Egypt and Moses from the book “The Biblical Spring Festivals: From Passover to Pentecost”
In 1 Kings 6:1 we are told that Solomon began building the temple in the 480th year after the exodus. In Acts 13 Paul gives a longer period but Paul is giving a general historical overview and uses the word “about” obviously approximating and not being concerned with specific dates in his address, therefore the 1 Kings date is the accurate date.
1 Kings 6:1 And it came to pass in the four hundred and eightieth year after the children of Israel were come out of the land of Egypt, in the fourth year of Solomon’s reign over Israel, in the month Zif, which is the second month, that he began to build the house of the Lord.
The conventional date is 960-970 B.C. and counting back 480 years would put the Exodus in about 1440 – 1450 B.C. The date for Solomon could possibly be out by a few years, but this is certainly a good general date and fits nicely in with the biblical 1441 B.C. Exodus date.
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The exodus was very definitely not in early 1200 B.C. as some suppose.
Now Moses was eighty years old at the time of the exodus, so counting back another 80 years comes to the approximate birth date of Moses in 1521 B.C.
Exodus 7:7 And Moses was fourscore years old, and Aaron fourscore and three years old, when they spake unto Pharaoh.
Notice that Aaron was three years older than Moses.
It is not my intention to try to fix an exact date here, but a general date and to review the conditions in Egypt during that period
The account of the exodus begins with the final climax of affliction in: The book of Exodus which covers the history of Israel leaving Egypt, and then the journey to Mount Sinai and their marriage to God. Of course Cod could have prevented all this distress and just moved Pharaoh to let Israel go, instead God himself hardened Pharaoh so that all these things could happen.
WHY? Because this was to be an instructional allegory for the called out of spiritual Egypt.
In this history Egypt was a type of bondage and enslavement to the god of this word, Satan; and this history is an allegory about a people being called out of bondage to sin in this world’s evil societies; while Canaan was an example and type of sin itself.
The exodus is an allegory about the great love of God for his called out bride, whom the Father has called out of bondage to the freedom of the righteousness of the whole Word of God.
It is about the fact that we cannot deliver ourselves and are delivered from having to pay the wages of our sins, by the Passover sacrifice of the Lamb, the Son of God.
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1 Corinthians 10:11 Now all these things happened unto them for examples: and they are written for our admonition, upon whom the ends of the world are come.
Exodus begins with Israel in Egypt and how they came to be in bondage, then the history of Moses, his education and preparation, and then God’s deliverance of Israel from bondage.
The names of the males of Jacob who entered Egypt which added to Joseph and his two sons totaled 70 male persons.
Exodus 1:1 Now these are the names of the children of Israel, which came into Egypt; every man and his household came with Jacob. 1:2 Reuben, Simeon, Levi, and Judah, 1:3 Issachar, Zebulun, and Benjamin, 1:4 Dan, and Naphtali, Gad, and Asher. 1:5 And all the souls that came out of the loins of Jacob were seventy souls: for Joseph was in Egypt already. 1:6 And Joseph died, and all his brethren, and all that generation.
Israel was fruitful and multiplied for thirty years in Goshen after which a new ruler came to the throne and found the strength of Israel within Egypt to be a problem that needed to be dealt with.
1:7 And the children of Israel were fruitful, and increased abundantly, and multiplied, and waxed exceeding mighty; and the land was filled with them.
Pharaoh’s initial purpose was to drive Israel out of Egypt, for he was afraid of Israel.
1:8 Now there arose up a new king over Egypt, which knew not Joseph. 1:9 And he said unto his people, Behold, the people of the children of Israel are more and mightier than we: 1:10 Come on, let us deal wisely with them; lest they multiply, and it come to pass, that, when there falleth out any war, they join also
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unto our enemies, and fight against us, and so get them up out of the land.
Israel was then tasked with heavy burdens. This was like a special tax on Israel to be paid by their labor, instead of the money we are taxed with today.
1:11 Therefore they did set over them taskmasters to afflict them with their burdens. And they built for Pharaoh treasure [fortified] cities, Pithom and Raamses.
Ramses: From this statement some conclude that the pharaoh of the Exodus was Ramses. Here Ramses is a confusion as the Hebrews built vast storage facilities at Avaris which was later renamed Ramses by Ramses I.
