, I will not eat. But his servants, together with the woman, compelled him; and he hearkened unto their voice. So he arose from the earth, and sat upon the bed. 28:24 And the woman had a fat calf in the house; and she hasted, and killed it, and took flour, and kneaded it, and did bake unleavened bread thereof: 28:25 And she brought it before Saul, and before his servants; and they did eat. Then they rose up, and went away that night.
1 Samuel 29
The last battle of Saul
1 Samuel 29:1 Now the Philistines gathered together all their armies to Aphek: and the Israelites pitched by a fountain which is in Jezreel. 29:2 And the lords of the Philistines passed on by hundreds, and by thousands: but David and his men passed on in the rereward with Achish.
Then the leaders of the Philistines question the presence of David and his band.
29:3 Then said the princes of the Philistines, What do these Hebrews here? And Achish said unto the princes of the Philistines, Is not this David, the servant of Saul the king of Israel, which hath been with me these days, or these years, and I have found no fault in him since he fell unto me unto this day?
The leaders of the Philistines reject the presence of David and his band.
29:4 And the princes of the Philistines were wroth with him; and the princes of the Philistines said unto him, Make this fellow return, that he may go again to his place which thou hast appointed him, and let him not go down with us to battle, lest in the battle he be an adversary to us: for wherewith should he reconcile himself unto his master? should it not be with the heads of these men? 29:5 Is not this David, of whom they sang one to another in dances, saying, Saul slew his thousands, and David his ten thousands?
Achish is still deceived into thinking that David is an enemy of Israel and a friend of the Philistines, but the other Philistine leaders are more prudent than Achish.
29:6 Then Achish called David, and said unto him, Surely, as the LORD liveth, thou hast been upright, and thy going out and thy coming in with me in the host is good in my sight: for I have not
found evil in thee since the day of thy coming unto me unto this day: nevertheless the lords favour thee not. 29:7Wherefore now return, and go in peace, that thou displease not the lords of the Philistines.
David asks why he is being sent away and Achish gives him the answer.
29:8 And David said unto Achish, But what have I done? and what hast thou found in thy servant so long as I have been with thee unto this day, that I may not go fight against the enemies of my lord the king? 29:9 And Achish answered and said to David, I know that thou art good in my sight, as an angel of God: notwithstanding the princes of the Philistines have said, He shall not go up with us to the battle.
David then departed in the morning while the Philistines went up to battle at Jezreel.
29:10Wherefore now rise up early in the morning with thy master’s servants that are come with thee: and as soon as ye be up early in the morning, and have light, depart. 29:11 So David and his men rose up early to depart in the morning, to return into the land of the Philistines. And the Philistines went up to Jezreel.
1 Samuel 30
The Amalekites attack and destroy Ziklag in the absence of David and his band.; and the Amalekites prevailed, yet God protected the people from them and saved them alive.
1 Samuel 30:1 And it came to pass, when David and his men were come to Ziklag on the third day, that the Amalekites had invaded the south, and Ziklag, and smitten Ziklag, and burned it with fire; 30:2 And had taken the women captives, that were therein: they slew not any, either great or small, but carried them away, and went on their way.
David and his men discovered the fall of Ziklag and the loss of their families and wept sore.
30:3 So David and his men came to the city, and, behold, it was burned with fire; and their wives, and their sons, and their daughters, were taken captives. 30:4 Then David and the people that were with him lifted up their voice and wept, until they had no more power to weep. 30:5 And David’s two wives were taken captives, Ahinoam the Jezreelitess, and Abigail the wife of Nabal the Carmelite.
David seeks God as we all should do in good times and bad
30:6 And David was greatly distressed; for the people spake of stoning him, because the soul of all the people was grieved, every man for his sons and for his daughters: but David encouraged himself in the LORD his God.
God tells David to pursue and liberate his loved ones
30:7 And David said to Abiathar the priest, Ahimelech’s son, I pray thee, bring me hither the ephod. And Abiathar brought thither the ephod to David. 30:8 And David enquired at the LORD, saying, Shall I pursue after this troop? shall I overtake them? And he answered him, Pursue: for thou shalt surely overtake them, and without fail recover all.