The translators of the Septuagint in Egypt used the modern Egyptian name Raamses in place of the older Avaris and the much later Masoretic text maintained that name.
Because of the word “Ramses,” some have mistakenly concluded that the pharaoh Ramses I or II had built the city with Hebrew workers and misdated the exodus by about 200 years.
Wiki: Avaris (/ˈævərᵻs/; Egyptian, Budge notation: Hut-waret, Greek: Αὔαρις, Auaris was located at modern Tell el-Dab’a in the northeastern region of the Nile Delta [Goshen].
Avaris was built and occupied from about 1783: Jacob went to Egypt 1651 B.C. and built up enormous storehouses [biblical treasure stores] for pharoah.
Later the city was re-occupied by various pharaohs including the famous Seti and finally Ramses I (1292–1290 BC) renamed the city after himself.
This confusion caused many to misdate the Exodus from its proper date of c 1441 B.C. to as early as 1221 B.C.
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Israel continued to multiply and increase
1:12 But the more they afflicted them, the more they multiplied and grew.
The Egyptians feared Israel and were vexed that Israel was growing greater than the Egyptians in their own land. Therefore they increased their exactions from Israel. The families of Israel still had their homes in their villages and their pastures, flocks and herds but were required to pay a very heavy burden of labor tax.
And they were grieved because of the children of Israel. 1:13 And the Egyptians made the children of Israel to serve with rigour: 1:14 And they made their lives bitter with hard bondage, in morter, and in brick, and in all manner of service in the field: all their service, wherein they made them serve, was with rigour.
Then Pharaoh though to limit the growth of Israel by killing their new born sons
1:15 And the king of Egypt spake to the Hebrew midwives, of which the name of the one was Shiphrah, and the name of the other Puah: 1:16 And he said, When ye do the office of a midwife to the Hebrew women, and see them upon the stools; if it be a son, then ye shall kill him: but if it be a daughter, then she shall live.
The midwives refused to obey the orders of the king, as we should also refuse to obey unlawful orders from our leaders.
That includes refusing the biblically unlawful instructions of those claiming to be leaders and elders in the Ekklesia, who want us to turn away from a zeal to live by every Word of God, to serve them and their false teachings instead.
1:17 But the midwives feared God, and did not as the king of Egypt commanded them, but saved the men children alive.
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The midwives give their defense to Pharaoh and GOD delivers them out of the hand of the king because they obeyed GOD and not the physical rulers.
1:18 And the king of Egypt called for the midwives, and said unto them, Why have ye done this thing, and have saved the men children alive? 1:19 And the midwives said unto Pharaoh, Because the Hebrew women are not as the Egyptian women; for they are lively, and are delivered ere the midwives come in unto them. 1:20 Therefore God dealt well with the midwives: and the people multiplied, and waxed very mighty.
God delivers those who love and obey him more than they love men.
1:21 And it came to pass, because the midwives feared God, that he made them houses. [Made them (their houses) famous in Israel as godly women]
It was at the end of this time that Aaron was born and three years later Moses was born under a new order from the pharaoh.
Pharaoh them commanded that every son be cast into the river.
1:22 And Pharaoh charged all his people, saying, Every son that is born ye shall cast into the river, and every daughter ye shall save alive.
Then a descendant of Levi called Moses was born and when he was three months old he was placed in a basket and cast into the Nile. This is specifically about Moses, his parents had married and had Aaron three years before Moses.
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Exodus 2:1 And there went a man of the house of Levi, and took to wife a daughter of Levi. 2:2 And the woman conceived, and bare a son: and when she saw him that he was a goodly child, she hid him three months. 2:3 And when she could not longer hide him, she took for him an ark of bulrushes, and daubed it with slime and with pitch [tar, asphalt], and put the child therein; and she laid it in the flags by the river’s brink.
Notice that she placed him in the river as pharaoh had commended, but not to drown as Pharaoh had intended.
To avoid suspicion little Miriam watched the child for her parents
2:4 And his sister stood afar off, to wit what would be done to him.
The basket was seen by a daughter of Pharaoh and brought to her.
2:5 And the daughter of Pharaoh came down to wash herself at the river; and her maidens walked along by the river’s side; and when she saw the ark among the flags, she sent her maid to fetch it. 2:6 And when she had opened it, she saw the child: and, behold, the babe wept. And she had compassion on him, and said, This is one of the Hebrews’ children.
Miriam then approached Pharaoh’s daughter and suggested that a woman be brought to nurse the hungry child and Pharaoh’s daughter bought the suggestion for the hungry weeping child aroused her sympathies.
2:7 Then said his sister to Pharaoh’s daughter, Shall I go and call to thee a nurse of the Hebrew women, that she may nurse the child for thee? 2:8 And Pharaoh’s daughter said to her, Go. And the maid went and called the child’s mother.
The wonders of God for those who love and serve him! Moses’ own sister Miriam went and the child’s own mother was paid wages to raise the child!
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2:9 And Pharaoh’s daughter said unto her, Take this child away, and nurse it for me, and I will give thee thy wages. And the women took the child, and nursed it.
When the child was older his mother brought him to Pharaoh’s daughter and he was raised as her son, a prince of the Egyptians; and taught all the facets of human leadership in the court of Pharaoh.
The name Moses means “one drawn [called] out” and was an apt name for Moses was to be called out by God.
2:10 And the child grew, and she brought him unto Pharaoh’s daughter, and he became her son. And she called his name Moses [drawn or called out]: and she said, Because I drew him out of the water.
When this Moses was fully learned in the education of the court of Pharaoh and had served Pharaoh to about forty years of age; he visited his brethren.
Now we begin to get into some really interesting Egyptian history.
This woman, pharaoh’s daughter, moved by a baby’s cries in 1521 B.C., was the daughter of the absolute monarch, who would be a queen herself one day.
Hatshepsut (meaning Foremost of Noble Ladies) was the elder of two daughters born to Thutmose I and his queen, Ahmes.
The death of Thutmose I, is dated as around [circa] 1508 B.C.
After her father Thutmose I died, her half brother Thutmose II reigned as pharaoh c 1508 – 1504 B.C.
Her half brother by a concubine, Thutmose II, then married the lawful daughter of pharaoh, Hatshepsut, to legitimize his reign and she became his queen.
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Then upon the untimely death of Thutmose II in 1504 B.C. she became regent and co-ruler of Egypt with her husband’s child by a concubine, Thutmose III
Thutmose II had had a son [Thutmose III] by a priestess of Amun-Ra who was destined to become pharaoh of Egypt and the priests and priestesses of Amun-Ra did not miss the opportunity to train the future pharaoh as a priest of Amun-Ra.
A word about the religion of Amun-Ra
Amon was “the secret one” visible as Ra the sun god and was often called Amun-Ra. Thutmose I exalted the worship of “the hidden one” [Lucifer, Satan] and his symbol of the sun in Egypt. Thutmose III wrote the Book of the Dead which is the Satanic Bible and the backbone of the occult and Lucifer/Satan worship including masonry, the Illuminati, Skull and Bones and many others, to this very day.
Hatshepsut reigned as co-pharaoh while Thutmose III grew up in the temple of Amun, the secret god [Lucifer, Satan] whose manifestation was the sun god Ra; and when Thutmose III became a child pharaoh, Hatshepsut remained as co-ruler until her death c 1482 B.C., thereupon Thutmose III became sole pharaoh of Egypt.
The Memphis sources date Hatshepsut’s rule with Thutmose III as 1504 -1482.
In c 1521 pharaoh’s daughter Hatshepsut whose birth date is not recorded in any known source, found the infant Moses crying on the river Nile; long before she would be Queen of Egypt, and throughout her life her only son was the adopted Moses.
We see from scripture that Aaron was born three years before Moses when the command had not yet been given to throw the children into the Nile River. Then the daughter of pharaoh rescued Moses from the river and named him “Drawn Out.”
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In scripture much water is often used as a symbol of the general mass of people and this beginning for Moses was an allegory from God that Moses had been “Called Out” from the people to lead Israel out of Egypt.
Moses was nursed and certainly taught by his true mother and must have been aware of the prophecy to Abraham that God would call Israel out of Egypt at a certain time. Moses was also beloved of his adoptive mother Hatshepsut, and given the best education that a potential future pharaoh of Egypt could be given.