30:9 So David went, he and the six hundred men that were with him, and came to the brook Besor, where those [200 men could not continue] that were left behind stayed. 30:10 But David pursued, he and four hundred men: for two hundred abode behind, which were so faint that they could not go over the brook Besor.
They find a faint Egyptian and make inquiries of him
30:11 And they found an Egyptian in the field, and brought him to David, and gave him bread, and he did eat; and they made him drink water; 30:12 And they gave him a piece of a cake of figs, and two clusters of raisins: and when he had eaten, his spirit came again to him: for he had eaten no bread, nor drunk any water, three days and three nights.
The Egyptian explains that Amalek invaded Judah while the Israelites and Philistines were fighting in the north of Judah.
30:13 And David said unto him, To whom belongest thou? and whence art thou? And he said, I am a young man of Egypt, servant to an Amalekite; and my master left me, because three days agone I fell sick. 30:14We made an invasion upon the south of the Cherethites, and upon the coast which belongeth to Judah, and upon the south of Caleb; and we burned Ziklag with fire.
David asks this Egyptian to guide him to the camp of the Amalekites.
30:15 And David said to him, Canst thou bring me down to this company? And he said, Swear unto me by God, that thou wilt neither kill me, nor deliver me into the hands of my master, and I will bring thee down to this company.
They caught the Amalekites partying and drunken
30:16 And when he had brought him down, behold, they were spread abroad upon all the earth, eating and drinking, and dancing, because of all the great spoil that they had taken out of the land of the Philistines, and out of the land of Judah.
Only 400 escaped the slaughter by David and his band, and all that had been taken captive were recovered. This crisis was a test to build up the faith of David, that God keeps his promises and will deliver all who put their trust in him. Very often we are tested with trials, and if we trust in God and diligently seek him to keep his Word; he will keep his promises and deliver us in that day.
30:17 And David smote them from the twilight even unto the evening of the next day: and there escaped not a man of them, save four hundred young men, which rode upon camels, and fled. 30:18 And David recovered all that the Amalekites had carried away: and David rescued his two wives. 30:19 And there was nothing lacking to them, neither small nor great, neither sons nor daughters, neither spoil, nor any thing that they had taken to them: David recovered all. 30:20 And David took all the flocks and the herds, which they drave before those other cattle, and said, This is David’s spoil.
David then made a law that the spoil should be shared equally between the fighters and those supporting them from the rear.
30:21 And David came to the two hundred men, which were so faint that they could not follow David, whom they had made also to abide at the brook Besor: and they went forth to meet David, and to meet the people that were with him: and when David came near to the people, he saluted them.
30:22 Then answered all the wicked men and men of Belial, of those that went with David, and said, Because they went not with us, we will not give them ought of the spoil that we have recovered, save to every man his wife and his children, that they may lead them away, and depart.
30:23 Then said David, Ye shall not do so, my brethren, with that which the LORD hath given us, who hath preserved us, and delivered the company that came against us into our hand. 30:24 For who will hearken unto you in this matter? but as his part is that goeth down to the battle, so shall his part be that tarrieth by the stuff: they shall part alike.
30:25 And it was so from that day forward, that he made it a statute and an ordinance for Israel unto this day [the day this was written].
Now here we have a problem with the idea that this book was written by Samuel, since Samuel was already dead and there is the whole of second Samuel left.
Samuel likely dictated the first part and the remainder may well have been written or dictated by the high priest or the prophets during the life of David.
David then sends a portion of his goods to the elders of Judah; This coming while Saul was still king and just before the death of Saul, was a gesture of kindness that would have made an impression on Judah, encouraging their acceptance of David as the new king when the time came.
David had long ago been anointed king by Christ, yet all of his subsequent life from his “calling” seems to be directly teaching him the attributes of a godly king and preparing him for the kingdom.
This is a lesson for us; that the called out and anointed to be king’s and priest’s of the New Covenant, are also being trained up, as they wait and endure many things patiently, to be proper godly kings in the spiritual Promised Land of eternity. We are not only being trained by the trials that beset us, we are also being continual TESTED as to our unswerving loyalty to the whole word of God.
Why do the faithful suffer?