Acts :20 In which time Moses was born, and was exceeding fair, and nourished up in his father’s house three months: 7:21 And when he was cast out, Pharaoh’s daughter took him up, and nourished him for her own son.
7:22 And Moses was learned in all the wisdom of the Egyptians, and was mighty in words and in deeds.
Remember that Hatshepsut took Moses for her own son in c 1521 B.C. and did not herself begin to reign until at least 1508 B.C. [with Thutmose II] and then she reigned as regent for Thutmose III from 1504 B.C. when Moses was about 20 years old.
Conventional Dates of the death of Thutmose III very from 1450 to 1426 B.C.
All the dates of the Eighteenth Dynasty, are open to dispute because of uncertainty about the circumstances surrounding the recording of a Heliacal Rise of Sothis in the reign of Amenhotep I.
A papyrus from Amenhotep I’s reign records this astronomical observation which, theoretically, could be used to correlate the Egyptian chronology with the modern calendar; however, to do this the latitude where the observation was taken must also be known.
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This document has no note of the place of observation, but it is ASSUMED that it was taken in either a Delta city such as Memphis or Heliopolis, or in Thebes. These two latitudes give dates twenty years apart, the High and Low chronologies, respectively.
This observation could very easily have been in another location and these assumed possible dates could easily be off by several years. Since the historical chronologies are competing assumptions and the biblical chronology is about midway between the two assumptions I chose to go with the biblical chronology of the exodus and death of Thutmose III in 1441 B.C.
It is interesting to note that the firstborn son and heir to the throne of Thutmose III, Amenemhat, predeceased Thutmose III. Which would fulfill the Word of God:
Exodus 4:22-23 And thou shalt say unto Pharaoh, Thus saith the Lord, Israel is my son, even my firstborn: And I say unto thee, Let my son go, that he may serve me: and if thou refuse to let him go, behold, I will slay thy son, even thy firstborn.
Exodus 11:5 And all the firstborn in the land of Egypt shall die, from the first born of Pharaoh that sitteth upon his throne, even unto the firstborn of the maidservant that is behind the mill; and all the firstborn of beasts.
For the first 22 years c 1504 – 1482 B.C. Hatshepsut ruled as the regent co-ruler with the child Thutmose III who became full pharaoh in 1482 after the death of Hatshepsut.
At the age of 40 or about c 1481 B.C. [just as Thutmose III was beginning to assert himself] Moses fled Egypt having taken the decision to serve God rather than the gods of Egypt.
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Consider the dynamic of this relationship; Hatshepsut took Moses for her own son in c 1521 B.C. and Moses was raised in all the wisdom of Egypt. That wisdom would have included their religion and Moses would have been raised to worship Amun-Ra!
Yet God was working with Moses and opened his mind to spiritual things and Moses who could have been pharaoh rejected Amun-Ra for the Eternal and left his adoptive mother of 40 years Queen Hatshepsut, for his birth mother and for his birth people!
Meanwhile Thutmose III, who could easily have been twenty years younger than Moses, was also raised in all the wisdom of Egypt and its religion of Amun-Ra.
When this Moses was fully learned in the education of the court of Pharaoh and was about forty years of age; he visited his brethren.
Exodus 2:11 And it came to pass in those days, when Moses was grown, that he went out unto his brethren, and looked on their burdens: and he spied an Egyptian smiting an Hebrew, one of his brethren.
The heart of Moses was moved for justice for his brethren and he slew an Egyptian bully. Yet he hid the Egyptian and tried to hide the deed.
2:12 And he looked this way and that way, and when he saw that there was no man, he slew the Egyptian, and hid him in the sand.
The very next day Moses tries to provide justice to two Israelites, and discovers that his deed was known and would surely get back to Pharaoh. We here see a passion for Israel and for justice in Moses that was not learned through his Egyptian education.
2:13 And when he went out the second day, behold, two men of the Hebrews strove together: and he said to him that did the
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wrong, Wherefore smitest thou thy fellow? 2:14 And he said, Who made thee a prince and a judge over us? intendest thou to kill me, as thou killedst the Egyptian? And Moses feared, and said, Surely this thing is known.
Moses with a basic knowledge from his natural parents and an education in all the knowledge of Egypt; chose God. Moses then fled to Sinai where he was better educated in godliness by the priest of God Jethro.
Meanwhile Thutmose III had been fully educated as a priest of Amun-Ra as well as trained to rule.
For the next forty years Thutmose III became Egypt’s greatest pharaoh and conqueror, attaining a huge empire. He was truly the god-king of the known world.
When Thutmose III became pharaoh he was a devotee of the “secret god” Amun who’s manifestation was the sun god Ra [the sun being a symbol of Lucifer/Satan in all sun worship and occult material].
When Moses returned to Egypt forty years after he had fled; Thutmose III would have considered him an apostate from Amun-Ra.
The contest between Thutmose III and Moses was truly a contest between the god Amun-Ra [Satan] and the Eternal.
By bringing down this pharaoh who was the champion of the god Lucifer / Satan; makes the allegory of this pharaoh as a type of Satan complete; and God’s power to deliver from Satan was established indelibly.
When Moses cast down his rod and it became a serpent, it was the priests of Amun-Ra who cast down their rods and they became serpents. When God’s serpent swallowed the serpents of Amun it should have been clear that God had full power over the serpent Satan.
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The tomb of Thutmose III has been found and contains images of the priests of Amun-Ra throwing down sticks which turned into serpents.
The religion of Amun-Ra was direct Satan worship; is it any wonder that his priests could make sticks become serpents when the god was the serpent himself?
If the body of the pharaoh could not be found the mummy may well be a stand in for the pharaoh, as it was common in that religion to kill many of the pharaoh’s staff to be buried with him.
The Egyptians are loathe to admit their failures and do all they can to hide them.
Immediately after the Exodus
God said to Moses:
Exodus 13:17 And it came to pass, when Pharaoh had let the people go, that God led them not through the way of the land of the Philistines, although that was near; for God said, Lest peradventure the people repent when they see war, and they return to Egypt: 13:18 But God led the people about, through the way of the wilderness of the Red sea: and the children of Israel went up harnessed out of the land of Egypt.
We know that God planned for Israel to go through the Red Sea. The slaves called out of Egypt symbolically dying and being resurrected in an allegory of baptism.
1 Corinthians 10:2 And were all baptized unto Moses in the cloud and in the sea;
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The entering into the Red Sea represented death and the rising out of the Red Sea represented a resurrection of those who follow and live by the Word of God. Israel by obeying and following God was saved from the watery grave, while the followers of Amun-Ra [Satan] were destroyed.
The lesson being that those who sincerely repent of past sin and follow God to live by every Word of God, shall be saved in a resurrection to life, but the unrepentant who will not live by every Word of God will perish.
We know these spiritual things, but God also gave a physical reason for the route he took: that God led them not through the way of the land of the Philistines, although that was near; for God said, Lest peradventure the people repent when they see war, and they return to Egypt:
God knew that Israel would see war if they went by the main highway out of Egypt proper!
The fascinating answer is that while the first born and heir to the throne of Thutmose III, Amenemhat, and all the Egyptians were killed in Egypt on Passover; The second born son was alive and well in Syria Palestine.
Exodus 11:5 And all the firstborn in the land of Egypt shall die, from the first born of Pharaoh that sitteth upon his throne, even unto the firstborn of the maidservant that is behind the mill; and all the firstborn of beasts.
The second born son of Pharaoh Thutmose III [Amenhotep II] was NOT in Egypt!
He was away putting down an insurrection in Syria.
The second son of Thutmose was absent from Egypt, but was returning to Egypt by the main highway along the Mediterranean Sea!
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If Israel on leaving Egypt with a mighty Egyptian army in pursuit had met another Egyptian army coming right at them head on, they may indeed have panicked and given up.
Here is a point of interest in Egyptian history
Amenhotep II, the second son of Thutmose III was journeying back to Egypt as Israel was coming out of Egypt!
When he arrived back in Egypt in early 1450 B.C. he found his heritage devastated, the land destroyed, the government crushed and the main army totally destroyed.
Amenhotep II went into a fury, blaming and outlawing the religion of Amun-Ra [direct Satan worship] for the debacle, and swept through Egypt destroying the religion of Amun-Ra and killing its priests and priestesses.