Because the Master Potter is forming our clay into his own image, that we should learn to be like him, by internalizing his Word and his very Nature!
Because the Master Builder is molding us into a spiritual character house that will last for all eternity!
Because we are being trained up and being continually tested as to our fitness to receive a kingdom and to rule it righteously forever!
When we are being buffeted and tried, it is to help us to learn and grow spiritually; to help us to become more like God, through learning the habit of unshakably standing on the whole Word of God, no matter what anyone else says or does!
The scriptures have much about David and much of his own writings; because he is prime example of growing up into a righteous king for us to learn from. David made many mistakes as we also do; that is not the issue, for everyone makes mistakes; the issue is how we deal with our mistakes!
Do we just justify ourselves and continue in our errors and sins; like today’s Ekklesia does about their lack of zeal for the sanctity of the Sabbath etc etc? or do we diligently study and then sincerely repent, change and go forward in the light of the truth of God’s Word?
David was a magnificent example for us; not because he was perfect, but because he had a perfect attitude of clinging always to the Word of God, and of quickly repenting whenever he found himself in sin. That is an example that we should all follow.
30:26 And when David came to Ziklag, he sent of the spoil unto the elders of Judah, even to his friends, saying, Behold a present for you of the spoil of the enemies of the LORD; 30:27 To them which were in Bethel, and to them which were in south Ramoth, and to them which were in Jattir, 30:28 And to them which were in Aroer, and to them which were in Siphmoth, and to them which were in Eshtemoa, 30:29 And to them which were in Rachal, and to them which were in the cities of the Jerahmeelites, and to them which were in the cities of the Kenites, 30:30 And to them which were in Hormah, and to them which were in Chorashan, and to them which were in Athach, 30:31 And to them which were in Hebron, and to all the places where David himself and his men were wont to haunt.
1 Samuel 31
After David was sent away by the captains of the Philistines; they engaged Saul and Israel in battle, and the Philistines defeated Israel and the son’s of Saul were killed; even beloved Jonathon.
1 Samuel 31:1 Now the Philistines fought against Israel: and the men of Israel fled from before the Philistines, and fell down slain in mount Gilboa. 31:2 And the Philistines followed hard upon Saul and upon his sons; and the Philistines slew Jonathan, and Abinadab, and Melchishua, Saul’s sons.
Then Saul was also grievously wounded
31:3 And the battle went sore against Saul, and the archers hit him; and he was sore wounded of the archers. 31:4 Then said Saul unto his armourbearer, Draw thy sword, and thrust me through therewith; lest these uncircumcised come and thrust me through, and abuse me. But his armourbearer would not; for he was sore afraid. Therefore Saul took a sword, and fell upon it. 31:5 And when his armourbearer saw that Saul was dead, he fell likewise upon his sword, and died with him.
31:6 So Saul died, and his three sons, and his armourbearer, and all his men, that same day together.
Then Judah abandoned their cities that were close to the Philistines [modern Gaza].
31:7 And when the men of Israel that were on the other side of the valley, and they that were on the other side Jordan, saw that the men of Israel fled, and that Saul and his sons were dead, they forsook the cities, and fled; and the Philistines came and dwelt in them.
Now when the Philistines came to take the spoil they found Saul and his son’s, and they rejoiced for Saul had done them much hurt during his rule.
31:8 And it came to pass on the morrow, when the Philistines came to strip the slain, that they found Saul and his three sons fallen in mount Gilboa. 31:9 And they cut off his head, and stripped off his armour, and sent into the land of the Philistines round about, to publish it in the house of their idols, and among the people. 31:10 And they put his armour in the house of Ashtaroth: and they fastened his body to the wall of Bethshan.
Then the men of Jabeshgilead rescued the bodies of Saul and his son’s, in a valiant deed; for this city was very loyal to Saul.
31:11 And when the inhabitants of Jabeshgilead heard of that which the Philistines had done to Saul; 31:12 All the valiant men arose, and went all night, and took the body of Saul and the bodies of his sons from the wall of Bethshan, and came to Jabesh, and burnt them there. 31:13 And they took their bones, and buried them under a tree at Jabesh, and fasted seven days.