The destruction of Egypt by the plagues, followed by the loss of its most powerful army and then this rage of Amenhotep II in destroying the religion of Amun-Ra, resulted in the total prostration of Egypt and the independence of its tributaries including the Philistines, Canaanites, Ammon, Moab, Midian and Syria.
End of book quote
Pharaoh did hear of the matter and being a case of an Egyptian being killed in favor of an Israelite; Pharaoh had to set an example of Moses quickly lest those in Israel fol;;low Moses example and rise up
Moses then fled to Midian [the modern Bedouin] where he met a priest of God.
Exodus 2:15 Now when Pharaoh heard this thing, he sought to slay Moses. But Moses fled from the face of Pharaoh, and dwelt in the land of Midian: and he sat down by a well.
Again Moses shows his passion for justice and fairness, and stands up to help the women being pushed aside by the men.
2:16 Now the priest of Midian had seven daughters: and they came and drew water, and filled the troughs to water their father’s flock. 2:17 And the shepherds came and drove them away: but Moses stood up and helped them, and watered their flock.
Then the daughters of this priest in Midian told their father of the kindness of this “Egyptian”.
2:18 And when they came to Reuel their father, he said, How is it that ye are come so soon to day? 2:19 And they said, An Egyptian delivered us out of the hand of the shepherds, and also drew water enough for us, and watered the flock.
Reuel then opens the hospitality of his home to Moses.
2:20 And he said unto his daughters, And where is he? why is it that ye have left the man? call him, that he may eat bread.
Moses was pleased to dwell with this man of god and to keep sheep for him; an din due course he fell for one of Reuel’s daughters to take her in marriage.
2:21 And Moses was content to dwell with the man: and he gave Moses Zipporah his daughter. 2:22 And she bare him a son, and he called his name Gershom: for he said, I have been a stranger in a strange land.
Over time the Pharaoh died and another Pharaoh rose up and increased the burdens even further, until Israel staggered and cried out for their affliction.
2:23 And it came to pass in process of time, that the king of Egypt died: and the children of Israel sighed by reason of the bondage, and they cried, and their cry came up unto God by reason of the bondage.
God heard the cries for deliverance from Israel; and after forty years of being educated in all the wisdom of Egypt in Pharaoh’s court, and then another forty years being humbled in the wilderness and educated in all that the priest of God could teach him; Moses was ready to be called of God to lead Israel out of Egypt under the leadership of the Lamb of God, the Messiah the Christ.
2:24 And God heard their groaning, and God remembered his covenant with Abraham, with Isaac, and with Jacob. 2:25 And God looked upon the children of Israel, and God had respect unto them.
Jethro was a priest, before Israel was called out of Egypt and before the Levitical priesthood was made at Sinai, and he obviously believed in the Eternal Ex 18. How could Jethro be the priest of a strange god if he worshipped God with Moses at Sinai?
God was training Moses for his future responsibility and God led Moses to Jethro, who was a man filled with wisdom, See Exodus 18, was very close to Moses, who sent Moses back to Egypt, who met Moses at Sinai and offered sacrifices to God there, and who’s advice Moses valued and took even then when God was speaking personally to him.
We need to break out of our tradition of idolizing men, we need to stop idolizing the hero’s of scripture. They were only men like ourselves, their greatness was not their own but their enormous trust and faith and fidelity to the word of God made them great.
This man worship has been ingrained so deeply in us by our leaders, and it needs to be totally rooted out.
The being who became Jesus Christ gave up his God-hood to become flesh, and while in the flesh clearly taught that no man in the flesh is good, only God is good. Those who become like God the Father shall become spiritually good as he is good. Yes Moses was probably the closest to godly goodness as anyone except Christ himself, but that is because of Moses’s willingness to learn and to keep the whole word of God.
Moses was flesh as we are flesh, and Moses had to learn as we must continually learn and grow. Jesus himself learned as he suffered and we must also learn through suffering (Heb 5:8) Though he were a Son, yet learned he obedience by the things which he suffered;
While in the flesh we are all unfinished products, let us not idolize any man, no not our elders or leaders, and no not even the champions of scripture; rather let us work to become overcomers of sin with God as they were, that we might attain as they did.
Matthew 19:17 And he said unto him, Why callest thou me good? there is none good but one, that is, God: but if thou wilt enter into life, keep the commandments.